Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 39 Documents
Search

PENGARUH LAMA PENAMBAHAN BAWANG PUTIH (ALLIUM SATIVUM LINN.) DALAM MINYAK GORENG BEKAS PAKAI TERHADAP PENURUNAN BILANGAN PEROKSIDA Astuti, Dian Wuri; Rahayu, Muji; Sari, Temu Safitri
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (47.473 KB)

Abstract

Cooking oil belongs to a staple food which is frequently needed and used by society. To use itrepeatedly at high temperatures, accompanied by contact with air and water in the fryingprocess will result in damage to it by peroxide of formation. The amount of peroxide is the mostsignificant one to determine the degree of damage to it. The content of peroxide in it that hasbeen used repeatedly, can be reduced by adding antioxidants. Garlic is one of the plants thatcontain allicin and alliin which are antioxidants. This study aims to determine the influencefrom the longing of the addition of garlic toward used cooking oil to decrease the amount ofperoxide. This research is true experiment and the amount of peroxide determined by iodometrictitration. The independent variable is the longing of the addition of garlic and the dependentvariable is the amount of peroxide with Pre and Post Test with Control Group design. The dataobtained are analyzed by using Anova One Way for statistical test with the significance level of5%. The decreases of the amount of peroxide in used cooking oil after long treatments whichare the addition of garlic for 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours, and 4 hours, respectively are 11.18%,55.27%, 55.36%, and 100%. From the analysis of the data, it is obtained that the effect of garlicon the reduction of the amount of peroxide is 78.4%.
PENGARUH MACAM MEDIA DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK FERMENTASI AMPAS TAHU TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN SELEDRI (Apium graveolens L.) SECARA HIDROPONIK Rahayu, Muji; Samanhudi, Samanhudi; Widodo, A.S.
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 5, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v5i2.68

Abstract

Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is a kind of leave vegetable which has a function to be an aroma addition in vegetables. This plant can grow in upland and low land. The best planting time at the first rain has fallen or the end of rain season. For to get continue yield, celery can cultured by hydroponic with use some plant media. Besides that, organic manure can used for increase plant growth and to get safety product. The aims of this research is to know the effect of the kind of media and manure concentration of tofu waste fermentation to growth and yield of celery plant that is planted in hydroponics media. The research was conducted from August until November 2007, at the Green House in Agriculture Faculty of Sebelas Maret University. The research used Complete Random Design (RAD) in factorial, it consists of two factors with three repeating. The first factor is manure concentration of tofu waste fermentation which consist of 0,00kg/l, 0,25 kg/l, 0,50 kg/l, 0,75 kg/l, 1,00 kg/l, and the concentration of 1,25 kg/l. The second factor is the kind of media which consist of sand media, husk charcoal media, and the mixing of sand and husk charcoal media. The result of the research showed that the use of sand and husk charcoal mixing produces the highest level of plant height, leave number, leave wide, wet and dry weight of straw. The treatment of 1 kg/l manure concentration given the best level of plant height, leaf number, leaf wide, root volume, as well as the weight of wet and dry weight of straw. The best combination for celery plant’s growth and development is in the combined of 1 kg/l manure concentration, with the plant media using the mixing of sand and husk charcoal. Key words: media, fermentation, manure of tofu, celery (Apium graveolens L.), hydroponic
UJI ADAPTASI BEBERAPA VARIETAS SORGUM MANIS DI LAHAN KERING WILAYAH JAWA TENGAH DAN JAWA TIMUR Rahayu, Muji; Samanhudi, Samanhudi; Wartoyo, Wartoyo
Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 27, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Uji Adaptasi beberapa Varietas Sorgum Manis di Lahan Kering Wilayah Jawa Tengah dan Jawa Timur. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan mulai bulan Mei sampai dengan Nopember 2011 di lahan kering Kabupaten Karanganyar dan Ngawi. Penelitian disusun secara faktorial dengan rancangan lingkungan Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Lengkap (RAKL) dengan dua faktor perlakuan, yaitu varietas sorgum manis  (Numbu dan Kawali) dan jenis pupuk kandang (ayam, kambing, sapi, kascing, tanpa pupuk).  Data  dianalisis  menggunakan  analisis  ragam  dan  uji  berjarak  Duncan.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (a) varietas Numbu dan Kawali memberikan respon yang tidak berbeda, baik terhadap peubah pertumbuhan maupun komponen hasil sehingga kedua varietas tersebut dapat dikembangkan baik di Kabupaten Karanganyar maupun kabupaten Ngawi; (b). penggunaan pupuk kotoran ayam menghasilkan pertumbuhan dan hasil sorgum manis lebih baik dibandingkan dengan pupuk kotoran sapi, kotoran kambing, kascing, maupun kontrol meliputi; tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, panjang akar, volume akar, panjang malai, berat 1000 biji, diameter batang, berat brangkasan segar, berat brangkasan kering, kandungan nira dan kadar gula.
Effect of Mycorrhizal and Organic Fertilizer on the Growth of Garlic Wicaksono, Muhammad Imam; Rahayu, Muji; Samanhudi, Samanhudi
Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 29, No 1 (2014): Articles in Press
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Garlic has a high price in the market, however, production of garlic has its limitations. The use of chemical fertilizers has shortcomings in terms of environmental sustainability, so  need for organic fertilizer which serves to reduce the negative impact. The study aims to determine interactive between kinds of mycorrhizal and organic fertilizer to garlic, get the appropriate mycorrhizal and to get the Suistainablekind of fertilizer to increase of the garlic yield. The experiment was conducted from January 2013 to August 2013. Research using CRD (completely randomized design) with 2 factors of organic fertilizer (chicken manure, cow manure, goat manure, manure and vermicompost compost) and mycorrhizal types (Gigaspora margarita, Acaulospora sp, Glomus etunicatum). The results showed mycorrhizal mycorrhizal types Gigaspora margarita is suitable and capable of enhancing the growth of garlic, application of organic fertilizers used have not been able to increase the growth and yield of garlic. Applications of various types of mycorrhiza and organic fertilizers have not been able to increase the growth of garlic.
PENGARUH TINGKAT NAUNGAN DAN CEKAMAN AIR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TEMULAWAK (CURCUMA XANTHORRHIZA) Yunus, Ahmad; Rahayu, Muji; Samanhudi, Samanhudi; Pujiasmanto, Bambang; Dewangga, Iwan
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 30, No 1 (2015): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.798 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v30i1.11848

Abstract

Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) is one of superior kind of plant which has many benefits as medicinal plants. Cultivation of temulawak not yet intensively and grown on the land under the trees. Therefore, this research was important to get shade and water stress levels appropriate for cultivation of temulawak and higher producing secondary metabolities. This research used a nested design with two treatment, that is shade (without shade, 25%, 50%, 75%) and water stress (without water stress, 75%, 50%, 25% field capacity) with five replicants. Result were analyzed using analysis of variance and if there significant diference followed by DMRT 5% level. The result showed without shade treatment increase growth of temulawak include number of leaves, fresh weight of plant and dry weight of plants, and shade 50% increase plants height. The treatment of without water stress increase growth and yield of temulawak include number of tillers, number of leaves, fresh weight and dry weight of plants, fresh weight and dry weight of rhizomes. The levels of curcumin increase on shade 25% and water stress 25%.
UJI ADAPTASI BEBERAPA VARIETAS SORGUM MANIS DI LAHAN KERING WILAYAH JAWA TENGAH DAN JAWA TIMUR Rahayu, Muji; Samanhudi, Samanhudi; Wartoyo, Wartoyo
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 27, No 1 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1937.193 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v27i1.14354

Abstract

The research was conducted from May to November 2011 at Central Java (Karanganyar District) and East Java (ngawi district) dry land. The research was used Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and with two treatments, were: sweet sorghum varieties (Numbu dan Kawali) and the kind of manure (chicken, goat, cow, kascing and without manure). The data was analyzed with randomize analisys and Duncan test. The research showed that (a) Numbu and Kawali varieties were gave same respons to growth and yield component variables, so the both varieties can be planting at Central Java (Karanganyar District) and East Java (Ngawi District) dry land; (b) Chicken manure gave the best effect to sweet sorghum growth and yield compared with control, cow, goat, and kascing manure, consist of: plant height, leaf number, root length, root volume, 1000 seed weight, stem diameter, biomass fresh weight, and biomass dry weight, juice content, and sugar content.
GAMBARAN KADAR BESI (Fe) PADA AIR MINUM ISI ULANG DI KABUPATEN SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Astuti1, Dian Wuri; Rahayu, Muji; Prasetya, Hieronimus Rayi
Jurnal Kesehatan SAMODRA ILMU Vol 6, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan SAMODRA ILMU - Juni 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan SAMODRA ILMU

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background :Drinking water is needed by living things,especially humans. The increasingneed for humans to consume drinking water and human activities increasingly busy, thensociety today is more practical to buy drinking water refill. According to the results of thestudy in 2013 noted Dinkes Sleman of 126 depot refill drinking water that has a decenthygienic sanitary certificate only 12 depots and 114 depots rest do not have decent hygieniccertificate, such as excessive iron levels resulting from the means of production that are notmaintained will not cause adverse effects to health, so that people should knowing the termsof drinking water refill fits well with No. PERMENKES.492/MENKES/PER/IV/ 2010 about drinkingwater requirements. The purpose of this study was to determine the iron content in thedescription of drinking water refill in Sleman.Methods: The study was descriptive. The sample to be studied is taken directly from thedepots of drinking water refill located in Sleman district in accordance with the criteria of thelength of the depot operates. Laboratory tests using AAS method (Atomic AbsorptionSpectrophotometry).Results: The study of a sample of drinking water refill as many as 15 samples in Sleman withless iron content ranges from 0,0208 mg/L to 0,3269 mg/L.Conclusion: There is 1 sample iron levels exceeding drinking water requirements Permenkesin Sleman.Keywords: Refill drinking water, iron levels, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN KUALITAS Anthurium hookeri PADA BERBAGAI PEMBERIAN BORON Sakya, Amalia T; Rahayu, Muji; Wijayanti, Retno
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 5, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v5i2.70

Abstract

Anthurium hookeri is one of ornamental plants having high economical and aesthetic value, however they growth slowly. For accelerate their growth can be done by giving accurate nutrient and appropriate concentration. Boron is one of essential nutrient for plant having important role in cell wall and translocation carbohydrate. The aim of this research is to study the effect of applying boron on growth of A. hookeri and to find out the appropriate boron concentration for growth of A. hookeri. The research was arranged based on Split Plot Design with 2 factors and 4 replicates. The main factor was the kind of A. hookeri (green and red) and the sub plot was boron concentration with 4 levels e.i (0; 0,3; 0,6; and 0,9 ppm). The data observation ware analyzed by variance analysis and continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test in level 95 %. The research showed that there was no interaction between the kinds of A. hookeri and boron concentration. Application boron 0,3 ppm increase plant height, number of leaf, and width of leaf red A. hookeri, application boron 0,9 ppm rise plant height, number of leaf, width and quality of the green A. hookeri. Key words: A. hookeri, boron, growth, quality
Pertumbuhan Tomat pada Frekuensi Pengairan yang Berbeda Jumawati, Riana; Sakya, Amalia Tetrani; Rahayu, Muji
Agrosains: Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi Vol 16, No 1 (2014): Agrosains: Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.78 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/agsjpa.v16i1.18906

Abstract

Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) is one of horticulture commodities with high economic value and still need seriously handling especially for increasing fruits quality and quantity. However the production of tomato has not fullfilleed the demand yet. Therefore it is necessary to develop production. On lowland, the issue not only high temperature but also availability of water is unpredictable.This study aimed to investigate the effect of irrigation frequency on the growth of Mutiara, Opal, and Gondol tomato variety. This research was conducted at the Greenhouse Laboratory of the Agriculture Faculty, Sebelas Maret University with attitude 95 m asl. Implementation of the research conducted from January to May 2013. This research used completely randomized factorial design with two factors, namely variety of tomato (Gondol, Opal and Mutiara) and watering frequencies (everyday, once in 3 days, once in 6 days, and once in 9 days). The results showed that plant height, number of leaves and number of branches are influenced by the variety of tomato and irrigation frequency, whereas chorophyl content is influenced by the watering frequency. Growth component and chlorophyll content of tomato decreased with increasing irrigation frequency.
Pengaruh Pemberian Rebusan Daun Salam (Eugenia polyantha Wight.) Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Serum Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Hiperkolesterolemia Afrilliani, Dyah Ari; Supriyanta, Bambang; Rahayu, Muji
Jurnal Teknologi Laboratorium Vol 3 No 2 (2014): 2014 (2)
Publisher : POLTEKKES KEMENKES YOGYAKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (428.42 KB)

Abstract

High levels of LDL cholesterol can lead to heart disease because of clogging and hardening of the arteries. One of the medicinal plants that can reduce levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood is a bay leaf. The content of flavonoids and tannins in the bay leaves serves to lower levels of fat and cholesterol in the blood. This study aims to determine the effect of decoction of bay leaves (Eugenia polyantha Wight.) to the decrease LDL cholesterol level in mice (Rattus norvegicus) with hypercholesterolemia. This study is purely experimental research with Pre and Post Test With Control Group Design, using 25 white rats as experimental animals were divided into five groups, which are the positive control group, three treatment groups and the comparison group. LDL cholesterol levels were measured by the method of Precipitation Reagent For In Vitro Determination of LDL cholesterol with the CHOD-PAP by photometric systems. Data were analyzed descriptively and statistically using One Way ANOVA test and t-test independent sample. Descriptive analysis found the percentage of the decrease of serum LDL cholesterol levels in mice of hypercholesterolemia at doses 0.18 gram/200 gram of weight was 25.96%, at dosess 0.27gram/200 gram of weight was 23:45%, and at doses 0.36 gram/200 gram of weight was 35.94%. Results of One Way ANOVA test showed a significance of 0.000 which means there is the effect of decoction of bay leaves to the decrease of LDL cholesterol levels in mice with hypercholesterolemia. T-test results found that the decoction of bay leaves at doses 0.36 gram/200 gram of weight lowers LDL cholesterol levels were comparable with administration of simvastatin at doses 0.18 mg/200 gram of weight (P > 0.05).The conclusion of this research was the decoction of bay leaves may lower serum LDL cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemic mice with percentage of 25.96% at doses 0.18 gram/200 gram of weight, 23:45% at doses 0.27 gram/200 gram of weight, and 35.94% at doses 0.36 gram/200 gram of weight. The decoction of bay leaves at doses 0.36 gram/200 gram of weight may lower LDL cholesterol levels which comparable with administration of simvastatin at doses 0.18 mg/200 gram of weight (p > 0.05).