Raafqi Ranasasmita
Department of Pathology and Anatomy- Faculty of Medicine, Indonesia University

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Correlation between hypoxia inducible factor -1α and renin expression in rats kidney induced by cobalt chloride Prijanti, Ani R.; Ranasasmita, Raafqi; Sandra, Yurika; Wanandi, Septelia I.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 3 (2012): August
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (675.183 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v21i3.491

Abstract

Background: Cobalt chloride can be used as an agent to stabilize hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and to imitate hypoxia without low levels of oxygen inside the body. We intended to investigate if there was any regulation of renin expression by HIF-1α. Therefore, we conducted several studies to clarify this possibility starting with the induction of hypoxic mimicry in rats by intra-peritoneal (IP) injection of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) to obtain the levels and pattern of HIF-1α and renin mRNA and protein expression.Methods: Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into four groups, control group and incubation groups 2, 8, and 24 hours after intra-peritoneal injection of 30 mg CoCl2 per kg BW. After the rats were sacrificed, kidneys were excised, weighed and kidney weight compared to BW. Tissue parameters were measured such as RNA concentration, HIF-1α protein by ELISA, and renin mRNA by RT-PCR.Results: Differences between the groups in the ratios of kidney weight to BW and in the concentrations of HIF-1α protein were statistically not significant (p > 0.05). Relative expression of renin mRNA increased markedly starting 8 hours after CoCl2 IP injection (30 times over controls) and further rising until 24 hours (2465 times over controls). Correlation between HIF-1α and renin mRNA by Pearson analysis was strongly positive, but not significant (R = 0.91; p = 0.09).Conclusion: Renin gene regulation in renal hypoxic mimicry strongly correlates with HIF-1α. (Med J Indones. 2012;21:128-32)Keywords: Cobalt chloride (CoCl2), hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), renin
The Influence of DMBA (7,12-dimethylbenz-[a]anthracene) Regimen In The Development of Mammae Carcinogénesis on Sprague Dawley Female Rat Wibowo, Agung Eru; Sriningsih, .; Wuyung, Puspita Eka; Ranasasmita, Raafqi
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4.399 KB)

Abstract

There are many methods for development  of mammae cancer animal model, one of which is chemical induction using carcinogenic  agent, DMBA. This research aimed to explore the influence of dose and time regimens of DMBA on development of mammae carcinogenesis on Sprague dawley female rats. The first study was 50 rats treated with 20 mg/kg bw of DMBA orally for eleven times at twice a week. Morphological evaluations were conducted with mammae palpation for 15 weeks and then all of  rats were sacrificed for collecting mammae organs for histological analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining. The results showed that the first and the latest nodules appeared at the fourth-week and the fourteenth-week after ending DMBA induction, respectively, in which the  most often nodule appearances were at the seventh-week. The number of nodule incidence and multiplicity were by 74% and 2 noduls/rat, respectively. Histological analysis of mammae glands determined that they fell under in Ductal Carcinoma Invasive (DCIV) category. The second study was 25 rats gavaged orally with DMBA at dose 20 mg/kg bw for five times every three days. After palpating for 15 weeks, the results showed that no nodule was observed but the histological analysis demonstrated developing of mammae gland carcinogenesis reaching about 60%  Ductal Carcinoma Insitu (DCIS) and 40% Ductal Carcinoma Invasive (DCIV) stages. Based on the results of this study can be concluded that the dose and frequency of DMBA will affect the successful development of mammary gland carcinogenesis. In DMBA induction with low frequency, no data showed the incidence and multiplicity of tumor, but histopathologic level  carcinogenesis can be distinguished. In DMBA induction with high frequency, incidence and multiplicity of tumor data can be obtained but can not be distinguished histopathologically.
Ekstraksi DNA dari Daging Segar untuk Analisis dengan Metode Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Hutami, Rosy; Bisyri, Hanifah; Sukarno, Sukarno; Nuraini, Henny; Ranasasmita, Raafqi
JURNAL AGROINDUSTRI HALAL Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Agroindustri Halal
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.234 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jah.v4i2.1409

Abstract

DNA extraction is needed in the analysis using the Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method because this method identifies nucleic acids. Some extraction methods that can be selected including commercial kits extraction method and phenol-chloroform extraction method. The purpose of this study was to obtain the best quality DNA extract between the two extraction methods. The DNA extraction process produced DNA concentrations between 31.06 - 410.18 ng / ml for the commercial kit DNA extract and 212.60 - 1502.30 ng / ml for the phenol-choroform DNA extract, while the purity of DNA were 1.82-2.02 for commercial kit DNA extract and 1.93-2.02 for phenol-chloroform DNA extract. The concentration and purity of extracts produced from both methods meet the requirements for molecular analysis. The purity and visualization results of commercial kit DNA extract are better than those produced from extraction from the phenol-chloroform method. DNA extract obtained from the commercial kit method was chosen to be used in the amplification stage of the method (LAMP).
The Influence of DMBA (7,12-dimethylbenz-[a]anthracene) Regimen In The Development of Mammae Carcinogénesis on Sprague Dawley Female Rat Wibowo, Agung Eru; Sriningsih, Sriningsih; Wuyung, Puspita Eka; Ranasasmita, Raafqi
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev1iss1pp60-66

Abstract

There are many methods for development of mammae cancer animal model, one of which is chemical induction using carcinogenic agent, DMBA. This research aimed to explore the influence of dose and time regimens of DMBA on development of mammae carcinogenesis on Sprague dawley female rats. The first study was 50 rats treated with 20 mg/kg bw of DMBA orally for eleven times at twice a week. Morphological evaluations were conducted with mammae palpation for 15 weeks and then all of rats were sacrificed for collecting mammae organs for histological analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining. The results showed that the first and the latest nodules appeared at the fourth-week and the fourteenth-week after ending DMBA induction, respectively, in which the most often nodule appearances were at the seventh-week. The number of nodule incidence and multiplicity were by 74% and 2 noduls/rat, respectively. Histological analysis of mammae glands determined that they fell under in Ductal Carcinoma Invasive (DCIV) category. The second study was 25 rats gavaged orally with DMBA at dose 20 mg/kg bw for five times every three days. After palpating for 15 weeks, the results showed that no nodule was observed but the histological analysis demonstrated developing of mammae gland carcinogenesis reaching about 60% Ductal Carcinoma Insitu (DCIS) and 40% Ductal Carcinoma Invasive (DCIV) stages. Based on the results of this study can be concluded that the dose and frequency of DMBA will affect the successful development of mammary gland carcinogenesis. In DMBA induction with low frequency, no data showed the incidence and multiplicity of tumor, but histopathologic level carcinogenesis can be distinguished. In DMBA induction with high frequency, incidence and multiplicity of tumor data can be obtained but can not be distinguished histopathologically.Keywords: DMBA, doses, carcinogenesis, mammae, histopatology
Ekstraksi DNA dari Daging Segar untuk Analisis dengan Metode Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Hutami, Rosy; Bisyri, Hanifah; Sukarno, Sukarno; Nuraini, Henny; Ranasasmita, Raafqi
JURNAL AGROINDUSTRI HALAL Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Agroindustri Halal
Publisher : Lembaga Riset dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.234 KB) | DOI: 10.30997/jah.v4i2.1409

Abstract

DNA extraction is needed in the analysis using the Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method because this method identifies nucleic acids. Some extraction methods that can be selected including commercial kits extraction method and phenol-chloroform extraction method. The purpose of this study was to obtain the best quality DNA extract between the two extraction methods. The DNA extraction process produced DNA concentrations between 31.06 - 410.18 ng / ml for the commercial kit DNA extract and 212.60 - 1502.30 ng / ml for the phenol-choroform DNA extract, while the purity of DNA were 1.82-2.02 for commercial kit DNA extract and 1.93-2.02 for phenol-chloroform DNA extract. The concentration and purity of extracts produced from both methods meet the requirements for molecular analysis. The purity and visualization results of commercial kit DNA extract are better than those produced from extraction from the phenol-chloroform method. DNA extract obtained from the commercial kit method was chosen to be used in the amplification stage of the method (LAMP).
Effect of glucose on reduced glutathione level in Malay uncomplicated type 2 diabetes patients Subandrate; Ranasasmita, Raafqi
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 4, No 1 (2021) (In Progress)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.13

Abstract

Background: Increasing blood sugar level may increase free radical compounds in type 2 diabetes. Free radical compounds can cause oxidative stress, thereby decreasing endogenous antioxidants such as reduced glutathione (GSH). Objective: This study aimed to determine whether random blood glucose levels affect GSH in type 2 diabetes patients within the Malay race. Methods: This study was observational with case-control, involving 25 patients with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes (receiving metformin and/or glimipiride) and 25 healthy controls. Random blood glucose levels were determined using ACCU-CHECK® Kit. Blood GSH levels were determined by Sigma GSH Assay Kit. Results: Results show that type 2 diabetes patients have a significantly lower random blood glucose level compared with those of age-matched normal subjects (p<0.0001). Type 2 diabetic patients had significantly lower levels of GSH (p=0.00) than those of age-matched normal subjects. We found a moderate negative correlation (r=-0.437 and p=0.02) between the level of random blood glucose and the level of GSH. Conclusion: The depletion of GSH during hyperglycemia may neutralize the free radicals indirectly generated by the abundant of glucose.
Integration of ISO 22000 (2018) and HAS 23000 through Management System Audit: Case Study in Corned Beef Producer Elizabeth, Irma Rosiana; Suyatma, Nugraha Edhi; Yuliana, Nancy Dewy; Ranasasmita, Raafqi; Syaifullah, Syahnada Jaya
Indonesian Journal of Halal Research (IJHAR) Vol 3, No 2 (2021): August
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/ijhar.v3i2.13515

Abstract

Integrated Management System (IMS) based audit can assist the internal and external auditor to conduct an audit effectively and efficiently while checking compliance of Food Safety Management System and Halal Assurance System in the food industry. Corned beef is a product categorized as critical both in terms of halal and food safety. Implementing a food safety management system and halal assurance in corned beef industries is a challenge for producers and external auditors from inspection agencies. Based on the requirements equality approach, an Integrated Management System can be developed, referring to ISO 22000 : 2018 and HAS 23000. This research aims to combine the requirements of ISO 22000 : 2018 and HAS 23000 to be used for audit activity, as well as formulating recommendations for the corned beef producers in both requirements based on a new version of ISO 22000 : 2018. According to the analysis of requirements equality on each requirement objective, there are 14 of 30 sub-clauses of ISO 22000 : 2018 that can be integrated with 9 HAS criteria. There are 2 HAS criteria that cannot be integrated with sub clauses of ISO 22000 : 2018, namely criteria number 4 material and 5 product. When the IMS clauses are used in audit to one of corned beef company, the percentage of compliance with the IMS requirements is 90.6% in PT XYZ. The nonconformities related to ISO 22000 : 2018 found on a new clause that has not existed in the previous version ISO 22000: 2005. This gap creates some recommendations for PT XYZ. However, IMS based audit makes the audit for halal and food safety compliance be more effective that can combine checking of food safety and halal in one audit. Furthermore, IMS based audit makes the audit be more time efficient, by reducing the mandays.