Anton Widyanto
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PENGEMBANGAN FIQH DI ZAMAN MODERN Widyanto, Anton
Islam Futura Vol 10, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jiif.v10i2.46

Abstract

Diskusi tentang hukum Islam senantiasa dinamis dan seakan tidak pernah mengenal kata putus. Diskursus dan juga perdebatan seputar “sakralisasi” fiqh yang seringkali diidentikkan sebagai produk hukum Islam yang “siap saji” dan taken for granted juga semakin berkembang di kalangan para pemerhati hukum Islam, baik yang muslim mau pun non muslim. Diskursus dan perdebatan ini tentu saja positif sebagai upaya untuk menggali lebih dalam posisi hukum Islam yang seringkali diyakini sesuai untuk semua tempat dan waktu (salih li kull makan wa zaman) sejalan dengan misi Islam yang rahmatan li al-‘alamin. Dalam kerangka inilah tulisan berikut disusun dengan menggunakan pendekatan normatif mau pun sosio-historis.
Internalisasi Nilai-Nilai Toleransi dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam di SMA Negeri 1 Lhokseumawe Usman, Muhammad; Widyanto, Anton
DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education Vol 2, No 1 (2019): DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jie.v2i1.2939

Abstract

Diversity in Indonesia is part of the nation and should be embraced by its people. Managing diversity requires high tolerance. School is the best place to prepare the next generation for internalizing the values of tolerance and for respecting peace in the future. However, these values need all components of the society to properly achieve. When a school has pluralist conditions, it is important to pay attention to the students’ trust in order to successfully internalize tolerance values. Therefore, heterogenity will not produce the anti-tolerant generation. The study took place in SMA Negeri (public senior high school) 1 Lhokseumawe. The school was quite diverse and heterogenous where there were Muslim and non-Muslim students. The purposes of the study were to find out the tolerance values within Islamic education learning, to understand the internalization process, and to map the supporting and hindering factors of the internalization process of the tolerance values in SMAN 1 Lhokseumawe. This was a qualitative approach. Data were collected by interview, observation, and documentation of the school. This study resulted in some findings. Firstly, the values of tolerance received by the students included appreciation, brotherhood, freedom, cooperation, helping one another, non discrimination, and sharing. Secondly, the internalization process of the values was done in three ways: integration, the school customs, and extracurricular activities. Thirdly, the factors supporting the internalization were qualified and competent teacher, active student extracurricular activities, fair access of facilities, cooperation among teachers, support from school principal, heterogeneous awareness, active alumni, increased interest and state policy. Meanwhile, the factors hindering the internalization involved the unavailability of tolerance-based module, the unavailability of tolerance-based coaching, increased racism, religion, and other sensitive issues, and massive intolerant news from the media. It is recommended that learning module and teacher training should be tolerance specified in order to enforce the process of internalizing the tolerance values in school and reduce the intolerant issues widely spread in the mass media.
Peran Kepemimpinan Pimpinan Dayah dalam Membentuk Akhlak Santri di Dayah Raudhatul Qur’an Tungkob Fazillah, Nur; Widyanto, Anton
DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education Vol 2, No 2 (2019): DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jie.v2i2.4176

Abstract

Leaders bear heavy responsibilities and play a significant role in management, and thus they should possess wisdom and skills in making innovations for the success of their work. This study aimed to investigate the following issues: the types of leadership applied by the head of Dayah Raudhatul Qur’an, the leadership role of the head of Dayah in the development of students’ behavior and the constraints faced by the leadership in the formation of morality students in Dayah Raudhatul Qur'an. The study employed a qualitative research design. Data were collected by observation, interview, and documentation. The results of the study showed that the types of leadership applied by the head of Dayah tended to follow the democratic, deliberative, and charimastic leadership. The role of the head of Dayah in terms of shaping the students’ behavior included establishing the regular Quran recitation, tausiah (giving advice), discipline, and dzikr (remembering Allah) after daily prayers. Further, the constraints faced by the leader in the formation of santri morality in Dayah Raudhatul Qur'an that is the influence from the outside because the majority of santri in Dayah Raudhatul Qur'an is a student from various universities and students are also busy by the tasks on campus so as not can focus on just one activity.
Etika Hubungan Pendidik dan Peserta Didik menurut Perspektif Pendidikan Islam dan Pendidikan Barat (Studi Komparatif Pemikiran al-Zarnuji dan Paulo Freire) Salami, Nur; Widyanto, Anton
DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education Vol 1, No 2 (2018): DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jie.v1i2.2945

Abstract

The thoughts of al-Zarnuji and Paulo Freire are an interesting area to study since both have their respective advantages. Imam al-Zarnuji was a Muslim philosopher whose ideas are full of moral values, whereas Paulo Freire was a Western philoshopher whose ideas are full of liberation ideas in education, in which learners are led to actively engage with their own world. These two ideas are quite contrasting considering both came from totally different cultures, and thus studying their thoughts will certainly find a significant difference.
Optimalisasi Fungsi Masjid sebagai Sarana Pendidikan Islam dalam Menyelesaikan Krisis Spiritual Remaja di Banda Aceh Khairuni, Nisa; Widyanto, Anton
DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education Vol 1, No 1 (2018): DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jie.v1i1.2482

Abstract

Optimization of the masjid's functions is one of the efforts to solve teenage spiritual crisis in Banda Aceh Municipality. This study aimed to investigate several concerns as the following: the position and functions of masjid, the conditions of the teenage spiritual crisis, and the optimization of masjid as an Islamic education facility in Banda Aceh.The study used the qualitative method. Data were collected by observation, interview, and documentation. The results of the study showed that masjid in Banda Aceh has become the center of Muslim community activities in terms of religious and educational affairs, among others (i.e., worship place). The teenagers in Banda Aceh have mostly faced spiritual crises such as ignoring adhan (calling for prayers), neglecting congregated payers, not performing any prayer at all, and being busy with activities. These issues were highly likely to be influenced by drugs, illegal racing, wasting time in coffee shops, and immoral behaviors (i.e., free sex). Therefore, masjid as an important Islamic education center has been optimized through several ways, two of which included regular Islamic learning groups and teenagers' activities under the coordination of the masjid.
Reformulating Strategies to Develop Democratization through Civic Education in Aceh Widyanto, Anton
Ulumuna Vol 21 No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v21i1.1179

Abstract

This paper aims to pursue appropriate strategies to shape students’ characters and sense of nationalism through formal education in Aceh. Grounded in the structured interviews, focused group discussions, and observations, this qualitative case study reveals that Aceh, as one province in Indonesia, which was trapped in prolonged army conflict, needs character education that focuses on the nation-state paradigm. The contemporary Acehnese society is also facing new cultural, ethnic, inter-religious conflicts, as well as internal conflicts among Muslims. The seed of these conflicts becomes increasingly worse when infiltrated by the contemporary political interests in the province. During the era of military conflict, Pendidikan Moral Pancasila (Pancasila Moral Education) was deemed “a dangerous” subject to be taught in Aceh schools due to its contradictory nature against the ideology of Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (Free Aceh Movement). Despite downgrading the students’ spirit of nationalism, such situation has gradually been changed since a peace agreement between the two parties, Indonesian government and Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, was achieved in August 2005. Nevertheless, this demonstrates the need to overhaul curriculum and instructional strategies in the pursuit of the democratization in the province.
Persepsi Dosen Pendidikan Agama Islam Terhadap Rendahnya Sikap Toleransi di Kota Banda Aceh Syahputra, Heru; Widyanto, Anton; Suyanta, Sri
DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education Vol 4, No 2 (2021): DAYAH: Journal of Islamic Education
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jie.v4i2.5120

Abstract

Tolerance is the key to living comfortably, peacefully and happily. In the life of the people and the nation, tolerance has become the benchmark in realizing the advance of a country, as reflected in the Charter of Medina that the Prophet Muhammad p.b.u.h formed a state on the basis of Islamic values, one of which was tolerance. A state or community will embrace safety and peace once its people live in mutual tolerance. In this study, there were three questions needed to be addressed: (1) What is the concept of tolerance in Islam?, (2) What is the attitude of tolerance between religious believers and social tolerance according to Islamic religious education lecturers at UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh? and (3) How is the response of the Islamic religious education lecturers of UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh towards the study which concluded that the city of Banda Aceh was of low tolerance? This study used the qualitative approach with field research methods, employing primary and secondary data. The results of the study revealed that the main criterion in defining religious tolerance was found in the Qur’an Surah al-Kafirun verse 6, while that in defining the social tolerance was in Surah an-Nisaa verse 86. The attitude of tolerance that the Prophet p.b.u.h had shown on various occasions was very comprehensive regardless of place and person, in any capacity. Therefore, the attitude of tolerance of the Prophet p.b.u.h had become a reference for every community to this day and he was also dubbed as the role model (Uswatun Hasanah). Responding to the finding of low tolerance in the city of Banda Aceh from a study, most respondents, however, believed otherwise. They agreed that Banda Aceh has already been a very tolerant city in terms of religious and social aspects in Indonesia. Thus, such low tolerance could not be generalized to all aspects and concluded that the city of Banda Aceh was an intolerant city or had a low tolerance level.