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PERUBAHAN MUTU DAN UMUR SIMPAN SUP DAUN TORBANGUN (Colues amboinicus Lour) DALAM KEMASAN Warsiki, Endang; Damanik, M. Rizal
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.236 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.8-11

Abstract

Torbangun leaves soup is one of the traditional diets commonly consumed by lactating mothers among the Batak society. The soup is believed to increase breast milk production and helps recovery process after the mother giving birth. Unfortunately, until now the soup is only served directly after cooking thereby limits its usefulness. Given the potential of the soup is quite important, the preservation of the cooked soup needs to be done so that the soup can be consumed at anytimeany time. This study aims to determine the shelf life of torbangun soup in a variety of packaging and at various storage temperatures. The soup is stored at three different temperatures (3-5oC, 10-12oC and 27-30oC) and in 3 types of packaging namely polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP) and cans. Changes in product quality during storage are analyzed and estimated the shelf life of products. The results show that the soup stored at the 3-5oC and 10-12oC has longer shelf life compared to 27-30oC (day 8 vs day 3). In addition, the cans are the best packing among other packaging materials.Key words: torbangun leaf, Coleus amboinicus Lour, soup, shelf lifeABSTRAKSup daun Torbangun torbangun adalah salah satu makanan tradisional yang biasa dikonsumsi oleh ibu menyusuidi kalangan masyarakat Batak. Sup ini diyakini dapat meningkatkan produksi ASI dan membantu proses pemulihan setelah ibu melahirkan. Sayangnya, sampai saat ini sup daun torbangun hanya disajikan langsung setelah dimasak sehingga membatasi kegunaannya. Mengingat potensi sup ini cukup penting, penggunaan bahan pengawet pada sup matang perlu dilakukan agar sup ini dapat dikonsumsi kapan saja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan umur simpan sup torbangun dalam berbagai kemasan dan pada berbagai suhu penyimpanan. Pada penelitian ini sup disimpan pada tiga suhu berbeda (3-5oC, 10-12oC dan 27-30oC) dan di simpan dalam tiga jenis kemasan yaitu polietilen tereftalat (PET), polypropylene (PP) dan kaleng. Perubahan kualitas produk selama penyimpanan dianalisis dan dilakukan perkiraan umur simpan produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sup yang disimpan pada suhu 3-5oC dan 10-12oC memiliki umur simpan lebih lama diban- dingkan dengan sup yang disimpan pada suhu 27-30oC (8 hari vs 3 hari). Selain itu kaleng adalah kemasan terbaik di antara bahan kemasan lainnya.
THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PEDIATRIC CANCER IN THE PALLIATIVE CARE UNIT AT DR. SOETOMO GENERAL HOSPITAL, SURABAYA Fithriyah, Izzatul; Konginan, Agustina; Maramis, Margarita; Mahajudin, Marlina; Muhdi, Nalini; Margono, Hendy; Warsiki, Endang; Basoeki, Lestari; Yitnamurti, Suksmi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 8, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi (Periodic Epidemiology Journal)
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V8I12020.65-71

Abstract

Background: Children with cancer require special interventions and palliative care to improve their quality of life. The epidemiology of pediatric cancer is needed as a basis for determining health policy. Purpose: This study describes pediatric cancer patients in the palliative outpatient clinic in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya. Methods: This study is an observational descriptive study that uses the medical records of pediatric patients with cancer at the palliative care unit in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital between June 2014 and July 2015. The data included the demographic characteristics of the pediatric cancer patients and was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The number of children in the 1–5 years, 6–10 years, and 11–15 years age groups was similar, while noticeably fewer children fell into the 16–18 years group. The majority of children suffering from cancer were male (68,70%). The most common type of cancer in was blood cancer (leukemia) with a percentage of 51.91%, while the rarest types were retinoblastoma and lymph node cancer (malignant lymphoma) with percentage of 3.05%. Conclusion: The incidence of pediatric cancer patients in the palliative outpatient clinic was quite high. These patients tended to be male, aged 6–10 years, and suffered from leukemia.
PENENTUAN KODISI PROSES TERBAIK PEMBUATAN BIOFOAM DARI LIMBAH PERTANIAN LOKAL MALUKU UTARA Saleh, Erna Rusliana Muhamad; Assagaf, Muhammad; Rodianawati, Indah; Warsiki, Endang; Wulandari, Nur
Prosiding Semnastek PROSIDING SEMNASTEK 2014
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan kondisi proses terbaik dalam pembuatan biofoam.  Teknikpembuatan biofoam dilakukan dengan metode thermopressing. Selang suhu yang diujikan berkisar150-225oC, sedangkan lama waktu proses diujikan 10-40 menit. Jumlah adonan yang dimasukkanke dalam cetakan dilakukan dengan variasi 40-60 gram. Karakterisasi biofoam pada penelitian inidilakukan secara visual dengan melihat warna dan penampakan biofoam yang dihasilkan. Kondisiproses  terbaik  adalah  adonan  yang  diproses  sebanyak  50  gram  pada  suhu  200oC  dengan  lamaproses 30 menit.
Effects of zinc supplementation on nutritional status and cognition in children S, Retno Asih; Warsiki, Endang; Hidajat, Boerhan
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 46 No 2 (2006): March 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi46.2.2006.64-70

Abstract

Background Zinc deficiency is common in children in develop-ing countries and data suggests the effects are detrimental towardschildren’s growth and neuropsychologic performance. Results ofmultiple studies which assess these effects have been inconsis-tent.Objective To evaluate the effects of zinc supplementation onnutritional status and cognition in children with zinc deficiency.Methods Forty-six stunted children aged 50-80 months with lowhair zinc levels were randomly assigned to receive either 7.5 mgelemental Zn or placebo twice a week for 3 months. Anthropom-etry and cognition were assessed at the beginning and the end ofthe supplementation period. Differences among both groups foranthropometry and cognition before and after supplementation wereanalyzed with paired t-test. A comparison of different anthropom-etry and cognition among the two groups were analyzed using theindependent t-test.Results There were no significant differences among baselinecharacteristics except on sex distribution.There was a significantdifference in weight for age between the zinc group and placebo[0.28 (SB 0.18) vs 0.09 (SB 0.14); P=0.0001]. Height incrementswere also greater in the zinc group [0.34 (SB 0.15) vs 0.02 (SB0.12); P=0.0001). There was no significant difference betweenweight for height. Intelligence quotient (IQ) measured by theStanford-Binnet test was slightly higher in the zinc group [2.26 (SB3.11) vs 2.00 (SB 2.81], but the difference was not significant ac-cording to sex.Conclusion Zinc supplementation produced highly positive re-sponses in weight for age and height for age increments in chil-dren with zinc deficiency compared with placebo. There was noeffect of zinc supplementation on weight for height index and noneon cognition measured by intelligence quotient (IQ)
Kemasan Antimikrob untuk Memperpanjang Umur Simpan Bakso Ikan Warsiki, Endang; Sunarti, Titi Candra; Nurmala, Lala
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 2 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Active packaging is a technique that can be developed to prolong shelf-life or enhance safety or sensory properties, while maintaining the quality of fresh products inside. This experiment produced active packaging of antimicrobial (AM) film in which an antimicrobial (AM) agent was added into the film (instead of food) and then used it to coat the food product. The AM agents slowly release into the product surrounds, inhibit the growth of microbes thus packing and preserving were done in a single step. Carragenan was chosen as a matrix film with garlic extract as an AM agent. Fish balls were chosen as a product to be coated by this AM film. The study consisted of 2 steps i.e.: (i) prepared AM film, and (ii) coated the fish balls with AM film and then tested the quality during storage. In general, the quality of fish balls before and after storage still meet the SNI 0-3819-1995. In the application, the fish balls with AM film has longer shelf life than that without AM. Further more, the result of organoleptic test on appearance of odor and color showed that the panelists prefered coated fish balls than the uncoated one. The panelist prefered coated fish ball which is stored at 5 and 15°C. 
The Relationship Between Severity of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Maternal Anxiety Setiawati, Yunias; Mukono, H J; Wahyuhadi, Joni; Warsiki, Endang
Health Notions Vol 2 No 4 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.126 KB)

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood neurobiologic disorder with main  symptom of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and minimal occurrence in two different place settings, for example at home and at school. ADHD disorders will last sustainably from adolescence to adulthood. Mothers of ADHD children tend to be anxious, tired and desperate because they are often blamed by the environment for failing to educate children due to opposing childrens behavior, disobeying orders that result in ADHD children being rejected and experiencing low learning achievement. Mothers are also often must lose his job due to having to take care of his own ADHD child.Methods: Observational analytic study with cross sectional design of 30 mothers of ADHD children aged 6 to 12 years of Bina Karya primary school Surabaya by random sampling method. Assessment of ADHD by mothers using SPAHI (Skala Penilaiana Anak Hiperaktif Indonesia)  and maternal anxiety  assessment using Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale questionnaire Results: there was significant correlation between maternal anxiety level  and severity of ADHD with score p = 0.003 and r = 0.530 Conclusion: The degree of maternal anxiety is related to the severity of ADHD.   
The Relationship Between Severity of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with Maternal Anxiety Setiawati, Yunias; Mukono, H. J.; Wahyuhadi, Joni; Warsiki, Endang
Health Notions Vol 2, No 4 (2018): April
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.126 KB) | DOI: 10.33846/hn.v2i4.168

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood neurobiologic disorder with main symptom of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and minimal occurrence in two different place settings, for example at home and at school. ADHD disorders will last sustainably from adolescence to adulthood. Mothers of ADHD children tend to be anxious, tired and desperate because they are often blamed by the environment for failing to educate children due to opposing children's behavior, disobeying orders that result in ADHD children being rejected and experiencing low learning achievement. Mothers are also often must lose his job due to having to take care of his own ADHD child.Methods: Observational analytic study with cross sectional design of 30 mothers of ADHD children aged 6 to 12 years of Bina Karya primary school Surabaya by random sampling method. Assessment of ADHD by mothers using SPAHI (Skala Penilaiana Anak Hiperaktif Indonesia) and maternal anxiety assessment using Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale questionnaire Results: there was significant correlation between maternal anxiety level and severity of ADHD with score p = 0.003 and r = 0.530 Conclusion: The degree of maternal anxiety is related to the severity of ADHD. Keywords: ADHD, Maternal anxiety
Physical characteristics of microwave assisted moulded foam from cassava starch-corn hominy Warsiki, Endang; Iriani, Evi Savitri; Swandaru, Randi
Jurnal Teknik Kimia Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : ASOSIASI PENDIDIKAN TINGGI TEKNIK KIMIA INDONESIA (APTEKIM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/jtki.2012.11.2.2

Abstract

Biodegradable foam is a packaging material made from renewable resources which is very prospective to substitute synthetic polystyrene foam. Starch is now dominantly use as a promising material to produce this foam due to its superior characteristic and its availability. However, starch is preferable as food source thus it is important to looking for a material such as corn hominy to reduce its usage in biopolymer production. Corn hominy is a by-product of corn milling which has high content of starch and fiber. Its high fiber content could improve the strength of the foam. This research is aimed to formulate the composition of corn hominy and cassava starch to produce good quality of biodegradable foam. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) is added for further better physical properties. The physical analysis showed that the composition of cassava starch and corn hominy feed has affected physical properties of biodegradable foam. Increasing the content of starch resulted on increasing of foam expansion. In contrast, the more starch content in the foam, the more brittle the foam will be. The best composition was given by ratio of 80 %-wt cassava starch and 20 %-wt corn hominy. The adding of PVOH affected the physical properties of less hardness and less brittle of the foam. Keywords: biodegradable foam, cassava starch, hominy feed, PVOH Abstrak Busa biodegradable merupakan bahan pengemas yang terbuat dari bahan nabati, ditujukan untuk subtitusi polistirena busa sintetik. Bio-polimer ini umumnya terbuat dari pati singkong karena ketersediaannya yang melimpah dan keunggulan sifat-sifat busa pati yang dihasilkan. Bagaimanapun, singkong adalah bahan pangan, sehingga bahan lain seperti ampok jagung perlu diujicobakan untuk mengurangi penggunaan singkong pada produksi bio-polymer ini. Ampok merupakan hasil samping dari penggilingan biji jagung. Kandungan serat ampok sangat tinggi dan diyakini dapat memperbaiki sifat fisis mekanis busa seperti meningkatkan kekuatan tarik dan mengurangi kerapuhan busa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memformulasi komposisi pati singkong dan ampok jagung untuk memproduksi busa biodegradable berkualitas baik. Polivinil alkohol (PVOH) ditambahkan untuk membantu memperbaiki karakter fisik busa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rasio pati dan ampok mempengaruhi sifat fisik mekanis busa. Peningkatan kandungan pati dalam busa akan meningkatkan sifat rapuh bahan. Komposisi terbaik dihasilkan dari busa berbahan 80%-b pati dan 20 %-b ampok. Penambahan PVOH dapat memperbaiki sifat fisik busa dengan menurunkan kekerasan dan kerapuhan. Kata kunci: busa biodegradable, pati singkong, ampok jagung, PVOH
The Effect of Citicoline Injections on Children with Organic Brain Syndrome Caused by Infection Warsiki, Endang
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 33 No 5-6 (1993): May 1993
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.318 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi33.5-6.1993.87-94

Abstract

Forty children with organic brain syndrome caused by injections were given Citicoline intramuscular injections. Twenty of these children were within 3 months postencephalitis, the other 20 children were over 3 months postencephalitis. There were statistically significant negative correlations between the length of time from recovery from encephalitis to the initiation of administration of CDP choline and the improvement of many of the symptoms of OJ'8anic brain syndrome. In other words, these patients who began receiving Citicoline (CDP choline) within 3 months showed greater improvement than those who began receiving CDP choline over 3 months after recoveries from encephalitis.
PENGANTAR UJI STABILITAS UNTUK MODEL KOMPETISI ANTARA DUA POPULASI Warsiki, Endang; Parhusip, Hanna Arini
MATEMATIKA Vol 2, No 8 (2005): JURNAL MATEMATIKA
Publisher : MATEMATIKA

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Abstract

The stability analysis for a competition model between two populations is the main topic in this paper. Stability is studied by considering the  eigenvalues of system differential equations according to the logistic equations which are developed for two populations. This paper can also be used as an introduction of the qualitative theory through a stability analysis. Additionally, this paper is proposed to the beginners in differential equations.