Rizki Insyani
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, 40132

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Molecular Weight and Structural Properties of Biodegradable PLA Synthesized with Different Catalysts by Direct Melt Polycondensation Lee, Hyung Woo; Insyani, Rizki; Prasetyo, Daniel; Prajitno, Hermawan; Sitompul, Johnner P.
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences Vol 47, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.643 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2015.47.4.2


Production of biodegradable polylactic acid  (PLA)  from biomassbased lactic acid is widely studied for substituting petro-based plastics  or polymers. This study investigated PLA production from commercial lactic acid in a batch reactor by applying a direct melt polycondensation method with two kinds of catalyst,  γ-aluminium(III)  oxide  (γ-Al2O3) or  zinc oxide (ZnO),  in reduced pressure. The molecular weight of the synthesized PLA was determined by capillary viscometry and its structural properties were analyzed by functional group analysis using FT-IR. The yields of polymer production with respect to the theoretical conversion were 47% for γ-Al2O3 and 35% for ZnO. However, the PLA from ZnO had a higher molecular weight (150,600 g/mol) than that from γ-Al2O3 (81,400 g/mol). The IR spectra of the synthesized PLA from both catalysts using polycondensation show the same behavior of absorption peaks at wave numbers from 4,500 cm-1 to 500 cm-1, whereas the PLA produced by two other polymerization methods – polycondensation and ring opening polymerization –showed a significant difference in % transmittance intensity pattern as well as peak area absorption at a wave number of 3,500 cm-1 as –OH vibration peak and at 1,750 cm-1 as –C=O carbonyl vibrational peak.
Reaktor Volume 15, No.2, OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.521 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/reaktor.15.2.79-86


 Poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used to modify mechanical and biodegradability properties of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) through solution blending method using solvent mixture of dichloromethane-ethanol. Polymer samples were then characterized using FTIR, DSC, UTM, and enzymatic degradation test. FTIR spectrum of pure PLLA showed specific IR absorption peaks at wavenumber of 3504 cm-1 (-OH), 1757 cm-1 (-C=O), and 1381 cm-1 (-CH3 symmetric). Further, polymer blend samples showed absorption peak shifts at 1755 cm-1 and 1382 cm-1 for PLLA/PDLLA due to stereocomplex interaction and at 3429 cm-1 due to hydrogen bond interaction. DSC results showed that there was melting temperature depression for all polymer blend samples compared to pure PLLA with increasing of either PDLLA or PEG composition. In PLLA/PDLLA, two melting points were discovered because of homocrystallite and stereocomplex phase formation. While PLLA/PEG samples showed increasing crystallinity to 69% at 20%-wt PEG composition. Mechanical analysis showed that 10%-wt of PDLLA addition in PLLA produced better mechanical performance than pure PLLA while 20%-wt of PEG addition showed highest elongation at break with the value of 89%. Polymer blend samples were degradable during enzymatic degradation test represented by percent weight loss with maximum value of 21% for PLLA/PEG sample. Keywords: polymer properties, solution-blending, Poly(lactic acid), polymer blend, enzymatic degradation