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Samira Sasani
Department of Foreign Languages, College of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Eram Square, Shiraz 7194685115

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Post-Traumatic People in Paul Austers The Book of Illusions from Cathy Caruths and Michelle Balaevs Perspectives Sasani, Samira; Arjmandi, Diba
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.805 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.8-17

Abstract

In his novel The Book of Illusions, Paul Auster displays his knowledge not only as a writer, but also as a talented critic of cinema, painting and world literature. Opening up the question of identity after the loss, Auster presents the reader with the traumatic form of grief over the dead ones. The trauma which is portrayed in The Book of Illusions is the direct experience with death, with those who are left behind and for those who find death as the only solution for being forgiven. Strangely enough, while the main theme is death, Auster portrays the ways of resistance and the power of love to shape the process of post-traumatic identification. Precisely the aim here is to analyze Auster’s novel with the help of new theories that are introduced recently into the realm of literary criticism and trauma studies by Cathy Caruth and Michelle Balaev. By studying different opinions about loss and trauma and applying new perspectives, this research scrutinizes Austerian characters. Therefore there is a survey, a study of trauma from vantage points of traditional model theoreticians like Caruth and also pluralistic model argument represented by Balaev.
Post-traumatic people in Paul Auster's The Book of Illusions from Cathy Caruth's and Michelle Balaev's perspectives Sasani, Samira; Arjmandi, Diba
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.313 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.9-17

Abstract

In his novel The Book of Illusions, Paul Auster displays his knowledge not only as a writer, but also as a talented critic of cinema, painting and world literature. Opening up the question of identity after the loss, Auster presents the reader with the traumatic form of grief over the dead ones. The trauma which is portrayed in The Book of Illusions is the direct experience with death, with those who are left behind and for those who find death as the only solution for being forgiven. Strangely enough, while the main theme is death, Auster portrays the ways of resistance and the power of love to shape the process of post-traumatic identification. Precisely the aim here is to analyze Auster’s novel with the help of new theories that are introduced recently into the realm of literary criticism and trauma studies by Cathy Caruth and Michelle Balaev. By studying different opinions about loss and trauma and applying new perspectives, this research scrutinizes Austerian characters. Therefore there is a survey, a study of trauma from vantage points of traditional model theoreticians like Caruth and also pluralistic model argument represented by Balaev.   Keywords: Paul Auster; The Book of Illusions; Trauma Theory; Cathy Caruth; Michelle Balaev
Identity Crisis in Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra Mansouri, Niloofar; Sasani, Samira
k@ta Vol 22 No 2 (2020): DECEMBER 2020
Publisher : The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTMigration, this multifaceted phenomenon, has always been a concept of importance in different domains such as art and literature. What impacts migration has on human psychology can be well elaborated on using the tool of characterization in stories. Among these impacts, the one regarding identity is probably of highest importance. Therefore, the literature of diaspora can be a field for exploring the process of identity refashioning. What the present study aims to elaborate on is Reza Ghasemi’s The Nocturnal Harmony of Wood Orchestra and the way identity crisis is manifested in and handled by the characters in this book. The analysis is grounded on Homi Bhabha’s concept of Third-Space but to specifically analyze the challenges that immigrant characters face in this liminal location, Yuri Lotman’s cultural idea of semiosphere is also incorporated. Keywords: Identity Crisis, Literature of Diaspora, Reza Ghasemi, Third-Space, Yuri Lotman