Azhari Setiawan
Pusat Studi Masyarakat ASEAN, Universitas Riau Kampus Bina Widya Simpang baru, Riau 28293

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ASEAN ‘Political-Security’ Community: Mekanisme Kerjasama Multilateral dan Mutual Legal Assistance dalam Menangani Kasus Money Laundering di Asia Tenggara Setiawan, Azhari
Integritas : Jurnal Antikorupsi Vol 2 No 1 (2016): INTEGRITAS Volume 02 Nomor 1 Tahun 2016
Publisher : KOMISI PEMBERANTASAN KORUPSI

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Abstract

Ketika berbicara mengenai cara menangani kasus korupsi, kolusi, dan nepotisme di Indonesia, tersedia ratusan bahkan ribuan solusi yang telah disalurkan melalui produk hukum, akademis, ataupun wacana-wacana strategis. Namun, kuantitas solusi ini ternyata berbanding lurus dengan kuantitas varian mekanisme tindak korupsi itu sendiri. Salah satu yang menjadi problematika dan dilema bagi Indonesia adalah penyamaran dan/atau penyembunyian harta hasil korupsi lewat mekanisme Money Laundering. Money Laundering yang berada di dalam negeri dinilai masih memiliki kemungkinan untuk diberantas, namun Indonesia akan mengalami kesulitan yang lebih besar jika uang hasil tindak korupsi “dicuci” di luar negeri. Kesulitan ini akan semakin bertambah ketika negara asing yang dijadikan sebagai tempat pencucian—dan/atau tempat pelarian—tidak memiliki perjanjian kerjasama keamanan—seperti unifikasi regulasi, kerjasama kepolisian dan ekstradisi—dengan Indonesia. Solusi yang ditawarkan dalam tulisan ini adalah pemanfaatan ASEAN ‘Political-security’ Community sebagai pintu masuk bagi Indonesia untuk membangun jaringan kerjasama keamanan dengan negara-negara ASEAN yang menjadi tempat pelarian favorit—salah satu contohnya ialah Singapura—bagi pelaku korupsi dan MoneyLaunderingdi Indonesia. Tulisan ini secara teoritis, disusun melalui pendekatan hukum, ekonomi, dan politik yang disusun dalam kerangka disiplin Ilmu Hubungan Internasional. Selain sebagai pintu masuk bagi Indonesia untuk membuka akses, Kerjasama Internasional sebagai mekanisme pemberantasan korupsi dan Money Laundering di ASEAN pada umumnya, dan Indonesia pada khususnya, dapat menjadi solusi strategis bagi Indonesia dalam menyukseskan dan membuka peluang untuk memimpin pilar ASEAN ‘Political-security’ Community. Menangani korupsi sekaligus menciptakan peluang untuk memimpin pilar politik-keamanan di ASEAN Community dapat menjadi “sekali dayung, dua tiga pulau terlampaui” bagi Indonesia.
DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA DAN STANDAR GANDA POLITIK AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KONFLIK SIPIL-MILITER MESIR TAHUN 2013 Setiawan, Azhari; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1: WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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United States of America as the main actor—in many cases—of world politics constellation has done a number of double standard politics for preserving its certain national interest. For a century, Middle East has been one of the most focussed object for United States foreign policies. This research is aimed to explain United States diplomatic dilemma and double standard politics toward Egypt civil-military conflict and Morsi coup in 2013, which tries to answer why United States used double standard politics on Egypt case. United States has a strong policy on democratization, human rights and anti-coup, which made a controversial policy on Egypt cases. United States never calls Egypt case as a coup and still continuing its foreign aid to Egypt’s new governement (military government).This research theoretically has built with rasionalism perspectives on International Relations and supported by National Security theories, and also the concept of Diplomatic Dilemma and Double Standard Politics. Formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical framework on this research is guided by qualitative explanation methods. Scope of this research is United States policy toward Egypt coup which is considered by viewing international and United States’s middle east allies responses on the same case.Researcher has formulated an answered-hypothesis which reveals the facts that United States double standard is caused by United States diplomatic dilemma. These diplomatic dilemmas also influenced by United States pragmatism on its Arab Spring foreign policy. This research has added one more explanation about United States double standard politics history in Middle East cases for this decade.Keywords : Diplomatic Dilemma, Double Standard Politics, Coup, United States of America, Arab Spring, Middle East.
Sinergitas Pembangunan Tata Ruang Pertahanan Daerah dalam Menghadapi Ancaman Non-Militer di Indonesia Alfajri, Alfajri; Setiawan, Azhari; Wahyudi, Herry
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.722 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jgs.13.1.2019.103-122

Abstract

This article aims to understand and explain the local context of state’s defense toward non-military threats in Indonesia. As the broading and deepening development of security significance, non-traditional security agenda urges multi-levels and multi-sectors synergy especially in the local government because the nature of non-military threats in Indonesia developed at the local level. First, authors review numbers of literatures about non-traditional security, non-military threats and the securitization theory. Second, the article elaborates the strategic environment—global, regional, and national—and threats perception from the perspective of Indonesia’s defense posture. After that, the article explains securitization aspects of multi-level and multi-sectors synergy on facing the non-military threats at the local level. The result of this research is the synergy of national development, regional development and national defense development needs to be synchronized with the support of clear regulations, considering the available resources to achieve real community welfare, both in terms of income, employment opportunities, business opportunities, access to policy making, competitiveness, and an increase in the human development index. The strategic relations between stakeholders in the synergy of national defense development is essential to achieve formidable defense. Policy socialization between vertical agencies of ministries/institutions and regional governments needs to be optimized and intensified so that there will be a common perception in the management and implementation of national defense development on dealing with non-military threats.
OPERASI KONTRA TEROR KOALISI GLOBAL DALAM MENGHADAPI PERGERAKAN ISLAMIC STATES OF IRAQ AND SYIRIA (ISIS) Setiawan, Azhari; Alfajri, Alfajri
T JDP (JURNAL DINAMIKA PEMERINTAHAN) Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Abdurrab

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ABSTRACT This study reveals the movement of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) from two perspectives that are essentially contradictory. These two points of view are related to the relationship between the distribution of capabilities between actors in the Middle East and ISIS movements. The first point of view sees that ISIS is a consequence of the distribution of capability of actors in the Middle East, while the second point of view sees that ISIS is a determinant of the distribution of capabilities in the Middle East. There are two main arguments to see the relationship between the distribution of actor capabilities in the current international system and the emergence and development of ISIS. First, the distribution of capability of actors in the international system (Middle East) caused ISIS to be borned and developed. Second, on the contrary, the movement and development of ISIS in the Middle East influenced the distribution of capability of related actors in the international system (Middle East and surrounding areas). The first thesis emphasizes that the distribution of capabilities and conditions of the international system in the Middle East triggered/motivated the birth of ISIS. In this case ISIS becomes dependent variable. Then, the second thesis emphasizes the influence of ISIS on the conditions of the international system. It means that, it is ISIS movement that influenced the distribution of capabilities among actors in the international system. The distribution of US power that decided to enter the Middle East [starting from the participation of the United States in the Gulf War, the invasion of Iraq, the Arab Spring, etc.] triggered the birth of protest movements which led to the Asymmetric War against terrorism. The participation of other major countries in the Middle East conflict contributed to the situation in the Middle East. The distribution of power in Iraq and Syria greatly affected the birth of ISIS. Keywords: ISIS, Arab Spring, United States of America, Power Distribution ABSTRAK Penelitian menjelaskan gerakan Islamic State of Iraq and Syiria (ISIS) dari dua perspektif yang berbeda. Kedua perspektif tersebut berkaitan dengan distribusi kapabilitas antara berbagai aktor di Timur Tengah dan ISIS. Perspektif pertama melihat bahwa ISIS merupakan konsekuensi dari distribusi kapabilitas aktor di Timur Tengah, sementara perspektif kedua melihat bahwa ISIS merupakan determinan distribusi kapabilitas tersebut. Terdapat dua argumen untuk melihat hubungan antara distribusi kapabilitas aktor dalam sistem internasional kontemporer dan kemunculan sekaligus perkembangan ISIS. Pertama, distribusi kapabilitas aktor sistem internasional pada tingkat kawasan Timur Tengah menjadi penyebab kemunculan dan perkembangan ISIS. Kedua, pergerakan dan perkembangan ISIS di Timur Tengah dipengaruhi oleh oleh distribusi kapabilitas aktor-aktor terkait dalam sistem internasional di Timur Tengah dan kawasan sekitarnya. Argumen pertama menekankan bahwa distribusi kapabilitas dan kondisi sistem internasional di Timur Tengah menjadi penyebab kemunculan ISIS. Dalam hal ini ISIS menjadi variabel dependen. Argumen kedua menekankan pengaruh ISIS terhadap kondisi kapabilitas antar aktor dalam sistem internasional. Hal ini menunjukan bahwa ISIS lah yang mempengaruhi kapabilitas antar aktor dalam sistem internasional tersebut. Distribusi kekuatan Amerika Serikat yang memutuskan untuk mencampuri permasalahan di Timur Tengah [mulai dari keterlibatan Amerika dalam Perang Teluk, invansi ke Irak, Arab Spring, dan lain-lain] memicu lahirnya gerakan protes yang mengarah pada perang asimetris melawan terorisme. Keterlibatan negara lain dalam konflik Timur Tengah juga turut memberikan kontribusi terhadap situasi Timur Tengah saat ini. Distribusi kekuatan aktor di Irak dan Suriah yang pada akhirnya mendorong kelahiran ISIS. Kata kunci: ISIS, Arab Spring, Amerika Serikat, distribusi kekuatan
Peran Global Qurban Aksi Cepat Tanggap Indonesia dalam Menyalurkan Bantuan Kemanusiaan Transnasional Setiawan, Azhari; Saputra, Andhik Beni; Wahyudi, Herry
T JDP (JURNAL DINAMIKA PEMERINTAHAN) Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Januari 2020
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Abdurrab

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (990.5 KB) | DOI: 10.36341/jdp.v3i1.1178

Abstract

The research explores how the role of Aksi Cepat Tanggap (ACT) Indonesia and Global Qurban as one of its flagship programs at the global level. ACT is a professional non-profit organization that focuses on humanitarian work due to natural disasters and humanitarian conflicts. ACT's working area on a global scale begins with gait in every humanitarian tragedy in various parts of the world such as natural disasters, hunger and drought, conflict and war, including the suppression of minority groups of various countries. This study applies qualitative approach. This type of research is classified into Phenomenological research which seeks meaning from a social reality from a human point of view within it—Aksi Cepat Tanggap. This study applies six conceptual approaches on exploring the research findings on Global Qurban Aksi Cepat Tanggap from the point of view of (i) social movements, (ii) the international society, (iii) development, regimes and policies, (iv) socioeconomics, (v) the use of social media, and the perspectives of (vi) transnational advocacy networks. The results of this study indicate that humanitarian assistance—and also humanitarian issues—is still being major trends in the dynamics of transnational organizations discourses. In addition, the use of social media is considered necessary to determine the development and progress of a transnational advocacy network.
Gender-Equality Concerns and Political Attitudes toward Women in the 2019 Legislative Election: Evidence from Pelalawan Saputra, Andhik Beni; Setiawan, Azhari; Febriani, Citra Puspita
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 24, No 3 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jsp.53324

Abstract

The presence of women in Indonesian politics remains underrepresented whereas cultural and societal aspects pose critical influence in determining voter behavior toward female candidates. The aim of this article is to examine voter behavior regarding female candidates and the probability for them to be elected as members of parliament. We apply quantitative method by developing three models representing three combinations of predictor variables, (i) socio-demography, (ii) gender- equality concern, and (iii) political attitude towards female candidates as determinants towards female candidate electability. The study took place in Pelalawan Regency in Riau Province, by analyzing 400 respondents with equal numbers of men and women from various socio-economic backgrounds through clustered random sampling method. We tested these hypotheses and our three models by utilizing logistic regression analysis. The result shows that political attitude toward female candidates (Model 3) are the strongest coefficient and most significant determinant for female candidate electability. The study also revealed that female candidate’s electability in Pelalawan Regency is lower than male candidate’s electability among male respondents. On the other hand, female candidate’s electability is higher than male candidate’s electability among female respondents. Moreover, we also found that education determines female candidate’s electability where the more educated an individual is, the more he/she tends to vote for female candidates.
THE POST – ASEAN’S HAZE-FREE ROADMAP 2020 AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE IN INDONESIA’S ENVIRONMENTAL DIPLOMACY: RIAU’S PERSPECTIVE Alfajri, Alfajri; Wahyudi, Herry; Setiawan, Azhari
Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities Vol 4 No 1 (2021): Berumpun : International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences University of Bangka Belitung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/berumpun.v4i1.52

Abstract

The ASEAN’s haze-free roadmap 2020 had the objective to eliminate the regional transboundary haze pollution. However, the 2019 haze recurrence which mostly originated from Indonesia’s land and forest had caused a diplomatic uproar between Indonesian and Malaysian top government officials. In addition, land and forest fires continued to occur in Indonesia over the last 5 years, albeit with a much lower severity compared to 2015 and did not gain global media attention as the haze rarely crossed out of Indonesia’s jurisdiction. This research applies a qualitative research method where the data collection is based on semi-structured interviews involving multi-stakeholders in Riau Province. Additional data are also collected from various journals, books, and news from media archival. The finding of this research discloses that several new policies and programs have been created and introduced since the last 5 years provided an early positive start, however, further implementation on the ground has been weak and complicated. Furthermore, previous, current, and future unchanged negligence behavior of government elites and public in Riau towards the land and forest fires has left the post – ASEAN’s haze-free roadmap 2020 with an equal or more amount of homework in the future. Thus, Indonesia needs to pay more attention and work in a sustainable manner on this issue, especially at the local level such as in Riau province and other land and forest fire-prone provinces in order to strengthen Indonesia's environmental diplomacy bargaining position in the globe and enlighten the current gloomy image in the future.