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Pengaruh Hipoglikemia pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 terhadap Kepatuhan Terapi dan Kualitas Hidup Rusdi, Mesa Sukmadani; Afriyeni, Helmice
Journal of Pharmaceutical And Sciences Vol 2 No 1 (2019): JPS Volume 2 Nomor 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36490/journal-jps.com.v2i1.13

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by an increase in blood sugar due to a decreasing in insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells and/or impaired insulin function (insulin resistance). Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (2015), Indonesia was ranked 7th in the world with 10 million people suffered from DM. DM can become serious and cause a chronic condition that is dangerous if not treated and not adhered in taking medication. The main risks associated with DM are hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, dehydration, and thrombosis. The incidence of hypoglycemia can be influenced by age factors, duration of suffering from diabetes, weight, and glycemic control. Acute and chronic complications of hypoglycemia can interfere with life, such as social interaction, sleep, sexual activity, driving, sports, and other activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hypoglycemia in type 2 DM patients on therapy adherence and quality of life. The design of this study was a cross-sectional study with subjects of the research were adult patients with type 2 DM who used oral anti-diabetes medication for more than 6 months. Patients who have a history of hypoglycemia are divided into 3 groups, namely (1) Having hypoglycemia in the last 3 months; (2) Not experiencing hypoglycemia in the last 3 months; (3) Never experience hypoglycemia. Measurement of adherence using the Morisky Modified Adherence Scale (MMAS), measurement of quality of life with Diabetes Quality of Life Questionnaire (DQoL), data obtained will be processed statistically using Chi-Square Test. The result of this study was unable to prove the relationship of hypoglycemia to therapy adherence (p = 0.756; p> 0.05) and the quality of life of patients (p = 0.143; p> 0.05).
Isolation and Antibacterial Activity Test of The Extract Ethyl Acetate of Endophytic Fungi from Kencur (Kaempferia Galanga L.) Efendi, M. Rifqi; Rusdi, Mesa Sukmadani; Anisa, Fitria
Journal of Pharmaceutical And Sciences Vol 3 No 2 (2020): JPS Volume 3 Nomor 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36490/journal-jps.com.v3i2.42

Abstract

The aim of this research was to isolate the endophytic fungi found in leaves and rhizomes of Kaempferia galanga L. and to test its antibacterial activity. Isolation of endophytic fungi is carried out by cultivating and sub-cultivating fungi that found in leaves and rhizomes of Kaempferia galanga L. Identification of endophytic fungi is done by its morphology macroscopically and microscopically. Antibacterial activity testing is carried out by using the agar diffusion method. From the leaves and rhizome of Kaempferia galanga L., five isolates of endophytic fungi were identified as Torulla sp. (KG001), Mucor sp. (KG002), Fusarium sp. (KG003), Geotricum sp. (KG004), and Drechslera sp. (KG005). Three ethyl acetate extracts of the endophytic fungi Torulla sp. (KG001), Fusarium sp. (KG003), and Drechcera sp. (KG005) had antibacterial activity against Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio cholera) and Gram negative bacterias (Bacillus subtilis and Eschericia coli) at concentration of 3.75%. The ethyl acetate extract endophytic fungi that had strong antibacterial activity (10-20 mm in diameter) were Torulla sp. (KG001) and Drechslera sp. (KG005). Meanwhile, the endophytic fungi that had moderate antibacterial activity (inhibition diameter 5-10 mm) was the ethyl acetate extract Fusarium sp. (KG003).The strongest antibacterial activity was shown by the ethyl acetate extract Drechslera Sp. with an inhibitory diameter 16 mm against Vibrio cholera .
Teratogenic Effects of Durian Fruit (Durio Zibethinus Murr) on White Mice Fetus (Mus musculus L) Rusdi, Mesa Sukmadani; Efendi, M. Rifqi; Hilma, Hafizhatul
Pharmauho: Jurnal Farmasi, Sains, dan Kesehatan Vol 7, No 1 (2021): Pharmauho
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/pharmauho.v7i1.13489

Abstract

Durian (Durio zibethinus L.) is one of the most consumed and liked fruit in Indonesia, but there was no evidence about the safety of consuming durian during pregnancy. This study was determine the level of safety of durian fruit consumption during pregnancy by conducted teratogenicity test of durian fruit (Durio zibethinus Linn) on fetuses of white mice (Mus musculus L). Teratogenicity test was conducted in vivo, by step: preparation of experimental animal, observation during administration, laparotomy, fixation and observation of morphological defects. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). If the results were significant (P < 0.05), the analysis was continued using Duncan Multiple Range Test. Administration durian during pregnancy did not affects the bodyweight of the mice (P > 0,05), but significantly influences the number of fetuses (P < 0,05) and its body weight (P < 0,05). Consumption of durian during pregnancy is safe in 32,5 mg / KgBW, but it has the potential teratogenic in 65 mg / KgBW and 97,5 mg/KgBW groups. Teratogen effects that were found in several fetuses were underweight, dead, hemorrhage, maternal death and there were resorption sites.