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KONSERVASI AIR DAN LINGKUNGAN BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL DI KAWASAN TELAGA MOTOINDRO Rahardjo, Djoko; Prasetyaningsih, Aniek
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang Sosial Ekonomi dan Psikologi The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Telaga Motoindro merupakan telaga yang sangat penting bagi masyarakat Girisuko khususnyaPadukuhan Temuireng II sebagai sumber air bersih. Ketika musim hujan, telaga ini penuh denganair namun pada musim kemarau air telaga seperti menghilang dan dalam waktu semalam airtelaga sudah mulai habis. Kejadian ini terjadi sejak tahun 2012, yang diperkirakan akibat bencanaalam (gempa bumi) serta kerusakan kondisi lingkungan sekitar kawasan telaga akibat praktekperubahan peruntukan lahan, dan penebangan pohon. Mempertimbangkan hal tersebut, mendesakuntuk segera dilakukan program konservasi air dan lingkungan kawasan telaga Motoindro,dengan tujuan untuk menumbuhkan kesadaran, partisipasi masyarakat untuk menjaga kawasantelaga serta secara sadar melakukan gerakan konservasi lingkungan serta memulihkan kondisilingkungan kawasan telaga dan konservasi air.  Program dilakukan selama 4 bulan, dimulai dariobservasi dan identifikasi kebutuhan, pendampingan kelompok masyarakat, penyusunan program,pengembangan kemitraan, pelaksanaan aksi konservasi disekitar kawasan dan pelatihan sertapembentukan kader konservasi. Dari program ini, masyarakat, yang diwakili oleh kelompokpemuda dan beberapa tokoh masyarakat menyadari bahwa masyarakatlah yang harusbertanggung jawab untuk memulihkan kondisi lingkungan telaga, dan melalui pendampinganprogram pengabdian, masyarakat mampu menyusun program, menjalin kemitraan sertamempunyai ketrampilan dalam melakukan konservasi telaga yang ditunjukan dengan terbentuknyakader konservasi. Keyword : Konservasi, lingkungan, telaga
Effect of irrigating fluid temperature on core body temperature during transurethral resection of the prostate Tenggara, Taufan; Rahardjo, Djoko
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2005): July-September
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.785 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v14i3.190

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of irrigating fluid temperature on core body temperature changes in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). A cross sectional study was conducted on 32 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who underwent TURP at our institution between September 2003 and January 2004. Patients were randomized to one of two groups. Standard group consisted of 16 patients who received room temperature irrigating fluid (± 23.6 0C) throughout TURP. Isothermic group consisted of 16 patients whose procedure was performed using warmed irrigating fluid (± 37.2 0C). The irrigating fluid used for both groups was aquabidest. The age, resection time, weight of resected prostate, amount of irrigating fluid used, temperature in the operating theatre, core body temperature at beginning and at conclusion of TURP were recorded for each patient. The t test was used for comparison between both groups and a p value of 0.05 or less was considered significant. The result of this study showed a decrease of core body temperature during TURP, using either room temperature or warmed irrigating fluid (both p = 0.000). None of the patients in either group demonstrated any criteria of hypothermia. The average decrease of core body temperature in  standard group (0.99 0C) was greater than in isothermic group (0.75 0C), but it was not significantly different (p  > 0.05). In conclusion, our study revealed that using either room temperature irrigating fluid or warmed irrigating fluid during TURP could decrease core body temperature at approximately similar level, with no incidence of hypothermia. (Med J Indones 2005; 14: 152-6)Keywords: hyporthermia, body temperature, irrigating fluid
New cutoff point of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) and PSA Density (PSAD) to enhance diagnostic specificity for prostate cancer (Pca) in country with low prostate cancer incidence Rahardjo, Djoko; Gardian, Siti T.K.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2000): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (992.074 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v9i1.733

Abstract

[no abstract available]
Correlation between prostate volume, prostate specific antigen level, prostate specific antigen density and age in the benign prostate hyperplasia patients Rahardjo, Djoko; Birowo, Ponco; Pakasi, Levina S.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 8, No 4 (1999): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.111 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v8i4.722

Abstract

[no abstract available]
Visual laser ablation of the prostate (VILAP): experience of the first one hundred cases in Jakarta Rahardjo, Djoko
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 6, No 4 (1997): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.53 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v6i4.834

Abstract

[no abstract available]
Possible factors influencing high serum Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) in Indonesian patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Rahardjo, Djoko; Pakasi, Levina S.; Birowo, Ponco; Gardian, Siti T.K.; Himawan, Sutisna
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2001): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (811.921 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v10i1.4

Abstract

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) cases in Indonesia frequently associated with high serum prostate specific antigen (PSA). To explore possible factors that could increase serum PSA level, we performed a retrospective, cross-sectional study on 805 consecutive patients in Sumber Waras and Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospitals from 1994 to 1997. Clinical manifestations were evaluated and prostate biopsies were performed if indicated. Complete histopathological data were only available in 82 BPH patients with no urinary retention from 1998-1999 and a thin section of paraffin blocks of BPH patients which still could be found from 1994-1999 was analyzed using flow cytometer to obtain the S-phase fraction as a parameter of proliferative activity, From 805 patients, 461 (57%) presented with urinary retention and need to be catheteized. Catheteization significantly increased PSA level if compared to noncatheterized patients (16.3 vs. 6,8 ng/mL, p= 0,000). Another data of 82 uncatheteized patients from 1998-1999 has revealed that 79 patients (96.3%) had chronic prostatitis and 19 (23.2%) showed the presence of prostatic-intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) with an increase of PSA level (5.4 ng/mL). The S-phase fraction of BPH without PIN cases was significantly higher in cases with PSA > 4 ng/ml than patients with PSA ≤ 4 ng/ml (I3.1% vs. 8.9%, p=0,008). As conclusion, the high serum PSA level was mostly due to urethral catheteization and increased prostate volume. There was a tendency of increasing PSA in subclinical inflammation and PIN. Cases with high PSA also showed high proliferative activities which is suggestive of mitogenic activity. (Med J Indones 2001; 10:22-8)Keywords: BPH, high PSA, PIN, proliferative activity, s-phase fraction
RELATION BETWEEN AGING MALE SYMPTOM SCORE (AMS SCORE) AND AGE Ghinorawa, Tanaya; Rahardjo, Djoko
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 17 No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v17i2.346

Abstract

Objective: To study the relation of the Aging Male Symptom Score (AMS score) with age groups, and to find the age when the AMS score increases. Material & method: In all, 347 patients with age beginning at 50 years underwent an interview with the AMS Score questionnaire, then they were divided according to age in groups, less than or equal to 50 years, 51 – 55 years, 56 – 60 years, and more than 60 years. Results: In the age group less than or equal to 50 years, there were 26 men (7,5%). With an abnormal AMS psychology, there were 18 men, with abnormal AMS somatovegetative score there were 20 men, with an abnormal AMS sexual score 20 men, and with abnormal total AMS Score 14 men. In the age group 51 – 55 years, there were 146 men (42,07%), with an abnormal AMS psychology in 75 men, with abnormal AMS somatovegetative score 114 men, abnormal AMS sexual in 123 men, and abnormal total AMS Score in 71 men. In age group 56 - 60 years there were 48 men (13,83%), abnormal AMS psychology in 35 men, abnormal AMS somatovegetative score in 44 men, abnormal AMS sexual in 45 men, and abnormal total AMS Score in 35 men. In the age group of more than 60 years, there were 127 men (36,6%), abnormal AMS psychology was found in 87 men, abnormal AMS somatovegetative score in 112 men, abnormal AMS total sexual score 122 men, and abnormal total AMS score was in 96 men. All of the AMS score values significantly increased after 55 years old, p value at AMS psychology was 0,005, AMS somatovegetative was 0,000, AMS sexual was 0,000, and at total AMS Score was 0,000. To define the age when AMS score increases. The conclusion was that AMS psychology values begin to increase after 55 years (sensitivity 69,71, specificity 45,93), AMS somatovegetative values increase after 55 years (sensitivity 89,14, specificity 22,09), and total AMS score value begins to increase at 55 years (sensitivity 74,86, specificity 50,58). However, AMS sexual value increase at 50 years (sensitivity 90,34, specificity 23,08). Conclusion: All of the AMS score values increase significantly at 55 years.
PERILAKU AKSES INTERNET MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN TINGGI JARAK JAUH DI SURAKARTA Rahardjo, Djoko; Sumardjo, nFN; P. Lubis, Djuara; Harijati, Sri
Jurnal TEKNODIK Jurnal Teknodik Vol. 20 No. 1, Juni 2016
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kementerian Pendidikan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.006 KB) | DOI: 10.32550/teknodik.v20i1.177

Abstract

Media internet sudah banyak diterapkan untuk berbagai kepentingan dalam dunia pendidikan. Meskipun media internet sudah dikenal luas, mahasiswa pendidikan tinggi jarak jauh yang tinggal di daerah perdesaan di beberapa wilayah Indonesia masih menghadapi permasalahan dalam mengaksesnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara perilaku mahasiswa dalam mengakses internet dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Perilaku akses internet mencakup tiga komponen utama yaitu kogintif, afektif, dan konatif. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku akses internet meliputi faktor lingkungan, karakteristik pesan, dan kredibilitas sumber. Penelitian survei ini dilaksanakan di wilayah Surakarta dengan sampel 320 responden. Data dianalisis dengan metode Model Persamaan Struktural. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa faktor lingkungan berpengaruh nyata terhadap perilaku mahasiswa dalam mengakses internet. Ternyata peningkatan akses internet lebih mudah dilakukan dengan peralatan berupa handphone yang lebih murah, namun dibutuhkan pengembangan perangkat lunak yang sesuai dengan peralatan tersebut. Strategi lain yang mendukung peningkatan akses adalah peningkatan kemampuan mahasiswa dalam menelusur informasi.
Study on the Quality of Broiler Carcasses Stored at Room Temperature After Steaming Treatments Hantoro, A; Rahardjo, Djoko; Santoso, BS
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 7, No 1 (2005): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

This research is conducted to study the effect of steaming time before marketing on quality and storage time of broiler carcasses. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with factorial 3 x 4 was used. The first factor was steaming time, i.e. steaming at 80˚C for 2 minutes, 4 minutes, and 6 minutes. The second factor was storage time at room temperature, i.e. initial condition, 4, 8, and 12 hours. The parameters observed were pH, water holding capacity, and total number of bacteria. Results showed that the interaction between steaming time and storage time had significant effect on pH, and  total number of bacteria. Storage time had significant effect on water holding capacity of broiler carcasses. It can be concluded that steaming at 80˚C before marketing significantly decreases total number of bacteria. Meanwhile, broiler carcasses stored for 8 hour at room temperature showed no significant decrease of carcass quality (pH, water holding capacity and total number of bacteria). (Animal Production 7(1): 1-5 (2005) Key words: Quality of broiler carcasses, steaming time, storage time, room temperature
KEANEKARAGAMAN DAN POTENSI MAKROFUNGI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI Prasetyaningsih, Aniek; Rahardjo, Djoko
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Makrofungi atau jamur yang memiliki tubuh buah merupakan komponen utama dalam ekosistem terestrial dan mempunyai kontribusi penting terhadap ekosistem. Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi (TNGM), sebagai sebuah taman nasional yang relatif baru ditetapkan (2004) dan sangat dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas erupsi merapi, menjadi hal yang menarik mengkaji keanekaragaman makrofunginya baik di lereng selatan maupun utara untuk mengetahui keragaman jenis, distribusi, pemanfaatan dan potensi pengembangannya serta strategi konservasinya. Penelitian dilakukan mulai bulan Maret 2013 hingga Desember 2014, di dua kawasan TNGM yaitu lereng selatan (Telaga Muncar, Telaga Nirmolo dan Turgo) dan lereng utara (Selo dan Stabelan). Penelitian dilakukan dalam tiga tahapan yaitu observasi awal untuk menentukan jalur observasi dan plot untuk penelitian, pengambilan sampel serta pemetaan distribusi makrofungi, dan identifikasi makrofungi. Deskripsi makromorfologi mengikuti deskripsi Bolete and Agaric annotation sheet (B.Ortiz-Santana and D.J. Lodge and Cantrell) Lodge et.al. 2004 dalam Mueller, 2004., sedangkan deskripsi mikromorfologi dilakukan dengan mengamati kharateristik spora (bentuk, warna dan ukuran) Untuk pengklasifikasian digunakan Dictyonary of the Fungi oleh : Kirk, et all. 2008 dan Buku Morphology of Plants and Fungi oleh Bold et all., 1909. Uji potensi senyawa aktif dilakukan dengan metode HTS. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif-kualitatif untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara keragaman, sebaran serta potensi masing-masing spesimen yang ditemukan dan keterkaitannya dengan tipe vegetasinya. Dari hasil observasi dan identifikasi, untuk lereng selatan kawasan TNGM ditemukan 129 spesies, 122 spesies diantaranya teridentifikasi dan 7 spesies sisanya belum teridentifikasi. Dari spesies yang teridentifikasi, dikelompokan kedalam 14 ordo dan 41 famili, sementara untuk lereng utara hanya ditemukan 37 spesies. Spesies yang ditemukan didominasi dari ordo Agaricales dan ordo Aphyllophorales. Keragaman makrofungi paling banyak ditemukan di kawasan Lereng Selatan dibanding dengan Lereng Utara, dan faktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah tipe vegetasi, dan ketersediaan bahan organik bagi pertumbuhan makrofungi. Beberapa spesies makrofungi dari famili Mycenaceae, Polyporaceae, Arauculariaceae dan Tremellaceae memiliki potensi sebagai antibakteri, sedangkan beberapa jenis dari ordo Polyporaceae berpotensi sebagai antioksidan. Bahkan untuk Ganoderma applanatum merupakan spesies yang paling potensial untuk digunakan sebagai biokontrol terhadap bakteri Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzae ; R.s : Ralstonia solanacearum ; P.c: Pectobacterium carotovorum, dengan nilai MIC 1 mg/ml. a dan terdistribusi secara spesifik sesuai dengan karakteristik lingkungan.Keyword : HTS (High Troughput Screening).makrofungi, makromorfologi, TNGM