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PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA BERBASIS TEKS DALAM KURIKULUM 2013 Saragih, Amrin
LOA: Jurnal Ketatabahasaan dan Kesusastraan Vol 9, No 1 (2014): LOA
Publisher : Kantor Bahasa Kalimantan Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.558 KB) | DOI: 10.26499/loa.v9i1.2060

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                                                           AbstrakPembelajaran bahasa Indonesia dalam Kurikulum 2013 berbasis teks. Langkah atau tahap dalam siklus pembelajaran berbasis teks itu sejalan dengan pembelajaran berdasarkan pendekatan ilmiah yang menjadi ciri pembeda Kurikulum 2013 dari kurikulum sebelumnya. Kesejalanan dan kesejajaran pembelajaran berbasis teks ini mendukung capaian integratif pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan sikap yang juga menjadi ciri pembeda Kurikulum 2013 dengan kurikulum sebelumnya. Selanjutnya, dengan pembelajaran berbasis teks itu peran alamiah bahasa sebagai penghela atau perealisasi ilmu pengetahuan dalam bentuk tata bahasa atau leksikogramar diperkuat. Dengan demikian, pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia berperan lintas mata pelajaran, yang memperkuat cakupan belajar bahasa, belajar mengenai bahasa, belajar melalui bahasa, dan paradigma globalisasi dalam ilmu pengetahuan.Kata Kunci: pembelajaran berbasis teks, kurikulum 2013, pendekatan ilmiah                                                             AbstractCurriculum 2013 applies text-based approach for Indonesian learning. The stages or steps in this approach?s learning cycle are in accordance with the scientific based learning approach which differentiates Curriculum 2013 from the prior one. The equivalence and equality of this text-based learning supports integrative achievements of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that also differentiate Curriculum 2013 from the prior one. Then, by using that text-based learning, the language?s natural role as the trigger and realizer of knowledge in grammar and lexico-grammar is fortified. This way, Indonesian learning works across subjects, which fortifythe scope of learning the language, learning about the language, learning through language and the globalization paradigm of knowledge.Keywords: text-based learning, Curriculum 2013, scientific approach
Anding-andingen in The Perspective of Systemic Functional Linguistics Gintings, Immanuel Prasetya; Sinar, Tengku Silvana; Saragih, Amrin
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.166 KB) | DOI: 10.26811/peuradeun.v6i1.176

Abstract

Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) concerns three metafunction meanings: clause as message, clause as exchange, and clause as representation. This article tries to analyze anding-andingen, one of oral tradition in Karo culture. The points of this paper are only two kinds of metafunctions could be applied to anding-andingen: clause as message and clause as representation. The clause of exchange could not be applied to anding-andingen since anding-andingen is an Adjunct form so it does not have the potential to be Subject; Therefore, it cannot be upgraded to an interpersonal status of capital responsibility. Anding-andingen form cannot be categorized as a clause because at the semantic level, although its form resembles a clause, but is used to describe a person's nature or condition. In using anding-andingen, if the clause is preceded by a nominal group of Subject and followed by anding-andingen as a prepositional phrase or adverbial group, the textual function will be Rheme, but if the clause begins with anding-andingen, it will be Marked Theme.
CLAUSE COMPLEX AND EXPERIENTIAL REALIZATION IN COURT TEXTS (BALI BOMB CASE I): A SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICS STUDY Setia, Eddy; Sutjaja, I Gusti Made; Saragih, Amrin; Putrayadnya, Ida Bagus
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 3. 1 Januari 2009 No. 1
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Lexical and Grammatical Metaphors in Newsweek Nasution, Sarah; Saragih, Amrin; Gurning, Busmin
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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This study investigates lexical and grammatical metaphors in Newsweek Weekly Magazines. The objectives of the study are to identify what lexical and grammatical metaphors used in Newsweek, to describe the way those metaphors are used, and to explain why the Newsweek use those lexical and grammatical metaphors. A qualitative descriptive research was applied. The data were taken from eight texts published on November and December in 2010. The data were collected by selecting the texts contained the issue of Barack Obama, The President of United States of America because of his visit to Indonesia on November. As the result, the use of lexical and grammatical metaphors has been found in Newsweek. The metaphors in Newsweek realized into four types of lexical metaphors and eight groups data of grammatical metaphor. The Newsweek used more grammatical metaphor than Lexical metaphor in order to make information contained in Newsweek it more coherent and compact, and to help readers more easily understand the information.   Keywords: metaphors; lexical; grammatical; mass media
The Maintenance of Bahasa Simalungun in Kecamatan Gunung Maligas Saragih, Enni Erawati; Saragih, Amrin; Murni, Sri Minda
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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The objective of this study is to identify levels of language endangerment of BahasaSimalungun (BS), to ascertain the domains which are needed proportionally to be managed by the speakers to maintain and to ascertain the ways can be done by the BSS in maintaining BS. This study was based on qualitative approach. Interviews and questionnaire are used as instrument of data. The data were collected by interviewing 22 Simalungunese comprising of second and first generation. The data were analyzed with reference to the theory six levels of language endangerment by UNESCO and Language Use domain by Fishman.The findings showed (1) BS is in the stage of risk up to nearly extinct, this was caused by intermarriage, residence in non Simalungun family and parent attitudes,(2) BS needs to be proportionally managed because most of them are shy to learn and use BS in their daily life, and (3) 20 options offered to maintain BS and18 options were agreed by using BS in wedding ceremony (family domain), using BS in IKEIS (friendship domain), using BS in Perwiritan (religion domain), learn BS as Mulok (educational domain), and using BS in selling and buying activity (employment domain). Key words: Language maintenance; Language endangerment.
Patterns of Communication with Reference to Gender in Cooperative Learning Classroom Rezeki, Tri Indah; Saragih, Amrin; Murni, Sri Minda
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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The main objectives of this research are to investigate patterns of communication with reference to gender in Cooperative Learning Classroom and to find out what contextual and psychological factors affect male and female students communicate in “report” type talk and “rapport” type talk in CL Classroom. The method of this study was descriptive qualitative research. The source of data was the students of the eighth grade of Ar-Rahman Junior High School in Percut. There was one CL classroom which consists of three groups with the total number of students is 15 students namely 8 female students and 7 male students. The data were collected by recording CL classroom, transcribing the male and female utterances and identifying communication patterns of male and female in CL classroom. The findings of the study are a) there are 17 sentences of male students communicate in “report” type talk and 15 sentences of female students communicate in “report” type talk; b)) there are 28 sentences of female students communicate in “rapport” type talk and 11 sentences of male students communicate in “rapport” type talk; c) contextual factor which is the type of evaluation/rewards is the most important role in male and female communication in classroom. Keywords: Male Communication Patterns, Female Communication Patterns, Cooperative                      Learning Classroom, Contextual Factors in Cooperative Learning, Psychological Factors in Cooperative Learning
Minangkabau Language Maintenance by the Association of Sei Jaring Community in Medan Uswar, Yenita; Saragih, Amrin; Arifin, Tina Mariany
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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The objectives of this qualitative research were (1) to identify the factors that affect the Minangkabau language (ML) maintenance in Medan, (2) to discover the parents’ efforts in maintaining ML in Medan and (3) to find out the reason why the speakers have to maintain ML. The souree of data is the nembers of the Association of Sei Jaring Community (Ikatan Warga Sei Jaring: IWS) in Medan. The sample was 10 families including 10 parents and their children. The instruments of this study are a questionnaire and an interview. The questionnaire was used to answer the factors affected the maintenance of ML and how factors affected the maintenance of ML. The interview was used to discover the influence why Minangkabau’s people have to maintain ML. There are four factors in ML maintenance, the parents’ role, the role of family, the intramarriage and homeland visits. After distributing questionnaire and did some interviews it is found that IWS especially for the third generation (children) has the danger level in ML when they communicate to each other. Meanwhile, the data analysis also shows that both fathers and mothers communicate to each other with ML. This condition occurred because of the influence of the environment. Parents have to keep communication and teaching Minangkabau language continuously to their children. so, the young generation can keep the existence of ML for their future. Keywords: Minangkabau Language Maintenance, parents’ efforts, the young generation.
Language Shift of the Javanese in Stabat Juliansyah, Juliansyah; Saragih, Amrin; Gurning, Busmin
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 12, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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This research addresses language shift of the Javanese in Stabat. It is aimed at finding out the factors influence language shift of Javanese, the pattern of the language shift, and the reasons of Javanese shift into Bahasa Indonesia. The data were obtained from the Javanese families living in Stabat. The study employs qualitative research design with a single case study to get the understanding on this study. The subjects of the study were 10 Javanese families in Stabat. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely parents and children. The reason for dividing the subjects into two groups is because language shift happens across the generation. Questionnaires and interview were used to gain the data. The data were analyzed by using data collection, data reduction, data display and data verification. The findings show that there are eight factors which influence Javanese shift into Bahasa Indonesia in Stabat, namely bilingualism, migration, economic, social, demographic and institutional factors, attitude, and lack of speaking competence. The dominant factor which affects the shift is the institutional factor. The analysis data indicates that the shift occurs in two patterns; in the pattern of relationship between parents and children, and the relationship among children. The status of Bahasa Indonesia as the official language and social success are the reasons for Javanese to shift into Indonesian language. Key words: shift, Javanese, bilingualism, attitude.
Thematic Realization of Car Advertisements in Kompas Newspapers Purba, Jasawitten Brando; Arifin, Tina Mariany; Saragih, Amrin
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 12, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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Thematic realization in car advertisements is quite different from other fields. There are 11 English car advertisements chosen from 8 brands. The analysis is conducted based on the principles of Thematic Structures as proposed by Halliday (1994), Bloor and Bloor (1995), and Young (2006). The data analysis reveals that the thematic structures are Unmarked Theme (89, 77%), Marked Theme (10.23%), Simple Theme (94.32%), Multiple Theme (5.68%), Constant Theme Pattern is the dominant Theme with few Linear Theme Pattern. More Marked Themes are used by expensive price cars. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the dominant theme of the three metafuncions is the Topical Theme with emphasis on Participant and Process which aimed at engaging the readers to read and to take action in buying the advertised products. Keywords: Advertisement; Theme; and Rheme.
The Translation of Passive Voice in Harry Potter Novel into Bahasa Indonesia Sumbayu, Harry; Saragih, Amrin; Lubis, Syahron
LINGUISTIK TERAPAN Vol 12, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : LINGUISTIK TERAPAN

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This study addresses the translation of passive voice in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azakaban into Bahasa Indonesia. The study was based on descriptive qualitative approach. The data were collected by applying documentary techniques. There were three chapters taken as the source of the data. They were chapters 1, 8 and 15. The findings indicated that there were two types of passive voices as a product of passive voices’ translation in Bahasa Indonesia. The passive voice retained as passive one in TL was more dominantly translated into passive voice type one than type two in TL. It caused the use of prefix di+verb base, prefix di+verb base suffix i, and prefix di +verb base+ suffix+ kan are able to represent the meaning of the SL literally and culturally. The changing of English passive voice into Bahasa Indonesia active voice when they were translated indicated that the translator has attempted to find the closest natural equivalent of the source language in aspect of grammar, style, and cultural value. In essence naturalization rate of an expression is a matter of looking for matches in level lexical categories, grammatical categories, semantic, and cultural context.   Key words: translation, passive voice, English, Bahasa Indonesia.