Ahmad Zainul Hamdi
IAIN Mataram

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RADICALIZING INDONESIAN MODERATE ISLAM FROM WITHIN: The NU-FPI Relationship in Bangkalan, Madura Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.863 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.71-95

Abstract

This article tries to present the most current phenomenon of how moderate Islam can live side by side with radical Islam. By focusing its analysis on the dynamics of political life in Bangkalan, Madura, the paper argues that the encounter between these two different ideological streams is possible under particular circumstances. First, there is a specific political situation where the moderate Islam is able to control the political posts. Second, there is a forum where they can articulate Islamic ideas in terms of classical and modern political movements. This study has also found out that the binary perspective applied in the analysis of Islamic movement is not always relevant. The fact, as in the case of Bangkalan, is far more complex, in which NU and Islamic Defender Front (FPI) can merge. This is so because at the beginning, FPI’s management in the city is led by kyais or/and prominent local NU leaders.
Klaim Religious Authority dalam Konflik Sunni-Syi‘i Sampang Madura Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 6, No 2 (2012): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.887 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2012.6.2.215-231

Abstract

This paper deals with the most recent religion-based conflict on the island of Madura involving some Shi’ite and their opponents. The conflict took place mid of 2011. The paper traces the history of the conflict, the parties involved in it, and the various factors that triggered it to happen. It argues that although the conflict is local, it nonetheless reflects the larger and most “global” kind of conflict between the Sunnis and the Shi’is. Considering that the Muslims of Madura are always NU in their theology and tradition, the paper asks to what extend does NU lose its influence on the island in this particular regard. Theories concerning conflict will be used to explain this rare development. Preliminary assumption might however be said that the conflict reflects (1) the need of the Madurese agrarian society for a better harmonious state of life, or else (2) the need to punish those who have gone astray from the traditional religious belief, or reflects (3) the latent power struggle between various religious denomination on the island. These are the problems that the paper will try to address.
Klaim Religious Authority dalam Konflik Sunni-Syi'i Sampang Madura Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol. 6 No. 2 (2012): Maret
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.887 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2012.6.2.215-231

Abstract

This paper deals with the most recent religion-based conflict on the island of Madura involving some Shi?ite and their opponents. The conflict took place mid of 2011. The paper traces the history of the conflict, the parties involved in it, and the various factors that triggered it to happen. It argues that although the conflict is local, it nonetheless reflects the larger and most ?global? kind of conflict between the Sunnis and the Shi?is. Considering that the Muslims of Madura are always NU in their theology and tradition, the paper asks to what extend does NU lose its influence on the island in this particular regard. Theories concerning conflict will be used to explain this rare development. Preliminary assumption might however be said that the conflict reflects (1) the need of the Madurese agrarian society for a better harmonious state of life, or else (2) the need to punish those who have gone astray from the traditional religious belief, or reflects (3) the latent power struggle between various religious denomination on the island. These are the problems that the paper will try to address.
Perubahan Paradigma Studi Agama pada Program Studi Perbandingan Agama Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel, Surabaya Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 5 No 2 (2015): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.634 KB)

Abstract

This article is aimed to assess the progress of Islamic and religious studies at State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya throughout the view of new paradigm on Islamic studies. It attempts to seek whether there is a shifting paradigm from parochial Islamic studies to dialogical Islamic studies that could accommodate contemporary social scientific instruments. It is based on one core question, “is the Islamic studies at UIN Sunan Ampel—especially the Department of Comparative Study of Religions—still based on normative-doctrinal studies or based on historical critics?” This paper took four undergraduate theses as a sample, starting from 2011 back to forty years before. Each thesis represents one-decade period. In order to analyze religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions will be a strategic stage to observe methodological perspective, namely insider-outsider perspective. Having examined all of these theses, this article concludes that Islamic religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions have not changed at all. It shows signs of stagnating after four decade of teaching religious studies in this department.
Agama di Tengah Jaring-jaring Dunia Modern Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 3 No 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.775 KB)

Abstract

Modernism believes that reason will eventually push over religion. Knowledge is considered capable to answer various mysteries that have enforced human to rely on religion. Modernism then is marked by the world that is more unified for the exchanging information stream and economical material. The transnational company and information technology play a pivotal role in shaping into global village. In this circumstance, religion deals with such unbelievable challenge. Religion which claims as the savior of human life is finally replaced by media. But, since 70s decade, a kind of new religious movement tries to challenge this modernization flow. This is what so called religious fundamentalism. This movement leans everything on the holy scripture as the only truth; therefore, it has exclusive and militant character. If modernism is suspected as the one that has thought out any kind of human crisis, then, does religion provide the solution? Although religion is expected to answer all crisis of modernity, its irrationality and exclusivism do not fit with modernism. Religion that is needed by modern society is religion that could be heard by modern ear and in the same time could affirm the affection to human being. Rationalism without love will drag people in a tragic humanism.
AGAMA DI TENGAH JARING-JARING DUNIA MODERN Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 3 No. 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.775 KB)

Abstract

Modernism believes that reason will eventually push over religion. Knowledge is considered capable to answer various mysteries that have enforced human to rely on religion. Modernism then is marked by the world that is more unified for the exchanging information stream and economical material. The transnational company and information technology play a pivotal role in shaping into global village. In this circumstance, religion deals with such unbelievable challenge. Religion which claims as the savior of human life is finally replaced by media. But, since 70s decade, a kind of new religious movement tries to challenge this modernization flow. This is what so called religious fundamentalism. This movement leans everything on the holy scripture as the only truth; therefore, it has exclusive and militant character. If modernism is suspected as the one that has thought out any kind of human crisis, then, does religion provide the solution? Although religion is expected to answer all crisis of modernity, its irrationality and exclusivism do not fit with modernism. Religion that is needed by modern society is religion that could be heard by modern ear and in the same time could affirm the affection to human being. Rationalism without love will drag people in a tragic humanism.
POTRET HARMONI KEHIDUPAN KEAGAMAAN DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 7 No. 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.361 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/religió.v7i1.744

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the reasons why violence and religious conflict occurred in Bojonegoro district do not lead to radical actions. Departing from the fundamental question, ?why does violence and religious conflict not extend into radical actions even though the potential for religious radicalization exists and even explode into destructive social conflict??, this study found that there are two main factors that make religious life among believers in Bojonegoro keep running in balance and harmonious way, namely cultural and structural factors. The most important cultural factor is the existence of cross-cutting affiliation where there are neutral social spaces that make people from different backgrounds meet without being troubled by their primordial identity. Meanwhile, structural factors that prevent radical action and religious conflict are the presence of the State as a neutral and decisive party; institutionalization of assurance of freedom of faith; and the activeness of the State in early prevention and conflict mediation. [ Studi ini bertujuan untuk melihat mengapa di wilayah Bojonegoro kekerasan dan konflik keagamaan nyaris tidak pernah meledak secara berarti. Berangkat dari pertanyaan mendasar, faktor-faktor apakah yang menyebabkan tidak terjadi proses radikalisasi keagamaan, sekalipun terdapat beberapa potensi konflik yang sebetulnya bisa meledak menjadi kekerasan atau konflik sosial yang destruktif, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa ada dua faktor penting yang mampu menjaga kehidupan keagamaan masyarakat Bojonegoro tetap seimbang, yaitu kultural dan struktural. Faktor kultural terpenting adalah bekerjanya cross-cutting affiliation. Terdapat ruang-ruang sosial netral yang mempertemukan orang-orang dari latar belakang berbeda, tanpa dibebani oleh identitas-identitas primordial. Sementara, faktor struktural yang mencegah radikalisasi dan konflik keagamaan adalah hadirnya negara sebagai pihak yang netral dan tegas; institusionalisasi jaminan kebebasan berkeyakinan; dan keaktifan negara dalam melakukan pencegahan dini dan memediasi konflik.]
Dinamika Hubungan Islam dan Lokalitas: Perebutan Makna Keislaman di Madura Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 8 No. 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.477 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2018.8.2.430-454

Abstract

The discussion about Islam and local culture has resulted in a number of monumental academic works. The relation of Islam and the Javanese culture along with its dynamics have frequently colored intellectual debates in the field. Among the din of such fascinating academic debates, Islam Madura has been nearly neglected as an uninteresting academic discourse to observe. It has been argued that Madura is viewed as a ?back door? of Java. It implies that observing Java means observing Madura automatically. This study seeks to raise the issue of contestation over the meaning of Islam within the relational context between Islam and the local culture of Madura society. Based on field research conducted under the light of Beatty?s multi-vocality concept, the study finds that Islam Madura is a communal identity, but it defines nothing about the Madurese Muslim community in general. Although each group acknowledges Islam as a shared identity, every individual and group, or sub-group, will have no a common understanding about the meaning of Islam. Islam has, certainly, unified all the Madurese people within a common perspective of mankind, God, and worldly matters, but this identity represents no one and does not specifically define any conception of anyone. The meaning of Islam Madura has been, therefore, endlessly knitted within compromising and synthesis process.
Potret Harmoni Kehidupan Keagamaan di Kabupaten Bojonegoro Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 7 No 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.361 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the reasons why violence and religious conflict occurred in Bojonegoro district do not lead to radical actions. Departing from the fundamental question, “why does violence and religious conflict not extend into radical actions even though the potential for religious radicalization exists and even explode into destructive social conflict?”, this study found that there are two main factors that make religious life among believers in Bojonegoro keep running in balance and harmonious way, namely cultural and structural factors. The most important cultural factor is the existence of cross-cutting affiliation where there are neutral social spaces that make people from different backgrounds meet without being troubled by their primordial identity. Meanwhile, structural factors that prevent radical action and religious conflict are the presence of the State as a neutral and decisive party; institutionalization of assurance of freedom of faith; and the activeness of the State in early prevention and conflict mediation. [ Studi ini bertujuan untuk melihat mengapa di wilayah Bojonegoro kekerasan dan konflik keagamaan nyaris tidak pernah meledak secara berarti. Berangkat dari pertanyaan mendasar, faktor-faktor apakah yang menyebabkan tidak terjadi proses radikalisasi keagamaan, sekalipun terdapat beberapa potensi konflik yang sebetulnya bisa meledak menjadi kekerasan atau konflik sosial yang destruktif, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa ada dua faktor penting yang mampu menjaga kehidupan keagamaan masyarakat Bojonegoro tetap seimbang, yaitu kultural dan struktural. Faktor kultural terpenting adalah bekerjanya cross-cutting affiliation. Terdapat ruang-ruang sosial netral yang mempertemukan orang-orang dari latar belakang berbeda, tanpa dibebani oleh identitas-identitas primordial. Sementara, faktor struktural yang mencegah radikalisasi dan konflik keagamaan adalah hadirnya negara sebagai pihak yang netral dan tegas; institusionalisasi jaminan kebebasan berkeyakinan; dan keaktifan negara dalam melakukan pencegahan dini dan memediasi konflik.]
PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA STUDI AGAMA PADA PROGRAM STUDI PERBANDINGAN AGAMA UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN) SUNAN AMPEL, SURABAYA Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol. 5 No. 2 (2015): September
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.634 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/religió.v5i2.571

Abstract

This article is aimed to assess the progress of Islamic and religious studies at State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya throughout the view of new paradigm on Islamic studies. It attempts to seek whether there is a shifting paradigm from parochial Islamic studies to dialogical Islamic studies that could accommodate contemporary social scientific instruments. It is based on one core question, ?is the Islamic studies at UIN Sunan Ampel?especially the Department of Comparative Study of Religions?still based on normative-doctrinal studies or based on historical critics?? This paper took four undergraduate theses as a sample, starting from 2011 back to forty years before. Each thesis represents one-decade period. In order to analyze religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions will be a strategic stage to observe methodological perspective, namely insider-outsider perspective. Having examined all of these theses, this article concludes that Islamic religious studies at the Department of Comparative Study of Religions have not changed at all. It shows signs of stagnating after four decade of teaching religious studies in this department.