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PELATIHAN BERWIRAUSAHA SAMPAH DAN MANAJEMEN SAMPAH DI DESA ARGOREJO, SEDAYU, BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA Hastuti, Siti Kurnia Widi; Tentama, Fatwa; Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Sukesi, Triwahyuni; Sulistyawati, Sulistyawati; Maulana, Muchsin
Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Mathla'ul Anwar Banten

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (643.921 KB) | DOI: 10.30653/002.202051.252

Abstract

ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND WASTE MANAGEMENT TRAINING IN ARGOREJO VILLAGE, SEDAYU, BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA. Ministry of Environment noted that the average population of Indonesia produces around 2.5 liters of waste per day or 625 million liters of the total population. This condition will continue to grow according to the environment. According to the Indonesian Waste Statistics (2012) the amount of waste that appears throughout Indonesia reaches 38.5 million tons per year with the dominant waste being in Java (21.2 million tons per year). Waste generation will not decrease or run out and will even continue to grow along with the growth of human population and the higher and more complex human activities. The accumulation of waste that is getting bigger from day to day will reduce space and disrupt human activities so that the human goal to improve the quality of life actually makes the quality of life decrease due to waste generation problems.Method used is to provide counseling and training directly to the general public with material for entrepreneurship motivation and waste bank management using lecture, discussion, and question and answer methods. Results obtained were the extension activities and the training went well and the participants actively participated in the extension activities to completion. Counseling is done interactively between the speakers and the participants present.
PERBANDINGAN SISTEM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI TPA WUKIRSARI GUNUNGKIDUL DAN TPA BANYUROTO KULON PROGO Suyatmi, Suyatmi; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
KESMAS UWIGAMA: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2015): June
Publisher : Universitas Widya Gama Mahakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1454.126 KB) | DOI: 10.24903/kujkm.v1i1.841

Abstract

Sistem pengelolaan sampah kota umumnya dilakukan adalah sistem 3P (pengumpulan, pengangkutan dan pembuangan). Sampah dikumpulkan dari sumbernya, kemudian diangkut ke TPS (Tempat Pembuangan Sementara) dan dibuang ke TPA (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir).Pengelolaan sampah di Indonesia masih menggunakan paradigma lama  kumpul-angkut-buang atau  dikenal  dengan  pendekatan  akhir  (endof-pipe),  yaitu  sampah  dikumpulkan, diangkut,dan dibuang ke tempat pemrosesan akhir sampah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perbandingan sistem pengelolaan sampah di TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul dan TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo.Jenispenelitian ini adalah kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Volume sampah yang masuk ke TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul pada bulan Januari sampai April 2014 sebanyak10.106,1 m3 sedangkan pada TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo sebanyak 6.288 m3. Pelayanan pengangkutan yang dilakukan oleh TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul dan TPA Banyuroto   dengandoor to door dan pengambilan padakontainer. Penerimaan sampah di TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul dan TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo petugas mencatatvolume sampah sesuai kapasitas muatan kendaraan tanpa ditimbang. Pengolahan akhir di TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul menggunakan metode sanitary landfill, pengolahan akhir di TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo menggunakan metode controlled landfill.TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul belum efektif dalam melakukan pengolahan akhir di TPA sedangkan TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo sudah efektif melakukan pengolahan akhir untuk mengurangi volume sampah yang masuk ke TPA. Volume sampah  di  TPA Wukirsari Gunungkidul lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan  volume  sampah di  TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo. Prosedur pengangkutan dan penerimaan sampah pada kedua TPA ini sama. Pengolahan akhir di TPA Banyuroto Kulon Progo sudah efektif mengurangi volume sampah.
PENERAPAN KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA PADA CV. CIPTA MANDIRI DI KABUPATEN KENDAL Setiawan, Muhammad Nanang; Hariyono, Widodo; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: the realization management health and occupational very important to a company. In the CV Cipta Mandiri still occured job accident that can damage employee although facilities that available. As long as CV Cipta Mandiri has perform management system safety and health occupational until necessary does evaluation of realization system. Method: this research constitute of descriptive research with planning cross sectional. The collect of data with does analysis direct on field and interview going deep to researce person. Result : the facilities of work is good, but it need completed wirh maintanance for good function. The company have comitment for does management system safety and job safety program for prevent occupational accident, such as training and counseling. Generally, realization of apply safety and system can run well. Conclusion: the management system of safety and healthy job includes having good facilities. Comitment of the company and the program of preventing accident in a job has been run well, but there must be luck in other aspect that must be improved. Keywords: health, occupational, safety, implementation
EFEKTIVITAS PENGGUNAAN LEACHET HASIL PENGURAIAN SAMPAH DALAM PROSES BIODEGRADASI LIMBAH BATIK Mulasari, Surahma asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background : Treatment of textile waste industry, including batik can be implemented with abiodegradation. Biodegradation by bacteria carried either aerobic or anaerob. The bacteria arewidely found in nature. On the other hand, the presence of bacteria in nature also function todecompose the waste. Own waste as a potential waste in the community. The use ofenvironmental biotechnology is possible to simultaneously address the environmental pollutioncaused by waste and garbage batik. The purpose of this study was to investigate to find out thedifference amount of in degrading microbial in leachet, the difference in content of organic C, N,and P in leachet as a nutrient for degrading microbial growth, the effectiveness of the useleachet biodegradation in the process of batik , and to determine the effectiveness of differentleachet in the biodegradation process of batik waste management.Methods : This was quantitative study with laboratory test to determine differences in theeffectiveness of the use of leachet.Results : The content contained microbs / bacteria so that the possibility of a biological processcan be implemented. There wave had of N, P, K nutrients in leachet for bacteria, waste pollutionparameters decreased but didn’t significantly improve the quality of batik waste.Conclusion : There was no significant reduction the quality of batik waste.Key words : waste, leachet, garbage, batik.
PENURUNAN KADAR EMISI GAS BUANG KARBON MONOKSIDA (CO) DENGAN PENAMBAHAN ARANG AKTIF PADA KENDARAAN BERMOTOR DI YOGYAKARTA Maryanto, Dicky; Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Suryani, Dyah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 3, No 3 (2009): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2009
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Background: Growth of motor vehicle in Yogyakarta mean 11,9 percent of year. A new motor vehicle Accretion every year reach 83.761 unit, more than 90 percent among other things vehicle wheel two or motorbike. In line with increase sum up the motor vehicle cause the increase sum up the consumption oil fuel, so that cause the gas throw away the motor vehicle like Carbon Monoxide ( CO), Hydrocarbon ( HC), Oxide Nitrogen ( Nox), Oxide Sulfur (Sox) And partikulat Pb mount also. Excelsior of concentration CO which breathed by human being hence fatal progressively risk accepted by the human being, even cause the death. Nature of not scentless gaseous CO and not chromatic also very the toxic, then CO is often conceived of silent killer. Strive the operation with the modification of burner machine conduct the innovation of muffler. With the addition of glass wool, active charcoal, water or other dissimilar substance having the character of adsorb or absorb. this Research target to Know the degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition a motor vehicle. Method: this was experimentant research by one group pre and post design descriptively and analytic. Sample of research some of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide (CO) high secretory the muffler of motorcycle honda supra, measuring instrument used in this research field observation with the active charcoal addition muffler motorcycle, and measuring instrument of inspection of carbon monoxide rate (CO) By analysis means of Auto Check 974/S. Analysis the data use the one way Anova. Result : test of Anova of degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition 50, 100, 150 gram of motor vehicle. Assess the mean difference average the rate 150gr to rate 50gr showing number  - 1.17600* meaning active charcoal gift 150gr better the than gift 50gr. Seen from value sig for the line of fifth assess sig 0,035 < 0,05 meaning Ho refused and Ha accepted so that there degradation difference by sig. Conclusion : There was degradation of rate of gas emission throw away the carbon monoxide ( CO) with the active charcoal addition at motor vehicle. Keywords : Carbon Monoxide ( CO), Active Charcoal Gift.
IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI AEROB PADA LINDI HASIL SAMPAH DAPUR DI DUSUN SUKUNAN YOGYAKARTA Khamid, Mohamad Abdul; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background : Various human activities will generate waste. Trash can pollute the environmentand as home to a wide range of diseases that can reduce the degree of human health, so thatthe waste be managed properly. Sukunan village was already implementing community-basedintegrated waste processing were independent and productive, clean and beautiful environmentthat involves all citizens in the implementation. The kitchen garbage management in thesukunan village is included in the composter to be composted with the results of liquid bybacterial degradation of organic material in the form of leachate. Leachate by the communitySukunan village used for liquid fertilizer plant and sold. The purpose of this study determined thegenus of aerobic bacteria in the leachate of kitchen garbage result in Sukunan village.Method : This research type was the descriptive research with laboratory test. The sample inthis study was leachate of Sukunan village kitchen garbage result. The study was conducted intwo places, in the Public Health Laboratory of Ahmad Dahlan University and in the YogyakartaHealth Laboratory Central. The results of data analysis was described in descriptive studies andpresented in tabular and narrative.Results : Identification of aerobic bacteria was carried in the Public Health Laboratory of theAhmad Dahlan University get the bacteria that approached the characteristics of the genusPseudomonas, Bacillus, and Escherichia / Salmonella / Aeromonas / Chromobacterium, whilethe results of identification carried out in the Health Laboratory Central in Yogyakarta got thebacterial genus such as Streptococcus (species : Enterococcus faecalis), Escherichia (species:Escherichia coli), Pseudomonas (species: Pseudomonas putrifaciens) and Proteus (species:Proteus vulgaris).Conclusion : There has aerob bacteria in the leachate of kitchen garbage results in theSukunan Village, Yogyakarta.Keywords : Aerobic Bacteria, Leachate
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TERHADAP PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DALAM MENGOLAH SAMPAH DI DUSUN PADUKUHAN DESA SIDOKARTO KECAMATAN GODEAN KABUPATEN SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background : Peoples habits in disposing waste by burning leaves or plastic waste has negative effect on health and also cause pollution. This is due to the lack of public knowledge in the processing of waste and the impact of the waste itself. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and attitudes towards the behavior of the community in managing the daily garbage and waste management know that has been applied in the hamlet of Hamlet Village Sidokarto Godean Sleman district of Yogyakarta. Method : The study was an observational analytic cross sectional design. Sampling technique used was random sampling. The data was collected using questionnaires, with a total sample of 77 households. Analysis of data was using univariate and bivariate analysis with statistical test Fishers Exact Test. Results : The statistical result of the study, showed that as many as six heads of families or at (7.8%) had a level of knowledge that is not good in terms of waste management, and as many as 71 heads of households (respondent) or amount (92.2%) had a level of knowledge both in terms of waste manage-ment, while 7 households (respondent) or equivalent (9.1%) had a bad attitude in the process waste, and as many as 70 heads of households (respondent) or amount (90.9%) had a good attitude in process waste. Bivariate analysis to the level of knowledge on the behavior of the Hamlet Hamlet Village Si-dokarto Godean Sleman district of Yogyakarta in 2012 to process waste that is derived p <0.05 (p = 0.429) and RP = 1.246 (95% CI: 0.680 to 2.283). While the bivariate analysis for the behavioral attitude towards Hamlet Hamlet Village Sidokarto Godean Sleman district of Yogyakarta in 2012 to process waste that is derived p <0.05 (p = 0.088) and RP = 1.667 (95% CI: 1.141 to 2.434). Conclusion : There was no relationship between the level of knowledge of the behavior of people in the process waste in Hamlet Hamlet Village Sidokarto Godean Sleman district of Yogyakarta in 2012, and there is no relationship between attitude and behavior of people in the process waste in Hamlet Hamlet Village Sidokarto Godean Sleman district of Yogyakarta in 2012. Keywords: knowledge, attitude, behaviour, trash
ANALISIS PENERAPAN TARIF PAKET PELAYANAN ESENSIAL (PPE) JAMKESMAS PADA PELAYANAN OPERASI CAESAREA KELAS III DI RUMAH SAKIT PKU MUHAMMADIYAH UNIT I YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2009 Alfiah, Dian; Rosyidah, .; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Juni 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: The growth and developed hospital should be effectively and efficiency managed. This fact should be carried out in order to face strict competitions in the health world. The hospital can survive in facing the existing competitions by counting the previous hospital fee and using fee account model competitively. In PKU Muhammadiyah Unit I Yogyakarta, Set of Essential Services (SES) of caesarea operation fee, class III, and cost sharing between the hospital and the goverment are different. In this study, the researcher only counts caesarea operation fee for re-use in order to create low cost sharing. Up till now, the hospital party never counts those existing differences. This case will lead them to get a financial loss. By having this fact, the researcher was eager to know about cost sharing analysis of caesarea operation fee account, class III, in PKU Muhammadiyah Unit I Yogyakarta. Methode: This was qualitative descriptive research which analyses the exact fee by using real cost method to know the difference of patient?s fee toward the real fee in the hospital. Bisides that, interview method was applied to know the head of finance and Central Surgeon Installation (CSI) workers opinion. Resulth: The result of Set of Essential Services (SES) fee of „health insurance? toward caesarea operation was Rp 1.230.429, caesarea operation fee by using real cost method was Rp 3.764.388, in fact, the exact fee from RS PKU Muhammadiyah Unit I Yogyakarta was Rp 4.705.388. In conclusion, the final results were the difference of ‘Set of Essential Services (SES) fee of ‘health insurance’ between real cost was Rp 2.533.959 and the difference of ‘Set of Essential Services (SES) fee of „health insurance? between the exact hospital costs was Rp 3.475.056. Conclusion: The researcher has concluded that set of costs which is based on unit cost was higher that hospital cost recently. The highest cost was given for buying medicines and temporary materials. The hospital party has to decide the best strategy to reduce those differences. Key words: cost sharing, real cost method, Set of Essential Services (SES) of caesarea operation fee, class III.
IDENTIFIKASI KONTAMINASI TELUR NEMATODA USUS PADA AYURAN KUBIS (Brassica oleracea) WARUNG MAKAN LESEHAN WONOSARI GUNUNGKIDUL YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2010 Nugroho, Cahyono; Djanah, Sitti Nur; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 4, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2010
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background  : Vegetables can be eaten by fully or in portion on fresh condition (lalapan) or in be cooked. Fresh vegetables (lalapan) useful for the healthy of our bodies caused have good nutrition that relative high in vitamine and mineral shape, and one kind of that’s vegetables is cabbage or kol. Cabbage which have been cleaned may still find the germs agent for example is the intestinal nematode. In Indonesia, intestinal nematode remain caused the serious public health problem, are Ascaris lumbricoides, hook worm and Trichuris trichiura. Soil, vegetables and water are the important one of the transmission way of the eggs of intestinal nematode, if there found many eggs of intestinal nematodes on the contamination sources (like vegetables, soil and the others) automatically will followed with the increasing of endemic degree.Method  : This was descriptive qualitative research using laboratory enclosed. The cabbage that are used for examination materials, cabbage that usually use on food court especially pedestrian food court (warung makan lesehan) which sold on the midle of the city Wonosari Gunungkidul Yogyakarta. To make sediment of the eggs of intestinal nematode is used NaOH 0,2% solution as detergent solution. The practice of this exam use sedimentation technique and than be checked the diagnosting on microscope. The result of data that shown on therefore any contamination or yet the eggs of intestinal nematode, the kind of species of intestinal nematode and infective stage of those species. Data will be analyzed in descriptive qualitative statistic and been shown on table and chart.Result: The result of this research showed that there any contamination of the eggs of intestinal nematode from the cabbage (Brassica oleracea) that was been analyzed (38,89%), for the species of the eggs of intestinal nematode that shown positive samples are found Ascaris lumbricoides (50%), hook worm (12,5%) and Trichuris trichiura (37,5%). The infective stage that known is only one kind of infective stage that is an infective stage from Ascaris lumbricoides egg.  Conclution: There was any contamination of the eggs of intestinal nematode on the cabbage (Brassica oleracea) that used for fresh vegetable menu (lalapan) on pedestrian food court in the midle of the city Wonosari Gunungkidul Yogyakarta. Keyword : Contamination, Cabbage (Brassica oleracea), The eggs of intestinal nematode.
Audio-visual media to improve sexual-reproduction health knowledge among adolescent Djannah, Sitti Nur; Sulistyawati, Sulistyawati; Sukesi, Tri Wahyuni; Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Tentama, Fatwa
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol 9, No 1: March 2020
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (17.304 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijere.v9i1.20410

Abstract

Lacking knowledge among adolescents affects their understanding of some problems related to sexual-reproduction health. Electronic media recognized as the favored source of information for adolescents. This research aimed to assess the effect of audio-visual media to the increasing of sexual-reproduction knowledge. We conducted a before and after without control informal experimental study design into 153 students in the 1st-3rd grade of junior high school. The effect of the intervention was assessed through the difference between pre- and post-intervention by using the Wilcoxon test. The mean score of the respondent pre and post-intervention was significantly increasing. The audiovisual increased the knowledge of the adolescent regarding sexual-reproduction health