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PERFORMANCE AND EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE INVESTIGATION OF CERAMIC, METALLIC AND FeCrAl CATALYTIC CONVERTER IN GASOLINE ENGINE Pranoto, Hadi; Feriyanto, Dafit; Zakaria, Supaat
SINERGI Vol 23, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.063 KB) | DOI: 10.22441/sinergi.2019.1.002

Abstract

Catalytic converter (CATCO) and its effect on engine performance and exhaust gas temperature became an exciting field in automotive research. In this study purposed to compare existing CATCO which is ceramic and metallic with FeCrAl CATCO that treated with a combination of ultrasonic bath and electroplating technique in 30 minutes holding time (UB+EL 30 min). This study proposed to select an appropriate CATCO that used in a gasoline engine to increase the performance and to reduce the exhaust gas temperature as well as its potential to reduce the exhaust gas emission. Mitsubishi 4G93 conducted this analysis with 1.8 L and 10.5 compression ratio with a variable speed of 100, 2000 and 3000 rpm and different engine load of 10, 20 and 30%. The result shows that the FeCrAl CATCO was more useful to reduce fuel consumption up to 66.42% and increase torque up to 15.79% as well as reduce exhaust gas temperature up to 30.11% as compared to ceramic and metallic CATCO. It can be concluded that FeCrAl CATCO coated by UB+EL 30 min was recommended to increase engine performance and to reduce exhaust gas emission.
NEW METHOD OF FABRICATION OF FE80CR20 ALLOY: EFFECT OF ITS TECHNIQUE ON CRYSTALLITE SIZE AND THERMAL STABILITY Feriyanto, Dafit; Zakaria, Supaat
International Journal of Advanced Technology in Mechanical, Mechatronics and Materials Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Institute for Research on Innovation and Industrial System (IRIS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.646 KB) | DOI: 10.37869/ijatec.v1i1.11

Abstract

This paper focuses on the effect of the new method on the crystallite size and thermal stability of Fe80Cr20 alloy powder. Generally, the ball milling sample and ultrasonic technique sample have dissatisfaction result when applied at high temperature. In addition, the combination of both techniques not yet carried out. Therefore, this study aim to investigate an appropriate technique to produce smallest crystallite size in order to improve the thermal stability. The new method of mechanical alloying (mill) and ultrasonic technique (UT) were applied in order to reduce the crystallite size and improve thermal stability. The new method is called as combination treatment. This condition allows the enhancement of thermal stability of Fe80Cr20 alloy powder. In this study, mechanical alloying process was carried out by milling time of 60 hours. Then, the ultrasonic technique was performed at frequency of 35 kHz at 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, and 5 hours. From XRD analysis, it was found that the broader peaks indicated the smaller crystallite size. It shows that the combination treatment (milled and UT) reduce the crystallite size up to 2.171 nm when mechanically alloyed for 60 hours (milled 60 h) and followed by ultrasonic treatment for 4.5 hours (UT 4.5 h). Smallest crystallite size enhance the thermal stability up to 12.7 mg which shown by TGA analysis during 1100 0C temperature operation. The combination treatment is method which is effective to fabricate Fe80Cr20 alloy powder.
CLOSED-HORIZONTAL ROTATING BURNER DEVELOPMENT FOR OPTIMIZING PLAM SHELL CHARCOAL (PSC) PRODUCTION Feriyanto, Dafit; Zakaria, Supaat; Alva, Sagir; Pranoto, Hadi; Sudarma, Andi Firdaus; Wong, Albert Phak Jie
International Journal of Advanced Technology in Mechanical, Mechatronics and Materials Vol 1, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Institute for Research on Innovation and Industrial System (IRIS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.355 KB) | DOI: 10.37869/ijatec.v1i2.23

Abstract

Activated Carbon (AC) was produced through several stages such as carbonization, crushing and activation process. The critical part of AC production was located at carbonization process due to burner issues that need to complete burning in short time, appropriate temperature and low cost. Therefore, this research focus on developing burner which called by closed-horizontal rotating burner. The dimension of the burner was 65 x 790 mm (D x L) wih the capacity of 30 kg/carbonization process. This burner need 1 hour for complete burning of palm shell to palm shell charcoal (PSC). Several analysis were conducted such as stress, displacement, factor of safety and thermal analysis. because this burner involved in rotation motion and high temperature operation. Physical properties has been measured which consists of moisture content (3.8-5%), ash content (7.7-8%), volatile content (53.7-56.6%) and fixed carbon content (31.3-34.7%). It can be summarized that this burner was very effective to produce PSC with short time carbonization process, low cost and complete charcoal production.
OPACITY RESULTS DIESEL FUEL: BIO SOLAR, DEXLITE, DEX AND ANALYSIS THEORETICAL FLAMMABILITY LIMIT Pranoto, Hadi; Suprihatiningsih, Wiwit; Fadil, Muhammad Idil; Zakaria, Supaat
International Journal of Advanced Technology in Mechanical, Mechatronics and Materials Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Institute for Research on Innovation and Industrial System (IRIS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1238.016 KB) | DOI: 10.37869/ijatec.v1i1.10

Abstract

Each mixture of fuel and gas has a different flame speed. Gas will only burn at a suitable percentage of air and produce different exhaust gas opacity, opacity is a ratio of the rate of light absorption by smoke expressed in units of percent. This study aims to theoretically analyze the relationship between the flammability limit and the variation of fuel which has a different setana number associated with the exhaust gas opacity value of the engine performance test equipment. The machine performance test equipment used is the L300 engine. The methodology used is the testing of exhaust gas opacity using the Koeng OP-201 opacity meter and theoretically analyzed its relationship with the bio solar, dexlite and pertamina dex flame limits. The results of this study found that bio solar has an upper flame limit of 6.65%, a lowerflame limit of 0.53%, and an average opacity value of 12.1%. Dexlite has an upper limit of 6.70%, a lower limit of 0.53%, and an average opacity value of 10.5%. Pertamina dex has an upper limit of 6.68%, a lower limit of 0.53%, and an average opacity value of 9.21%.
PROPOSE SAFETY ENGINEERING CONCEPT SPEED LIMITER AND FATIGUE CONTROL USING SLIFA FOR TRUCK AND BUS Pranoto, Hadi; Adriansyah, Andi; Feriyanto, Dafit; Wahab, Abdi; Zakaria, Supaat
SINERGI Vol 24, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/sinergi.2020.3.009

Abstract

In 2015, there were 55 deaths from 6,231 accident cases that occurred in Jakarta. A severe problem in Indonesia is the absence of a unique safety device in both commercial transport or personal vehicles and the very high complexity problem of human highways. Consequently, there are many traffic accidents caused by the negligence of the driver, such as driving a vehicle in a drunken, tired, drowsy, or over-limit speed. Therefore, it needs to be innovative using devices to increase speed but able to detect the level of tired or sleepy drivers. This paper tries to propose a concept of improving safety engineering by developing devices that can control the speed and level of safety of trucks and buses, named SLIFA. The proposed device captures the driver's condition by looking at the eyes, size of mouth evaporating, and heart rate conditions.  Theses condition will be measured with a particular scale to determine the fatigue level of the driver. Some performance tests have been carried out on truck and bus with 122 Nm and 112 Nm torque wheels and 339 HP and 329 HP power values, respectively, and the minimum speed is 62 km/h. At a top speed of 70 km / h, the torque and power of the truck are 135Nm and 370HP, with average fuel consumption of 3.43 liters/km before SLIFA installation and average fuel consumption of 4.2 liters/km after SLIFA installation. SLIFA can be said to have functional eligibility and can cut fuel consumption by 81 percent.
PROPOSE SAFETY ENGINEERING CONCEPT SPEED LIMITER AND FATIGUE CONTROL USING SLIFA FOR TRUCK AND BUS Pranoto, Hadi; Adriansyah, Andi; Feriyanto, Dafit; Wahab, Abdi; Zakaria, Supaat
SINERGI Vol 24, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/sinergi.2020.3.009

Abstract

In 2015, there were 55 deaths from 6,231 accident cases that occurred in Jakarta. A severe problem in Indonesia is the absence of a unique safety device in both commercial transport or personal vehicles and the very high complexity problem of human highways. Consequently, there are many traffic accidents caused by the negligence of the driver, such as driving a vehicle in a drunken, tired, drowsy, or over-limit speed. Therefore, it needs to be innovative using devices to increase speed but able to detect the level of tired or sleepy drivers. This paper tries to propose a concept of improving safety engineering by developing devices that can control the speed and level of safety of trucks and buses, named SLIFA. The proposed device captures the driver's condition by looking at the eyes, size of mouth evaporating, and heart rate conditions.  Theses condition will be measured with a particular scale to determine the fatigue level of the driver. Some performance tests have been carried out on truck and bus with 122 Nm and 112 Nm torque wheels and 339 HP and 329 HP power values, respectively, and the minimum speed is 62 km/h. At a top speed of 70 km / h, the torque and power of the truck are 135Nm and 370HP, with average fuel consumption of 3.43 liters/km before SLIFA installation and average fuel consumption of 4.2 liters/km after SLIFA installation. SLIFA can be said to have functional eligibility and can cut fuel consumption by 81 percent.
PROPOSE SAFETY ENGINEERING CONCEPT SPEED LIMITER AND FATIGUE CONTROL USING SLIFA FOR TRUCK AND BUS Pranoto, Hadi; Adriansyah, Andi; Feriyanto, Dafit; Wahab, Abdi; Zakaria, Supaat
SINERGI Vol 24, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/sinergi.2020.3.009

Abstract

In 2015, there were 55 deaths from 6,231 accident cases that occurred in Jakarta. A severe problem in Indonesia is the absence of a unique safety device in both commercial transport or personal vehicles and the very high complexity problem of human highways. Consequently, there are many traffic accidents caused by the negligence of the driver, such as driving a vehicle in a drunken, tired, drowsy, or over-limit speed. Therefore, it needs to be innovative using devices to increase speed but able to detect the level of tired or sleepy drivers. This paper tries to propose a concept of improving safety engineering by developing devices that can control the speed and level of safety of trucks and buses, named SLIFA. The proposed device captures the driver's condition by looking at the eyes, size of mouth evaporating, and heart rate conditions.  Theses condition will be measured with a particular scale to determine the fatigue level of the driver. Some performance tests have been carried out on truck and bus with 122 Nm and 112 Nm torque wheels and 339 HP and 329 HP power values, respectively, and the minimum speed is 62 km/h. At a top speed of 70 km / h, the torque and power of the truck are 135Nm and 370HP, with average fuel consumption of 3.43 liters/km before SLIFA installation and average fuel consumption of 4.2 liters/km after SLIFA installation. SLIFA can be said to have functional eligibility and can cut fuel consumption by 81 percent.