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PENGARUH POLUTAN Pb TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PERKEMBANGAN TANAMAN Lantana sellowiana dan Ixora chinensis Nurisjah, Siti; Wattimena, G. A.; Syamsudin, Endang; Taslim, Lily
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 22 No. 1 (1994): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1039.661 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v22i1.1644

Abstract

An experiment on the effect of Pb pollutants on the growth and development of two widely used ornamental plants, i.e. Lantana sellowiana and Ixora chinensis, was conducted at the IPB Greenhouse, Baranangsiang, Bogor from mid September 1990 to the end of December 1990. The experiment aimed to determine the effect of concentration levels of Pb in the form of PbCl2 upon the growth and development of the two ornamental plants. The experiment consisted of two units, each of which was based on the complete randomized design. Treatments consisted of four concentration levels of PbCI2, i.e. 0, 250, 2500, and 25 000 ppm, applied to each unit with three replications. Observation during 12 weeks showed that treatments with 250 and 2500 ppm PbCl2 did not give significant damage to the growth and development of Lantana sellowiana. Concentration level of 25 000 ppm, however, interfered growth and development of this species six weeks after planting. On the other hand, the concentration levels used in this experiment had no toxic effect on the growth and development of Ixora chinensis.
Parotid gland tuberculous abscess Bustomi, Ahmad F.; Sylvyana, Melita; Syamsudin, Endang; Rizki, Kiki A.
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 1, No 3 (2016): (Available online: 1 December 2016)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v1i3.314

Abstract

Clinically speaking, parotid gland tuberculosis is a rare case. Its diagnostic values are hard to determine as it has clinical similarities with neoplasms. Mistakes during diagnosis happen quite often thus additional layer of examinations are required to be conducted. An 18-year-old woman was referred from a privately-owned hospital with initial diagnosis of infected parotic sinistra tumor. Physical examination discovered a swelling on her sinistra parotid gland and a lump at the colli sinistra region. Ultrasound scan showed benign hypoechoic areas and cystic regions at the left of submandibular muscle which then expanded towards the neck. Results from the PPD5TU (-), BTA 3X (1X positive) and FNAB pointed out an existing a/r parotid and colli sinistra or Tuberculous abscess. The diagnosis of parotid gland tuberculosis is often established after conducting superficial parotidectomy. During this discussion we will present and elaborate a case of parotid gland tuberculous abscess which was diagnosed with PPD5TU, BTA and FNAB. The patient managed to be cured with OAT distribution and no recurrences were recorded afterward. Parotid gland tuberculous abscess is rarely found in clinics. Tuberculosis examination (including PPD5TU and BTA) and FNAB need to be conducted to prevent unnecessary treatment and medical operations.
Congenital double lip pits Widayanti, Retno; Sylvyana, Melita; Syamsudin, Endang; Diposarosa, Rizki
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 1 (2016): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1030.647 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no1.13520

Abstract

Introduction : Lip pits are unusual congenital anomalies affecting the lip, first described by DeMurquay in 1845. Lip pits can encounter aesthetic problem thus the patient ask for surgical overcome. Case Report : A 4-year-old girl patient came with double lower lip pits that present since birth with bilateral cleft lip and palate. The pits made a mucous accumulation occurs during mealtimes and crying, and felt aesthethic discomfort. The surgery was performed by simple excision combined with split-lip advancement technique under general anaesthesia and the excised pits was then analized for histopatological structures. The patient has no aesthetic defect after surgery. Discussion : Congenital lip pits are developmental anomalies that occur as an isolated defect or either in association with other developmental disturbances. It happens due to notching of lip at an early stage of development with fixation of tissues of the base of the notch or from a failure of complete union of embryonic lateral sulci of the lip. Lip pits can be shallow or deep, and may be associated with accessory salivary glands. The treatment is usually surgical excision with removal of entire fistulous tract. Conclusion : Surgical removal of lip pits is commonly for cosmetic purpose. It must be treated wisely because lips are essential part of someones face.
Treatment of relapse Ameloblastoma after Hemimandibulectomy and Mandibular Reconstruction Putri, Dian Maifara; Hardianto, Andri; Syamsudin, Endang; Rizki, Kiki Akhmad
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 27, No 3 (2015): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (815.144 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol27no3.13560

Abstract

Background. Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumor with an aggressive biological behaviour, and the surgical treatment frequently results in failure for the post operative recurrence. Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical result of the patient with aggressive recurrent ameloblastoma who underwent two times radical surgery to get recurrence free. Case. We report a patient who was diagnosed with ameloblastoma of the mandible 13 years ago and had undertaken operation hemimandibulectomy and mandibular reconstruction. However, recurrence occured and secondary surgical treatment (particularly radical) offers the best chance to the patient. The recurrence of an ameloblastoma mainly displays the ineffectiveness or perhaps lack of success of the main surgical treatment. Conclusion. The method has to be intense as well as radical in order to steer clear of reccurence. For ameloblastoma an ineffectiveness of initial surgical treatment indicates that more radical strategy led to minimum recurrence rate.
A rare case of massif Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor in the anterior region of mandible: Mimicking as dentigerous cyst Munandar, Aris; Syamsudin, Endang; Sylvyana, Melita; Rizki, Kiki Akhmad
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 27, No 3 (2015): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1504.831 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol27no3.13561

Abstract

Background. Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor (AOT) is a rare tumor of epithelial origin. AOT appears in three clinico-topographic variants: follicular, extrafollicular and peripheral. The AOT was predominantly found in the upper jaw, and rarely found in mandible, especially at anterior mandible. AOT is a tumor of odontogenic epithelium having duct like structures, which may be partly cystic, and in some cases the solid lesion may be present only as masses in the wall of a large cyst. The surgical management of this lesion would be enucleation along with removal of associated impacted tooth. The prognosis for both of them is good and recurrences are very rare after complete removal of the lesion. Purpose. It is important to define final diagnose for AOT due to mimicking with DC in clinically and radiographically finding. Biopsy is still obviously necessary to the final diagnosis. Case. 15-year-old female patients reported with chief complain of swelling in anterior mandible. The swelling beginning 4 years ago, gradually progressed, with no history pain, discharge and patient is complaint about loss of sensation around anterior mandible. Aspiration revealed straw colored fluid thinking in the way of DC. The provisional diagnosis of DC was given due to clinical presentation and radiographic imaging. But the biopsy examination showed AOT due to duct-like epithelial cells was being found. Discussion. The case report illustrates characteristic clinical and radiographic features of follicular variant of AOT mimicking a DC at unusual site that is anterior mandible. AOT is thought to arise from odontogenic epithelium and associated with the impacted tooth. Rightfully AOT is a perfect imitator of DC radiographically as well as histopathologically. It usually clinically misdiagnosed as DC as both have a unilocular, well-defined radiolucency surrounding the crown of an impacted tooth. The mass was enucleated, involved teeth were extracted, and titanium plates are used to avoid pathologist fracture. The patient had uneventful postoperative recovery. Follow up of a year has not shown any evidence of recurrence. Conclusion. Follicular type of OAT could confuse us with DC if the support examination just only clinicaly finding and radiographic examination. This case could not be definitively diagnosed on clinical and radiographic features alone. Biopsy was obviously necessary to the final diagnosis.
Tooth extraction complication and treatments at the Exodontia Clinic of the Oral and Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry of Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung Wirastriajeng, Harnastiti; Riawan, Lucky; Syamsudin, Endang
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 19, No 2 (2007): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.65 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol19no2.14185

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The patient’s dental conditions who visited the Exodontia Clinic of the Oral and Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry of Padjadjaran University, Bandung, were generally in a severe damage stage, causing problems in extraction. This condition, as well as the operator ’s (co-assistant student) that still have limited capability,  may increase the risk of complication. This study was conducted at the Exodontia Clinic of the Oral and Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry of Padjadjaran University. It is conducted from March 13 to May 13, 2007. It is aimed at finding out the types of tooth extraction complications including the treatments towards the problems. This study was a prospective descriptive using the survey method. The study showed that there were 70 cases (64% ) of complications occurred, namely, 37 cases (6.68%) in the maxilla, and 33 cases (5.96% ) in the mandible. The complications that occurred consisted of root fracture (41 .43%), crown fracture (32.86% ), soft tissue laceration (14 .29%), maxillary sinus perforations (2.86% ), syncope (2.86% ), swelling (2.86% ), and secondary hemorrhage (2.86% ).
The infrared radiation effect to the trismus recovery after odontectomy Marwan, Arian Reza; Syamsudin, Endang; Karasutisna, Tis
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 19, No 2 (2007): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.003 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol19no2.14177

Abstract

Impacted was defined as unerupted teeth, it could some pathological conditions such as pain, swelling, trismus, and should be removed by an operative procedure called odontectomy. Nevertheless, this procedure could cause some complications such as pain, trismus and swelling. Trismus was a jaw restricted movement condition caused by inflammation, swelling and pain. Trismus could be cured by analgetic anti-inflammation medicines, and physiotherapy such as jaw movement exercise, massaging, hot wet application and therapy used infrared light. Infrared light was an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 0.7 μm-1000 μm. It could reduce the inflammation in cell structure, pain and less of side effects. The research was carried out to know the infrared effect to the velocity of trismus recovery. Type of research had been used is quacy experimental in a prospective way, using 15 patients with infrared radiation and 15 patients without infrared radiation. The result of research used t-test with α = 0.05 indicated that there was significant differences velocity of trismus after odontectomy recovery between infrared radiation and without infrared radiation. This study concluded that the velocity of trismus recovery was faster when applied by infrared radiation.
Penatalaksanaan dislokasi sendi temporomandibula anterior bilateral Ning, Novyan Abraham; Syamsudin, Endang; Fathurachman, Fathurachman
MKGK (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Klinik) (Clinical Dental Journal) UGM Vol 2, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (390.112 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mkgk.32009

Abstract

Dislokasi pada sendi temporomandibula ditemukan 3% dari seluruh dislokasi pada sendi yang pernah dilaporkan, dan tipe dislokasi ke anterior adalah yang paling sering ditemukan. Tujuan dari penulisan  ini adalah untuk melaporkan kasus dan penatalaksanaan dislokasi sendi temporomandibula anterior bilateral. Seorang pasien laki-laki usia 35 tahun datang ke IGD Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin karenatidak dapat menutup mulut kembali setelah menguap, pasien mempunyai riwayat keluhan yang sama sebelumnya ± 2 tahun yang lalu. Penatalaksanaan yang dilakukan adalah pemberian analgesik; muscle relaxant, reposisi manual dan pemasangan head bandage. Dislokasi pada sendi temporomandibula anterior diakibatkan oleh pergerakan kondilus kearah depan dari eminensia artikulare dan untuk penatalaksanaannya dapat direposisi secara manual ataupun dengan pembedahan. Komplikasi yang terjadi bila tidak dilakukan reposisi adalah terjadinya fibro-osseus ankylosis, jejas pada arteri carotis eksternal dan jejas pada saraf wajah. Dislokasi pada sendi temporomandibula sering ditemukan dalam praktek kedokteran gigi sehari-hari dan perlu dilakukan tindakan dengan segera dan cepat karena pasien merasa sangat tidak nyaman walaupun pada kasus ini jarang disertai dengan keluhan nyeri yang hebat.ABSTRACT: Anterior bilateral temporomandibular joint dislocation management. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation represents three percent of all reported dislocated joints and the anterior type has the highest frequencies of occurence. The purpose of this paper is to report the case and the managementofanterior bilateral temporomandibular joint dislocation. A 35-year-old mancame to Hasan Sadikin Hospital Emergency Department because he can’t closed his mouth after yawning. Patient had same history like this before about 2 years ago. The treatment of this patient was medication including analgetic, muscle relaxant and manual reposition of the joint. Then application of head bandage was performed. TMJ dislocation is defined as the excessive forward movement of the mandibular condyle beyond the articular eminence and treatment could be manual reposition or surgery. Complication of anterior bilateral temporomandibular joint dislocation include the following: fibro-osseus ankylosis, injury of external carotid artery and injury to the facial nerve. TMJ dislocation was acommon founding in dental practice, this condition need quick treatment due to the unconvenience felt by the patient, although severe pain was rarely found.
Penatalaksanaan fraktur mandibula pada anak dengan cedera kepala sedang Hadira, Hadira; Syamsudin, Endang; Zulkifli, Bilzardy Ferry
MKGK (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Klinik) (Clinical Dental Journal) UGM Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.127 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mkgk.28777

Abstract

Management of mandibular fracture in child with moderate head injury. Mandibular fractures in child with moderate head injuries were relatively rare, the management of child patient need special considerations regarding their age and growth. Management of mandibular fractures in child with moderate head injuries need cooperation with specialists Neurosurgery. This case report aims to explain the management of mandibular fracture in child with moderate head injury. A 7 years old boy ushered to Hasan Sadikin Hospital, with bleeding at head and fracture of the lower jaw. The patient was hit by a motorcycle high speed while crossing the street with unknown mechanism there was history of unconsciousness about 20 minutes, there was bleeding from mouth. GCS 9, asymmetrical face, post suturing in the head and fracture of the lower jaw. Then, examination support, and then diagnosed Moderate Head Injury with Open fractures more than one tabula at right parietal and right mandibular angle fracture, left mandibular parasimphysis fracture. Management according ATLS, with the primary survey, secondary survey and stabilization, then craniectomy debridement. Once a patient is stabilized performed ORIF with regard mandibular growth and development of teeth. craniectomy debridement to prevent the occurrence of intracranial infection because of their open fractures in the bones of the head. Open Reduction and Internal Fixation by installing miniplat with a screw for fixation of mandibular fractures managed to restore the aesthetic and masticatory functions. Open wounds can cause intracranial infections that can develop into meningitis and brain abscess. Management of mandibular fractures in children with head injuries being successful if there is cooperation between specialists Neurosurgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
Surgical management of necrotizing fasciitis due to odontogenic infection with sepsis: a case report Nugroho, Saka S.; Syamsudin, Endang; Hardianto, Andri; Riawan, Lucky
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 2, No 1 (2017): (Available online: 1 April 2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v2i1.455

Abstract

Objective:To perform surgical operation on necrotizing fasciitis due to odontegenic infection with sepsis.Methods: In this case an odontogenic infection was accompanied by a large open wound on the face and sepsis. Patient was hospitalized in the Dr.HasanSadikin General Hospital. Management of this patient in the emergency room were administration of appropriate broad-spectrum empiric antibiotic, incision and pus drainage, and extraction of the infected tooth, followed by fluid resuscitation with strict observation. Surgical debridement was then performed.Results:After being treated for 12 days the patient’s condition improved. We planned closure of defects of the facial area, but the patient refused.Conclusion: Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis coupled with emergent surgical debridement, appropriate broad-spectrum empiric antibiotic treatment, and a multidisciplinary team approach is essential for successful treatment.