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ISLAM AND PROBLEMS OF STATE: CONSIDERING THE POSITION OF SHARIA IN DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY INDONESIA Nurrohman, Nurrohman
Islamika Indonesiana ISLAMIKA INDONESIANA Volume 1, Issue 2 Year 2014
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/isin.v1i2.1133

Abstract

The jargon stating that humans are social beings seems to have become theproportion accepted by Islamic thinkers from past to present. Neither of the Islamicexperts refuses the fact that to be able to develop their self-potencies andhumanitarianism, human beings impossibly can live alone without requiringsomeone else’s aids or helps. However, when they talk about the relationshipbetween religion and power, Islam and politics or Islam and state, not all of theIslamic experts have the same viewpoints. Their distinction in history can be investigated from the difference among them in seeing what is the main mission brought by Prophet Muhammad, is it right that Prophet Muhammad is as the head of state? If yes, is it part of his treatise mission or part of the tactics, procedure or ijtihad (reinterpretation) in his efforts to build egalitarian society guided by the universal moral values.
PENGEMBANGAN LEMBAR KERJA SISWA (LKS) BERBASIS KETERAMPILAN GENERIK SAINS (KGS) MATERI TEKANAN Nurrohman, Nurrohman; Suyatna, Agus; Ertikanto, Chandra
Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika
Publisher : Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika

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Abstract

The objective of this this research was to produce worksheets with a generic science skills (GSS)-based on the lesson of pressure for class 8th in MTs Alfatah. According to Sugiyono (2011), the method is adapted from research steps that includes 9 stages of development. The result of tests on user response on the aspects of the attractiveness get score 3,18 with good category, the aspects of simplicity got score 3,07 with good category, and for the aspect of usefulness get score 3,14 with good category. While for the efectivity test results in the usage of product trial get 81,25%, student complete 65 of accomplishments criteria (or KKM). Therefore, GSS-based of students worksheets is worthy and efective to use as a learning media.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan LKS Berbasis KGS pada materi tekanan untuk kelas VIII MTs Alfatah Natar. Metode pengembangan diadaptasi dari langkah-langkah penelitian dan pengembangan menurut Sugiyono (2011) yang meliputi sembilan tahapan pengembangan. Hasil uji coba terhadap respon pengguna untuk aspek kemenarikan memperoleh skor 3,18 dengan kategori baik, aspek kemudahan memperoleh skor 3,07 dengan kategori baik, untuk aspek kebermanfaatan memperoleh skor 3,14 dengan kategori baik. Semetara itu, untuk hasil uji efektivitas pada uji pemakaian produk mencapai 81,25% siswa tuntas KKM 65. Dengan demikian, LKS berbasis KGS layak dan efektif digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran.Kata kunci: keterampilan generik sains, lembar kerja siswa, pengembangan
PERANCANGAN ALAT PENGEPRESAN JENANG DENGAN METODE ANTROPOMETRI DAN ERGONOMI (STUDI KASUS DI UKM AGAPE PEMALANG) Nurrohman, Nurrohman; Yohanes, Antoni
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Teknik DINAMIKA TEKNIK VOL. 10 NO. 2 2017 JULI 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (538.036 KB)

Abstract

Good product design is to pay attention to convenience side by referring to anthtropometry and ergonomics approach. Jap pressing tools in UKM AGAPE Pemalang still using simple tools require workers manually by pressing a well-cooked jenang with the help of wooden entong as a tool to flatten the jenang. Many weaknesses by using the previous pressing tools that cause the worker menjdi tired quickly. In this design using anthropometri and ergonomics approach in determining worker comfort level. Sample used from 31 employees. From this research it can be concluded that with the existence of worker pressing tools more comfortable to use the tool, besides more effective than the previous tool. As for suggestions that can be given is to pay more attention to creativity, creativity, innovation, and comfort levels of workers with the concept of ergonimis in order to produce the design results of a good product. In product design in addition to considering the ergonomic size should also pay attention to the strength and security when used.Keywords:Jenang Pressing Tool, Product Design, Anthropometry
HUKUM ISLAM DI ERA DEMIKRASI: TANTANGAN DAN PELUANG BAGI FORMALISASI POLITIK SYARI'AT ISLAM DI INDONESIA Nurrohman, Nurrohman
ADDIN Vol 9, No 1 (2015): ADDIN
Publisher : LPPM IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/addin.v9i1.611

Abstract

ISLAMIC LAW IN THE ERA OF DEMOCRACY. Challenges and Opportunities for a formalization of Islamic Politics in Indonesia: This paper describes the long journey of struggle to include the Islamic teaching into constitution and laws of Indonesia, the challenges faced by some muslims who would establish Islamic teaching through state institutions and the extent to which the opportunities provided by the democracy in Indonesia which can be used by muslims to offer what they consider to be Islamic laws. Attempts to include the Islamic teaching (Shari’ah) in the constitution of the republic of Indonesia appeared before this state is officially declared. Before that, the founders of the state have been arguing about the foundation of the state. Most of them want the basic state of Indonesia is Islam, while others require that the state of Indonesia’s basic is nationalism. The first compromise was reached at the time of the founders of state agreed that the Jakarta Charter which combines elements of nationalism and Islam will be the opening of the country’s constitution.
MODEL TOLERANSI DAN KERUKUNAN
DALAM PLURALITAS KEHIDUPAN BERAGAMA Nurrohman, Nurrohman; EF, Abd Hannan
Al-Tsaqafa: Jurnal Ilmiah Peradaban Islam Vol 14, No 1 (2017): al-Tsaqafa: Jurnal Ilmiah Peradaban Islam
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

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Abstract

Sejak tumbangnya rezim otoritarian Orde Baru yang kemudian dilanjutkan denganmunculnya semangat reformasi dengan membuka keran demokratisasi secara lebih luas,konflik dan kekerasan yang bernuansa ethnic dan keagamaan seolah tidak ada hentinyadialami oleh bangsa ini. Data dari sejumlah penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Jawa Baratmerupakan provinsi yang tingkat intoleransi dalam kehidupan beragama masih tinggi.Pemandangan yang berbeda ditemukan di desa Sindang Jaya, Cianjur. Masyarakat di desaini, meskipun memiliki populasi penduduk yang beragama Kristen cukup tinggi, tidakpernah terjadi konflik social keagamaan yang serius. Oleh karena itu, desa ini menarikuntuk diteliti. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kegiatan kehidupan keberagamaanmasyarakat , interaksi sosial- keagamaan antar umat Islam dan Kristiani serta faktorfaktor yang melatarbelakanginya. Dilihat dari cara data atau informasi yang dihimpun,penelitian ini bisa disebut mixed method atau gabungan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Dataatau informasi diperoleh melalui observasi, wawancara terbuka, angket serta studi teks.Seluruh data yang diperoleh melalui observasi, wawancara, dideskripsikan dan dianalisissecara kualitatif sedangkan data atau informasi yang diperoleh melalui pertanyaantertutup (angket) dianalisis secara kuantitatif. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kegiatankehidupan keberagamaan masyarakat Desa Sindang Jaya Kecamatan CiranjangKabupaten Cianjur merupakan kehidupan keagamaan yang rukun dan toleran. Interaksisosial-keagamaan antar ummat Muslim dan Kristiani di Desa Sindang Jaya KecamatanCiranjang Kabupaten Cianjur tergolong intensif. Banyak faktor pendukung yang melatarbelakangi landasan interaksi social keagamaan antar ummat Muslim dan Kristiani dalam melestarikan toleransi dan kerukunan hidup dalam sebuah pluralitas agama di DesaSindang Jaya Kecamatan Ciranjang Kabupaten Cianjur. Yang terpenting diantaranyaadalah : a) Faktor Historis b) Faktor Teologis c) Faktor Sosiologis c) Faktor Politis.Faktor historis disebabkan kedatangan orang Kristen di desa Sindangjaya yang sudahlebih dari satu abad yakni sejak tahun 1903 sehingga mereka sudah terbiasa hidup berbaurantara Muslim dan Kristiani sejak dari nenek moyang mereka. Faktor teologis, karenamereka pada umumnya memiliki pandangan teologi yang inklusif dan toleran. Faktorsosiologis , karena masyarakat desa Sindangjaya , tergolong masyarakat paguyuban.Faktor politis, karena dalam masyarakat di desa Sindangjaya ,tidak dijumpai pandangandan sikap politik yang berlawanan dengan kebijakan pemerintah dan negara. Merekasemuanya setuju dan siap mengikuti paraturan perundangan yang berlaku di Indonesia,termasuk perundangan yang mengatur kehidupan beragama. Penelitian ini jugamenemukan bahwa interaksi sosial keagamaan yang dipraktekkan di desa ini termasukinteraksi sosial keagamaan yang inklusif, toleran dan humanis.
UJI KINERJA MOVABLE THERMOSTATIC BATH SEBAGAI ALAT KALIBRASI TERMOKOPEL Nurdianto, Gian; Rahmat, Mamat; Nurrohman, Nurrohman
AME (Aplikasi Mekanika dan Energi): Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (921.705 KB) | DOI: 10.32832/ame.v5i1.2353

Abstract

Syari’at Islam dan Hukum Nasional: Problematika Transformasi dan Integrasi Hukum Islam ke dalam Hukum Nasional Nurrohman, Nurrohman
TAJDID Vol 26 No 2 (2019): Fiqh and Ushul Fiqh
Publisher : Research and Development Institution, Darussalam Institute for Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.272 KB) | DOI: 10.36667/tajdid.v26i2.333

Abstract

Sharia law or Islamic law in Indonesia, recently, is undergoing the process of transformation and integration toward national law. During this process dualism in terms and institutions difficult to be avoided. If in education there are madrasah and school (sekolah), in law there are sharia law and national law. The question is whether, through gradual transformation, this dualism eventually heading to integration and unification of law? This paper will try to see the problems and handicaps faced by Indonesia in order to transform and integrate sharia law toward national law. But this paper will fistly discuss the relationship between Islamic law, human rights and international law, the position of Islamic law in national law system as well as how Islamic law interact with local culture. This research concludes that the transformation of Islamic law in Indonesia needs to consider the multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious faction of Indonesia. Transformation must not only end in the formalization process but also the internalization process. If the internalization process goes well, then Islamic law will enter Muslim community awareness as ethical and moral awareness. So that at the private level Islamic law will be practiced, becoming a way of life regardless of whether it is formalized in legislation or not. For Islamic law to be formally transformed at the public level in legislation, Muslims need to renew their understanding of syûra and ijmâ.
MODAL MANUSIA DALAM PRESPEKTIF ISLAM HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN Nurrohman, Nurrohman
Khazanah Sosial Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Khazanah Sosial Vol 2, No 1 April 2020
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/ks.v2i1.7897

Abstract

Dalam tulisan ini membahas Penekanan prinsip dan nilai ajaran islam pada variabel-variabel yang sudah populer dalam pandangan atau kajian konvensional. Tampaknya sudah terabaikan dan terlupakan oleh manajer-pemilik muslim padahal itu semua merupakan unsur penting serta sangat berharga dari sumber daya manusia Islam yang memang jarang  di adopsi oleh mereka dalam operasi bisnis yang dijalankannya. Variabel-variabel itu adalah motivasi, pengetahuan, pengalaman dan pelatihan bisnis. Penulisan artikel ini menggunakan metode survei literatur. Penggunaan metode ini dengan memanfaatkan sumber daya perpustakaan dalam memperoleh data, melacak sumber-sumber sebelumnya untuk menyiapkan kerangka kerja teoritis dan mempertajam metodologi. Prinsip-prinsip  yang dipegang seorang modal manusia islam selain untuk meningkatkan produktifitas dalam mencapai laba perusahaan yang maksimal juga mendapatkan ridho Allah swt melalui pekerjaan yang sedang dikerjakannya. 
Pesantren Responses to Religious Tolerance, Pluralism and Democracy in Indonesia Nurrohman, Nurrohman
International Journal of Nusantara Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2014): International Journal of Nusantara Islam
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/ijni.v2i1.49

Abstract

Pesantren (Islamic boarding school) is the oldest Islamic institution in Indonesia that often affiliated to the largest mass Muslim organization Nahdlatul Ulama. This organization is well known for its stance to uphold moderate, tolerance Islam and accepting pluralistic state based on Pancasila. Pesantren also often referred as the barometer to understand the way of thinking of Muslims grass root in Indonesia because many Islamic figures in Indonesian village are alumni of pesantren.  There are debates among scholars on whether religious violence has a root in religious doctrine or it is caused by factors outside religion such as poverty or injustice. By assuming that both inside and outside factors have significant contribution to violence or radicalism this study will discuss the doctrine that potentially can be used to justify violence and intolerance by reviewing the opinion of pesantren leaders in West Java on jihad, violence or intolerance and power. This study is aimed to examine whether the commitment of Muslim leaders in national level on democracy and plurality is supported by grass root particularly from pesantren leaders.  Overall the study found that although they agree that democracy is compatible with Islam, this study reveals that their acceptance to pluralism still be questioned as evidenced by almost half of them supported theocratic caliphate carry out by radical group. Although many argued that pesantren promotes tolerance and pluralism, nevertheless this  study shows that some of their teaching tacitly supported violence act in the name of religion that will tarnished the effort of Indonesia to synchronize Islam, democracy and modernity. It means that many of them actually not wholeheartedly accepted democracy and pluralism.
HUKUM ISLAM DI ERA DEMIKRASI: TANTANGAN DAN PELUANG BAGI FORMALISASI POLITIK SYARI'AT ISLAM DI INDONESIA Nurrohman, Nurrohman
ADDIN Vol 9, No 1 (2015): ADDIN
Publisher : LPPM IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/addin.v9i1.611

Abstract

ISLAMIC LAW IN THE ERA OF DEMOCRACY. Challenges and Opportunities for a formalization of Islamic Politics in Indonesia: This paper describes the long journey of struggle to include the Islamic teaching into constitution and laws of Indonesia, the challenges faced by some muslims who would establish Islamic teaching through state institutions and the extent to which the opportunities provided by the democracy in Indonesia which can be used by muslims to offer what they consider to be Islamic laws. Attempts to include the Islamic teaching (Shari’ah) in the constitution of the republic of Indonesia appeared before this state is officially declared. Before that, the founders of the state have been arguing about the foundation of the state. Most of them want the basic state of Indonesia is Islam, while others require that the state of Indonesia’s basic is nationalism. The first compromise was reached at the time of the founders of state agreed that the Jakarta Charter which combines elements of nationalism and Islam will be the opening of the country’s constitution.