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Contesting the Social Spaces: Gender Relations of Literary Communities in Yogyakarta and Surakarta Udasmoro, Wening; Anwar, Saeful
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 51, No 3 (2019): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.36 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.44165

Abstract

This research seeks to map the gender relations within literary communities and their contestations in gaining social and financial capital in Yogyakarta and Surakarta social spaces. The presence of literary communities in these spaces, on the one hand, explains the local and specific self-identities of the communities, as well as their heterogeneity in gender relations. In particular, this research maps these communities' differences in expressions, trajectories (visions for the future), themes, narrations, language, and networks based on their gender relations. The Geographic Information System (GIS) method is used to map and explore the gender issues in these literary communities. By understanding the mapping of these literary communities, the dynamics of the social spaces used by these communities can be traced synchronically within a specific period. It can also be followed up when the database is used diachronically over time. This research finds that social spaces that enable open narration are insufficient to ensure the equality of women and men. Flexible domestic spaces for women are also necessary to ensure women to be active in creating the trajectory of the literary communities since they have capacities to do it.
PENGEMBARAAN SERAT CENTHINI DALAM CENTHINI LES CHANTS DE L’ÎLE À DORMIR DEBOUT DAN IA YANG MEMIKUL RAGANYA: INTERPRETASI, INOVASI DAN DISTORSI DALAM PENERJEMAHAN Udasmoro, Wening
Sosiohumaniora Vol 14, No 1 (2012): SOSIOHUMANIORA, MARET 2012
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.984 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v14i1.5478

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Serat Centhini telah mengalami pengembaraan dalam proses penerjemahan. Dari teks Jawa kuno, serat tersebut dialihbahasakan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia. Ia kemudian juga mengalami transliterasi ke dalam Bahasa Prancis setelah kemudian teks dari Bahasa Prancis tersebut dikembalikan ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Centhini menjadi mahakarya yang mengalami perjalanan interpretasi yang panjang, mengalami transformasi alih bahasa dan alih budaya serta proses pengaktualisasian pemikiran dan ide akibat campur tangan penerjemah ketika proses pengalihan bahasa tersebut terjadi. Yang menjadi persoalan, begitu mudahkah penerjemahan yang bertingkat tersebut dilakukan? Apabila penerjemahan dari satu teks saja memunculkan beragam distorsi, bagaiamana dengan penerjemahan multi tingkat ini? Interpretasi seperti apakah yang dilakukan penerjemah? Adakah inovasi dan distorsi yang terjadi sebagai hasil dari proses penerjemahan? Tujuan artikel ini adalah merunut pengembaraan penerjemahan Serat Centhini dengan fokus pada interpretasi, inovasi dan distorsi yang dilakukan oleh para penerjemah.
PELIYANAN TERHADAP PEREMPUAN DUNIA KETIGA PADA RUANG SEKSUAL DALAM NOVEL PLATEFORME KARYA MICHEL HOUELLEBECQ Taqiyya, Kafana Fityah Kayla; Udasmoro, Wening; Firmonasari, Aprilia
LITERA Vol 19, No 3: LITERA NOVEMBER 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/ltr.v19i3.34256

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Peliyanan merupakan salah satu permasalahan yang kerap muncul di dalam sebuah novel. Pada novel Prancis berjudul Plateforme karya Michel Houellebecq, peliyanan tidak hanya terjadi di ruang publik seperti pada umumnya, namun juga pada ruang privat, yakni ruang seksual. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan membahas bentuk-bentuk peliyanan pada ruang seksual yang terjadi di dalam novel Plateforme sehingga memisahkan Dunia Pertama dengan Dunia Ketiga. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis isi cerita. Aspek-aspek isi cerita yang dilihat difokuskan pada aspek-aspek peliyanan yang terdapat di dalam novel. Cara koleksi data dilakukan dengan menyeleksi kata, kalimat dan paragraf yang memuat aspek peliyanan tersebut. Data dimasukkan di dalam tabel data yang berisi aspek peliyanan secara umum. Data pada tabel data pertama yang terkumpul selanjutnya diidentifikasi dan dikategorisasi sesuai dengan bentuk peliyanannya masing-masing. Data yang telah dikategorisasi tersebut kemudian dianalisis dengan didialogkan dengan konsep subaltern dari Gayatri C. Spivak. Analisis terhadap data menghasilkan temuan bahwa terjadi tiga bentuk peliyanan pada ruang seksual di dalam novel Plateforme. Tiga bentuk tersebut adalah pertama objektivikasi terhadap perempuan, kedua adalah pembungkaman suara perempuan dan ketiga adalah eksploitasi terhadap tubuh perempuan Dunia Ketiga. Kata Kunci: Peliyanan, Subaltern, Ruang Seksual, Pascakolonial THE OTHERING TO THIRD WORLD WOMWEN IN SEXUAL SPACE IN PLATEFORME NOVEL’S BY MICHEL HOUELLEBECQAbstractOne of the most issues addressed in a novel is othering. In a French novel titled Plateforme by Michel Houellebecq, othering is not only happening in the public space, but also in the very private space, the sexual or intimate space. This article attempts to describe and reveal the forms of othering in the sexual space of Plateforme that separates the First World from the Third World. This research uses the story content analysis as a method. The aspects of the stories are focussed on the othering process in the novel. The data are collected from the novel based on the wordings, sentences and paragraphes containing the othering aspects. The date are listed in the table that contains general aspects of othering process. The data collected are then categorized according to each form of othering. The categorized data are then analyzed using the subaltern theory of Gayatri C. Spivak. The result reveals three forms of othering in Plateforme. Those three forms of othering are objectification, silencing attempt through representation and the exploitation of Third World women’s body. Keywords: Othering, Subaltern, Sexual Space, Postcolonialism
THE SUBJECTIVITY OF NAWāL AL-SA’DāWī: CRITIQUE ON GENDER RELATIONS IN RELIGIOUS CONSTRUCTION IN ADAB AM QILLAH ADAB WORK Latifi, Yulia Nasrul; Udasmoro, Wening; J., Juliasih
Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 57, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Al-Jami'ah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2019.572.257-286

Abstract

This writing examines three short stories in the short story anthology of Adab Am Qillah Adab by Naw?l Al-Sa?d?w?, namely: ?Adab.Am Qillah Adab?, ?al Umm al-Suwisriyyah al-Q?tilah?, and ?Qi??ah Fat?iyyah al-Mi?riyyah?. The analysis focuses on Nawâl al-Sa?dâwî?s critique of religious constructions of gender relations. The subjectivity of Salvoj ?i?ek is the theory used and hermeneutics is the method of analysis. The purpose of the study is to find out the reasoning behind the radical acts of Al-Sa?d?w? over her rejection of patriarchal religious constructions in her three short stories. The result of the analysis shows that the literary work is the explanation of the radicalization of the author?s actions, Al-Sa?d?w?, as a subject. Such radicalization is her rejection of the needy Symbolic (patriarchal religion construction) as her attempt to escape the Symbolic. Al-Sa?d?w? continues to move because the subject is split and empty. Therefore, Al-Sa?d?w? makes an effort to seek full self-fulfillment to and approach The Real in order to kill the old tyrannical Symbolic and pick up the new Symbolic, which is the construction of a just religion and liberate women.[Tulisan ini mengkaji tiga cerpen dalam antologi cerpen Adab Am Qillah Adab karya Nawâl al-Sa?dâwî, yaitu: ?Adab..Am Qillah Adab?, ?al-Umm al-Suwisriyyah al Q?tilah?, dan ?Qi??ah Fat?iyyah al-Mi?riyyah?. Analisis difokuskan pada kritik Naw?l Al-Sa?d?w? terhadap konstruksi agama atas relasi gender. Subjektivitas Salvoj ?i?ek adalah teori yang dipakai dan hermeneutik merupakan metode analisisnya. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui alasan di balik tindakan radikal Al-Sa?d?w? atas penolakannya pada konstruksi agama yang patriarkis dalam tiga cerpennya. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa karya sastra menjelaskan radikalisasi tindakan pengarang, Al-Sa?d?w?, sebagai sebuah subjek. Radikalisasi tersebut adalah penolakannya terhadap Yang Simbolik yang berkekurangan (konstruksi agama patriarkis) sebagai usahanya untuk melepaskan diri dari Yang Simbolik. Al-Sa?d?w? akan terus bergerak dikarenakan subjek itu terbelah dan juga kosong. Oleh sebab itu, Al-Sa?d?w? melakukan upaya untuk mencari pemenuhan dirinya secara terus-menerus dan mendekati The Real agar dapat membunuh The Symbolic lama yang tiranik dan menjemput The Symbolic baru, yaitu konstruksi agama yang adil dan membebaskan perempuan.]
Konsep Nasionalisme Dan Hak Reproduksi Perempuan: Analisis Gender Terhadap Program Keluarga Berencana Di Indonesia Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (583.908 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.814

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Tulisan ini melihat model konstruksi hubungan antara konsep nasionalisme dan implementasi program Keluarga Berencana (KB) di Indonesia dan memahami konsep simbolik tubuh perempuan dalam hubungannya dengan pengkonstruksian nasionalisme tersebut . Tiga rezim yang berbeda, yakni Orde Lama, Orde Baru, dan Orde Reformasi memiliki konsep yang berbeda dalam usaha mereka menciptakan imagined community. Tubuh perempuan, sebagai entitas yang menjalani KB, menempati peran sentral dalam hal ini .
DISKURSUS ISLAM DALAM KONSTRUKSI MEDIA Fahmi, Muhammad; Abdullah, Irwan; Noviani, Ratna; Udasmoro, Wening
LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 10, No 2 (2015): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (918.087 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/ling.v10i2.3214

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This paper aims to examine how the secular media in Surakarta represent Islam in the case of Charlie Hebdo. Therefore, this study used discourse analysis of Theo van Leeuwen focusing on how the subject or actor of the show in the media. This study concluded that the media represent Islam not only with “Western ideology” through idioms such as radical Islamist militants and terrorists, but also with "Islamic ideology". It is done through the construction of Islam as a religion of moderation and delegitimize Charlie Hebdo as magazine satyr abusing freedom. Various strategies are used ranging from strategy passivation to interdetermination. In this case, there are two poles of attraction in both media, namely the Western and Islamic ideology. If both media are quoting from Western sources, the Western ideology dominates the media narrative. Conversely, when both media used Islamic sources, the influence of Islamic ideology dominates the narrative of both media. 
MEMAHAMI KARAKTERISTIK UNCONSCIOUS FILOSOFI JAWA MELALUI TOKOH WAYANG BIMA Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 11, No 3 (1999)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (876.2 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.669

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Wayang memiliki cara tersendiri untuk mengungkapkan kandungan isinya . Ada dua unsur dasar dalam penampilan wayang yang keduanya menyimpan makna filosofis, yaitu unsur cerita dan unsur noncerita. Pada unsur cerita, seperti telah dijelaskan di atas, wayang memiliki perbedaan dengan cerita asalnya . Sebagai contoh, dalam cerita Mahabarata versi India tidak ditonjolkan peran anak keturunan Pandawa (Lal, 1992), sementara dalam cerita versi Jawa, dilakukan pengembangan cerita terhadap tokoh-tokoh keturunan Pahdawa yang tidak muncul dalam cerita sumbernya, seperti Gatotkaca, Antareja, Wisanggeni, dan sebagainya. Tokoh-tokoh Punakawan (Semar, Gareng, Petruk, dan sejak abad XVII Bagong) yang muncul di pertengahan cerita dalam adegan gara-gara (kondisi dunia dalam keadaan kacau), dianggap betul-betul bersifat Jawa karena tidak terdapat dalam epos di India (Magnis-Suseno, 1993) .
THE STATUS OF FRENCH LOANWORDS IN THE INDONESIAN LANGUAGE Cholsy, Hayatul; Wijana, I Dewa Putu; Nadar, F.X; Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 26, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.986 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.6189

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The inclusion of French loanwords in the Indonesian language cannot be separated from the fact that there have been contacts between the two languages. In the process the French words underwent interference due to the different systems between the Indonesian Language and French, such as phonetic and ortographic system, in addition to the different structure of word formation of both languages. This phenomenon is closely linked to the status of French loanwords in the Indonesian language, whether they are interference or already integrated with the Indonesian language. In light of this, this study aims to examine whether French loanwords in the Indonesian Language are in the state of interference or already have integration status. This Study shows that the majority of French loanwords in Indonesian are still in the forms of interference. This is because these loanwords are still in their original forms – French words. Other French loanwords are already integrated with the Indonesian language, especially those having undergone consistent adjustments through their spoken and written use.
KEKUASAAN DI ATAS PENTAS : LA TRAGÉDIE « PHÈDRE» DALAM PERSPEKTIF FEMINISME POSTSTRUKTURALIS Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 20, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.563 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.915

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This article attempts to analyse one of Jean Racine’s famous works entitled Phèdre using the feminist post-structuralist approach, which differs from earlier analysis of his dramas by others. As a classical work, Phèdre has frequently been analysed by many scholars using the structuralist approach, thus specifically concentrating on binary opposition synthesis. As a result, the dichotomous understanding of Phèdre has been produced, and in many instances shows the stereotypical effect of women in many aspects of their lives. In this analysis of Phèdre, the feminist post structuralist approach deconstructs that understanding and revealed that power relation is one of the important perspectives that can be used in illuminating meaning within the text.
Integration of French Lexicons in New Caledonian Javanese Subiyantoro, Subiyantoro; Marsono, Marsono; Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 29, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.224 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.22568

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One of the peculiarities of New Caledonian is its French nuance, especially on the many French lexicons that either have integrated in the Javanese variant or are only borrowed. This study tries to answer the questions of what underlies the use of the French lexicons and how these lexicons integrated in New Caledonian Javanese. The data for this study were obtained through speech recordings as well as live interviews with a number of representative informants in New Caledonia. The data were collected through a qualitative manner in February 2013. Theories on language contacts, in particular with regards to loanwords, were implemented to analyze the data. The findings of this study indicate that the use of the French lexicons are caused by, firstly, the nonexistence of their equivalents in the recipient language (Javanese), secondly, Javanese speakers’ motivation to distinguish themselves from other speakers, and the tendency of the Javanese to find the practical and easier way in dealing with the French lexicons.