Leonard Chrysostomos Epafras
Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Judeo-Arabic: Cultural Symbiosis of the Jews in the Islamicate Context Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 1 Number 1, Nov 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.556 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v1i1.4401

Abstract

The present article studies the Jewish-Muslim intimacy through the Jewish language as a cultural space in the period of the medieval Islam. The Judeo-Arabic, as the technical terms of the Jewish language in this period and in the subsequent eras, was one of the many venues through which people negotiated the Jewish identity in the non-Jewish environments. This negotiation was the outcome of intensive meeting between the Arabs’ culture and the Jewish-specific heritages since pre-Islamic era to the period of the medieval Islam in dialectical and contested way. The Arabic language in the Hebrew script was an example of this process. In this article, the author traces back the earlier encounter between the Jews and the Arabs in the proto-Judeo-Arabic, al-yahūdīyyah, which includs the Muslim narrative of both the Prophet Muḥammad and the Jews. Next, this paper studies a later period of the Judeo-Arabic development as a Jewish specific language. The author argues that the Judeo-Arabic demonstrates a cultural symbiosis and a frontier of interaction between the Jews and the  Muslims  marked  by  the  way  Muslims  and  Jews  accommodated  and  contested  to  each  other.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v1i1.4401
Judeo-Arabic as a Frontier of Interaction between the Jews and Muslims Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 1 Number 2, May 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.103 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v1i2.5472

Abstract

As a continued discussion about the Judeo-Arabic as a cultural symbiosis of the Jews in the Islamicate context, the present article enhances it with the discussion of frontier as a theoretical framework to understand the Jewish condition in the Muslim realm, in particular in Al-Andalus. Hence, the Judeo- Arabic becomes an actualization of the politics of language by the Jews. In addition to the fact that the Judeo-Arabic being nurtured by the Arabic literature, the Jews also carried out their experiences in diaspora critically through the usage of the Arabic and the Judeo-Arabic cultural container.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v1i2.5472
Realitas Sejarah dan Dinamika Identitas Yahudi Nusantara Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 2 No 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (985.812 KB)

Abstract

The history of Jewish Nusantara in Indonesia is unclear whether Jewish came to Indonesia or otherwise. The fact that in Indonesia regulation, Judaism is not part of religions officially recognized by the state, add more suspicions that Judaism is not well accepted in Indonesia. In addition, Indonesia people, objectively, factually and historically speaking, have no much information about Judaism either in terms of religion, social, cultural and politics. In terms of academic studies, Historical and scientific record are not yet capable to explore much information about them. On one hand, the history of Judaism in Indonesia (Yahudi Nusantara) is academically and culturally limited. On the other hand, public discussion and debate relating to this topic—which tend to describe Jews historically and stereotypically—are rising and growing. This article aims to narrow the gap between both of two mentioned realities to explore historical existence of Jews in Indonesia. It will elucidate specific moments when Jews reality has been transforming and challenging in the context of Indonesian culture. Using this paradigm, the article perceives Jews as a dynamic and moving survival, like other realities. Therefore, this article intends to build good understanding of Judaism, in general, and Indonesian Jews in particular.
The Condition of Jewish Minority in Medieval Egypt: A Study of Jewish Ṣūfī’s Tractate al-Maqālat al-Ḥawḍiyya Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 51, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2013.512.409-442

Abstract

During the reigns of Ayyūbids and Mamluks, a group of Jews developed a distinct Jewish spiritual system. The aim of this endeavor was to initiate spiritual renewal. The notable feature of the movement is the incorporation of substantial Ṣūfī elements into its spiritual system. By this unique feature the group might be tentatively called “Jewish Sufism.” This article explores the posture of this group and its understanding of Jewish diaspora and exile, particularly with regards Jewish minority status under Muslim rulers. As a study case, it focuses on the analysis of a Jewish Ṣūfī’s tractate entitled al-Maqālat al-Ḥawḍiyya (The Treatise of the Pool) written by ‘Abd Allāh ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Maymūn (1228-1263/65), the grandson of the prominent medieval Jewish philosopher and community leader (ra’īs al-yahūd), Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Moses Maimonides, 1135-1204). The article further argues that the tractate reflected Jewish struggle as minority under Islamic rulers and the contemporary socio-political upheaval. Besides the spiritual renewal, the discipline it endorsed was a way to cope with this minority status as well. Furthermore, the absorption of Sufism into Jewish spirituality may indicate a more dynamic interaction between Jews and Muslims in this period.[Pada masa pemerintahan dinasti Ayubi dan Mamluk di Mesir, sekelompok anggota komunitas Yahudi mengembangkan wacana spiritualitas yang unik demi pembaharuan hidup rohani mereka. Keunikan kelompok ini adalah karena dalam wacananya menyerap unsur-unsur Sufisme Islam. Gejala ini karena itu disebut Sufisme Yahudi. Artikel ini mengeksplorasi keberadaan kelompok tersebut dan pemahaman mereka akan diaspora Yahudi, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan kondisi minoritas mereka. Sebagai studi kasusnya adalah traktat spiritual bertajuk al-Maqālat al-Ḥawḍiyya (Traktat tentang Kolam) yang ditulis oleh ‘Abd Allāh ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Maymūn (1128-1263/65), cucu dari filsuf dan pemimpin Yahudi Abad Pertengahan (ra’īs al-yahūd), Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Moses Maimonides, 1135-1204). Artikel ini mengungkapkan bahwa karya tersebut mencerminkan pergumulan kaum Yahudi sebagai minoritas dan ketegangan sosio-politis yang mereka alami. Disiplin rohani yang disarankannya juga dimaksudkan untuk mengatasi status minoritas tersebut. Lebih dari itu, penyerapan unsur Sufi ke dalam spiritualitas Yahudi ini mendorong ke arah hubungan Yahudi dan Muslim yang lebih dinamis pada masa itu.]
BEYOND SIGNAL AND NOISE: ACADEMICS GOES HOAX AND HOAXTIVISM Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos; Djalong, Fransiskus Agustinus; Kaunang, Hendrikus Paulus
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 8, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.025 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.34646

Abstract

This article is a research report on the perception of hoax among the Indonesian academic community. Hoax is ancient, but in the present digital age, it sneaks into the center stage. Reflecting upon the global trends and shifting of international political landscape, it appears that hoax and its troops, e.g. “false news,” “alternative facts,” “disinformation,” etc. – immersed into the political language and practice. It may corroborate with the condition of “post-truth society” lamented by some scholars, in particular when it echoed in the present Indonesian political and religious landscape. The research focuses on hoax in general, and to introduce a term “hoaxtivism” in framing specific practice revolved in producing and consuming “hoax” as a signifier. We gauge the conversation on hoax within academic community, and locate it in the larger social process. The objective is to understand hoax and hoaxtivism beyond the moralistic evaluation and alarmist position, as overwhelmingly displayed in the public discussion.
REALITAS SEJARAH DAN DINAMIKA IDENTITAS YAHUDI NUSANTARA Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 2 No. 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (985.812 KB)

Abstract

The history of Jewish Nusantara in Indonesia is unclear whether Jewish came to Indonesia or otherwise. The fact that in Indonesia regulation, Judaism is not part of religions officially recognized by the state, add more suspicions that Judaism is not well accepted in Indonesia. In addition, Indonesia people, objectively, factually and historically speaking, have no much information about Judaism either in terms of religion, social, cultural and politics. In terms of academic studies, Historical and scientific record are not yet capable to explore much information about them. On one hand, the history of Judaism in Indonesia (Yahudi Nusantara) is academically and culturally limited. On the other hand, public discussion and debate relating to this topic?which tend to describe Jews historically and stereotypically?are rising and growing. This article aims to narrow the gap between both of two mentioned realities to explore historical existence of Jews in Indonesia. It will elucidate specific moments when Jews reality has been transforming and challenging in the context of Indonesian culture. Using this paradigm, the article perceives Jews as a dynamic and moving survival, like other realities. Therefore, this article intends to build good understanding of Judaism, in general, and Indonesian Jews in particular.
IBN KHALDŪN AND THE JEWS: ON THE IDEA OF RELIGIOUS EMANCIPATION Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
EMPIRISMA: JURNAL PEMIKIRAN DAN KEBUDAYAAN ISLAM Vol 26, No 2 (2017): Theology : Theory and Practice
Publisher : STAIN Kediri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30762/empirisma.v26i2.686

Abstract

The present article is an exploration on Ibn Khaldun’s notion of religious emancipation, notably in the case of Jews in his age. The exploration is based on the examination upon his magnum opus, Muqaddima. Byproduct, it describes as well the dynamic of the notion of religious emancipation and tolerance in history among the Christians and Muslims in the pre-modern era, through which the interreligious relationship is also a concern. Ibn Khaldun was an important fi gure in this endeavor through his sociological analysis of the world history, as his unique overview upon Jews as a marginal religious group. In the present article Ibn Khaldun is situated within his contemporary and considered him as a prominent Islamic thinker in liminality, a condition that allows him to envision new thing but at the same time embedded in the context. Keywords: Ibn Khaldun, the Jews, Religious Emancipation
RELIGIOUS BLASPHEMY AND MONITORY SOCIETY IN INDONESIAN DIGITAL AGE Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos; Kaunang, Hendrikus Paulus; Asri, Syamsul
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.233 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.41169

Abstract

The present article is a research report on the discourse of religious blasphemy in connection with digital practices in Indonesia. It sought to understand the shift of public participation in shaping the discourse that understood within the framework we identified as “monitory society.” The research employed qualitative approach by using several methods, among others are interview and social media observation. Reflecting upon the current national trends and new shift of political landscape, it appeared that religious blasphemy immersed into the political discourse as weaponized information, hence disrupted the meaning of democracy in digital age, as once become the rhetoric of digital technology. In general, the discourse of religious blasphemy in Indonesia is dealing with public piety and social order. It concerned more on religious boundary rather than the improvement of religious lives and personal piety.
THE CONDITION OF JEWISH MINORITY IN MEDIEVAL EGYPT: A STUDY OF JEWISH ṢūFī’S TRACTATE AL-MAQāLAT AL-ḤAWḍIYYA Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 51, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Al-Jami'ah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2013.512.409-442

Abstract

During the reigns of Ayy?bids and Mamluks, a group of Jews developed a distinct Jewish spiritual system. The aim of this endeavor was to initiate spiritual renewal. The notable feature of the movement is the incorporation of substantial ??f? elements into its spiritual system. By this unique feature the group might be tentatively called ?Jewish Sufism.? This article explores the posture of this group and its understanding of Jewish diaspora and exile, particularly with regards Jewish minority status under Muslim rulers. As a study case, it focuses on the analysis of a Jewish ??f??s tractate entitled al-Maq?lat al-?aw?iyya (The Treatise of the Pool) written by ?Abd All?h ibn Ibr?h?m ibn Maym?n (1228-1263/65), the grandson of the prominent medieval Jewish philosopher and community leader (ra??s al-yah?d), M?s? ibn Maym?n (Moses Maimonides, 1135-1204). The article further argues that the tractate reflected Jewish struggle as minority under Islamic rulers and the contemporary socio-political upheaval. Besides the spiritual renewal, the discipline it endorsed was a way to cope with this minority status as well. Furthermore, the absorption of Sufism into Jewish spirituality may indicate a more dynamic interaction between Jews and Muslims in this period.[Pada masa pemerintahan dinasti Ayubi dan Mamluk di Mesir, sekelompok anggota komunitas Yahudi mengembangkan wacana spiritualitas yang unik demi pembaharuan hidup rohani mereka. Keunikan kelompok ini adalah karena dalam wacananya menyerap unsur-unsur Sufisme Islam. Gejala ini karena itu disebut Sufisme Yahudi. Artikel ini mengeksplorasi keberadaan kelompok tersebut dan pemahaman mereka akan diaspora Yahudi, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan kondisi minoritas mereka. Sebagai studi kasusnya adalah traktat spiritual bertajuk al-Maq?lat al-?aw?iyya (Traktat tentang Kolam) yang ditulis oleh ?Abd All?h ibn Ibr?h?m ibn Maym?n (1128-1263/65), cucu dari filsuf dan pemimpin Yahudi Abad Pertengahan (ra??s al-yah?d), M?s? ibn Maym?n (Moses Maimonides, 1135-1204). Artikel ini mengungkapkan bahwa karya tersebut mencerminkan pergumulan kaum Yahudi sebagai minoritas dan ketegangan sosio-politis yang mereka alami. Disiplin rohani yang disarankannya juga dimaksudkan untuk mengatasi status minoritas tersebut. Lebih dari itu, penyerapan unsur Sufi ke dalam spiritualitas Yahudi ini mendorong ke arah hubungan Yahudi dan Muslim yang lebih dinamis pada masa itu.]
Toward a Theology of Engagement a Study of Komunitas Tritunggal Mahakudus as a Field of Action Lelono, Martinus Joko; Husein, Fatimah; Epafras, Leonard Chrysostomos
Journal of Asian Orientation in Theology (JAOT) Vol 2, No 01 (2020): Journal of Asian Orientation in Theology
Publisher : P3TK, Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

In his Apostolic Exhortation, Evangelii Gaudium (The Joy of the Gospel), for the Bishop, Clergy, Consecrated Persons, and the Lay Faithful on the Proclamation of the Gospel in Todays World, Pope Francis emphasized on the need to approach the young people, either to evangelize and educate them or the urgency to exercise greater leadership (Art. 106). Pope Francis encouraged the Catholic Church to regard these youth do not only as object but also the subject of evangelization. Komunitas Tritunggal Mahakudus, one kind of Catholic Charismatic Renewals in Indonesia, puts intensive programs to engage the youth in the evangelization work. With a well design programs, they achieve voluntary youth involvement. The present paper is an analysis of a negotiation process of Komunitas Tritunggal Mahakudus toward the present situation of the Catholic Church in Indonesia. From the perspective of Social Action Field theory, this analysis provides us with an insight of engaging youth in the evangelization efforts.DOI: doi.org/10.24071/jaot.2020.020104