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WAWASAN MANAJEMEN STRATEGIK DALAM PRAKTEK BISNIS BANK SYARl'AH MUHAMMAD, MUHAMMAD
ALQALAM Vol 29 No 2 (2012): May - August 2012
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (819 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v29i2.869

Abstract

The change of environment frequently demands the carefulness in work of the management in order to be able to recognize the signs of change occurring and its orientation as well as its impacts to the future of the dynamics and the development of bussiness organization. Moreover, the change of environment, especially the external environment, is frequently complex and drastic so that it, directly or indirectly, influences on the stabilily of the business of a company. Indeed, the existing change of environment often play a threat function than an opportunily function. Two main purposes of this article are to formulate the insider's perspective in understanding of the shari'a business actor toward strategic management and to know the map of strategic management in implementing the business of shari'a banking. Key Words: Strategic Management, Shari'a Banking Bussiness.
BUNGA DAN RIBA Muhammad, Muhammad
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 3 (2011): September-December 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (905.76 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i3.1375

Abstract

Interest and riba' become interesting discourses frequently debated by Muslims scholars all the time. Some of them, for several reasons, view that interest is something different from riba'. This view is represented by Muslim scholars recognized as Islam modernists. Meanwhile, some others view both interest and riba' are similar; a unity which can not be distinguished and separated. According to this second group, interest is riba', and riba' is interest. This group is well­known as Islam-Neo revivalists.This article does not intend to confrontate both of these two groups, Islam modernists and Islam-Neo revivalists. It just tries to explore the Islam-Neo revivalists' views on their main base in understanding the similarities between interest and riba', and their impacts in creating the stability of economy. Keywords: Neo-Revivalist, Interest, riba', fair, Economy, Islamic Banking
ADSORPSI KINETIK ION LOGAM Zn2+ MENGGUNAKAN KARBON AKTIF DARI TEMPURUNG KELAPA SAWIT: PERBANDINGAN MODEL LINIER DAN NONLINIER Muhammad, Muhammad
Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Malikussaleh

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Abstract

Penelitian kinetik secara batch dilakukan untuk menghilangkan ion logam berat seng (Zn2+) dari larutan air limbah menggunakan karbon aktif yang terbuat dari tempurung kelapa sawit (KATKS). Perbandingan model linier least-square dan nonlinier trial-and-error dalam menghitung parameter kinetik pseudo-second-order (orde-kedua-semu) dianalisa dengan menggunakan data kinetika eksperimen Zn2+ ke KATKS. Empat persamaan kinetik tipe linear orde-kedua-semu didiskusikan dalam paper ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bentuk linier dari tipe-3 dan -4 tidak mampu menggambarkan kinetika adsorpsi dengan baik. Model kinetika linier jenis tipe-1orde-kedua-semu memiliki koefisien determinasi yang tinggi (R2 > 0.99). Namun demikian hasil menunjukkan bahwa metode non-linear adalah cara yang lebih baik untuk mendapatkan parameter yang diinginkan.
Aplikasi Kontrol PID Heat Exchanger Pabrik Etilen Glikol dengan Kapasitas 100.000 Ton/Tahun Maulinda, Leni; Nisa, Chairun; Muhammad, Muhammad
Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/jtku.v7i2.1254

Abstract

 Heat exchangers are tools used to transfer heat energy between a solid surface and fluid or inside different particles and in thermal contact. The objective of the study was to determine the optimum values of Kc, Ti and Td which were applied to the control equipment of the ethylene glycol preparation exchanger. This research also uses design expert software to help get optimum vlue of Kc, Ti and Td before applied to PID system. Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) is a controller to determine the precision of an instrumentation system with the characteristics of feedback on the system. As the methodology of this research is to create a steady state Heat Exchanger model, then change the steady state model into a dynamic model, so create a PID model control, then tuning the PID control and testing PID controls, by disturbing the set point. The result of applying PID control system then got the fastest average time with value Kc = 3, Ti = 0,01 Td = 0,04 that is 0,77 minutes. At a temperature of 147.6 air vapor rate of 290.8 Kg / hr; at a temperature of 148.6 found velocity speed of 297.7 Kg / hr; At temperature 149.6 air vapor rate 305.0 Kg / hour; At a temperature of 149.7 air vapor rate of 305.8 Kg / hour and at a temperature of 150 air vapor rate of 308.1 Kg / Hour. Keywords:heat exchanger, PID, set point
PENYERAPAN β-KAROTEN MENGGUNAKAN KARBON AKTIF TEMPURUNG KELAPA SAWIT: KAJIAN KINETIKA Muhammad, Muhammad
Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Malikussaleh

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Abstract

Telah diteliti kinetika adsorpsi β-karoten pada karbon aktif tempurung kelapa sawit (KATKS). Penelitian ini mempelajari tentang mekanisme adsorpsi dan pengaruh konsentrasi awal β-karoten terhadap kemampuan penyerapan dari KATKS. Upaya pengujian tingkat penyimpangan data eksperimen dengan data teoritis maka korelasinya dianalisis dengan menggunakan regresi nonlinier. Untuk mengetahui mekanisme adsorpsi kinetik diuji dengan menggunakan tiga model persamaan laju adsorpsi yaitu (1) persamaan laju pseudo-order-pertama, (2) persamaan laju pseudo-order-kedua dan (3) persamaan Elovich. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa model kinetika dengan persamaan Elovich adalah yang paling sesuai diaplikasikan untuk adsorpsi β-karoten dari larutan Isopropil alcohol (IPA). Karena model Elovich mampu menginterpretasikan proses adsorpsi β-karoten dengan baik, maka sistem adsorpsi β-karoten ke KATKS dari penelitian ini adalah heterogen. Dari kinetika model Elovich diperoleh konstanta adsorpsi β-karoten sebesar a = 0.6311 mg/g min  dan b = 0.2419 g/mg
Optimasi Pengendalian Flow Control DEA Absorber Menggunakan Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) Control Dengan Metode Respon Surface Methodology (RSM) Muhammad, Muhammad; Maharani, Azizi; Leni, Maulinda
Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Kimia Unimal
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/jtku.v7i2.1255

Abstract

Absorbsi merupakan salah satu cara untuk memisahkan atau mengurangi suatu konsituen dalam fasa gas dengan menggunakan solvent atau penyerap tertentu secara relative yang dapat melarutkan atau menyerap konsituen yang diinginkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk menentukan nilai Kc, Ti dan Td terbaik pada kontrol PID DEA absorber Perta Arun Gas. Sistem kontrol Proportional, Integral and Derivative (PID) merupakan controller untuk menentukan presisi suatu sistem instrumentasi dengan karakteristik adanya umpan balik pada sistem tersebut (Feed Back). Response Surface Methodology (RSM) atau metode permukaan respon adalah sekumpulan metode-metode matematika dan statistika yang digunakan dalam pemodelan dan analisis, yang bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh beberapa variabel kuantitatif terhadap suatu variabel respon dan untuk mengoptimalkan variabel respon tersebut. Adapun metodologi dari penelitian ini adalah membuat model steady state DEA absorber menjadi model dynamic, lalu membuat model kontrol PID, setelah itu melakukan tuning terhadap kontrol PID dan melakukan pengujian terhadap kontrol PID dengan melakukan gangguan pada PV. Hasil dari pengaplikasian sistem kontrol PID maka mendapatkan waktu tercepat dengan nilai Kc = Kc = 0,1, Ti = 0,01, dan Td = 0,00001 dengan waktu 0,510 menit. Kata kunci: Absorbsi, PID, Present Value, Controller
INTEGRATING CONCEPT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP INTO SCIENCE EDUCATION Muhammad, Muhammad
IJECA (International Journal of Education and Curriculum Application) 2018: Proceeding of The 1st International Conference on Halal Tourism, Products, and Services 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31764/ijeca.v0i0.1982

Abstract

Science learning should become meaningful and useful experience for the students to answer problems in daily life, especially economical problems. Through the integration of science learning and entrepreneurship it is hoped that entrepreneur character develops in the children?s self. The main components of entrepreneurship consist of three aspects, namely creative force, sense, and intention. Creative force creates the characters of innovative, creative, careful, organized, broadening insight, problem solver, and reflective. Sense aspect creates the characters of confident, want to gain profit, able to serve, truthful, determined, optimistic, and sharp to chances. Intention creates the character of brave, risk taking, hard work, cooperative, responsible, listening to inputs, able to negotiate, discipline, and dynamic. Science learning integrated with entrepreneurship is required to develop learning activities yielding comprehensive meaning and benefit.
PERBANDINGAN PRESTASI BELAJAR ANTARA METODE CERAMAH DENGAN METODE EKSPERIMEN PADA POKOK BAHASAN REAKSI REDOKS DAN ELEKTROKIMIA DI SMA NEGERI 1, 2, DAN 3 BANDA ACEH INDONESIA Muhammad, Muhammad
Jurnal Dedikasi Pendidikan Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service (LPPM) University of Abulyatama

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Abstract

This research has aim to see the differences of learning achievement result by using lecture method and experimental method which applicated in redoks and electrochemistry discussions on students of SMA Negeri in Banda Aceh. In this research, the research used experimental method. As population is all of the students SMA Negeri Banda Aceh in class II Semester I 2008/2009 school year. Furthermore, as the sample of this research are SMA Negeri 1, SMA Negeri 2, and SMA Negeri 3. In addition, each of school taken two classes, that are the first class taught by using experimental method (experiment class), and the second class taught by using lecturer method (control class) and each class have 40 students. Thus, the total numbers of sampel in this research are 120 students in experiment class, and 120 students in control class. The instrument that used to know the students learning result is learning result test in redoks and electrochemistry discussions and it is multiple choice. Therefore, t-test of students learning result is used to examine the hypotheses both in experiment class and control class. The result of pretest that given are : the average of experiment class is 29,4 and for control class is 49,5. Moreover, the result of t-test both class are got t-count = 0,004 < t-table = 1,986 (α=0,005), in summary, there are no significant differences of result between experiment and control class. Furthemore, the result of posttest that given are : the average of the student experiment class is74,1, and for control class is 68,0. The t-test result of post-test for both classes are got t-count = 2,40 > t-table= 1,986 (α=0,05). Thus, there are significant differences of result between experiment and control class. It can be concluded that the student learning result of experiment class is higher than control class.
SURVEY SARANA DAN PRASANA OLAHRGA DI SMA SE- ACEH BESAR Husaini, Husaini; Muhammad, Muhammad
Jurnal Dedikasi Pendidikan Vol 5, No 1 (2021): Januari 2021
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service (LPPM) University of Abulyatama

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Abstract

Sports facilities and infrastructure in schools in Indonesia still do not receive special attention from the government and society. Sports facilities and infrastructure in all public high schools in Aceh Besar have not been properly surveyed, so that the need for sports facilities and infrastructure in each school is not met with certainty. This study aims to determine the existence and condition of sports facilities and infrastructure in SMA Negeri Aceh Besar in the 2014/2015 academic year. The approach in this research uses a qualitative descriptive approach with the type of evaluation. The population in this study amounted to 28 public high schools, and the sample in this study amounted to 18 public high schools. Data collection techniques used in this study were interviews and observations. The results of the data analysis show that: In all SMA Negeri Aceh Besar there is not a single public SMA that meets the standard of use or completeness of sports facilities and infrastructure. There are 141 sports facilities and infrastructure that are not available in SMA Negeri Aceh Besar, including: sports facilities totaling 79 types and sports infrastructure totaling 62 types. Sports facilities and infrastructure that are lacking in SMA Negeri Aceh Besar are 471 types, including sport facilities totaling 263 types and sports infrastructure totaling 208 types. The condition of sports facilities and infrastructure in SMA Negeri Aceh Besar is generally not good. It is hoped that the Aceh Besar Government will be able to complete sports facilities and infrastructure in schools, in realizing outstanding students in school-level sports events at the same level.
UPAYA MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR SEJARAH MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN GROUP INVESTIGATION PADA SISWA KELAS XI IPS 1 SMA ADIGUNA BANDAR LAMPUNG Muhammad, Muhammad
Lentera: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Lentera
Publisher : LPPM STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.059 KB)

Abstract

This research was conducted in class XI IPS 1 of SMA Adiguna Bandar Lampung in the Even Semester of the 2015/2016 Academic Year with the purpose of this research was to increase the activity and learning outcomes of History. This research is a Classroom Action Research that is the process of learning problems in the classroom through self-reflection in an effort to solve these problems by carrying out various planned actions in real situations and analyzing each effect of the treatment. This research was designed in two cycles with each cycle consisting of the stages of planning, implementation, observation, evaluation and analysis and reflection of actions. The research subjects were 22 students of class XI IPS 1 of SMA Adiguna Bandar Lampung in the 2015/2016 Academic Year. Data collecting techniques using observation sheets, test techniques and documentation. The results showed an increase in learning activities and students’ learning outcomes each cycle, student learning activities in the initial conditions there were only 8 students or 36.36% increased to 14 students or 63.64% and 20 students or 90.91% in the last cycle. Thus, the average student learning outcomes also increased in each cycle from 62.25 increased to 72.05 in the first cycle and at the end of the second cycle increased to 79.55. This was also evidenced by the increase in classical learning completeness where in the initial conditions there were only 7 students or 31.82% increased to 63.64% or 14 students and 20 students or 90.91% in the second cycle. From the explanation above, it can be concluded that the use of a group investigation learning model can increase the activities and learning outcomes of Class XI IPS 1 at SMA Adiguna Bandar Lampung in the 2015/2016 Academic Year. It is expected that in the future, this learning model can be applied in the learning process in other subjects so that what the teacher's goal is to improve the quality of education is achieved.
Co-Authors Adelia Shabrina Prameka Adi Setiawan Adriana Adriana Affan, Junaidi M Agusliani, Erma Akif Khilmiyah, Akif Alba, Amru Ali, Anwar Ali, Nurdin Alimuddin Alimuddin Alimuddin Laapo Amir, Fachrurozi Amri Amri Amrullah Amrullah Amrullah, Ahmad Zuli Anita Anita Anwar Anwar Arfansyah Bebasa, Andi Muhammad Wahyu Ariana Ariana Arsyen, Saifuddin Aruni, Fidhia Awaludin Awaludin, Awaludin Ayana, Rizki Bakhtiar Bakhtiar Beta Noranita Bukhari Bukhari Cassany, Saluddin Al Chairun Nisa Chalilluddin, Makwiyah Chaliluddin, Makwiyah A Damanik, Irma Yulia Daulay, Halimah Tusaddiah Dawillah, Muhammad Dharma, Buyung Adi Djumlani, Achmad Doe, Hidayat Dwi Seta, Tiara Puspa Eko Nurcahya Dewi Fadilla, Meutia Fahrizah, Nuril Ferdi Nazirun Sijabat, Ferdi Nazirun Ferdiana, Irma Giri Wiyono Hadayani Hadayani Hadriansa, Hadriansa Haninaturrahmah, Haninaturrahmah Hasanah, Metri Herwan, Yusmira Hidayat, Syahroni Hosseiniamoli, Hadi Hudori, Muhammad Husaini Husaini Indriani, Aida iromo, heppi Irwansyah Irwansyah Israk, Israk Iswardi, Iswardi Jabaliah, Jabaliah Jayadi Nas, Jayadi Kurniasih, Retno Ayu Leni Maulinda, Leni Leni, Maulinda Lidyawati, Lidyawati Lukman Hakim Luthfi Maharsa M Hasbi Umar M. Syahran Jailani Maharani, Azizi Malasy, Teuku Sybran Mardian, Irma Masdul, Muhammad Rizal Masrullita, Masrullita Maulana, Riyan Meutia, Sri Muchlis, Yusrizal Mufarik, Abdul Muhammad Arif MUHAMMAD ZAIRIN JUNIOR Muhammad, Sayuti Muhammmad, Rifai Siddiq Nasruddin Nasruddin Nasrul ZA, Nasrul Nujmatul Laily Oce Wiriawan ODANG CARMAN Oktaviani, Vinnuri Oktaviani, Vinnuri Paliyama, Yohana Paselle, Enos Putra A, Joshua Putra, Reza Putra, Reza Rahmi, Meliza Raihan, Raudhatul Rasyidin Rasyidin Ratminto Ratminto, Ratminto Ratna Mutia Aprilla Razali Thaib Ridara, Rina Rina Mustika Rizki, Ayana Rohimatullah, Dewi Noor Fatikhah Rudi Kurniawan Salsabila, Umiralaska Saputra, Warfian Simatupang, Julianto Simatupang, Julianto Siti Aisiah Sofia, Leila Aryani Sofyan, Diana Khairani Suhendrianto Suhendrianto, Suhendrianto Sukiman Sukiman Sukmawati Nur Endah sukri Sukri, sukri Sulaiman Sulaiman Suprianto Suwito Eko Pramono Syamsuddin Syamsuddin Syamsul Bahri Syarifuddin Syarifuddin Syifaul Huzni Thaib Rizwan, Thaib Warsito Utomo Wiraguna, Rayie Tariaranie Yahdi Kusnadi, Yahdi Yuslidar, Cut Eli