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PENGARUH KONSUMSI MAKANAN LAUT TERHADAP KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI DI DESA MALALAYANG DUA Masengi, Stephen; Palar, Stella; Rotty, Linda
eBiomedik Vol 1, No 1 (2013): eBiomedik
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ebm.1.1.2013.4626

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Abstract: Hypertension is one of the important preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries. ?-3 and ?-6 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), are essential for the body and obtained from food. Fish oil is useful to change ?-3 to ?-6 in lowering blood pressure (BP), the risk of myocardial infarction and useful in life-threatening situation. The purpose of this study was to obtain the prevalence of hypertension in Malalayang Dua village and the relationship between seafood consumption with the prevalence of hypertension in that area. The research sample was urban communities of Malalayang Dua village Lingkungan III over the age of 18 years. We use category of hypertension and non-hypertension by the U.S. Joint National Committee (JNC) 7, and seafood consumption divided by less, moderate and much. Completion of the questionnaire by the study subjects, BP measurement using an aneroid sphygmomanometer and analysis of data to determine the relationship between the consumption of seafood with BP, using linear regression analysis. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension in this area is 6.3%, and there is a significant relationship between seafood consumption and hypertension (p = 0.001). Keywords : hypertension, seafood consumption   Abstrak: Hipertensi merupakan salah satu penyebab penting dari morbiditas dan mortalities yang dapat dicegah di negara maju dan berkembang. Asam lemak, yaitu poly-unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ?-3 dan ?-6,penting untuk tubuh dan didapatkan dari makanan. Minyak ikan berguna untuk mengubah ?-3 menjadi ?-6 dalam menurunkan tekanan darah (TD) dan berbagai risiko terjadinya miokard infark pada situasi yang berbahaya dan mengancam jiwa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh angka kejadian hipertensi di masyarakat  kelurahan Malalayang Dua dan hubungan antara konsumsi makanan laut dengan angka kejadian hipertensi tersebut. Sampel penelitian adalah masyarakat kelurahan Malalayang Dua Lingkungan III yang berusia lebih dari 18 tahun. Kriteria tekanan darah pada penelitian ini berdasarkan US Joint National Committee (JNC) 7, dan konsumsi makanan laut dibagi atas kurang, sedang dan banyak. Pengisian kuesioner oleh subyek penelitian, pengukuran TD menggunakan sfigmomanometer aneroid dan analisa data untuk mengetahui hubungan antara konsumsi makanan laut dengan TD, menggunakan analisa regresi linear. Kesimpulan: Angka hipertensi di daerah ini yaitu, 6,3%, dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara konsumsi makanan laut dengan kejadian hipertensi (p=0.001). Kata Kunci : hipertensi, konsumsi makanan laut
KEJADIAN PREHIPERTENSI PADA SISWA SMA DI MINAHASA SELATAN Wantania, Frans; Rotty, Linda
JKK (Jurnal Kedokteran Klinik) Vol 3, No 2 (2019): JURNAL KEDOKTERAN KLINIK
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNSRAT

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Abstract

AbstractBackground: Subject with prehypertension is in higher risk to have cardiovascular event in the future. Moreover, that it is accompanied with other risk factors such as obesity, smoking, or diabetes mellitus, This research is aimed to look for the correlation between physical activity with the incidence of prehypertension in senior high school on South Minahasa region. Method: This study was held in one of the senior high school in South Minahasa region. Blood pressure, weight measurement and abdominal circumference was examined. Physical activity measurement was based on questionnaire. Definition of prehypertension based on JNC7 criteria is systolic blood pressure more than 120mmHg but less than 140 mmHg, with the diastolic pressure within 80-90mmHg. Furthermore, statistical analysis was done using SPSS computer program to determine the correlation between physical activity and incidence of hypertension. Result: Prehypertension incidence and hypertension in this study was 26% which male student were found more than female student.: ConclusionPrehypertension and hypertension incidence amongst senior high school in South Minahasa were quite high (26%)Key word: Prehypertension, senior high school student AbstrakLatar Belakang: Subyek dengan prehipertensi lebih beresiko mengalami kejadian kardiovaskular di masa mendatang.  Apalagi bila disertai dengan faktor resiko lainnya seperti obesitas,  merokok, atau DM.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian prehipertensi pada pelajar SMA di Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. Metodologi: Penelitian ini dilakukan di salah satu SMA di Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. Dilakukan pemeriksaan tekanan darah, berat badan, dan lingkar perut.  Penentuan aktivitas fisik subyek ditetapkan berdasarkan hasil pengisisian kuesioner.  Definisi prehipertensi berdasarkan kriteria dari JNC 7 yaitu tekanan darah sistolik lebih dari 120 mmHg tapi kurang dari 140 mmHg, dan atau tekanan darah diastolik lebih dari 80 mmHg tapi kurang dari 90 mmHg.  Selanjutya dilakukan uji statistik menggunakan program komputer SPSS untuk melihat hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian prehipertensi. Hasil: Kejadian prehipertensi dan hipertensi pada penelitian ini sebanyak 26% dimana Siswa pria lebih banyak dari mahasiswa wanita. Kesimpulan: Kejadian prehipertensi dan hipertensi pada siswa SMA di Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan cukup tinggi (26%). Kata Kunci: Prehipertensi, Siswa SMA
NILAI TROMBOSIT PADA PASIEN PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISIS DI UNIT HEMODIALISIS BAGIAN/SMF ILMU PENYAKIT DALAM FK UNSRAT BLU RSUP PROF. DR. R. D. KANDOU MANADO Kaparang, Jesinta; Moeis, Emma Sy; Rotty, Linda
eBiomedik Vol 1, No 1 (2013): eBiomedik
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ebm.1.1.2013.1170

Abstract

Abstract : Bacground: Stadium V Chronic Kidney Disease is less than 15 ml/mnt GFR, there is an accumulation of toxin uremia in blood that could harm the survival of patient, it is required a substitute therapy for the kidney,which is called hemodialysis. Hemodialisis needs anticoagulation, so blood clotting in circuit extracorporeal does not occur. In its development, have been tried several kinds of anticoagulation technique and anticoagulant which is made based on the state of the patient such as heparin, but in its using it can cause side effects. The work of heparin as anticoagulant dependents on anti thrombin (AT-III) that is an inhibitor of various factor of clotting. Heparin can cause changing of homeostasis because of its effect to the function of thrombosis ( thrombosis aggregation ) even to reduce the number of thrombosis ( Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia ) . Purpose: To know and to study about the value of thrombosis in CKD patient who endure hemodialysis in unit hemodialisis Department of Internal Medicine BLU RSUP Prof. Dr.R.D. Kandou Manado.Method : Descriptive retrospective, using secondary data medic record in unit hemodyalisis Department of Internal Medicine BLU RSUP Prof. DR .R. D. Kandou Manado. Result: The thrombocytopenia patient increased on HD > 96 X, most of them are men in range 51 – 60 years old. Conclusion: CKD patient who endure hemodyalisis generally have normal thrombosis value, number of thrombocytopenia case is 25,45 % and number of most occurrence is commonly to men Keywords: chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis, thrombocytopenia.   Abstrak: Latar Belakang: Penyakit ginjal kronik stadium V yaitu LFG kurang dari 15 ml/mnt terdapat akumulasi toksin uremia dalam darah yang dapat membahayakan kelangsungan hidup pasien, sehinga di perlukan terapi penganti ginjal, terapi pengganti ginjal tersebut berupa hemodialisis. Pada hemodialisis diperlukan antikoagulasi supaya tidak terjadi pembekuan darah didalam sirkuit ekstrakorporeal. Dalam perkembangannya telah dicoba beberapa macam teknik antikoagulasi dan antikoagulan yang dibuat berdasarkan keadaan pasien,seperti heparin tetapi dalam pengunaanya heparin dapat memberikan efek samping Kerja heparin sebagai antikoagulasi bergantung pada antitrombin (AT-III) yaitu suatu inhibitor dari berbagai faktor pembekuan. Heparin menyebabkan perubahan hemostasis karena efeknya terhadap fungsi trombosit (agregasi trombosit) bahkan menurunkan jumlah trombosit (Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia). Tujuan:Mengetahui dan mempelajari nilai trombosit pada pasien PGK yang menjalani hemodialisis di unit hemodialisis bagian/SMF Ilmu Penyakit Dalam BLU RSUP. Prof.Dr.R.D.Kandou manado. Metode Penelitian: Deskriptif retospektif dengan mengunakan data sekunder rekam medik di unit Hemodialisis Bagian/SMF Ilmu Penyakit dalam BLU RSUP  Prof.DR. R. D. Kandou  Manado. Hasil: Pasien yang mengalami trombositopeni mengalami peningkatan pada Hemodialisis lebih dari 96 kali, terbanyak berjenis kelamin laki – laki pada kelompok umur 51 – 60 tahun. Simpulan: Pasien PGK yang menjalani hemodialisis pada umumnya mempunyai nilai trombosit normal, jumlah kasus trombositopeni 25,45%, dan angka kejadian terbanyak umumnya pada laki –laki. Kata Kunci: Penyakit ginjal kronik, hemodialisis, trombositopeni
Correlation between hemoglobin, serum albumin, body mass index, hemodialysis shift time and hemodialysis adequacy with quality of life in hemodialysis patients Tanod, Darryl Virgiawan; Rotty, Linda; Palar, Stella; Moeis, Emma
Indonesian Journal of Kidney and Hypertension Vol 1 No 1 (2018): September - December 2018
Publisher : PERNEFRI (PERHIMPUNAN NEFROLOGI INDONESIA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.75 KB) | DOI: 10.32867/inakidney.v1i1.4

Abstract

Background CKD Patients on routine hemodial­ysis (HD) are prone to medical complications and conditions that are potentially detrimental to the quality of life (QoL), such as anemia, malnutri­tion, low body mass index (BMI), HD shift time, and HD adequacy measured by Kt/V. CKD patients undergoing routine HD mostly have lowered QoL and are at higher risk for malnutrition, inflammation, hospitalization, and mortality, compared to the general population. This study intends to find out wheth­er there is a correlation between these factors and the quality of life of patients undergoing rou­tine hemodialysis. Methods The design of this study is a cross-sectional analysis of observational data. Hemodialysis patients from general hospital Prof. dr. R. D. Kandou Manado for 3 months from August to October 2017 were included. Fifty-two patients meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The correlation between quality of life with anemia, serum albumin, BMI, adequacy of HD, using Pearson correlation test (if normality test fulfilled) or Spearman correlation test (if the normality test not fulfilled) and Independent Samples T-test to assess the quality of life with HD shift time. Results This study found no correlation between hemoglobin levels (p=0.244, r=-0.098), BMI (p=0.473, r=-0.010), HD timing (p=0.082) and quality of life of the patients, but a significant correlation between se­rum albumin (p=0.020, r=0.286), HD adequacy mea­sured by Kt/V (p=0.030, r=0.257) and subjects’ qual­ity of life. Conclusion This study showed that serum albumin and Kt/V values had a significant correlation with quality of life, while hemoglobin, BMI and dialy­sis shift time are not related to the quality of life.
PROFIL LIPID PADA PASIEN DENGAN PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER DI BLU RSUP PROF. DR. R. D. KANDOU TAHUN 2012 Lee, Jian A.; Rotty, Linda; Wantania, Frans E.
e-CliniC Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal e-CliniC (eCl)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ecl.3.1.2015.7480

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Abstract: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a health problem that increases the number of events globally. Medical doctor as the first line in the treatment of diabetes are required to have good knowledge about its management. Students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Sam Ratulangi trained to become medical doctor were had good knowledge about management of diabetes melitus. The problem is what is the description of knowledge about DM management on undergraduate students and professional education programs of medical doctor (P3D) students. This study aimed to compare the level of knowledge about DM management among undergraduate students and P3D students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Sam Ratulangi. This was a descriptive analytical study with a quantitative approach involving 80 subjects were selected based consecutive sampling and was answered the questionnaire about knowledge of DM management. Results: The subjects knowledge about DM management in undergraduate students from 40 subject result 1 subject (2.5%) are included in the category of good knowledge, 7 subject (17.5%) had moderate knowledge and 32 subjects (80%) are included of low knowledge. From the P3D students, 3 subjects (7.5%) with good knowledge category, 25 subjects (62.5%) with moderate knowledge and 12 subjects (30%) with low knowledge category. Conclusion: Knowledge level about DM management among undergraduate students was still low. P3D student knowledge level about diabetes management was classified as moderate. Knowledge level about diabetes management among P3D students was better than undergraduate students.Keywords: Knowledge, medical students, management of diabetes mellitusAbstrak: Penyakit Jantung Koroner merupakan salah satu bentuk dari penyakit kardiovaskuler (penyakit jantung dan pembuluh darah) yang menjadi penyebab kematian nomor satu di dunia. Penyebab PJK secara pasti belum diketahui, meskipun demikian secara umum dikenal berbagai faktor yang berperan penting terhadap timbulnya PJK yang disebut sebagai faktor risiko PJK seperti Dislipidemia , Hipertensi , dan obesitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk Mencari tahu Peran penting Peningkatan profil Lipid pada pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner di BLU RSUP Prof Kandou tahun 2012. Penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian yang bersifat deskriptif dan dilaksanakan dengan cara mengambil / mengumpulkan data sekunder rekam medis sebanyak 32 sampel di Bagian Ilmu Penyakit Dalam sub.bagian kardiovaskuler RSUP Prof. DR. R. D. Kandou Manado. Dari 32 sampel pasien Penyakit jantung koroner Manado81%(26 orang) dengan kolestrol total yang di inginkan , 91%(29 orang) dengan LDL rendah , 69%(22 orang) dengan trigliserida yang di inginkan , dan 47%(16 orang) dengan LDL batas normal tertinggi. Simpulan: Profil lipid sangat berperan penting dalam proses terjadinya penyakit jantung koroner terutama pada peningkatan LDL dan penurunan HDLKata kunci: pengetahuan, mahasiswa kedokteran, manajemen diabetes mellitus