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RELIGIUSITAS DAN KEPERCAYAAN MASYARAKAT BUGIS- MAKASSAR Pabbajah, Mustaqim
Al-Ulum Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (426.133 KB)

Abstract

Artikel ini mengulas tentang kepercayaan lama orang Bugis dan Makassar. Kepercayaan yang bentuk dan manifestasinya masih bisa ditelusuri keberadaannya sampai sekarang. Dalam konsep ketuhanan, misalnya, istilah Dewata Seuwa (Bugis) dan Tau ri A’rana (Makassar) masih sering diengar dan diyakini eksistensinya. Demikian pula dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, acara-acara seperti “mappangre galung” dan “maccera tasi” masih sering dilakukan dalam masyarakat petani dan nelayan. Tulisan ini, juga, mengeksplorasi keyakinan masyarakat di Sulawesi Selatan ini, baik sebelum maupun sesudah masuknya Islam. Begitu pula pengaruh agama lokal dan agama baru (Islam) dalam kehidupan sehari-sehari. Dialog yang dinamis antara agama lokal dengan Islam manjadi instisari tulisan ini.------------------------------This article explores the old beliefs of Bugis and Makassar peoples. The old beliefs which still exist and are preserved within community until nowadays. In the concept of god, for example, the terms of “Dewata SeuwwaE” (Bugis) and “Tau ri A’rana” (Makaasar) still can be heard and believed. In the daily lifes, the influence of local beliefs cover rituals such “mappangre galung” (farmer) and “maccera tasi” (fishermen) still conducted in the community. This article also evaluates the old beliefs of South Sulawesi peoples, both before and after the coming of Islam. Also these religions’ influences in the daily lives are highlighted. A dynamic dialogue between the local religions and Islam becomes the core of this paper.
Haji Bawakaraeng: The Resistence of Local Society in South Sulawesi Pabbajah, Mustaqim
JICSA Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JICSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v1i1.718

Abstract

This research aims to explore the existence of Haji Bawakaraeng community tradition in South Sulawesi that is still consistent to depend and to keep their belief, also their resistance in depending their tradition. Besides that, researcher wants to describe the ritual phenomenon in the top of Bawakaraeng mountain.This research is the field research focused on the study about ritual tradition of Haji Bawakaraeng in South Sulawesi. Data collection is done with field observation way by using analysis descriptive method that is to observe natural condition and the social life directly to find out the data about the existence of Haji Bawakaraeng community. Data collection is also done by interviewing the figures and the believers of Haji Bawakaraeng deeply, also the documentation study done to complete the data obtained beforehand. The collected data then will be analyzed by using socio- anthropologic approach and will be explored in a qualitative descriptive way. This research shows that the ritual tradition of Haji Bawakaraeng practiced by the believer of this belief still exists until today, although they face many obstacles. They remain depending their belief strongly practiced since a long time ago by doing adaptation and negotiation of any resistance that they face at present. 
Politik Pendidikan Indonesia: J., Hasse; Pabbajah, Mustaqim
Jurnal Darussalam: Jurnal Pendidikan, Komunikasi dan Pemikiran Hukum Islam Vol 10 No 1 (2018): September 2018
Publisher : IAI Darussalam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.814 KB) | DOI: 10.30739/darussalam.v10i1.267

Abstract

This paper explores the problem of inequality in education in Indonesia. Educational facilities have stood firm and can be found up to the district city, its existence cannot be utilized optimally by the nation's children. The high school graduates who want to go to college, can not realize their dreams because of various obstacles. First, the adequacy of information about higher education is not evenly distributed. Access to information is more known to certain circles so that they can also choose institutions as a place to continue education. Information on scholarships, for example, is very limited. Second, the standard of acceptance used by higher education institutions is still 'unbalanced'. Competition for entry to the best colleges is only contested by graduates who come from the best schools as well. Graduates from certain schools, especially those away from access to education, are unable to compete and are marginalized. Third, the design of educational institutions is still ambiguous. The existence of the dichotomy of the state-private, common-religion, modern-traditional and various another naming also influenced the practice of the gap of the Indonesian higher education to the present. Higher education should be a space for all children of the nation and provide services without discriminating treatment
Praktik Ekonomi Islam pada Komunitas Keagamaan di Sulawesi Selatan Pabbajah, Mustaqim
Al-Ulum Vol. 17 No. 1 (2017): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1308.195 KB) | DOI: 10.30603/au.v17i1.107

Abstract

This article aims to explain the implementation of the Islamic economic system in the process and practice of community empowerment by selecting the An-Nadzir religious community in South Sulawesi as the basis for its analysis. In this case An-Nadzir developed as an independent religious community with the application of Islamic economics in social-economic life. This research is done by qualitative data collection, then presented in descriptive analysis. In the era of the ASEAN economic community and the current global economic competition, various forms of strategy and implementation of the economic system need to be done. One is the implementation of Islamic economics with the empowerment of society as a practical offer. This is endeavourmust be implemented through the empowerement the middle to lower community in order to create a strong, creative, and more independent society. The social-economic empowerment of religious communities is one of the bids as an alternative to implementing the Islamic economic system.
Religiusitas dan Kepercayaan Masyarakat Bugis- Makassar Pabbajah, Mustaqim
Al-Ulum Vol. 12 No. 2 (2012): Al-Ulum
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.233 KB)

Abstract

This article explores the old beliefs of Bugis and Makassar peoples. The old beliefs which still exist and are preserved within community until nowadays. In the concept of god, for example, the terms of “Dewata SeuwwaE” (Bugis) and “Tau ri A’rana” (Makaasar) still can be heard and believed. In the daily lifes, the influence of local beliefs cover rituals such “mappangre galung” (farmer) and “maccera tasi” (fishermen) still conducted in the community. This article also evaluates the old beliefs of South Sulawesi peoples, both before and after the coming of Islam. Also these religions’ influences in the daily lives are highlighted. A dynamic dialogue between the local religions and Islam becomes the core of this paper.
PREFERENSI PEMILIH MUSLIM MILENIAL PADA PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN-WAKIL PRESIDEN 2019 Jubba, Hasse; Iribaram, Suparto; Pabbajah, Mustaqim; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo) Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jsw.2019.3.2.4526

Abstract

This paper discusses the issue of the tendency to vote of millennial Muslim voters in presidential-vice presidential elections 2019. This issue is answered through three questions. Applying mix-methods of quantitative and qualitative, the data was obtained through surveys and interviews as well as literature studies. The results were analyzed using a descriptive-analytical analysis. These results of this research show three important things. First, millennial Muslim voters in the presidential-vice presidential election 2019 tend to choose civilians as potential leaders. Civilians are considered capable of overcoming problems and can advance Indonesia in the future. Second, there are variations in the reasons for voters voting their candidates. In addition to performance factors, firmness and competency factors are the drivers for voters to make choices regarding contending candidates. Third, differences in political choices have an impact on polarization among Muslim communities. Different choices lead to new groupings in Muslim societies and even tend to emerge hates and dislikes from each other.
THE FACTORS OF SERVICE, RELIGIOSITY AND KNOWLEDGE IN THE DECISION OF CUSTOMERS TO SAVE FUNDS IN SHARIA BANKS IN YOGYAKARTA CITY Pabbajah, Mustaqim; Widyanti, Ratri Nurina; Widyatmoko, Widi Fajar
Jurnal Internasional Bisnis, Humaniora, Pendidikan dan Ilmu Sosial Vol 1 No 2 (2019): International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences
Publisher : Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.842 KB) | DOI: 10.051018/ijbhes.v1i2.37

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Islamic banks are experiencing rapid development amid the current global crisis in Indonesia and even in the world. This becomes evidence that Sharia Bank can maintain its existence from all the problems of a complex economic crisis that hit in 2007. Indonesia as the largest Islamic country in the world is a potential market that supports the sustainability of Islamic banking. The Islamic sharia principles in its management, causes many people in Indonesia, especially in Yogyakarta decide to save their funds in Islamic banks. The population in this study is all Islamic bank customers in Yogyakarta, with sample selection using incidental sampling. The data analysis method used is multiple linear regression. This study shows the positive influence of service and public trust in Islamic banks. Similarly, knowledge about Islamic banks, and one's religiosity has an important role in the decision making to save funds in Islamic banks in the city. Islamic labelity and current trends supported by high community religiosity are also important factors in the decision to deposit funds in Islamic banks. In fact, the biggest influence that influences customer's decision to save funds in a bank is the quality of service and trust. Thus, the attention of banking players is needed in improving performance and banking services, so that public confidence is higher in the decision to save funds in the bank. In other words, the community remains consistent to make economic transactions with banks in order to respond to the challenges of the economic crisis in the future.
AKOMODASI KULTURAL DALAM RESOLUSI KONFLIK BERNUANSA AGAMA DI INDONESIA Prasojo, Zaenuddin Hudi; Pabbajah, Mustaqim
Aqlam: Journal of Islam and Plurality Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (823.113 KB) | DOI: 10.30984/ajip.v5i1.1131

Abstract

Abstract: Ethnic and religious diversity in Indonesia have become not only a wealth but in the same time also a threat to the country. They have also become the sources of cultural diversity as cultural assets that need attention. In fact, these cultural assets have potentials in the emergence of social and religious conflicts. This article suggests important findings carrying three main issues in looking at conflicts in the name of religion. With qualitative data analysis, the three main issues are collaborated. First, the conflict that took place in Indonesia tends to occur in three forms including; communal conflicts, sectarian conflicts and political installation conflicts. Second, conflict in the name of religion is triggered by several factors including lacking of understanding of the cultural, ethnic and religious diversities in Indonesia. Third, cultural accommodation by looking at the potential of local wisdom has been evidence to offer useful, needed alternatives in solving conflicts that occur in the community. This work recommends that it is necessary to deepen and disseminate all parties in empowering the potential of local culture in Indonesia. Keyword: Accomodation, Culture, Religion, Conflict Resolution Abstrak: Keragaman etnis dan agama di Indonesia merupakan kekayaan sekaligus sebagai ancaman bagi negara ini. Keragaman etnis dan agama menghasilkan keragaman budaya yang merupakan aset kultural serta perlu mendapatkan perhatian. Aset kultural tersebut berpotensi besar dalam kemunculan konflik sosial maupun agama. Artikel ini menawarkan temuan penting mengenai tiga isu utama dalam melihat konflik atas nama agama. Dengan analisis data kualitatif, ketiga isu utama tersebut dielaborasi. Pertama, konflik yang berlangsung di Indonesia cenderung diperlihatkan dalam tiga bentuk antara lain: konflik komunal, konflik sektarian, dan konflik eskalasi politik. Kedua, faktor konflik agama dipicu beberapa faktor yang meliputi masih minimnya pemahaman realitas keragaman suku, etnis, dan agama di Indonesia. Ketiga, akomodasi kultural dengan melihat potensi kearifan lokal telah mampu dijadikan sebagai perangkat penyelesaian permasalahan konflik yang terjadi di tengah masyarakat. Rekomendasi artikel ini adalah diperlukan pendalaman dan sosialisasi semua pihak dalam memberdayakan potensi budaya lokal di Indonesia. Keyword: Akomodasi, Kultural, Agama, dan Resolusi Konflik
DIALEKTIKA ISLAM DAN BUDAYA LOKAL: STRATEGI BERTAHAN KOMUNITAS BAWAKARAENG DI SULAWESI SELATAN Pabbajah, Mustaqim
DIALEKTIKA Vol 13, No 1 (2020): DIALEKTIKA : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Ilmu Sosial
Publisher : IAIN Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33477/dj.v13i1.1392

Abstract

Agama dan Budaya telah menjadi satu kesatuan dalam berbagai praktik sosial keagamaan di Indonesia. Studi ini bertujuan untuk memotret kembali hubungan dialektis antara Islam dan budaya lokal orang Bugis-Makassar di Sulawesi Selatan. Pengumpulan data dalam studi melalui observasi partisipatif dan studi literatur terkait objek kajian studi ini, kemudian dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Studi ini menunjukkan tiga potret dialektika Islam dan budaya lokal dalam praktik ritual komunitas Bawakaraeeng. Pertama, bahwa kebiasaan orang Bugis-Makassar untuk melaksanakan serangkaian ritual di puncak Gunung Bawakaraeng merupakan budaya lokal masyarakat yang terus berproses dialektis dengan ajaran Islam, sehingga dikenal dengan stilah Haji Bawakaraeng. Kedua, potret budaya masyarakat di Sulawesi Selatan, baik sebelum datangnya Islam maupun pasca kedatangan Islam memperlihatkan hubungan dialektis yang dinamis. Ketiga, dalam proses dialektika dengan ajaran Islam sebagai upaya strategis dalam mempertahankan keberlangsungan praktik ritual komunitas Bawakaraeng. Studi ini sebagai pelengkap studi yang ada, sehingga disarankan studi lanjutan dengan pendekatan yang lebih kontekstual dan komprehensif dalam rangka pemetaan budaya lokal di era Indonesia komporer.