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PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING DAN ANALISIS KELAYAKAN USAHATERNAK DOMBA PADA PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI KABUPATEN ASAHAN Rahman, Abdul; Sarim, Sarim; Lubis, Mitra Musika
JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 23, No 4 (2017): OKTOBER - DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jpkm.v23i4.8592

Abstract

AbstrakPengembangan ternak domba pada perkebunan sawit di kabupaten Asahan memiliki prospek yang cerah. Nilai DRCR>1 (Domestic Resources CostRatio) sebagai standar daya saing, sehingga memiliki keunggulan komparatif. Potensi ternak yang di dukung oleh pakan ternak yang tersedia pada perkebunan sawit memperlihatkan potensi reproduksi ideal dengan litter size 1,56. Dari analisis kelayakan NPV positif, B/C Ratio>1 yaitu 1,8 dan IRR 21 % > suku bunga diskonto (12%) menunjukkan bahwa kabupaten Asahan layak untuk dikembangkan.Upaya peningkatan daya saing dengan menggali sumberdaya lokal guna memberikan tambahan pengembangan teori daya saing dan pengembangan ternak domba sesuai pembangunan peternakan berwawasan agribisnis yaitu mencukupi kebutuhan ternak dalam negeri dan dalam upaya menyiapkan permintaan ternak domba sesuai standar pasar ekspor.Kata Kunci : Daya Saing, Ternak DombaAbstractThe Development of Sheep in palm oil plantations in Asahan Regency has a promising future and comparative advantage with DRCR > 1 (Domestic Resources Cost Ratio) as the standard of competitiveness. The potential supported by the available forage on palm plantations shows the ideal reproductive potential with litter size of 1.56. From feasibility analysis there are NPVpositif, B / C ratio is 1.8 and 21 % of IRR > discount rate (12% ).The result indicated that feasible to develop . To increase competitiveness can be done by keepingproduction and population (1) and the quality standards of at least 25 kg live weight (2) and also continuity of the availability of effort to keep the sheeps throughout the year (3). To increase competitiveness by exploring local resources to provide additional development and theory of competitiveness, according to sheep farm development oriented agribusiness is sufficient for domestic demand and also to prepare for export market standards.Keywords: Competitiveness, Livestock Sheep
Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Sapu Ijuk Putri, Tessa Julvidia; Lubis, Mitra Musika; Saleh, Khairul
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 1 (2019): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the socio-economic conditions broom fibers entrepreneurs and business development strategies broom fibers industry in the village Senembah field. Penelittian is implemented from the month of May until June 2015. This study uses sampling by census, in this study sample is 32 respondents. The sample in this study are a business owner broom fibers in the village of Medan Senembah districts Tanjung Morawa, Deli Serdang regency. Based on the results of the study socio-economic conditions of business owners said to be good and alternative business development strategy broom fibers by using a matrix swot produced several strategies, namely: increasing the number of regular customers, adjusting competitively priced according to product quality, increase production capacity, providing products broom fibers quality, make loans to banks and promotions, improve enterprise management, improve the system of financial records and administration, product innovation attractive broom fibers, fibers derivation products, and utilization of waste broom fibers themselves.
Analisis Pemasaran Gabah (Studi Kasus: Desa Serdang, Kecamatan Beringin, Kabupaten Deli Serdang) Sitorus, Sri Leli; Saleh, Khairul; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): JIPERTA SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the grain marketing channels in Desa Serdang, Kecamatan Beringin, Deli Serdang and to determine the efficiency of grain marketing in Serdang Beringin Subdistrict, Deli Serdang regency. Farmers sampling was conducted using proportionate stratified random sampling 53 farmers. While traders Sampel taken by the census method that was as much as three merchants and traders to take as much refinery in three traders with   purposive sampling method.  Beringin the total number of samples in this study was 59 samples. The results showed that there were two channels of grain marketing research location that was, the first channel starts from farmers to traders refinery in District Beringin. The second channel starts from farmers, collectors next to the refinery merchant Beringin Subdistrict. The marketing margin was Rp. 4.500 contained in the channel I and the channel more efficient contained in the channel II with the value of an efficiency of 12,61%. 
Analisis Kepuasan Pengguna Jasa Transportasi Kereta Api Pramana, Yogi Indra; Harahap, Gustami; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): JIPERTA SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is the for knowing the quality of services which include reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, tangibles effect on user satisfaction services of PT Kereta Api Indonesia in Division 1 North Sumatra in the distribution of CPO and for knowing what variable most dominant influence on satisfaction of service users PT Kereta Api Indonesia Division 1 North Sumatra in the distribution of CPO. The sampling method was census method. Respondents in this study is a train service users in the process of distribution of CPO and samples taken between 5 respondents. The data collected are primary data and secondary data. The analytical method used is the analysis of linear regression. Based on the multiple linear analysis in a test based on the level of significance was obtained F count is equal to 5,487 with sig = 0.005. Because sig = 0.000 0.05 indicates that the quality of service simultaneously together or simultaneously have a strong influence (significant) to increase service user satisfaction. 
Analisis Permintaan dan Elastisitas Daging Sapi pada Tingkat Rumah Tangga Chalidin, Muhammad; Lubis, Zulkarnain; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 1 (2019): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the level of beef demand, the factors that affect beef demand and measure and identify the role of the elasticity of factors that affect beef demand. Sampling is done by simple random sampling. The data analysis method used is qualitative (descriptive) and quantitative analysis. The results showed that the demand for beef at the household level in Sei Sikambing B village, the average beef consumption was 2.2 kg / month. Simultaneously the test results show that the variable beef prices, fish prices, chicken meat prices, egg prices, the level of household income, the number of family members, and taste have a real impact on the amount of beef demand at a 95% confidence level. On the price of partial fish, the price of chicken cuts, the level of household income and tastes significantly influence the demand for beef at a 95% confidence level, while the variable beef prices, egg prices, and the number of family members do not significantly influence the demand for beef meat at the level 95% confidence. From the estimation that the determination value (R2) of 67.8% variation of the seven variables can explain the amount of beef demand, while the remaining 32.2% is influenced by other variables. Beef demand is not elastic to changes in beef prices.Keywords: Demand, Elasticity, Price, Beef, Income
Prospek Pengembangan Agroindustri Minyak Nilam Husein, Muhammad Qori; Harahap, Gustami; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 1 (2019): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of development of patchouli oil And to identify factors - factors that affect demand for patchouli oil. The sampling method used is a census that is all patchouli oil farmers owning patchouli oil fields and refining. Data Analysis Method used is Cost Analysis.The results showed that the location of patchouli oil refining research effort by the farmers financially feasible to be developed because Value B / C ratio for patchouli oil refining business is 2.28 where the B / C 1, the average profit earned patchouli oil farmers is Rp 45,115,675 / growing season, NPV for patchouli oil refining business is Rp 41,390,526 with interest rate loan or business credit (KUR) is 9% and an initial investment of Rp 19,774,458. Factors that influence patchouli oil are patchouli oil prices and income of patchouli oil farmers but the factors that have a significant effect on patchouli oil production are income, while oil prices have no significant effect on patchouli oil production. 
ANALISIS USAHATANI PEPAYA (Studi Kasus : Kecamatan Secanggang, Kabupaten Langkat, Sumatera Utara) Saribu, Bigner Dolok; Lubis, Yusniar; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Agriuma Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Agriuma Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/agr.v1i2.3025

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate papaya cultivation, to analyze the costs of production and acceptance and profits of papaya farmers, and to analyze the feasibility of papaya farming in Secanggang District, Langkat Regency. Research in Secanggang District, Langkat Regency, North Sumatra Province. Determination of the research area is carried out by Pusposive (intentional). The study was conducted in May - July 2017. The sampling method was conducted by census by taking 28 papaya farmers who had plant life above 1 year. The results showed the condition of land availability was 0.5 ha so that the spacing was not suitable. The cultivation technique has not been improved even though it has been experienced for 15 years. This is evidenced by the productivity of papaya land at only 19,260.51 kg / ha. While papaya land productivity is good 20-35 tons / ha. The average  farmer income is Rp. 29,468,571 per farmer or Rp. 59,255,411 per hectare per year. Farming income obtained is Rp. 22,333,539 per farmer or Rp. 44,823,477 per hectare per year, and after adding the TKDK value, the family income of Rp. 23,889,254 per farmer or Rp. 48,500,888 per hectare per year. RCR value is greater than 1 so it is concluded that papaya farming in the study area is classified as feasible. Every expenditure of Rp. 1 will generate revenue of Rp. 4.13.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN DAN KELAYAKAN USAHA AGROWISATA STRAWBERRY (Fragaria choiloensis L.) PETIK SENDIRI (Studi Kasus : Kabupaten Karo) Jufriansyah, Muhammad JufriansyahMuhammad; Harahap, Gustami; Lubis, Mitra Musika
Jurnal Agriuma Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Agriuma Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/agr.v1i2.2873

Abstract

In North Sumatra there  is  one  type  of  horticulture  plant,  strawberry,  especially  in Karo district. The purpose of this study  was  to  find  out  what  factors  influence  the  level  of income of strawberry picking agrotourism farmers themselves, knowing the price of their  own picking strawberry agro-tourism business and knowing whether the picking  strawberry  agro- tourism business itself is feasible. The sampling method is used  by  the  Central  theorem  limit method, the total population of strawberry farmers in Karo Regency  is  60,  in  this study 30 farmers were made as representative samples of the entire population. The data collected is primary  and  secondary  data.  The  analytical  method  used  is  multiple  linear  regression   with SPSS 21, BEP software tools and business feasibility analysis using  R  / C  Ratio.  (1) From the study using multiple linear regression analysis tools which have positive effect on strawberry farmers'  income,  namely  sales  and  expenditure  volume  of  RT.  (2)  Analysis  of  data  from (BEP), it is known that the sales  volume  reaches  the  level of 478.80 Kg with a selling price of  Rp. 52,760 / Kg, then the sales result is Rp. 38,304,239, with the results of the sale, the strawberry  picking  agro-business  itself  was  declared  even.  (3)  Analysis of the feasibility of the own strawberry picking agrotourism business in  Karo  Regency,  obtained  the  results  of R  / C> 1, then the business is economically feasible. 
Comparative Analysis of Consumers Behavior Who Shop for Daily Food in Modren and Traditional Market Kurniawan, Mayang; Lubis, Mitra Musika; Simanullang, Endang Sari
Jurnal Agriuma Vol 2, No 1 (2020): AGRIUMA APRIL
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/agr.v2i1.3709

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine how the differences in consumer behavior and factors that influence behavior consumers buy daily staple food in the Modern Market and Traditional Market. The sampling method is done by simple ramdom sampling. Respondents in this study is that consumers buy daily staple food in the Modern Market and Traditional Market. Samples taken are as many as 72 samples of daily staple food consumers. The data collected are primary data and secondary data. The analytical method used is Mann-Whitney Test and ordinal regression with 18 SPSS software tools. Based on test results Mann-Whitney Test showed: indicate a significant difference consumer behavior buy daily staple food in the Modern Market and Traditional Market to the value Asymp. Sig 0,001 (<0,005), where the modern market that has a higher value than Traditional Market. Based on test results ordinal regression showed: factors affecting behavior consumers buy daily staple food in the Modern Market and Traditional Market is price, locations, product quality, consumer satisfaction. Factors individual and product information has no affecting behavior consumers buy daily staple food in the Modern Market and Traditional Market.Keywords: modern market; traditional market; consumer behavior.
Analisis Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pendapatan Nelayan Juragan Tangkapan Ikan Teri (Studi Kasus : Kelurahan Belawan Bahari Kecamatan Medan Belawan Kota Medan) Lugu, Stefanus; Lubis, Mitra Musika; Siregar, Rahma Sari
Jurnal Agriuma Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Agriuma Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/agr.v1i2.2875

Abstract

This study aims to determine the income level of fishermen anchovy catchers and analyze the factors that influence it. The research was conducted by purposive sampling method. The result showed that : Production Cost Variables had a negative and insignificant effect on the income of skipper fishermen, this was due to diminshing returns. Variable Amount of Labor has a positive and significant effect on the income of skipper fishermen, this is because if the greater the amount of work, the speed in obtaining the catch  (production) is more effective. Variety of Sea Trips has a positieve and significant effect on the income of fishermen, this is because if the distance goes to sea, then the amount of income of fishermen’s fishers increases. Variable Experience of skipper fishermen income, this is because if the longer or more business experience, then in managing business capital in obtaining results better and more accurate, so that income is maximized. Variable Production Costs, Number of Workers, Mileage, and Business Experience together influence the income variable.