Sori Muda Sarumpaet
Universitas Sumatera Utara

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KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA TB PARU KATEGORI 2 RAWAT JALAN DI BALAI PENGOBATAN PENYAKIT PARU-PARU (BP4) LUBUK ALUNG SUMATERA BARAT TAHUN 2015-JUNI 2016 Junaidi, Tryani Walnizam; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Hiswani
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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Abstract

The category-2 pulmonary tuberculosis?s patients are patients who have to undergo re-treatment which has received treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs before and has more risk of drugs resistance. Based on TB report in West Sumatera province, there?re 268 cases  of TB in category-2. The amount of patients with pulmonary TB 2 categories based outpatient medical record in Lubuk BP4 Alung 2015-June 2016 are 146 cases. The purpose of this research is to analyze the characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in category 2, the research will be conducted in BP4 Lubuk Alung West Sumatra in case series design . The amount of population in this research are 146 people in 2015 to June 2016 in the medical record and the sample of this research is total sampling. Univariate data were analyzed by descriptively and bivariate data were analyzed by using Chi-square, Fisher Exact, and Kolgomorov-Smirnov. Based on the sociodemographic, the highest proportion is in the age group of namely 55-64 years (23,3%), males (63,0%), farmers/ fisherman/labors (28,1%), the West Sumatra province (92,5%). The highest proportion is based on the results of BTA test (87,0%), the type of patients relapsed (69,2%), history of diabetes mellitus (17.8%), smoking (58,2%), no alcohol consumption (94,5% ), a complication of spontaneous pneumothorax (13,7%). There was no significant difference in the proportion of age based on the type of patients (p=0,227), gender based on the types of patients (p=0,901), the results of the examination with the type of patient (p=0,999), disease history is based on the type of patients (p=0,547), smoking and type of patients (p=0,835), alcohol habits with the type of patients (p=0,418), based on the type of patient complications (p=0,806). This is suggested BP4 to give more intensive information to  category-2 patient to obey the medication rule completely to avoid relapse and failure of treatment convertion and more risk of getting TB-MDR. They also have to keep their immune system by maintain a healthy lifestyle. Keywords: Pulmonary tuberculosis in category-2, the characteristics of the patients, outpatient
ANALISIS PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG HIV/AIDS DAN BAHAYA NARKOBA PADA SISWA LAKI-LAKI MAN 1 MEDAN TAHUN 2016 azizah, nur; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; Lubis, Rahayu
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT Human Immunodeficiency Virus continues to be a global public health problem, there are 36,9 million people living with HIV by two millions new infections in 2014. The percentage of drug users living with HIV by 18,8%. The causes of AIDS 15,2% because of injecting drug, while HIV patients was 7,7% in Indonesia. Prevention of HIV/AIDS and the dangers of drugs can be done by improving knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to determine the level of knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS and the dangers of drugs in MAN 1 Medan students. This type of research was analytic survey with cross sectional design. The population were all male students of XI MAN 1 Medan. The samples were 132 students. The sampling technique was using Simple Random Sampling. The collected data were primer data which analyzed with Fisher's Exact test. The results of the univariate analyzed were level of HIV/AIDS knowledge was enough (38.6%), the knowledge of the dangers of drugs was less (43.2%), the attitude of HIV/AIDS was less (71.2%) and the attitude of the dangers of drugs was good (96.2%) in MAN 1 Medan. The Fisher?s Exact test result showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS (p=0,020), there was no significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes about dangers of drugs (p=1,000), there was no significant relationship between knowledge about HIV/AIDS and knowledge about dangers of drugs (p=0,735), there was no significant relationship between attitudes about HIV/AIDS and attitudes about dangers of drugs (p=0,764). Average knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the dangers of drugs students are enough. Expected to the head master to improve students? knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS and the dangers of drugs in MAN 1 Medan through health education such as schools cooperate with the community health centre or BNN to do counseling about HIV/AIDS and the dangers of drugs at least once in a semester.   Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Drug, level of knowledge, attitude
GAMBARAN BATITA PENDERITA PNEUMONIA YANG DIRAWAT INAP DI RUMAH SAKIT SANTA ELISABETH MEDAN TAHUN 2015 hutauruk, jenika romian; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Rasmaliah
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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Abstract Pneumonia is one of health issues and the biggest contributor that causes of death for children under five years old. Pneumonia kills 1 in 5 children under five years old, kills more than 2 million children under five years old every year and mainly in developing countries. In 2013 at North Sumatra, there are 23.643 cases of pneumonia. This study aims to describe the the children under three years old with pneumonia who are hospitalized at Santa Elisabeth Hospital Medan in 2015. This study uses the case series and the population is all of the the children under three years old with pneumonia who are hospitalized at Santa Elizabeth Hospital in 2015, total population is 106 children and be the sampel.  This study uses secondary data with statistical analysis Chi-Square test, Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis tes. The result describe in narrative, in frequency distribution table, in pie and bar chart. This study showed that the proportion of the children under three years old with pneumonia is highest in the age group 24-35 months (44.3%), male (60.4%), Batak (93.4%), Protestants (75.5%), Medan (64.2%), good nutritional status (76.5%), incomplete immunization status (59.4%), without concomitant diseases (83.0%), the degree of pneumonia (91.5%) , average of treatment duration 4.76 days and recovered (83.0%). There is no difference in age with pneumonia based on the degree of pneumonia, average of treatment duration based on age, degree of pneumonia and after treatment conditions. There is a difference in average of treatment duration based on nutritional status  and concomitant diseases, the nutritional status based on the degree of pneumonia and the degree of pneumonia based on after treatment conditions.Children's polyclinic of Santa Elisabeth Hospital provide a counseling for the parents about  pneumonia.  The  parents who have children with concomitant diseases should be more aware to prevent their children from pneumonia. The department of medical records must complete the card status registration especially in history of birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding.Keywords: Describe, Children under three years and Pneumonia
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN PEMBERIAN IMUNISASI DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BATITA UMUR 1-3 TAHUN DI DESA TANJUNG BERINGIN KABUPATEN DAIRI TAHUN 2016 sibarani, mey sari; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Rasmaliah
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT Every child should receive the basic immunizations before the age of 12 months. The completeness of immunizations can prevent toddler from infectious diseases, moreover, it can also improve their nutritional status. The implementation of immunizations in Puskesmas Pegagan Julu II Tanjung Beringin 2015 has not reached the national standard, which is 80%. Based on data from Puskesmas Pegagan Julu II Tanjung Beringin 2015 the percentage  of severe malnutrition on toddlers is 6,13% and the malnutrition is 18,40%. The purpose of this research is to know about the correlation between the characteristics of mothers by giving immunizations and the nutritional status of toddlers aged 12-36 months in Desa Tanjung Beringin Kabupaten Dairi 2016. This non-experimental study using observational analytic method with Cross - Sectional approach. The population in this research were 245 toddlers ranged between aged 12-36 months were recorded in Puskesmas Pegagan Julu II Tanjung Beringin 2015. The research?s samples were 71 toddlers aged 1-3 years. The sampling technique using Purposive Sampling. Data were collected by questionnaire. The collected data were processed and analyzed using  computer. The results showed that there was no significant correlation between the age of the mother (p = 0,479), the education of mother (p = 0,429), the occupation of mother (p = 0,429), the number of the toddlers (p = 1,000) and sex of toddlers (p = 0,295) with the nutritional status of the toddlers. There is a relationship between toddler?s age with  toddler?s nutrition status (p = 0,043). In 2016 more toddlers who are have good nutrition (87,3 %) than less (12,7 %). The conclusion of this research is there no significant correlation between mother?s characteristics with the nutritional status of toddlers in Desa Tanjung Beringin Kabupaten Dairi 2016. The suggestions is, to increase the monitoring activity, the assessment of the nutritional status and to provide nutrition consultation guidance for mother of toddler were done routinely by health workers in order to improve the nutritional status of the toddler. Keyword : Mother?s Characteristics, Immunization, Nutritional Status
KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DENGAN STROKE YANG DIRAWAT INAP DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM KABANJAHE TAHUN 2011-2015 naibaho, elen dinarta; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Rasmaliah
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT Non Communicabke Disease (NCD) is the priming cause of death globally. Hypertension is called as The Silent Killer Disease, if it cant be controlled, will envolve and give rising to complication which are Coronary Disease, Chronic Renal Failure (CRF), and Stroke. Hypertension was the biggest cause death of stroke (51%), while coronary disease (45%). In Indonesian the highest prevalence complication of hypertension is stroke (12,1%), then coronory disease (1,5%), CRF (0,2%) (In Kemenkes RI, 2015). The objective study is to know the characteristic of patient Hypertension with Stroke which was hospitalized at Kabanjahe General Hospital in 2011-2015. This study was adopted descriptive research with case series design. The population was as same as with the sample were 115 patients. The result of this study obtained that the highest proportions of suffers result in the age group ? 55 years old (72,2%), sex woman (51,3%), Protestant (62,5%), farmer (45,2%), married (80,0%), degree 2 (62,6%), stroke non haemorragic (70,4%), hemiparese sinistra (54,8%), the length of average treatment was 6,99 days, and coming home condition was by PBJ (74,8%). There are no significant differences between the age based on the degree of hypertension (p=0,382), type of stroke (p=0,062), between sex based on the degree of hypertension (p=0,257), type of stroke (p=0,772),between degree of hypertension based on the coming home condition (p=0,501), there is a significant differences between type of stroke based on the coming home condition (p=0,008), and between type of stroke based on the degree of hypertension (p=0,005). Recommended to the staff of Kabanjahe General Hospital to give conseling to the family of the patients  about the real condition of the patients, the risky factors of Hypertension with Stroke and the preventions of it that can be done, and write medical record data such as family history of disease, smoking or not. Keywods : Hypertension of Stroke, Characteristic of patients
KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA HIV/AIDS YANG BEROBAT JALAN DI RSUD DR. PIRNGADI MEDAN TAHUN 2015 purba, renta; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Rasmaliah
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT HIV/AIDS is one of the health problems that threaten many countries around the world. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a collection symptoms caused of the decreasing of the immune systems. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, the number of  HIV/AIDS cases were reported during in 2015 that as many as 30,935 cases of HIV and AIDS 6,081. This study is descriptive by using case series design. The sample population was all patients with HIV / AIDS 109 cases. The data analysis uses a secondary data by using Chi-square and Fisher 's ExactThe results of this research showed the highest  proportion of patients with HIV / AIDS outpatient at the age 30-39 years old is male ( 34.8 % ) , Batak (49.6%), High School (67.8%), self-employed (42.1%), married (46.7%), area in Medan (84.4%), heterosexual (64.3%), have opportunistic infections (70.6%), pulmonary tuberculosis/gland (61.0%), last count of CD4 200-499 µl (47, 1%), stage 1 line ARV therapy (64.9%). There are no significant differences between the sexes with the transmission risk factors (p=0.098), the work with the transmission risk factors (p=0.725), marital status with the transmission risk factors (p = 0.188), age with the opportunistic infections (p = 0.522), gender with the opportunistic infections (p=0.817) and there is a significant difference between the education with the  transmission risk factors (p=0.026).It is expected for people to abstain from sex before marriage, no promiscuity, especially productive age keep away from drugs and  tattoos. For Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan especially the VCT department  emphasizes the understanding of patients on ARV therapy, more active in social support and the patients/families counseling program also increase the completeness of patients status card. Keywords : HIV/AIDS, Characteristic, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan
KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA RINOSINUSITIS KRONIK DI RUMAH SAKIT SANTA ELISABETH MEDAN TAHUN 2011-2015 Sitinjak, Nova; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Hiswani
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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Chronic Rhinosinusitis is an inflammation of nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses that can be detected by the history of symptoms which suffered more than 12 weeks, and suitable with two major criteria or one major criterion plus two minor criteria. According to H. Adam Malik Hospital Medan data in 2006 there are 40 cases of  Chronic Rhinosinusitis and 24 cases in 2009. The purpose of the study is to know the characteristic of the Chronic Rhinosinusitis patient at Santa Elisabeth Hospital Medan in 2011-2015. The design of this descriptive research was the case series and the sampling technique was total sampling. Population and sample were 163 cases from all of the Chronic Rhinosinusitis patient. The collected data were secunder data which analyzed with Chi-Square. The result showed the biggest proportion of the patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis were in 26-35 years group (21,4%), male (55,8%), Bataknese (85,3%), Protestants (67,5%), entrepreneur (28,2%), complaint of major symptom is nasal congestion (92,6%), complaint for minor is headache (71,8%), rhinosinusitis inmaxillary sinus (92,0%), total sinus that involved in single rhinosinusitis (63,8%), there is no history diseases (84,7%), 100% no complications, surgery (65,6%), the average of the inpatien period was 5,41 days or 6 days and the condition after recovery (68,1%). The Chi-Square result showed that there were no significant difference between age (p = 0,157); gender (p = 0,315); complaint (p = 0,680); medical management (p = 0,071) from the patient of Chronic Rhinosinusitis with the total involved sinus and between gender (p = 0,196) from the patient of Chronic Rhinosinusitis with history diseases and there were significant difference between the history of the disease Chronic Rhinosinusitis patient with the total involved sinus (p = 0,001). The Chronic Rhinosinusitis suggested to keep their environment cleaner, use the mask when they are in pollution area, no smoking, to improve our health with consume food with good nutrition and for Hospital suggested to complete the datas about the Chronic Rhinosinusitis patient especially about the patients? education. Keywords:       Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Characteristics, Santa Elisabeth Hospital
KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) YANG DIRAWAT INAP DI RSUP HAJI ADAM MALIK MEDAN TAHUN 2015-2016 Purba, Sara Vela; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; Siregar, Fazidah A
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT DHF until now is a public health problem in Indonesia that the number of patients and the area of ??its spread is increasing. Based on Ministry of Health of Indonesia (2016) obtained the incidence rate of dengue patients equal to 50,75 per 100.000 population and Case Fatality Rate (CFR) 0.83%. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of DHF patients treated in Haji Adam Malik Central Public Hospital Medan in 2015-2016. This is a descriptive study with case series design. Population is all data of patient DHF which are 136 and as a sample in this study (total sampling). Data was analyzed by Chi-Square, Exact-Fisher and Kolmogorov-Smirnov. The results shows that the highest proportion of respondens was by age 15-44 years (50,0%), males (56,6%), Protestant (53,7%), students/college (43,4), lives in Medan (56,6%). The platelet count >100,000/?l (53,7%), percentage of hematocrit ?20% (85,3%), first degree (87,5%), cured (91,9%), average treatment duration 5,00 days, medical treatment of infusion and drug (98,9%), cost by ASKES/BPJS/KIS (Health insurance) (80,9%), negative IgG (33,1%), negative IgM (44,1%). There was a difference between the emergency by severity (p=0,048). There was no significant difference between the hematocrit numbers by the severity (p=0,076), by age (p=0,334), circumstances such as return by age (p=0,999) based on examination of IgG (p=0,452), severity by IgM examination (p=1,000). It was recommended that hospital completed data in medical record, laboratory examination results. Keywords: DHF, patient characteristic, Adam Malik Hospital
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU, KEBERADAAN PMO DAN EFEK SAMPING OBAT DENGAN KEPATUHAN MINUM ARV DI KLINIK VCT RSUD DR. M YUNUS KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2017 Ramadhania, Rama Dhania; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; Lubis, Sri Novita
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACT   The number of people living with HIV in ARV therapy at VCT clinic RSUD Dr. M Yunus Kota Bengkulu from 2014 until 2016 increased, from 86 peoples to 129 peoples. One way to overcome HIV / AIDS is to take antiretroviral drugs (ARV). Use of long-term antiretroviral drugs requiring high adherence to achieve success and prevent drug resistance. This research then comes to find the relationship of individual characteristics, the presence of drug supervisor, and drug side effects with ARV drug adherence in people living with HIV in VCT clinic RSUD Dr. M Yunus Bengkulu city on 2017. This research was done with cross sectional design with 90 samples of ODHA who underwent ARV therapy obtained by consecutive sampling technique. Data using questionnaire and analyzed by chi square test. The result of univariate analysis showed that people living with HIV in VCT clinic RSUD Dr. M. Yunus Bengkulu City on 2017 at the most ? 34 years old (52.2%), male (55.6%), mild educated (72.2%), married (46,8%), long-term antiretroviral ?1 years (75.6%), using the first line ARV regimens (94.4%), had drug supervisor (74.4%), did not feel any more drug side effects (76.7%) and had mild adverse events (66.7%). The proportion of ARV adherence was 76.7% and not adherence was 23.3%. Based on bivariate test result showed that highly educated patients were more adherence than low-educated patients (p = 0.010) and long-term ARV therapy ?1 years were more adherent than patients who had long-term ARV therapy <1 year (p = 0.011) Keywords: HIV / AIDS, ARV, Adherence
ANALISIS KEBIASAAN HUBUNGAN SEKSUAL KELOMPOK BERISIKO HIV (PADA LAKI-LAKI) TERHADAP HASIL TES HIV DI KLINIK IMS PUSKESMAS TELADAN TAHUN 2017 sitorus, christina aprilia; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; ., Hiswani
Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Gizi, Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Epidemiologi
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ABSTRACTTransmission of HIV through sexual contact with infected people is the most common way arround 80%-90% total cases in the world. Based on data Department of Health, risk factor of AIDS transmission in 2015, with highest proportion is heterosexual (82,8%), followed by homosexual (7,4%). This rese- arch is aimed to analysing habits of sexual intercourse on hiv risk group (on men) and want to know the proportion of using condom to HIV test result in sexually transmitted infections clinic of Teladan Health Centre in 2017. This research is analitic with cross-sectional design. Sample consist of 85 people chosen by purposive sampling. Data collected by interviewed based on qu- estionnaire filling. Data bivariat analysis using Chi-square test and fisher?s with confidence interval 95% (?=0,05). The result shows that the highest proportion of risk group based on characteristics respondents are, age ?40 years (90,6%), last education SMA/SMK (44,7%), occupation entrepreneur (32,9%), unmerried (83,5%), risk group LSL (51,8%), sexual intercourse type III (anal, anal-oral, anal-vaginal, anal-vaginal-oral) (67,1%), using condom risky category (71,8%) and test HIV positive (60,0%). The statistical test give significant differences among HIV test result ba-  sed on sexual intercourse (p=0,001 and p=0,008), give no significant differences among HIV test result based on marital status, risk group and using condom. It?s suggested to the NGO/health centre, more targeted to the productive age group, the IMS/VCT staff more often to give counseling about risky sexual beha- viour especially anal sex, preferably the risk group more often do self checking to IMS/VCT services and intersectoral relationship between health centre, religion and education to suppress HIV/AIDS transmission.Keywords : HIV, Risk Group, Sexual Intercourse, Health Centre