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Feasibility Study on Beef Cattle Development in Teluk Bintuni Regency, West Papua Widayati, Trisiwi Wahyu; Santoso, Budi; Woran, Djonly; Warsono, Irba Unggul; Palulungan, John Arnold
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 2 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (2) MAY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i2.32731

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the readiness of the development of beef cattle using ranch system in Bintuni District, West Papua through the approach of four local foundations in terms of technical, social and economic. Research respondents were 62 families from four local foundations in Bintuni. Determination of technical feasibility of land used based on carrying capacity for each land. The technical feasibility of raising cattle was observed based on the knowledge of the community. Socio-economic feasibility was investigated based on food security and poverty level of society. Business feasibility was determined according to economic indicators namely B/C ratio, NPV, and IRR. The results showed that the aspect of land provided by the four foundations was feasible with the average carrying capacity based on fresh weight, dry matter and TDN basis were 1.8, 2.0 and 4.5 AU/Ha/year, respectively. About 70,91% of the farmers are free from poverty, and 46.54% are in food security status, which means that cattle raising will not be disturbed by the basic requirement of life but it needs an initial investment to support cattle raising. Based on the technical feasibility of cattle raising as much as 64,39% having no knowledge of breeding, therefore training and livestock education should be done. The business feasibility result shows that cattle raising on a breeding scale of 60 heads were feasible with positive NPV value of IDR 2.536.610,211, IRR of 23.09% and B/C of 1.22. Based on the overall indicators, it was concluded that the development of beef cattle in Bintuni regency was feasible to be done with requisite that improvement on land aspects and community knowledge about raising cattle.
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG SINGKONG DAN TEPUNG ULAT LIMBAH KELAPA SAWIT TERHADAP PENAMPILAN AYAM PEDAGING FASE STARTER Palulungan, John Arnold
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 7 No 1 (2012): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.485 KB)

Abstract

This research aims to know the usage of cassava starch and larva palm wastes in ration of starter broiler period. A 100 of SR 707 day old chick in average body weight of 49,53±3,37 g reared. Those DOCs reared into 20 boxes. A completed randomized design consisted of four ration treatments, i.e. without cassava starch, and larva palm wastes, cassava starch 11.10%+ larva palm waste starch 3.60%, cassava starch 21.70%+larva palm waste starch 7.5%, and cassava starch 32.50%+larva palm waste starch 11,00%. Ration with iso-energy and protein content 22.5% and metabolic energy of 3000Kcal. Each treatment repeated five times and therefore 20 units of research obtained. Variables observed were feeding rations, growth rate, feeding ration efficiency, and mortality. The findings shown the usage of cassava starch 32.5% and larva palm waste starch with 11% can substitute cassava of 45% in starter broiler feeding ration. Substitute of cassava starch 32.5% and cassava starch of wastes of 11% is still increasing ration of consumption and daily growth rate in the starter growth period on substitution of cassava starch 2.70% and larva palm waste starch up to 7.5%. Efficiency of fed ration on treatment was not significant.
KARAKTERISTIK KARKAS BANDIKUT (ECHYMIPERA KALUBU) DI KABUPATEN MANOKWARI Pawere, Frandz Rumbiak; Palulungan, John Arnold
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science) Vol 10 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Vete
Publisher : Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.884 KB) | DOI: 10.30862/jipvet.v10i1.72

Abstract

The research purpose is to investigate the characteristics of bandicoot?s (Echymipera kalubu) carcass in the Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province. Thirty-two (32) bandicoots, with the age of ± 4-month-old, were used for this study, the subjects consisted of 16 males and 16 females. The research method used was the exploration method. The results showed that the bodyweight of males and females bandicoot was 1709.38 ± 506.31 g and 976.63 ± 296.11 g (P<0.05). Carcass weight of males and females bandicoot was 1339 ± 449.53 g and 738.22 ± 233.50 g (P<0.05) respectively. Carcass percentage of males and females bandicoot was 77.15 ± 6.24 % and 75.10 ± 4.32 % (P>0.05). The weight cut forequarter of males and females bandicoot was 614.85±221.87 g and 311.67±101.83 g (P<0,05). The weight cut of the hindquarter of males and females bandicoot was 768.76±377.66 g and 397.89±142.18 g (P<0,05). Fore carcass percentages of males and females bandicoot were 45.48±2.20 % and 42.39±3.50 % (P<0,05). Hind carcass percentage of males and females bandicoot was 56.22±12.22 % and 53.63±6.82% (P>0,05). In conclusion, there are differences in body weight, carcass weight, fore carcass weight, rear carcass weight, and the percentage of fore carcass weight between male and female Echymipera kalubu. On the other hand, there is no difference in the percentage of carcass and rear carcass percentage between male and female Echymipera kalubu.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PIG FARMING SYSTEM IN THE BRUYADORI DISTRICT BIAK NUMFOR REGENCY Koibur, Antomina Estefina; Iyai, Denny; Palulungan, John Arnold
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i2.397

Abstract

Bruyadori District Biak Numfor Regency is one of areas that supply pigs to several regions in Papua. One of the regions supplied is Nabire Regency. Pigs have a high economic value in Papuan society, because pigs can be used as savings, are very useful in customs events in Papua (paying fines, dowry) and demand for pork increases at ecclesiastical events (Christmas and Easter). This research is expected to provide an overview of the characteristics of pig farming systems in Bruyadori District, Biak Numfor District. The research method used is descriptive research method with case study techniques, the case in this study was farmers. There were 30 respondents who were taken to get data. Pig farmers in Bruyadori District are 100% Biak or Papuan indigenous tribes, and judging from their education background, it is still very low mostly only have elementary and junior high school diploma but the experience of breeding is very good, about 20 - 40 years, whereas the purpose of raising livestock as a side business, farmers have a main job as farmers and fishermen so the number of livestock ownership is still less than 1-5 pigs because the number of livestock is influenced by the number of litter size and farowing rate which is very low every year, about 1-5 pigs and the number of sow that is productive is only 1 sow. Farmers in the Bruyadori District provide feed still from the garden and household waste or food scraps from the kitchen. The maintenance system applied is an extensive and intensive maintenance system.Keywords: Bruyadori District, Biak Tribe, Pigs, Maintenance System
Pelatihan Pembuatan Dendeng bagi Kelompok Pemburu dan Penjual Daging Rusa di Kampung Ukopti, Kawasan Penyangga Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak Papua Barat Manik, Hotlan; Randa, Sangle Yohannes; Palulungan, John Arnold
IGKOJEI: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 1 No 1 (2020): IGKOJEI: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46549/igkojei.v1i1.151

Abstract

ABSTRACT The Arfak Mountains Natural Reserve (CAPA), which is located in the Bird's Head Peninsula region of West Papua, Indonesia, covered an area of about 45,000 km2. The area is located within the three different administrative areas, including Manokwari, Manokwari Selatan, and Pegunungan Arfak Regencies. Ukopti Village is located in the District Tanah Rubuh Manokwari District which is a buffer zone directly adjacent to The Nature Reserve Area Mountains Arfak (CAPA). The economic circumstances village community is marginal and underprivileged, with their main livelihood obtained from their mostly small farms. The farms' result is often uncertain so they depend on other alternatives such as wildlife, especially deer hunting. Based on the decision of the Minister of Forestry and Plantation No: 682/Kps-II/1988 on the establishment of the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis) for game hunting in Papua, the deer has the potential to improve the community's nutrition and economy when compared to a better-off society, which usually has access to conventional livestock. Most of the community groups normally sell their catch in the form of fresh deer meat and bacon, so oftentimes the quality of the products are lower because they are not sold quickly enough and the distance to the district town is quite far, the expensive cost of transport only exacerbates the problem. The training lasted for eight months and was held at Kampung Ukopti Land District Rubuh Manokwari District. Two groups acted as partners or the target groups of this activity, they are the hunters and deer-butchers groups. The activities of this training include lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on participation. Results of the practice of making deer-jerky had been adopted by the community/partners who have received the training, as shown by the products produced according to the example given to the participants. This activity is highly appreciated by the people of Kampung Ukopti, indicated by the presence of local officers and most of the people during the activity. Keywords: : Reindeer jerky; Entrepreneur; The Arfak Mountains Natural Reserve Area (CAPA ABSTRAK Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak (CAPA) yang terletak di wilayah Kepala Burung Papua Barat, Indonesia, luasnya sekitar 45.000 km2. Wilayah tersebut terletak di tiga wilayah administratif yang berbeda yaitu Kabupaten Manokwari, Manokwari Selatan dan Pegunungan Arfak. Kampung Ukopti terletak di Distrik Tanah Rubuh Kabupaten Manokwari yang merupakan daerah penyangga (buffer zone) yang berbatasan langsung dengan kawasan Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak (CAPA). Keadaan ekonomi masyarakat desa yang marjinal dan kurang mampu yang diperoleh dari kebun yang tidak menentu sehingga alternatif lainnya bergantung pada satwa liar, khususnya berburu rusa. Berdasarkan Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan dan Perkebunan Nomor: 682 / Kps-II / 1988 tentang Penetapan Rusa timor (Cervus timorensis) untuk pemburuan di Papua, Rusa timor merupakan salah satu spesies yang berpotensi untuk meningkatkan gizi dan gizi. Masyarakat ekonomi jauh akan mengakses ternak konvensional. Kelompok masyarakat yang selama ini hanya menjual hasil tangkapannya berupa daging rusa segar dan bacon seringkali kualitas mangsanya mudah rusak karena tidak laku dan jarak ke kota kabupaten cukup jauh serta sisi angkutan yang cukup mahal. Kegiatan ini berlangsung selama delapan bulan bertempat di Kampung Ukopti Tanah Distrik Rubuh Kabupaten Manokwari. Dua kelompok yang dijadikan mitra atau kelompok sasaran kegiatan tersebut adalah kelompok berburu dan menyembelih rusa. Tahapan dari kegiatan ini meliputi ceramah, demonstrasi dan peserta langsung mempraktekan pembuatan dendeng. Hasil praktek pembuatan dendeng harus diadopsi oleh masyarakat / mitra yang sudah mendapatkan pelatihan, terlihat dari produk yang dihasilkan sesuai contoh yang diberikan peserta. Kegiatan ini mendapat apresiasi yang tinggi dari masyarakat Kampung Ukopti yang ditunjukkan dengan kehadiran petugas dan sebagian besar masyarakat selama kegiatan berlangsung. Kata kunci: Dendeng rusa; Pengusaha; Kawasan Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak (CAPA)
Analisis Jumlah Coliform dan Faecal Coli (MPN) pada Daging Sapi dan Ayam di Kota Manokwari Ollong, Abdul Rahman; Palulungan, John Arnold; Arizona, Rizki
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science) Vol 10 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Vete
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46549/jipvet.v10i2.124

Abstract

Abstract Beef and chicken meat are potential as a medium for microbial growth such as coliform bacteria since it has a high nutrients content. Coliform bacteria in a given amount could be used as a hygienic indicator and a sign for the presence of pathogenic bacteria. The aimed of this research was to determine the amount of coliform and Escherichia coli on fresh beef and broiler chicken. The bacterial tests included qualitative tests as presumptive test, confirmed test, completed test whereas quantitavely test as Most Probable Number (MPN) to test the number of coliform and faecal coli. The results showed that pH in beef meat is normal and chicken meat shows under normal pH (pH in beef anf chicken meat are 5,7 – 5,98). Coliform and faecal coli bacteria was detected in 100% of samples had MPN values > 1 MPN/g. It means that the value do not meet eligibility criteria consumption. The high number of Coliform and faecal coli contamination in beef and chicken meat were supposed in relation with market sanitation, cross contamination with other food, low knowledge about hygiene. Keywords: Number of coliform; Beef and chicken; Traditional market Abstrak Daging sapi dan ayam memiliki kandungan nutrisi yang tinggi sehingga menjadi media yang baik untuk pertumbuhan mikroba. Salah satu jenis bakteri yang sering mengkontaminasi yaitu coliform dan faecal coli yang merupakan indikator higienis dan sebagai tanda keberadaan bakteri patogen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung jumlah coliform dan faecal coli pada sampel daging sapi dan ayam yang dijual di pasar traditional kota Manokwari menggunakan uji kualitatif yaitu uji presumptive test, confirmed test, completed test sedangkan kuantitatif yaitu Most Probable Number (MPN) untuk menguji jumlah coliform dan faecal coli. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai pH daging sapi dalam kisaran normal dan pH ayam tergolong rendah yang semuanya pada kisaran 5,7 – 5,98; dan 100% sampel daging sapi, ayam dan pedagang daging terkontaminasi bakteri coliform dan faecal coli dengan nilai MPN yang tidak memenuhi kriteria kelayakan konsumsi, yakni > 1 MPN/g. Tingginya cemaran coliform dan faecal coli pada daging sapi dan ayam terkait dengan faktor kualitas sanitasi pasar, kontaminasi silang dengan bahan makanan lain dan pengetahuan higienitas yang rendah. Kata kunci : Jumlah coliform dan faecal coli; Daging sapi dan ayam; Pasar Tradisional
Renovasi Kandang Kelompok dan Handling Sapi ke Kandang Kelompok di Pilot Project Kampung Jenderau Distrik Kebar Timur Palulungan, John Arnold; Seseray, Daniel Yohanes; Sumpe, Iriani; Ollong, Abdul Rahman; Baaka, Alnita; Purwaningsih, Purwaningsih
IGKOJEI: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 2 No 2 (2021): IGKOJEI: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46549/igkojei.v2i2.191

Abstract

ABSTRACT The biogas program implemented in Jandurau Village has an impact on the community. The community began to renovate the old cattle sheds in the village of Jandurau and herded wild cattle from the forest to be kept in said sheds. The construction of the sheds involved the Jandurau community by utilizing equipment and materials owned by the community along with assistance from Bank Indonesia (BI) West Papua. A supervising team from the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua assisted to ensure the activity went smoothly. Keywords: Cage, Biogas, Jandurau village, Cattle ABSTRAK Program biogas yang dilaksanakan di Kampung Jandurau memberi dampak kepada masyarakat. Masyarakat mulai melakukan renovasi kandang lama yang ada di kampung Jandurau, selain itu masyarakat mulai mengumpulkan ternak-ternak sapi yang awalnya diliarkan di hutan untuk di kandangkan. Pembangunan kandang melibatkan masyarakat Jandurau dengan memanfaatkan peralatan dan bahan yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat dan juga bantuan dari Bank Indonesia (BI) Papua Barat. Tim pendamping dari Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua mendampingi hingga Kegiatan ini berjalan dengan baik. Kata kunci: Kandang, Biogas, Kampung Jandurau, Ternak sapi