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KAJIAN PENENTUAN UKURAN PRIORITAS REHABILITASI HUTAN DAN LAHAN DI SUB-SUB DAS RIAM KIWA KALIMANTAN SELATAN Ruslan, Muhammad; Rosdiana, Mrs.
Jurnal Hutan Tropis Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Hutan Tropis

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Abstract

The purpose of research was: a) determine the level of criticality of land in each land unit and land cover analysis based on several biophysical parameters, b) musty know the particular socioeconomic population pressure and values support the societies in Sub-Sub-watershed Riam Kiwa and c) determining the sequence of priority areas of forest and land rehabilitation. Objects observed in this study were mixed garden, shrub and reed. The results showed that there is a critical level of land on five units of land with different land cover, varying from the level of the critical potential, rather critical, critical and very critical. Population pressure value of 0.46, and the value of social support economic was 47.51, the socio-economic aspects including ratings Very Strong. Direction of land use consists of: a) Land is rather critical and critical potential contained in a mixture of garden soil cover remains as directed but necessary action mixed garden maintenance and rejuvenation to the type of rubber seeds and fruits, b) Land critical and very critical in reeds and shrubs were targeted locations reforestation and forest plant communities by involving people in the surrounding forest, in order to increase welfare communities around forest areas.
KAJIAN RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU DALAM RANGKA PEMBENTUKAN HUTAN KOTA DI BANJARBARU Ruslan, Muhammad; Rahmad, Basuki
Jurnal Hutan Tropis Vol 13, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Hutan Tropis

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Abstract

Target of this research is to analyses wide and spreading of Green Open Space of Banjarbaru based on land cover condition, area wide, amount of residence, and CO2 that have been produced: making simulation of green open space requirement until year 2030. Based on result analysis of land cover, estimate of green open space wide of Banjarbaru achieve 26.577,54 hectare or about 71,56 percent of Banjarbaru total wide (37.138 hectare) and the rest is non vegetation area for the width of 10.560,47 hectare or about  28,44 %. Based on land cover existing condition in year 2010, in Banjarbaru needn´t be increased of Green Open Space wide because still sufficient. While for recommendation to increasing of Green Open Space wide for the North Banjarbaru District, in the year 2020 is 3.74 hectare. For year 2030, South Banjarbaru district is 104.05 hectare, North Banjarbaru district for the width of 331.20 hectare and Liang Anggang district for the width of 138.24 hectare, even though, Cempaka district and Landasan Ulin district needn´t be increased of Green Open Space wide. Trembesi/ Ki Hujan (Samanea saman), Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) and Tanjung (Mimusops elengi) recommended recommended for Green Open Space plants. Keywords: Green Open Space, emission CO2 , absorption CO2
MAKRIFATAKUNTANSI, DETERMINASI PUNCAK PERJALANAN SPIRITUALITAS AKUNTANSI: SUATU TINJAUAN ONTOLOGIS Ruslan, Muhammad; Alimuddin, Alimuddin
Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Jurusan Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Accounting makrifat, determination of journey of accounting spirituality: ontological evaluation. Accounting is basically a product of ideol-ogy was form as an ideological instrument to construct of reality. Logic Contradic-tions in building basic ontology of accounting to reproduce the contradictions in reality be the form of contradictions that lead to inequality and marginalization. The presence of Islamic accounting to be deconstructing the power of capitalism, altough in fact impressed’’ barren’’. The spirit of Islam as liberation ideology is reduced in the grip of market power. Therefore, an ontological perspective review to reassess the basic philosophy of Islamic accounting. Efforts to redefine and re-parse the critical relations with Islamic as ideology of science in accounting as a doctrinal-theoretical framework. Creating patterns to be Islamic of ideology in accounting as a basic framework for understanding the scope Islamic accounting study, by positions’’ liberation’’ as the highlight of the discourse (makrifat) Islamic accounting.Abstrak: Makrifat akuntansi, determinasi puncak perjalanan spirituali-tas akuntansi: suatu tinjauan ontologism. Akuntansi pada dasarnya adalah produk ideologis yang lahir sebagai instrumentdalam mengkonstruk realitas. Kontradiksi logicdalam bangunan dasar ontologi akuntansi akan mereproduksi model-model kontradiksi dalam realitas berupa lahirnya pertentangan-perten-tangan yang berujung pada ketimpangan dan marginalisasi. Hadirnya ideologis akuntansi Islam dalam mengdekonstruksi kuasa akuntansi kapitalisme, dalam kenyataannya terkesan ‘’mandul’’. Semangat pembebasan Islam sebagai ideologi tereduksi dalam cengkeraman kuasa pasar. Oleh karenanya tinjauan ontolo-gis merupakan sudut pandang untuk menilai kembali filosofi dasar akuntansi Islam. Upaya untuk meredefinisi dan mengurai kembali dengan kritis hubun-gan Islam sebagai ideologi dengan akuntansi sebagai ilmu pengetahuan dalam kerangka doktrinal-teoritis. Menciptakan pola pengideologisasian Islam dalam akuntansi sebagai kerangka dasar untuk memahami ruang lingkup kajian akun-tansi Islam, dengan menempatkan ‘’pembebasan’’ sebagai puncak perjalanan (makrifat) akuntansi Islam
ANALISIS POTENSI SIMPANAN KARBON HUTAN MANGROVE DI AREA PT. INDOCEMENT TUNGGAL PRAKARSA, TBK P 12 TARJUN Ariani, Eva; Ruslan, Muhammad; Kurnain, Akhmad; Kissinger, Kissinger
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Enviroscienteae Volume 12 Nomor 3, November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (594.79 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v12i3.2456

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the structure of the mangrove forest stands in a conservation area PT. Indocement P12 Tarjun, South Kalimantan. To determine the potential amount of carbon stored in vegetation and soils di area mangrove forests. Merumuskah form of management in accordance with mangrove forests owned by PT Indocement Tunggal Tbk P 12 Tarjun. The results of this study show the type of vegetation that are within the plot observation is Aegicera corniculatum, Acivennia alba, Avicennia lanata, Avicennia Marina, Bruguera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera parviflora, Ceriops decandra, Lumnitzera, Rhizophora apiculate, Rhizophora mucronata, Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, Acanthus ebracteatus, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Nypa fruticans, Terminalia catappa and type of vegetation present in the area of research, but is not included in the observation plot is Acrostichum aureum Linn, Pandanus odoratissima. Importance Value Index (IVI) lenata kind Avicennia highest growth rate of the tree that is 80,2%, Rhizophora apiculata at the level of the pole that is 57%, and Nypa fruticans at the seedling stage is 20,8%. To Nypa fruticans, though IVIs largest/highest species of plants in the seedling stage but this type is only found on two research plots only. Total carbon content was found at the study site was at 714,77 per hectare. The study was conducted on biomass carbon on the surface, lower plants, nekromassa (dead trees), and mangrove sediments (ground). Carbon sequestration at a site can be seen from the height and diameter of trees while a vegetation type had no significant effect on the absorption of carbon. Environmental management in the form of replanting are research needs to be done to avoid more severe harm than good because of logging by humans atupun affected by coastal erosion. Type Lumnitzera, Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea, Ceriops decandra should get more attention because it has a very low INP hat is necessary to manage lebis so it can be adjusted with the handling principles of environmental factors such as tidal conditions, sediment, pH, salinity
ANALISIS FAKTOR PENYEBAB KEBAKARAN HUTAN DAN LAHAN SERTA UPAYA PENCEGAHAN YANG DILAKUKAN MASYARAKAT DI KECAMATAN BASARANG KABUPATEN KAPUAS KALIMANTAN TENGAH Loren, Aditiea; Ruslan, Muhammad; Yusran, Fadly H.; Rianawati, Fonny
EnviroScienteae Vol 11, No 1 (2015): EnviroScienteae Volume 11 Nomor 1, April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.019 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v11i1.1950

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This study aims to identify the causes, prevention, and analyze the characteristics of the relationship with the peoples of the community efforts around the scene of the fire. The samples were the people residing in the District Basarang taken using Slovin formula with 10 % percent inaccuracy. In identifying the causes of the fire based on what is know to the respondents while prevention efforts using parameters : the creation of firebreaks, clean the fuel under forest stands/land, controlled burning and noticed the burning time. Characteristics of respondents to prevention using three characteristics such as age, education and occupation. The results showed that the fires in the District Basarang caused by agricultural land clearing by burning, throwing cigarette butts carelessly, the presence of fuel/dry combustible materials, sparks coming from the region and due to natural factors such as long dry season. Efforts to prevent fires by creating firebreaks dominated 88.8%, clean the fuel under forest stands/land 72.4%, conduct controlled burn 71.4%, and 53.1% of the time of burning. The variables of age, education, and community work towards making firebreaks and burning have a relationship that is being controlled. The variables of age, education, and community work against efforts to clean the fuel under forest stands/land and of the time of combustion have a pretty strong and powerful
ANALISIS PENERAPAN KONSEP ECO-AIRPORT DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE WILLINGNESS TO PAY DI BANDAR UDARA SYAMSUDIN NOOR BANJARMASIN KALIMANTAN SELATAN Masrun, Masrun; Ruslan, Muhammad; Mahyudin, Idiannor; Rizali, Akhmad
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Enviroscienteae Volume 12 Nomor 3, November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

landing aircraft must have a negative impact on the environment. therefore, necessary to assess the role of the community using the willingness to pay towards the implementation of eco-airport Syamsudin Noor Airport in Banjarmasin. The purpose of this study is to identify the condition of the airport now to the application of the concept of eco-airport underway, estimate what the public is willing to pay for environmental improvements, analyze the factors that affect the implementation of this concept. Selection of sample is purposive sampling. The study is divided into three groups of workers, the public and passengers. Workers 23 respondents, 12 respondents community, and passengers 57 respondents. Most respondents rate Syamsudin Noor Airport Banjarmasin quite clean, quite beautiful, quite noisy, quite, quite comfortable and does not know the concept of eco-airport. A total of 53 respondents are willing to pay an average willingness to pay Rp. 11.320,75 per person per flight. Variable cleanliness and beauty affect the value of willingness to pay by 10%.
PEMANFAATAN DATA SATELIT TROPICAL RAINFALL MEASURING MISSION (TRMM) UNTUK PEMETAAN ZONA AGROKLIMAT OLDEMAN DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Noor, Riza Arian; Ruslan, Muhammad; Rusmayadi, Gusti; Badaruddin, Badaruddin
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Enviroscienteae Volume 12 Nomor 3, November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

The irregularity of observation sites distribution and network density, lack data availability and discontinuity are the obstacles to analyzing and producing the information of agroclimate zone in South Kalimantan. TRMM satellite needs to be researched to overcome the limitations of surface observation data. This study intended to validate TRMM 3B43 satellite data with surface rainfall, to produce Oldeman agroclimate zone based on TRMM satellite data and to analyze the agroclimate zone for agricultural resources management. Data validation is done using the statistical method by analyzing the correlation value (r) and RMSE (Root Mean Square Error). The agroclimate zone is classified based on Oldeman climate classification type. The calculation results are mapped spatially using Arc GIS 10.2 software. The validation result of the TRMM satellite and surface rainfall data shows a high correlation value for the monthly average. The value of correlation coefficient is 0,97 and 25 mm for RMSE value. Oldeman agroclimate zone based on TRMM satellite data in south Kalimantan is divided into five climate zones, such as B1, B2, C1, C2, and D1.
STATUS MUTU AIR SUNGAI SIRAU SUB DAS SIRAU DI DAS BARITO KABUPATEN BARITO TIMUR PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH Lelunuto, Ringkas; Ruslan, Muhammad; Kissinger, Kissinger; Fatmawati, Fatmawati
EnviroScienteae Vol 15, No 2 (2019): EnviroScienteae Volume 15 Nomor 2, Agustus 2019
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.659 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v15i2.6973

Abstract

 Sirau River is one of the rivers in the Barito Timur Regency which flows through the Dusun Timur District. Sirau River water is used as raw material for regional water companies (PDAM) and is used by communities around the river to meet the needs of other daily life such as MCK and other uses and is also used as a landfill, domestic wastewater and waste water mining and plantation activities both directly and indirectly. This study aims to analyze the status of pollution of the Sirau river through the approach of the pollution index value, assess the quality of the Sirau River water and identify the source of pollutants entering the Sirau River. The results showed that in general the water quality of the Sirau River for pH, COD, BOD, Fe, and Mn parameters exceeds the water quality standard namely Government Regulation No. 82 of 2001 class II concerning Water Quality Management and Water Pollution Control, the main source of pollutants comes from residential domestic waste, coal mining activities and dry leaves that fall into river streams. Sirau river water quality from upstream to downstream based on river water quality analysis using the pollution index method shows that water quality has decreased where the river conditions are generally mildly polluted. The quality of lightly polluted Sirau river water cannot be utilized in accordance with the designation of class II water based on Government Regulation No. 82 of 2001 concerning Management of Water Quality and Water Pollution Control.
IJTIHAD DAN PROBLEMATIKA KEKINIAN Ruslan, Muhammad
Akademika Vol 13, No 01 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

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Abstract: The study of Islamic law and various global challenges requires a solutive method of ijtihad to solve contemporary issues today. In addition, social dynamics relating to the development of information technology and the spread of culture are in need of ijitihad in Islamic law. Yusuf Al-Qardawi has done a lot of contemporary ijithad as stated in this paper and how it could be addressed by Muslims in any part of the world, including Indonesia. The double movement theory of Fazlul Rahman has also taken part in giving an offer as a renewal of Islamic law over contextual legal issues without denying the basis of the primary sources of Islamic law, namely the Qur'an and Sunnah. The ijtihad method takes place through the historical criticism of norms at primary sources based on space and time and socio-cultural background. All this aims to capture the universality of the holy message contained in the primary sources. The value of universality is in the form of humanity, freedom (al-hurriyah), justice (al-adalah), and equality (al-musawah). This is relevant in the context of contemporary space and time especially in keeping up with the information industry era. This paper asserts the flexibility of the law based on sharia to provide solutions to the any emerging problems. Therefore, the teaching of legal methodology not only teaches the so-called ushul al-fiqh but also teaches the concepts that are relevant to the current social political situation and conditions.Keywords: Ijtihad, current issues, Islamic law
Sebaran Kualitas Air Teluk Pamukan Husaini, Sadar; Ruslan, Muhammad; Rahman, Mijani; Sofya, Leila Aryani
EnviroScienteae Vol 16, No 3 (2020): EnviroScienteae Volume 16 Nomor 3, November 2020
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/es.v16i3.9757

Abstract

Teluk Pamukan is the closest fishing ground used by fishermen who live on the coast of Teluk Pamukan. Apart from fisheries, several other activities in the Teluk Pamukan area include industrial shipping or coal transportation traffic using barges, transportation of crude palm oil (CPO), and is an area for loading and unloading fertilizers and oil palm kernels by tankers. This activity has led to allegations of disturbance in the aquatic ecosystem in the form of a decrease in water quality, particularly in fishing areas. The decrease in water quality will certainly affect the status of water quality that is no longer by its designation so that it can cause social problems in the community. The purpose of this research was to identify the general characteristics of Teluk Pamukan, map the distribution patterns of water quality and the scale of water quality in Teluk Pamukan, and to analyze fishermen's perceptions of the decline in water quality. The sampling location was in the waters of Teluk Pamukan. The method used to determine the status of water quality was the Pollutant Index according to the opinion of Sumitomo and Nemerow (1970). The results obtained can be concluded that the environmental quality scale for each parameter varied from very bad to very good. However, the results of the pollutant index calculation at all stations were included in the Moderately Polluted category