Karlina Sari
Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

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The Linkage among Technology-Intensive Manufacture Industries in East Java by Input-Output Analysis Approach Sari, Karlina; Arifin, Mohamad
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 12, No 1 (2014): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

The economic crisis in 1998 had caused the decrease in economic growth up to 13% and particularly for industrial sector 11.4%. This shock encouraged local governments, including East Java to actively promote industry by utilizing the available natural resources; processing them into products that have value added. The study intends to see the linkage among technology-intensive industrial sectors before the economic crisis (1994) and after the economic crisis (2006). The analysis method used in the study is input-output (I-0) analysis, using the dispersion power index and the degree of sensitivity index from the multiplier matrix. The classification of manufacturing industry is based on its technology intensity, i.e. high-tech, medium-high-tech, medium-low-tech, and low-tech. The result of the study shows that the seed industry sector in 1994 is the industries with high backward and forward linkages, i.e. the group of basic metal and metal goods industry, and non-pharmaceutical chemical industry. In 2006, however, both industries had only high backward linkage. Furthermore, the industrial group with no potential is the industry with low backward and forward linkages in 1994, i.e. food, beverages, and tobacco industry. Nevertheless in 2006 this low-tech intensity industry became a potential, together with timber and rattan industry, and pharmaceuticals and traditional medicine industry. In 2006, the group with less potentials was the low-tech industry like textile, textile product, leather and footwear industry; and the medium-low-tech industry like oil refining industry; as well as the high-tech industry like, railway, transportation tools and its restoration industry. The shift occurred due to the factors of raw material use (local/import) and capability to produce value added products.
THE DETERMINANT FACTORS OF FRUGAL INNOVATION: THE CASE OF INDIA AND THE PROSPECT FOR INDONESIA Sari, Karlina
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 10, No 2 (2012): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

Tighter competition in global market encourages every firm to innovate to produce high-quality products, but with affordable price for most group of consumers. Some local Indian firms, such as Tata Motor, Tata Chemical; and some foreign subsidiary firms, such as General Electric and Hindustan Unilever Ltd; have been succeeded in conducting innovation, producing technology-based products in more compact size and cheaper price compared to the conventional ones. In academic world, this kind of innovation is known as frugal innovation. Basically, frugal means not only cheap price but also how a product is designed, produced, distributed, and maintained based on its function, in regards with resources constraints. As innovation in Indonesia is often constrained by cost factor, frugal innovation would be appropriate for this country. Macro condition and supporting government policy are highly matters for the implementation of frugal innovation. The objectives of this study are to explore supporting factors of frugal innovation in India and to analyze the prospect of its implementation in Indonesia through comparison of those supporting factors between the two countries. Thus, this study uses comparative analysis. Literature review shows that supporting factors of frugal innovation in India are entrepreneurship, technology-based and innovation-based industry, vast domestic market, dominant low-middle-income population, openness toward foreign direct investment, and government support. Comparing the condition of India and Indonesia, frugal innovation is highly prospective to be implemented in Indonesia if technology and innovation-based industries are strengthened and government provides and implement effective policies.
POTENSI ABALON TROPIS Haliotis asinina L. SEBAGAI SUMBER INOKULUM JAMUR SIMBION PENGHASIL ANTIMIKROBA Litaay, Magdalena; Sari, Karlina; Gobel, Risco B; Haedar, Nur
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

The research about “The Potencial of Tropical Abalone Haliotis asinina L. As Source of Mushroom Antimicroba ProducingSymbionts” had been done. This research aimed to know the abalone potency as a source of inoculum and to characterizeisolate fungal symbionts H. asinina L. Isolation of fungi symbionts H. asinina L. was performed used a PDA medium (PotatoDextrose Agar). Characterization of isolates fungal symbiont from H. asinina L. consists of macroscopic and microscopicobservations, and activity testing against pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The results showed that there were isolates of fungalsymbionts H. asinina L. (Abl.J.1, Abl.J.2, and Abl.J.3). The results of macroscopic observation colony indicated Abl.J.1 andAbl.J.3 isolate had a surface likes flour and Abl.J.2 isolate had a flat surface such as cotton; Abl.J.1 isolate green, Abl.J.2 isolatelight green and Abl.J.3 isolate black in colours. Three isolates had concentric circles; isolates Abl.J.1 and Abl.J.3 had radiallines and isolate Abl.J.2 had not radial line. The result of microscopic observation showed that three isolates had not septa,and hyaline (colorless); three isolates had asexual spores conidioshpore and all isolates was suspected to belong to the genusAspergillus. All isolates were able to inhibit the growth of Salmonella thypi bacteria and Candida albicans fungus and theresulting compounds were bacteriocidal and fungicidal.Keyword: Gastropods, H. asinina L., Symbiont fungus, Antimicrobal, Aspergillus.
Faktor-faktor yang Mendorong Inovasi Frugal : Kondisi di India dan Prospek di Indonesia Sari, Karlina; Kusnandar, Kusnandar
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2012): Warta KIML (Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management)
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (874.563 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2012.5

Abstract

Tighter competition in global market encourages every firm to innovate to produce high-quality products, but with affordable price for most group of consumers. Some local Indian firms, such as Tata Motor, Tata Chemical; and some foreign subsidiary firms, such as General Electric and Hindustan Unilever Ltd; have been succeeded in conducting innovation, producing technology-based products in more compact size and cheaper price compared to the conventional ones. In academic world, this kind of innovation is known as frugal innovation. Basically, frugal means not only cheap price but also how a product is designed, produced, distributed, and maintained based on its function, in regards with resources constraints. As innovation in Indonesia is often constrained by cost factor, frugal innovation would be appropriate for this country. Macro condition and supporting government policy are highly matters for the implementation of frugal innovation. The objectives of this study are to explore supporting factors of frugal innovation in India and to analyze the prospect of its implementation in Indonesia through comparison of those supporting factors between the two countries. Thus, this study uses comparative analysis. Literature review shows that supporting factors of frugal innovation in India are entrepreneurship, technology-based and innovation-based industry, vast domestic market, dominant low-middle-income population, openness toward foreign direct investment, and government support. Comparing the condition of India and Indonesia, frugal innovation is highly prospective to be implemented in Indonesia if technology and innovation-based industries are strengthened and government provides and implement effective policies.
Interactive learning for upgrading and growth: Case of Indonesian fishery firms Aminullah, Erman; Fizzanty, Trina; Sari, Karlina; Rahmaida, Rizka; Binu Susanto, Qinan Maulana
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2017): STI Policy and Management
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (746.279 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2017.115

Abstract

This paper intends to reveal the interactive learning for upgrading and growth in Indonesian fishery firms. The main question is how learning and innovation have occurred in Indonesian fishery firms. The study was conducted in two categories of fishery firms: fish processing and aquaculture (shrimp). The interfirm interactions contain knowledge flows and feedback in local production network involving local suppliers and foreign buyers. The study found that the model of interactive learning for upgrading and growth work as a coupling of three loops: the upgrading capability, the growth formation, and limiting elements. The upgrading capability is subject to growth formation, which is determined by limiting elements.  The limiting elements will control the quantity and quality of materials supply that affect inter-firm interaction. The model suggests that the dynamics of upgrading and growth through interactive leraning will continue in a stable manner by easing the constraints of limiting elements through: combating illegal fishing, encouraging interaction with universities, shifting to higher added value products, institutional support for global trading,  preventing shrimp disease, providing infrastructure, business facilities, and regulation information. Key words: upgrading, growth, limiting elements, knowledge flows, production network, global market.
Keterkaitan Industri Manufaktur Berintensitas Teknologi dengan Pendekatan Analisis Input-Output di Jawa Timur Sari, Karlina; Arifin, Muhammad
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 12, No 1 (2014): Warta KIML (Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management)
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (946.597 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2014.42

Abstract

The economic crisis in 1998 had caused the decrease in economic growth up to 13% and particularly for industrial sector 11.4%. This shock encouraged local governments, including East Java to actively promote industry by utilizing the available natural resources; processing them into products that have value added. The study intends to see the linkage among technology-intensive industrial sectors before the economic crisis (1994) and after the economic crisis (2006). The analysis method used in the study is input-output (I-0) analysis, using the dispersion power index and the degree of sensitivity index from the multiplier matrix. The classification of manufacturing industry is based on its technology intensity, i.e. high-tech, medium-high-tech, medium-low-tech, and low-tech. The result of the study shows that the seed industry sector in 1994 is the industries with high backward and forward linkages, i.e. the group of basic metal and metal goods industry, and non -pharmaceutical chemical industry. In 2006, however, both industries had only high backward linkage. Furthermore, the industrial group with no potential is the industry with low backward and forward linkages in 1994, i.e. food, beverages, and tobacco industry. Nevertheless in 2006 this low-tech intensity industry became a potential, together with timber and rattan industry, and pharmaceuticals and traditional medicine industry. In 2006, the group with less potentials was the low-tech industry like textile, textile product, leather and footwear industry; and the medium-low-tech industry like oil refining industry; as well as the high -tech industry like, railway, transportation tools and its restoration industry. The shift occurred due to the factors of raw material use (local/import) and capability to produce value added products.
Drivers of Industry Convergence: The Case of Functional Food Industry in Indonesia Sari, Karlina; Prihadyanti, Dian; Hidayat, Dudi
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2019): STI Policy and Management
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1158.761 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2019.153

Abstract

Food industry has been considered as industry with low-intensity research and low R&D-to-sale ratio. However, changes in the environments of food industry; changes in society’s lifestyles; the rise of world’s food consumption; a shrinking food production base; and changing perspective of society toward the consequences of the food system’s sustainability have forced food industry to innovate. Functional food is the form of innovation in food industry, where the food processing involves new scientific and technical approach. As the 4th highest-population country with rising level of life expectancy and increasing number of high-middle-income people, there is a question whether Indonesia can be a big market and player in functional food industry. This paper first presents the overview of functional food industry in Indonesia. It analyzes the prospect of Indonesian functional food industry from demand, supply, and regulation perspective. The result of this study is Indonesia should have a good prospect as both the market and the player in functional food industry. Currently, baby and toddler are Indonesia’s biggest market of functional food for baby formula milk and baby food. Another functional food market segment  prospective to be penetrated is elderly who have bigger risk of disease, such as hypertension and arthritis. Player who enter this industry must have strong financial and research capacities. Research about functional compounds in local Indonesian food conducted in preliminary stage and they need to be proven on animal and human studies. Regulation about labelling and advertisement of processed food with special claim and processed food for special nutrition needs is already sufficient to ensure food safety. However, law enforcement is still weak.Keywords: functional food, healthy food, research capacity, labelling, food safety.