Maria Mexitalia
Staf pengajar Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Dr. Sutomo No. 18 Semarang

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Status hidrasi, tingkat kebugaran jasmani dan daya konsentrasi anak sekolah dasar Sudrajat, Agus; Mexitalia, Maria; Rosidi, Ali
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.324 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.7.2.109-113

Abstract

Background: The dehydration correlated with physical fitness and the cognition. The cardiorespiratory fitness correlated with brain ability and working performance too. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the correlation of dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness with the concentration of primary school children.Methods: Correlational study is done to the students aged 10-12 years old. The dehydration status is measured by urine specific gravity. The cardiorespiratory fitness is measured by harvard step test and digit symbol test is used to measure concentration. The analysis of the data using product moment to bivariate analysis and partial correlation to multivariate analysis.Results: The result showed that the average of subjects have a mild (Usg 1020.20±6.99 g/dl). The average of the subjects have a less cardiorespiratory fitness (31.27±8.00). The results of concentration ability measurement showed about of 35±12.27. The correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between dehydration status with cardiorespiratory fitness( r=-0.29, p=0.04 ), between dehydration status with concentration (r=-0.29, p=0.036) and between cardiorespiratory fitness with concentration (r=0.295, p=0.03). Partial correlation analysis showed the persistence of a significant correlation between dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness (p=0.02), between dehydration status and concentration (p=0.02) and between cardiorespiratory fitness and concentration (p=0.002).Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between dehydration status and cardiorespiratory fitness. There is a significant correlation between dehydration status and the concentration. There is a significant correlation between cardiorespiratory fitness and the concentration. 
Respons Histopatologik Karsinoma Serviks Uteri Setelah Pemberian Kemoradiasi Iskandar, T Mirza; Mexitalia, Maria; Sarjadi, Sarjadi; Dharmana, Edi; Pramono, Noor
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2011:MMI Volume 45 Issue 3 Year 2011
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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ABSTRACTFactors associated with histopathologic responses of cervical cancer after chemoradiation therapyIntroduction: Cervical carcinoma is the second most common women cancer in the world. A combined of surgical, radiation and chemotherapy is the main cervical carcinoma treatment. The histopathological response is one performance to assess the result of the treatment. The purpose of the study is to analyze the factors of cervical cancer which contributes to the histopathological response after chemoradiation treatment.Methods: The design of the study was a case control, done at Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang in 2008. Patients with biopsy-proven cervical carcinoma were entered into the study. The variables of risk factors included the stage of the cancer by FIGO staging, the type and differentiation of the tumour, the anemia and the history of the transfusion and the immunotherapy by BCG vaccine. The histopathological response was assessed after the chemoradiation treatment. Chi-square was used to analyze the risk factors and logistic regression was used for the multivariate analysis.Results: Between April-August 2008, 77 patients finished the chemoradiation treatment. The type of the cancer was squamous cell carcinoma (71.4%) and the stage was III B (81.8%). The staging, type and differentiation of the tumor, and the history of transfusion did not contributes to the histopathological response. After adjustment of other factors, the contribution of anemia to poor histopathological response were 6.25 times (95% CI 1.12-34.90; p=0.037) higher than good histopahological response.Conclusion: Anemia is the risk factor of poor histopathological response of cervical carcinoma after chemoradiation therapy.Keywords: Cervical carcinoma, chemoradiation, histopahological responseABSTRAKPendahuluan: Karsinoma serviks uteri (KSU) merupakan kanker kedua terbanyak pada wanita di seluruh dunia. Sampai saat ini terapi pilihan utama KSU adalah operasi, radiasi dan kemoterapi. Salah satu penilaian keberhasilan terapi adalah dengan respon histopatologik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menilai faktor-faktor yang berperan terhadap respons histopatologik setelah terapi kemoradiasi.Metode: Desain penelitian adalah kasus kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Kriteria inklusi adalah KSU yang telah menyelesaikan kemoradiasi. Faktor-faktor yang dinilai berperan terhadap respons histopatologi adalah tipe histologis dan diferensiasi tumor, stadium tumor berdasarkan FIGO, anemia dan riwayat transfusi serta pemberian imunoterapi dengan BCG. Analisis statistik menggunakan kai-kuadrat dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Selama periode April-Agustus 2008 terdapat 77 penderita yang menyelesaikan kemoradiasi. Sebagian besar penderita berada pada stadium IIIB (71,4%) dan mempunyai tipe histologi karsinoma sel skuamosa (81,8%). Stadium tumor, tipe histologi dan diferensiasi tumor, riwayat transfusi serta imunoterapi BCG tidak berperan pada respons histopatologik. Setelah memperhitungkan faktor perancu, risiko anemia terhadap respons histopatologi yang jelek adalah 6,25 kali (95% CI 1,12-34,90; p=0,037).Simpulan: Anemia merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya respon histopatologik yang jelek pada penderita karsinoma serviks uterisetelah mendapatkan terapi kemoradiasi.
Komposisi Tubuh dan Kesegaran Kardiovaskuler yang Diukur dengan Harvard Step Test dan 20m Shuttle Run Test pada Anak Obesitas Mexitalia, Maria; Anam, MS; Uemura, Azusa; Yamauchi, Taro
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2012:MMI VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 YEAR 2012
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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Abstract

Body composition and cardiovascular fitness measured by Harvard step test and 20m shuttle run test in obese childrenBackground: One of the impacts of obesity are physical and cardiovascular problems. Harvard step test and 20m shuttle run test can be used to measure cardiovascular fitness. Objective of this research is to determine the association between body composition with cardiovascular fitness in obese children measured by Harvard step test (HST) and 20m shuttle run test (SRT).Method: Cross sectional study was conducted to 31 students of Bernardus Elementary School Semarang in August 2010. Body composition (body mass index/BMI and fat percentage) was measured by Tanita BC545. Cardiovascular fitness was measured by HST and 20m SRT. During the step test Polar Vantage? Heart Rate (HR) monitor was attached to the subjects. Data were analyzed with Spearman correlation.Result: The average age was 10.7 (0.68) years. Only 17 children finished level III of Harvard test. The HR recovery never met the normal limit. There was no difference of physical fitness index (PFI) level I, II, and III (p=0.130) but the HR recovery decreased significantly (p=0.020). The mean of VO2max measured by 20m SRT was 20.5 (1.2) ml/kg/min, significantly lower compared with HST 24.2 (2.27) ml/kg/min. There were negative correlation between PFI and BMI (r=-0.381; p=0.034) and VO2max and BMI(r=-0.448; p=0.012).Conclusion: There are negative correlation between body mass index and cardiovascular fitness. However there are difference result of VO2max from Harvard step test comparing with 20m shuttle run test.Keywords: Harvard step test, 20m shuttle run test, physical fitness, obesityABSTRAKLatar belakang: Salah satu dampak obesitas adalah masalah fisik dan kardiovaskuler. Harvard step test (HST) dan 20m shuttle run test (SRT) merupakan tes yang digunakan untuk mengukur tingkat kesegaran kardiovaskuler. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui hubungan komposisi tubuh dengan tingkat kesegaran kardiovaskuler pada anak obesitas menggunakan HST dan 20m SRT.Metode: Penelitian belah lintang dilakukan di SD Bernardus Semarang bulan Agustus 2010. Komposisi tubuh (indeks massa tubuh/ IMT) dan persentase lemak tubuh diukur dengan Tanita BC545. Dilakukan Harvard step test dan denyut jantung selama tes direkam menggunakan Polar Vantage Heart Rate (HR) monitor, serta dilakukan 20m SRT. Data dianalisis dengan uji korelasi Spearman.Hasil: Tiga puluh satu anak obesitas berumur 10,7(0,68) tahun mengikuti penelitian ini. Hanya 17 anak yang bisa menyelesaikan tes Harvard sampai tahap III. Didapatkan rerata HR saat istirahat lebih tinggi dibanding normal. Tidak didapatkan perbedaan physical fitness index (PFI) antara tes I, II, dan III (p=0,130) tetapi didapatkan penurunan HR recovery I, II, dan III yang bermakna (p=0,020). Rerata VO2max SRT 20,5(1,2) ml/kg/menit lebih rendah secara bermakna dibandingkan HST I yaitu 24,2(2,27) ml/kg/menit. Didapatkan hubungan terbalik antara PFI dengan IMT (r=-0,381, p=0,034) dan VO2max dengan IMT (r=-0,448, p=0,012).Simpulan: Didapatkan hubungan terbalik antara indeks massa tubuh dengan kesegaran kardiovaskuler pada anak obesitas, tetapi tidak didapatkan kesesuaian VO2max berdasarkan Harvard step test dan 20m shuttle run test.
Skor Diskriminan Manifestasi Klinis dan Laboratorik sebagai Prediktor Syok pada Demam Berdarah Dengue Supriatna, Mohamad; Hapsari, MMDEAH; Mexitalia, Maria; Istanti, Yusrina
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2010:MMI VOLUME 44 ISSUE 3 YEAR 2010
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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Discriminant score of clinical and laboratory manifestations as a predictor of shock in dengue hemorrhagic fever Background: Case fatality rate of dengue shock syndrome (DSS) is still high. In Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang (RSDK) was 5.7 to 10.8% during 2000 to 2004. This is due to clinical course of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are unpredictable whether patients will develop to shock or not. We aimed to formulate discriminant score of clinical and laboratory manifestations that can be used as a predictor of shock in DHF.Methods: An observational analytic study was done. Consecutive sample were taken from DHF patients aged 3–14 years who were treated at RSDK in February 2001–March 2003. Diagnosis was established based on WHO 1997 criteria and serologic indirect-ELISA. Septic children were excluded. Clinical and laboratory manifestations were examined at admission or when diagnosed as DHF. Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, and discriminant analysis were done to formulate discriminant score.Results: There were 152 DHF patients enrolled, consist of 61 non-DSS and 91 DSS. Discriminant score formulation was obtained as: D=–1.103 + (0.013 x bleeding type) + (1.229 x vomiting) + (0.478 x abdominal pain) + (0.922 x hepatomegaly) – (0.039 x haemoglobin) + (0.014 x haematocryt) – (0.404 x albumin) – (0.046 x total protein) + (0.043 x pleural effusion index). Discriminant score mean for DSS is +0.739 and non-DSS –1.103 with cut-off point of –0.182. If the score <–0.182 patients become non-SSD and ≥–0.182 DSS. Conclusion: Discriminant score of clinical and laboratory manifestations can be used as a predictor of shock in DHF with prediction accuracy of 80.3%.ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Angka kematian sindrom syok dengue (SSD) masih tinggi. Di RSUP Dr. Kariadi (RSDK) Semarang 5,7–10,8% pada tahun 2000–2004. Hal ini disebabkan perjalanan klinis demam berdarah dengue (DBD) sulit diprediksi apakah penderita akan mengalami syok atau tidak. Tujuan penelitian adalah merumuskan skor diskriminan manifestasi klinis dan laboratoris yang dapat dijadikan sebagai prediktor syok pada DBD. Metoda: Dilakukan penelitian observasional analitik dengan sampel secara consecutive dari penderita DBD umur 3–14 tahun yang dirawat di RSDK pada Februari 2001–Maret 2003. Diagnosis ditegakkan berdasar kriteria WHO 1997 dan serologis indirect-ELISA. Anak dengan sepsis dieksklusi dari penelitian. Manifestasi klinis dan laboratoris diperiksa saat masuk rumah sakit atau saat diagnosis ditegakkan. Uji Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, dan analisis diskriminan dilakukan untuk merumuskan skor diskriminan.Hasil: Didapatkan 152 penderita DBD yang terdiri dari 61 non-SSD dan 91 SSD. Rumus skor diskriminan yang didapat sebagai berikut: D=–1,103 + (0,013 x jenis perdarahan) + (1,229 x muntah) + (0,478 x nyeri perut) + (0,922 x hepatomegali) – (0,039 x hemoglobin) + (0,014 x hematokrit) – (0,404 x albumin) – (0,046 x protein total) + (0,043 x indeks efusi pleura).Rerata skor diskriminan SSD +0,739 dan non-SSD –1,103 dengan cut off point –0,182. Bila skor <–0,182 penderita akan menjadi non-SSD dan ≥–0,182 akan menjadi SSD. Simpulan: Skor diskriminan manifestasi klinis dan laboratoris dapat dijadikan sebagai prediktor syok pada DBD dengan 80,3% ketepatan prediksi.
Hubungan Fungsi Tiroid dengan Energy Expenditure pada Remaja Mexitalia, Maria; Fahmi, Isfandiyar; susanto, Rudy-; Yamauchi, Taro
Sari Pediatri Vol 12, No 5 (2011)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.829 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/sp12.5.2011.323-7

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Latar belakang. Hormon tiroid adalah hormon yang dihasilkan oleh kelenjar tiroid yang berfungsi untukmensintesis hormon tiroksin (T4) dan 3,5,3 triodotironine (T3). Tiroid diatur oleh thyroid stimulatinghormone (TSH), glikoprotein yang diproduksi dan disekresi kelenjar hipofisis anterior. Dilaporkan bahwahormon TSH meningkat pada obesitas, sedangkan FT3 dan FT4 masih menjadi perdebatan.Tujuan. Mengetahui hubungan fungsi tiroid dengan energy expenditure pada remaja obesitas dan normal.Metode. Penelitian dilakukan pada anak SMP usia 12-13 tahun di Semarang pada tahun 2008 denganmetode potong lintang. Semua subyek diperiksa komposisi tubuh (indeks masa tubuh / IMT dan persentaselemak tubuh) dengan menggunakan Tanita BC 545, total energy expenditure (TEE) dengan akselerometer danresting energy expenditure (REE) dihitung berdasarkan rumus WHO. Data dianalisis menggunakan tes t tidakberpasangan dan uji korelasi Spearman.Hasil. Subyek penelitian 75 remaja (37 obesitas dan 38 normal), dengan rerata umur 13,2 tahun. FT4 danTSHs remaja laki-laki obesitas lebih tinggi dibanding subyek normal. Terdapat korelasi negatif (r=-0,29)antara FT3 dengan persentase lemak tubuh, korelasi positif antara TSHs dengan IMT (r=0,30) dan persentaselemak tubuh (r=0,34). Tidak didapatkan korelasi antara hormon tiroid dengan REE, tetapi FT3 berkorelasinegatif dengan TEE (r=–0,29), dan TSHs berkorelasi positif dengan TEE (r=0,25).Kesimpulan. Didapatkan korelasi positif antara TSHs dengan komposisi tubuh dan TSHs dengan TEE.Kadar TSHs pada laki-laki obesitas lebih tinggi dibanding normal walaupun hasilnya tidak signifikan secarastatistik.
Kadar Kortisol Serum sebagai Indikator Prognosis Sepsis pada Anak Zabidi, Leny; Supriatna, M.; Mexitalia, Maria
Sari Pediatri Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp17.2.2015.101-6

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Latar belakang. Salah satu respon utama terhadap stres adalah aktivasi aksis hipotalamus-hipofisis-adrenal, diketahui denganpeningkatkan produksi kortisol.Tujuan. Membuktikan kadar kortisol dapat digunakan sebagai prediktor luaran sepsis.Metode. Penelitian prospektif, dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Sepsis didiagnosis menurut Konsensus Konfrensi Sepsispada Anak tahun 2005, dikelompokkan sebagai luaran perbaikan dan perburukan. Kortisol serum dianalisis dengan metode ELISA.Uji Mann-Whitney U digunakan untuk menganalisis perbedaan kadar kortisol pada luaran sepsis anak. Kadar kortisol dianalisislebih lanjut menggunakan ROC dan ditentukan titik potong yang optimal.Hasil. Sejumlah 30 anak dengan diagnosis sepsis diikutsertakan dalam penelitian. Kadar kortisol serum subyek berkisar 64,62 – 836,15ng/mL, menunjukkan peningkatan (normal 24 – 229) ng/mL. Median kadar kortisol pada luaran perbaikan 187,05 (64,62-509,08)ng/mL dan pada luaran perburukan 740,91 (299,45-836,15) ng/mL. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna kadar kortisol serum pada luaranperbaikan dan luaran perburukan (p<0,001). Luas area di bawah kurva ROC 0,958, dengan titik potong kadar kortisol 323 ng/mL,RR 48,0 (IK95%:4,304–535,256; p<0,001)Kesimpulan. Kadar serum kortisol lebih dari 323 ng/mL merupakan prediktor luaran perburukan pada sepsis anak.
Event Free Survival Enam Bulan Kejadian Tumor Cachexia Syndrome pada Anak dengan Keganasan Sari, Hesti Kartika; Mexitalia, Maria; Nency, Yetty M
Sari Pediatri Vol 16, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp16.6.2015.397-402

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Latar belakang. Jumlah kasus kanker pada anak dengan komplikasi tumor cachexia syndrome (TCS) terusmeningkat. Penyebab TCS bersifat multifaktorial, yaitu asupan makanan yang kurang, malabsorbsi, dansitokin oleh tumor. Pengelolaan pasien anak dengan keganasan di rumah sakit tidak hanya dari terapi antikanker tetapi juga nutrisi. Nilai event free survival (EFS) terhadap kejadian TCS merupakan salah satuindikator keberhasilan pengelolaan kanker di rumah sakit.Tujuan. Menentukan EFS 6 bulan terhadap kejadian TCS pada pasien anak dengan keganasan.Metode. Desain kohort retrospektif berdasarkan catatan medik pasien anak dengan keganasan yang dirawatdi RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang pada bulan Januari 2007 - Desember 2012. Kriteria inklusi adalah pasienusia 0-14 tahun, dengan diagnosis keganasan baik tumor padat maupun hematologi, dan tidak mengalamikakeksia pada saat diagnosis ditegakkan. Dilakukan pengamatan secara klinis dan laboratoris tiap bulanselama 6 bulan untuk menentukan terjadinya TCS. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji Kaplan Meier.Hasil. Didapatkan 83 subjek dengan keganasan, rerata umur pada kelompok tumor padat 61,2 (SD48,37) bulan, dan keganasan hematologi 79,9 (SD 48,37) bulan p=0,032. Empatbelas dari 40 (35%) anaktumor padat dan 10 dari 43(23,3%) anak dengan keganasan hematologi mengalami TCS. Kejadian TCSdidapatkan mulai pengamatan bulan kedua. Rerata terjadi TCS pada tumor padat 4,4 bulan dan padakeganasan hematologi 4,9 bulan. Event free survival 6 bulan kejadian TCS pada tumor padat 65% dankeganasan hematologi 76,7%, p= 0,207.Kesimpulan. Event free survival 6 bulan kejadian TCS pada pasien tumor padat lebih rendah daripadakeganasan hematologi, tetapi tidak berbeda secara statistik
Maternal perception of sickness as a risk factor of stunting in children aged 2-5 years Dellu, Maria Fatima Dete; Mexitalia, Maria; Rosidi, Ali
Universa Medicina Vol 35, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2016.v35.156-164

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BackgroundStunting in children is caused by past nutritional problems, adversely affects the physical and mental characteristics of children and is a well-established child-health indicator of chronic malnutrition. Socio-cultural factors can affect parenting, thereby indirectly affecting child growth. The objective of this study was to determine socio-cultural factors and parental short stature as risk factors of stunting in children aged 2 to 5 years.MethodsThe study used a quantitative approach with case control design and a qualitative approach with in-depth interview. The study subjects were children aged 2-5 years, consisting of 45 cases of stunting and 45 controls (normal subjects). Socio-cultural data were obtained through interviews with the mothers, while height was measured with a stadiometer. Data were analyzed using chi square and logistic regression tests to calculate the odds ratio (OR).ResultsThe logistic regression test showed that maternal perception of sickness as a curse (OR=7.43; 95% CI: 2.37-23.21), stopping breastfeeding at &lt;24 months (OR=6.01;95% CI: 1.83-19.69) and low household expenditure for food (OR=5.78;95% CI: 1.28-26.01) were risk factors of stunting incidence with a probability of 73.8%. The most dominant risk factor of stunting was maternal perception of sickness (OR=7.43 95% CI: 2.37-23.21). ConclusionMaternal perception of sickness was the most dominant risk factor of stunting in children 2-5 years of age. A multidisciplinary approach is needed to address the range of raised issues and so combat stunting in children.
Perbedaan status gizi, kesegaran jasmani, dan kualitas hidup anak sekolah di pedesaan dan perkotaan Mexitalia, Maria; Sellina, Hendriani; Anam, Mohammad Syarofil; Yoshimura, Aya; Yamauchi, Taro; Nurkukuh, Nurkukuh; Hariyana, Bambang
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 4 (2012): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, FK-KMK UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.055 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18216

Abstract

Background: The differences in geographic, sosioeconomic and lifestyle between children in rural and urban areas infl uence their nutritional status. The urban children tended to be less active. The evidence suggested that physical activity improves cardiorespiratory fi tness and mental health in young people but study that compare those indicators among rural and urban children was scarce.Objective: To compare the nutritional status, physical fi tness, and quality of life between elementary school children in rural and urban areas.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Semarang (urban) and Mlonggo (rural) Central Java in 2009. Inclusion criteria was school children aged 9-11 years and had no physical disability. Body composition was measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, physical activity by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), physical fi tness by 20-m shuttle run test and quality of life by Pediatrics Quality of Life Questionnaire (PedQoL 4.0). The differences between nutritional status and physical activity were assessed by Chi Square test, while the differences between physical fi tness and quality of life were tested by independent t test (p<0.05).Result: One hundred sixty-two subjects were enrolled in the study (Semarang 82 students; 36 boys, 46 girls and Mlonggo 80 students; 40 boys, 40 girls). Body mass index (18.97 vs 15.16 kg/m2) and body fat (26.03% vs 18.03%) of urban children were higher than that of the rural’s (p<0.001). Children in rural area were signifi cantly more active, have higher physical fi tness level (VO2 max 28.54±1.79 ml/kg/min vs 21.57+1.79 ml/kg/min) (p<0.01), and have higher score in quality of life (2243 + 295,8) compared to the children from urban area (2133 + 369.4) (p<0.05). Conclusion: Rural school children have lower nutritional status than urban children, but they are more active and have higher physical fi tness level. They also have better quality of life.
Study of Family Behavior that At Risk For Pneumonia in Under Five Children in Mempawah District Meilantika, Ayu Diana; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Mexitalia, Maria; Rahardjani, Kamilah Budhi; Sakundarno, Mateus
Health Notions Vol 2 No 4 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

Pneumonia is respiratory infection disease which effects lungs and there are many cases on under five children. Prevalence period of pneumonia case in Mempawah district the fourth highest of 3.6% of other districts. The purpose of this study was to prove family behavior that are risk of pneumonia in under five children in Mempawah district. This study used case control design. Subject of the study was 100 respondents which consisted of 50 cases and 50 controls meeting the criteria of inclusion. This research use consecutive sampling techniques. Data analysis uses logistic regression. Data were analysed by logistic regression method. Result of analysis shows that history of not exclusive breastfeeding (OR=11.391; 95%CI: 3.087-42.028), habits of not opening room windows (OR= 9.528; 95%CI: 2.699-33.640), existence of pets (OR= 7.871; 95%CI: 2.381-26.019) dwelling density (OR=6.623; 95%CI=1.770-24.785) are proven as risk factors of pneumonia in under five children. Family behaviors as history of not exclusive breastfeeding, habits of not opening room windows, existence of pets, and dwelling density are proven as risk factors of pneumonia in under five children. Keywords: Family behavior, Pneumonia, Under five children
Co-Authors Ahmad Syauqy Alamsyah, Dedi Ali Rosidi Alifiani Hikmah Putranti Ani Margawati Anindita Soetadji Any Setyarini, Any Azusa Uemura Bagoes Widjanarko Bambang Sudarmanto Bandawati, Bandawati Darwati Darwati Dwi Wastoro, Dwi Edi Dharmana Ekowati, Liana Endang Sulistyowati Erna Mirani Etika Ratna Noer Faiza, Arif Farid Agung Rahmadi, Farid Agung Fitri Hartanto Hariyana, Bambang Henry Setyawan, Henry Hesti Kartika Sari Isfandiyar Fahmi, Isfandiyar JC Susanto Julian Dewantiningrum Kamilah Budhi Kamilah Budhi Rahardjani, Kamilah Budhi Kusumawati, Ninung Leny Zabidi, Leny M. Supriatna, M. M. Zen Rahfiludin Magdalena Sidhartani, Magdalena Maria Fatima Dete Dellu, Maria Fatima Dete Martha Irene Kartasurya Martiana, Eva Martiani, Maria Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Meilantika, Ayu Diana Meilantika, Ayu Diana Miratul Haya, Miratul MMDEAH Hapsari Moh. Syarofil Anam Mohamad Supriatna Mohammad Syarofil Anam, Mohammad Syarofil MS Anam Ninung Rose Diana Kusumawati Noor Pramono Nurcahyani, Budi Nurdiana Nurdiana Nurkukuh, Nurkukuh Nyoman Suci Widyastiti Panunggal, Damianus Galih Pardede, Bob Kevin Pinilih, Astri Pratiwi, Juwita Putri, Rizky Rina Pratiwi Rini, Arsita Romadhona, Suci Romadhona, Suci Rosita, Ika Rara Rudy- susanto, Rudy- S.A. Nugraheni Sarjadi Sarjadi Sellina, Hendriani Soemedi Hadiyanto, Soemedi Subagjo, Hertanto W Sudrajat, Agus Suhartono Suhartono Suharyo Hadisaputro Susanto, J Susilawati, Martvera T Mirza Iskandar Taro Yamauchi Thamrin, Jumianti Lestari Thamrin, Jumianti Lestari Tri Sulistyarini Utari, Agustini Vina Rosalina Wijaya, I Made Ananta Yetty M Nency, Yetty M Yoshimura, Aya Yoshimura, Aya Yusrina Istanti