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Desentralisasi Fiskal, Tax Efiort dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomiz Studi Empirik Kabupaten/Kota di Indonesia 2001-2008 Priyarsono, D. S.; Asih, Budi; Agustina, Neli
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2010): Juli
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Indonesia has implemented a new policy of regional autonomy and fiscal decentralization for almost ten years. One of the objectives of this fiscal decentralization is to give the full autonomy to local governments in spending and managing their revenues. The local governments have the authority to explore and collect their own-source revenue (´Pendapatan Asli Daerah´, or PAD), i.e. through the improvement of their tax effort. The objectives of this study are: (i) to describe the fiscal performance of districts and municipalities in Indonesia, both in the revenue as well as the expenditure sides, (ii) to analyze the effects of intergovernmental transfers (’dana perimbangan´, or balancing fund from the central to regional governments) on regional tax efforts, and (iii) to identify the regional economic growth elasticity of intergovernmental transfers and own-source revenue. This study employs a panel data set of 336 districts and municipalities covering the whole area of Indonesia over the time period of 2001-2008. The results show a relatively low contribution of PAD to regional revenues, indicating high fiscal dependency of regional governments on the central government. Intergovernmental transfers positively effect tax efforts. The result of the elasticity analysis also indicates a positive role of the transfers as stimuli to economic growth.
Pengaruh Pengeluaran Pemerintah untuk Pendidikan, Kesehatan, dan Infrastruktur terhadap PDRB dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Propinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2012 Althofia, Nalyda Yola; Agustina, Neli
Jurnal Aplikasi Statistika & Komputasi Statistik Vol 7 No 1 (2015): Journal of Statistical Application and Computational Statistics
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Politeknik Statistika STIS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.695 KB) | DOI: 10.34123/jurnalasks.v7i1.118

Abstract

Labor is part of the population that is capable of doing the work to produce goods and services. Therefore, workers need to be empowered optimally in order to drive the economic process. According to Keynes, one of the efforts that can be done is fiscal policy by increasing government spending leading to a reduction in unemployment. However, in West Java this expectation was not realized. West Java has a large government spending, but its labor absorption is not high. It is shown from the percentage of the working population of the labor force in West Java in 2012 remained below national. This study determines the effect of government education, health and infrastructure expenditures on economic growth and employment in West Java. The recursive equation mode is employed, showing that education and infrastructure spending have positive effect on economic growth and employment. Health expenditure prove to be insignificant. In addition,in West Java, economic growth has positive effect on employment.
Dampak Kebijakan Desentralisasi Fiskal, Kinerja Ekonomi terhadap Indikator Pembangunan di Pulau Papua Agustina, Neli; Fitriana, Ilma Ainun
Jurnal Aplikasi Statistika & Komputasi Statistik Vol 11 No 1 (2019): Journal of Statistical Application and Computational Statistics
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Politeknik Statistika STIS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (694.052 KB) | DOI: 10.34123/jurnalasks.v11i1.165

Abstract

The implementation of fiscal decentralization is expected to accelerate public services, develop regional potentials,  improve the economy and prosperity. However, this situation does not apply to every province, such as Papua and West Papua Provinces having capital expenditure above average and high economic growth rates, but indicators of regional development are still in concern. This study aims to determine the relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic performance towards indicators of regional development. By using Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) analysis, the results show that there is a positive relationship between fiscal decentralization on economic performance. In addition, there is also a positive relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic performance on development indicators.   Keywords? fiscal decentralization, economic performance, development indicators, PLS-SEM
Desentralisasi Fiskal, Tax Efiort dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomiz Studi Empirik Kabupaten/Kota di Indonesia 2001-2008 Priyarsono, D. S.; Asih, Budi; Agustina, Neli
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 11 No 1 (2010): Juli
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.353 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v11i1.179

Abstract

Indonesia has implemented a new policy of regional autonomy and fiscal decentralization for almost ten years. One of the objectives of this fiscal decentralization is to give the full autonomy to local governments in spending and managing their revenues. The local governments have the authority to explore and collect their own-source revenue ('Pendapatan Asli Daerah', or PAD), i.e. through the improvement of their tax effort. The objectives of this study are: (i) to describe the fiscal performance of districts and municipalities in Indonesia, both in the revenue as well as the expenditure sides, (ii) to analyze the effects of intergovernmental transfers (’dana perimbangan', or balancing fund from the central to regional governments) on regional tax efforts, and (iii) to identify the regional economic growth elasticity of intergovernmental transfers and own-source revenue. This study employs a panel data set of 336 districts and municipalities covering the whole area of Indonesia over the time period of 2001-2008. The results show a relatively low contribution of PAD to regional revenues, indicating high fiscal dependency of regional governments on the central government. Intergovernmental transfers positively effect tax efforts. The result of the elasticity analysis also indicates a positive role of the transfers as stimuli to economic growth.
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON SHADOW ECONOMY IN INDONESIA Saraswati, Saraswati; Agustina, Neli
Economics and Finance in Indonesia Volume 66, Number 1, June 2020
Publisher : Institute for Economic and Social Research

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.308 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/efi.v66i1.629

Abstract

Shadow economy is a market for legal and illegal goods and services that escape recording and estimation of GDP. It can cause inaccurate estimation of GDP, declining tax revenue, and less precise economic policies. Improving the quality of human capital, both in education and health dimensions, can reduce shadow economy. The research aims to estimate shadow economy and analyze the influence of the quality of human capital on shadow economy in Indonesia. Applying time series multiple linear regression analysis, the findings show that the average shadow economy in Indonesia is 28.97 percent, changes in life expectancy negatively affect changes in shadow economy, while changes in the gross participation rate of tertiary education have a positive effect.