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ASPEK AGRONOMI POHON KARET DAN MASALAH YANG DIHADAPI PETANI KARET Hutapea, Sumihar; Panggabean, Ellen Lumisar; Aziz, Rizal; Siregar, Tumpal HS; Suswati, Suswati
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 6, No 2 (2020): Juli
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.52555

Abstract

Tebal kulit disadap, kedalaman sadap, panjang alur sadap, frekuensi sadap, dan waktu sadap harus dipertimbangkan dalam penyadapan pohon karet. Perencanaan penggunaan bidang sadap penting untuk menjamin periode sadap yang  panjang, lebih dari 25 tahun. Pada perkebunan karet rakyat hal tersebut tidak dianut. Oleh karena itu, penyuluhan yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan petani diperlukan. Penelitian ini menyajikan aspek agronomi  perkebunan karet rakyat yang menunjukkan rendahnya produksi dan beberapa aspek penyuluhan yang diperlukan petani karet. Penelitian dilakukan melalui survei dan tanya jawab pada Juni-Juli 2019 di Desa Sari Laba Jahe, Kecamatan Biru-Biru, Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Kelompok yang disurvei adalah Kelompok Tani Mekar Tani yang beranggota 30 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengamatan kebun karet masing-masing petani dan tanya jawab untuk memperoleh data serta informasi, berkaitan dengan aspek agronomi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani karet belum menghasilkan produksi ideal, 26,67% petani menghasilkan kurang dari 25 g per pohon per sadap. Sebanyak 17 petani mengelola kebun seluas kurang dari 1 ha dan 1-1,5 ha mengelola kurang dari 500 pohon per ha. Sebanyak 46% petani berpendapat bahwa masalah yang dihadapi dalam mengelola kebun karetnya adalah penyakit jamur akar putih (JAP).
Aspek Agronomi Pohon Karet dan Masalah yang Dihadapi Petani Karet Hutapea, Sumihar; Panggabean, Ellen Lumisar; Aziz, Rizal; Siregar, Tumpal HS; Suswati, Suswati
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 6, No 2 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.52555

Abstract

Tebal kulit disadap, kedalaman sadap, panjang alur sadap, frekuensi sadap, dan waktu sadap harus dipertimbangkan dalam penyadapan pohon karet. Perencanaan penggunaan bidang sadap penting untuk menjamin periode sadap yang  panjang, lebih dari 25 tahun. Pada perkebunan karet rakyat hal tersebut tidak dianut. Oleh karena itu, penyuluhan yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan petani diperlukan. Penelitian ini menyajikan aspek agronomi  perkebunan karet rakyat yang menunjukkan rendahnya produksi dan beberapa aspek penyuluhan yang diperlukan petani karet. Penelitian dilakukan melalui survei dan tanya jawab pada Juni-Juli 2019 di Desa Sari Laba Jahe, Kecamatan Biru-Biru, Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Kelompok yang disurvei adalah Kelompok Tani Mekar Tani yang beranggota 30 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengamatan kebun karet masing-masing petani dan tanya jawab untuk memperoleh data serta informasi, berkaitan dengan aspek agronomi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani karet belum menghasilkan produksi ideal, 26,67% petani menghasilkan kurang dari 25 g per pohon per sadap. Sebanyak 17 petani mengelola kebun seluas kurang dari 1 ha dan 1-1,5 ha mengelola kurang dari 500 pohon per ha. Sebanyak 46% petani berpendapat bahwa masalah yang dihadapi dalam mengelola kebun karetnya adalah penyakit jamur akar putih (JAP).
pengaruh pemberian pupuk organik cair kandang kelinci dan kompos limbah baglog pada pertumbuhan bibit Kakao (theobroma cacao l.) Di polibeg Nubriama, Redho Anggara; Pane, Erwin; Hutapea, Sumihar
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): JIPERTA SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.929 KB)

Abstract

Cacao is one of the predominant plantation in Indonesia so that the production should be improved constantly. The purpose of this researce was to obtain data on the growth of cacao seedlings (Theobroma cacao L.) by applying rabbit cage liquid organic fertilizer and composting baglog waste with different doses. This research was carried out at the Medan Area faculty of agriculture experiment area located on the street PBSI No.1 Medan Estate. The research was conducted  from  July to  November  2018.  Using  Factorial  Randomized  Group Desing (RGD) with two replications. The first factor tested was rabbit cage liquid organic fertilizer namely U0= without POC, U1= consentration 5% (50 ml POC/liter), U2= consentration 10% (100 ml POC/liter), U3= consentration 15% (150 ml POC/liter). The second   factor is baglog waste compost which is L0= without compost baglog waste, L1= 20% baglog compost waste (600g) + 80% top soil (2.400g), L2= 40% baglog compost waste (1.200g) + 60% top soil (1.800g), L3= 60% baglog compost waste (1.800g) + 40% top soil (1.200g). The results showed that administration of baglog waste compost can increase growth ( plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter and canopy wet weight) of cocoa seedlings
Pengaruh Pemberian Berbagai Sumber Biochar dan Berbagai Pupuk Kandang terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi jagung hitam (Zea mays L.) Berutu, Rikwan Kardo; Aziz, Rizal; Hutapea, Sumihar
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 1 (2019): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.757 KB)

Abstract

Black corn has its advantage compare to regular corn due to the nutrition component. This could lead the increase of demant to this corn variety. The Effect of providing various biochar sources and various manure on the growthand production of Zea mays black maiz L. The study used factorial randomized block design with two factors, namely the provision of various biochar sources which was combined into several organic fertilizer. Parameters observed were plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, wet production weight/sample using klobot, wet production weight/plot using klobot,wet production weight/sample without klobot, wet production weight/plot without klobot, dru production weigh of pipil/sample, dry weight of production of onehundred grain pipil. The results of the study showed that the effect of giving various biochar of rice husk corn cobs of candlenut shells did not signficantly affect all observation parameters and various manure, namely cows, chickens and goats also did not significantly affect all observed parameters.
Aplikasi biochar cangkang kernel kelapa sawit dan limbah baglog jamur terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi padi beras merah pada pertanaman karet Hasibuan, Jason; Panggabean, Ellen Lumisar; Hutapea, Sumihar
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): JIPERTA SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.998 KB)

Abstract

This research was aiming to find out whether the application of biochar palm kernel shell and mushroom baglog waste. The research was conducted by using the Factorial Randomized Group Design (RAK) with 2 treatment factors. The first factor was the biochar of the palm kernel shell  and The second factor was the mushroom baglog waste which. The result of this research showed that the treatment of  giving biochar to brown rice in rubber plantation had a real effect on the growth of the plant height in the age of 6 MSPT and the weight of production of sample crop and didn’t have a real effect on the production weight per plot, number of tillers, number of panicles of sample crop and the amount of 1000 grains of brown rice. The treatment of giving oyster mushroom baglog tp brown rice in rubber plantation had a real effect on the production of the rice per plot, and the production weight of sample crop and didn’t have a real effect on the growth of the number of the tillers, number of panicles of sample crops, and amount of 1000 grains of brown rice. The combination of both  factors  didn’t  have  a  real  effect  on  the  growth  and  the production of brown rice.
Introduction of Application of Rubber Tapping Technology and Its Impact on Production of Mekar Tani Groups in Sari Laba Jahe Village, Deli Serdang District Hutapea, Sumihar; Panggabean, Ellen; Azis, Rizal; Siregar, Tumpal HS; Suswati, Suswati
Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences, January
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birex.v2i1.696

Abstract

The increase of rubber production can be done by introducing tapping technology for rubber farmers, when rubber prices are low. The facts showed that smallholder rubber production is still low, in the range of 600-800 kg of dry rubber / ha / year. Tapping practiced by rubber farmers is generally not based on tapping technology, which is integrated in the aspects of plants, tapping planning and management, the use of stimulants, and a number of other technical aspects. To increase smallholder rubber production, rubber tapping technology was introduced to Mekar Tani Groups in Sari Laba Jahe Village, Sibiru Biru Sub-district, Deli Serdang District (North Sumatra). The results of the introduction in the form of stimulant application showed that a month after applying the stimulant, the increase in production averaged 60.65%. If production without applying the stimulant was 0.18 kg / tree, then after applying the stimulant 0.28 kg / tree was obtain. The results of this study within a month were still continuing to observe other aspects such as the quality of rubber produced due to the application of stimulants, as well as farmers' income.
Empowerment of Farmer Community Group in Sampali Village Together with Students of Agriculture Faculty Medan Area University in Barangan Banana Plants Development with Tissue Culture Banana Seeds,Suckers and Applications of Mycorrhiza Suswati, Suswati; Hutapea, Sumihar; Indrawaty, Asmah
Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2020): Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences, April
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birex.v2i2.868

Abstract

Sampali Village is an agricultural area that is very suitable for banana planting. Various types of bananas found in the village include Barangan, Kepok, Molen, Raja and banana Nangka . Banana shoots from harvested mother plants are used for development in new areas. Banana seedlings from the suckers appear healthy, but often these suckers die after 1-2 months of planting in new areas. This is because these bananas have been infected with fungal pathogen wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporm f. sp cubense and Ralstonia syzygii subsp. celebesensis causes of blood diseases. Both of these pathogens are the main cause of the low quality of banana seeds. The use of low-quality banana seedlings (sapling sources), high pest and disease attacks are the factors causing the reduced amount of banana planting land which results in low banana production in Sampali Village, Percut Sei Tuan District, Deli Serdang Regency. Banana farmer groups in the village of Sampali have never used and planted banana seedlings that were propagated by tissue culture. The objectives of the activity were: 1. Socialization and practice of propagation of banana seedlings from sucker . Mycorrhizal inoculant application when planting seedlings in a polybag. To increase the knowledge of farmer group members and also the  students of Agricukture Faculty,Universitas Medan Area the learning of banana propagation techniques is carried out in vitro at the Balai Benih Induk Hortikultura, Gedung Johor Medan . The method used to solve the above problems is the provision of material, the practice of making banana seedlings through the propagation of tillers and a visit to the Balai Benih Induk Hortikultura, Gedung Johor Medan. At the end of the activity, an increase in the knowledge and skills of participants in providing quality banana seeds is the source of banana propagation in the village Sampali
Integrated Control of Coffee Bean Borer (Hypothenemus Hampei) on Sigararutang Coffee, Motung Village, Ajibata Sub-district, Toba Samosir District, Sumatera Utara Suswati, Suswati; Hutapea, Sumihar; Barus, Rehia Isabella; Setiawan, Setiawan; Hutapea, Ade Prayoga
Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences, January
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birex.v2i1.700

Abstract

Integrated control Hypothenemus hampei in  Saurdot farmer group, Motung Village, Ajibata District, Toba Samosir Regency, North Sumatra. The purpose of the activity was to increase the knowledge and skills of farmers about H.hampei and their management measures by improving cultivation techniques. The socialization of coffee borer pest management has been carried out by improving crop cultivation through spacing, crop pruning, chemical control and planting refugia plants. Partner problems are overcome by a number of technological solutions, which are carried out using technology transfer methods through education, training, demonstration plots, and mentoring. Socialization activities can increase farmers' knowledge about coffee berry borer (CBB) pests and its environmentally friendly control. The prototype of healthy coffee cultivation is very beneficial in increasing the knowledge and skills of Saurdot farmer group members in coffee cultivation. There is an increase in both knowledge and skills in the application of plant cultivation techniques. coffee specifically about the spacing of coffee seedlings increased by 15.38%, the distance of the shading trees around 50%, the selection of protective trees only about 50%, pruning coffee plants around 54%, pruning of shading trees around 25%, applying basic fertilizer and supplementary fertilizers around 50% in addition, there was also an increase in the group in the introduction of plant pests and control methods. There was an increase in the knowledge of partner groups about the type of pest of coffee plants by 11.11%, CBB pest  by 51.11%, about CBB pest control by 50% and knowledge about the types of pesticides in controlling CBB by 50%