Muhammad Rikza Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Fakultas Ushuluddin Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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MAHDIISME DALAM HADIS-HADIS MAHDAWIYAH Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 30, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2019.30.2.3620

Abstract

This paper discusses the origins of Mahdiism (al-Mahdi al-Muntaẓar) that are constructed using the mahdawiyyah ḥadīth with the status of aḥad (single transmitter) and ḍa'īf (weak). Nevertheless, this belief (Mahdiism) has deep roots in the theological reason of Muslims. By the historical approach, the finding shows that Mahdiism has roots in millenarianism (belief of the saviors' presence) that had existed in pre-Islamic traditions, such as Jewish and Christian. The elementary form of Islamic millenarianism is the concept of prophethood, but when the prophethood concept was deemed finished, it continued into the concept of Mahdiism. The first emergence of Mahdiism is in line with the emergence of mahdawiyyah ḥadīth. The emergence context of the mahda­wiyyah ḥadīth revolves around the power transition from the Umayyad dynasty to the Abbasid dynasty, which always involved Shiite followers as the political victims. The contact between Shiites with the Jewish former and Christian former during the conflict at that time influenced the style of Shiite theology, like as millenarianism. The Shi'ites propagate the presence of al-Mahdi, as the savior from descendants of the prophet (Ahl al-Bait) described through the mahdawiyyah hadiths. Among the narrators of mahdawiyyah ḥadīth are Jewish former (Ka'ab al-Aḥbar) and Christians former (Wahb b. Munabbih). They were the pioneers who incorporated the millenarianism into the Mahdiism.
Mahdiism and Political Movement (Critical Study on Hadith of Mahdawiyah) Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Proceeding Of The International Seminar and Conference 2015 Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Proceeding of The International Seminar and Conference 2015
Publisher : Proceeding Of The International Seminar and Conference 2015

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Abstract

Believing in the presence of Imam al-Mahdi (called by Mahdiism) becomes an important part in the majority of Islamic theology. On the other hand Mahdiism always present in the crisis context that hit the depressed group, such as politic, economic, social and cultural. Therefore, mahdiism have double-faced in its presence, between religious movements and political movement to recapture the glory of Moslem ever achieved. Religion is a frame of ideology that legitimate and effective in political movement mission. This movement always complete with its ideology and its foundations of legitimacy. Mahdiism ideology in Islam is framed through hadith texts of mahdawiyah. These hadith is always related to the utopian hopes for the struggle (jihad) spirit. By Mahdiism, Islam as a religion has been converted into a religious political movement. Keyword: mahdiisme, hadis of mahdawiyah, religious political movement
MAKNA KALALAH DAN PENINDASAN HAK PEREMPUAN Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol 16, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

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Abstract

The article discusses the shifting process of free inheritance system (wasiat) into the codified one (ilm al-faraidh). In this shift of system, Hadis serves as its key factor. In the realm of interpretation discourse and Islamic Law, al-Syafi’i pays keen attention on the use of Hadis. In addition, the use of Hadis implicates a sequence of methodologies in order to support certain arguments, such as found in the ijma’.The use of hadis relatively functions as mediation of various ideas, applying particular way toward certain intended conclusion. Having utilized the methodological formulation, Al-Syafi’i, in this regard, situates the involvement in the interpretation of inheritance verses (QS. 4:11-12 and 176). Al-Syafi’i’s view has deeply embedded in al-Thabari, one of the interpreters on the school. Both al-Syafi’i and al-Thabari have implemented Hadis as the main source in interpretating of the inheritance verses. As the result, it reveals the following concluding remarks: 1). the deletion of the wasiat verses with the inheritance ones, 2). the codification of reading in a passive form (yuratsu and yusa), and 3). the codification of “kalalah” meaning becoming all the heirs except mother, father and the children. Although the codification can mediate the debates, it still reveals a further complicated problem.The problem is on the fact that there are some heiress that actually deserved on the inheritance, but they are in the danger of disinheritance. In inheritance context, it serves not only the passing process of the property between  previous and recent generations, but it also relates women’s existence and the positionality vis a vis that of men. In a historical investigation and cross-reference, it is profound that the meaning of “kalalah” denoted female in law (wife, daughter in law or probably sister in law) that deserved as the heiress of the man.
HAK ANAK DAN IBU DALAM KASUS IN VIRTO FERTILIZATION (TINJAUAN HADIS) Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Diya Al-Afkar Vol 2, No 01 (2014)
Publisher : Diya Al-Afkar

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Abstract

Bayi tabung (in virto fertilization) di satu sisi merupakan hikmah, proses tersebut dapat membantu pasangan suami istri yang subur tetapi karena suatu gangguan pada organ reproduksi, mereka tidak dapat mempunyai anak. Dalam kasus ini, sel telur dan sperma dipertemukan di luar tubuh dan zigot yang terjadi ditanam dalam rahim.Berhubung kasus bayi tabung sangat beragam banyak maka terjadilah kontroversi jika ternyata sumber atau media yang digunakan bukan dari pasangan sah.Memang pihak yang pro dengan program ini sebagian besar berasal dari dunia kedokteran, sedangkan praktisi agama dan hukum mempersoalkannya.Makalah ini membahas mengenai penisbatan anak bayi tabung sekaligus hak dan kewajiban sebagai anak hasil in virto fertilization serta hak dan kewajiban orang tua pelaku in virto fertilization dari tinjauan Hadis.Dalam makalah ini diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa anak hasil in virto fertilization yang kebetulan memakai surrogate mother disamakan dengan anak pesusuan dalam hak dan kewajibannya.Sedangkan bayi tabung yang kebetulan memakai donor sel sperma atau sel ovum bisa disamakan dengan anak zina dalam hak dan kewajibannya. Keyword :in virto fertilization, hak asuh anak, surrogate mother
Menyoal Kembali Teori Evolusi Agama J.G. Frazer dalam Keberagamaan Masyarakat Jawa Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
MILLATI: Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2016): MILLATI
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Salatiga

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Abstract

Religion is seen as the result of philosophers’ thinking production which has a tendency to solve the riddle of life and to spread their ideas and their thoughts to others. Frazer is one pushed for discovering when the religion began to exist. The conclusion is that the human belief system, in accordance with a level of reasoning ability, evolves from magical belief, than religous belief, and ends on science. Nevertheless, when it is compared to the religious phenomenon in Indonesia, especially in Java, Frazer’s theory is not entirely true and debatable. The religious system in Java exactly does not have evolution as interpreted in Frazer’s theory. With its elasticity, genuine Javanese belief – dynamism and animism – only underwent assimilation with foreign cultures that came later like Islam and Christian, and including Western culture. In the context of Javanese religiosity, those three beliefs system as intended by Frazer, take place integrally and parallel in modern Javanese culture.
Menyoal Kembali Teori Evolusi Agama J.G. Frazer dalam Keberagamaan Masyarakat Jawa Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Millati: Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Millati
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.911 KB) | DOI: 10.18326/mlt.v1i1.41-60

Abstract

Religion is seen as the result of philosophers’ thinking production which has a tendency to solve the riddle of life and to spread their ideas and their thoughts to others. Frazer is one pushed for discovering when the religion began to exist. The conclusion is that the human belief system, in accordance with a level of reasoning ability, evolves from magical belief, than religous belief, and ends on science. Nevertheless, when it is compared to the religious phenomenon in Indonesia, especially in Java, Frazer’s theory is not entirely true and debatable. The religious system in Java exactly does not have evolution as interpreted in Frazer’s theory. With its elasticity, genuine Javanese belief – dynamism and animism – only underwent assimilation with foreign cultures that came later like Islam and Christian, and including Western culture. In the context of Javanese religiosity, those three beliefs system as intended by Frazer, take place integrally and parallel in modern Javanese culture.
UTOPIA KHILÄ€FAH ISLÄ€MIYYAH: Studi Tafsir Politik Mohammed Arkoun Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 28, No 1 (2017): TAFSIR DAN HADIS
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2017.28.1.1410

Abstract

Abstract: This paper aims to study Muhammed Arkoun’s political interpretation thought about the ideal state. He shows that each political contestation often uses religion as a legitimation of political interest. Many of discourses in Qur’an, such as old narratives of Qur’an (amtsal al-Qur’an), is often presented to modify the existing political conditions. Moreover, some of the terms of Quranic discourse, like as ‘Muslim’ or ‘Kafir’ (infidel), is always in a binary position to create sharp differences between the militant and the opposition. The Qur'anic discourses, intentionally or not, since the time of revealing of the Qur’an has been dragged into the political territory as well the theological territory, so it is able to change the profane history into the sacred story with the great power of sacralization. Although the Qur’an is within the dialectic area, some of Islamist always reduces the meaning of Qur’an to support their agenda in realizing the Islamic State (Khilafah Islamiyah). For Arkoun, that desire is a utopian politics idea and nothing more than an interpretation of religious texts. There is no agreement among the people about the ideal state concept. Therefore, Arkoun offers the concept of ideal state is if religious authorities and political authorities apply their function professionally yet integrated.Abstrak: Tulisan ini menggagas pemikiran tafsir politik Muhammed Arkoun tentang negara ideal. M. Arkoun menggambarkan bahwa dalam setiap kontestasi politik sering menyeret agama sebagai legitimasi pemangku kepentingan. Wacana-wacana dalam al-Qur’an seperti teladan-teladan kuno (amthāl al-Qur’an) sering dihadirkan untuk memodifikasi kondisi politik yang ada. Selain itu, beberapa istilah dalam wacana al-Qur’an, seperti ‘Muslim’ dan ‘kafir’, diposisikan biner untuk menciptakan perbedaan tajam antara kelompok militan dan oposan. Wacana-wacana qur’ani tersebut, dengan sengaja atau tidak, sejak masa turunnya ayat telah diseret masuk ke dalam wilayah politik sekaligus wilayah teologis, sehingga mampu mengubah sejarah yang profan menjadi kisah sakral dengan kekuasaan sakralisasi yang besar. Meskipun al-Qur’an berada dalam ruang dialektis yang bebas, oleh sebagian kelompok Islamis pemaknaan al-Qur’an direduksi dan dibawa untuk mendukung agenda mewujudkan Islamic State (negara Islam). Bagi Arkoun, keinginan tersebut merupakan gagasan politik yang utopis dan tak lebih dari sebuah interpretasi atas teks agama. Tidak ada kesepakatan di kalangan umat mengenai konsep negara ideal. Karena itu, Arkoun menawarkan konsep negara ideal adalah jika otoritas keagamaan dan otoritas politik berlaku sesuai dengan fungsinya namun tetap terintegrasi.
Hadis Khilâfah dan Relasinya terhadap Kontestasi Politik Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) Pasca-Perpu Nomor 2 Tahun 2017 Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith Vol 8 No 1 (2018): JUNI
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (444.694 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/mutawatir.2018.8.1.1-21

Abstract

After the dissolution of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, sympathizers of HTI tried to appeal in various ways. One of them is to build the opinions through the dakwah media of HTI about the authenticity of al-Khilâfah al-Islâmîyah sources in the religious narratives. This propaganda means that the political system fought for by HTI is a part of the Islamic Shari‘a which have to be defended, rejecting it means kufr. However, the legality of khilâfah’s source is problematic. The Qur’an does not mention it, while the hadith that mentions the khilâfah is more problematic. The hadith of khilâfah only narrated by Ah}mad b. H{anbal on his book. This Ḥadîth arises due to the attitude of Ḥabîb b. Salîm who looked for face in front of ‘Umar b. Abd al-‘Azîz as the khalifah claimed by ‘alâ minhâj al-nubuwwah. The triumph at that time was dreamed by HTI to be re-realized. To realize that vision, HTI interprets the religious texts to the political platform that means has mixed religious functions and political functions become one.
Radicalism in Islam: The Politicization of The Mahdawiyah Hadith Among The Mahdi Movement Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
KALAM Vol 13, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6559.872 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/klm.v13i1.4069

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Mahdism, or the belief in the resurrection of the eschatological figure of the Mahdi remains important in Islam today. This belief, legitimated by the mahdawiyyah hadith, has allowed many individuals throughout Islamic histories to claim themselves to be the Mahdi, as well as to carry out a radical strand of Islamic movement in order to support their claim. Using a historical method, this paper studies the history and development of mahdism, along with their interpretationof the mahdawiyah hadith; and analyzes the connection of such interpretation with the rise of religious radicalism. The study argues, mahdism is linked to the practices of millenarianism, formerly existed in Jewish and Christian theology. The emergence of mahdism related to the political conflict during the power transition from the Umayyad to the Abbasid dynasty. Yet, the rise of the Mahdi movement found its support from the mahdawiyyah Hadith, which are interpreted in such a way as to legitimize the radical-subversive movement of the mahdi’s leaders, enabling mahdism to develop, ideologically, as a radical movement. This study concludes that mahdism is at once a religious and political movement aiming to bring back the glory of Islam. Religion becomes a legitimate and effective ideological framework of a political mission.
The Teaching Of Religious Moderation In The Arba’in Hadith Of Mahfuzh al-Tarmasi and The Arba'in Hadith Of Hasyim Ash'ari Muqtada, Muhammad Rikza
Jurnal Ushuluddin Vol 27, No 2 (2019): July - December
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24014/jush.v27i2.6728

Abstract

In the first of 20th century, there were two local hadith books written by two archipelago scholars whose teacher and student status, namely the al-Minhah al-Khairiyah fî Arba’îna Hadîtsan min Ahâdîtsi Khair al-Bariyyah by Mahfuzh al-Tarmasi (d. 1919/1920 AD) and the Arba’ûna Hadîtsan Tata’allaqu bi Mabâdi’u Jam’iyyatu Nahdlatu al-Ulamâ’ by Hasyim Ash'ari (d. 1947 AD). Both of books have a different theme structure from the Arba'in tradition books written by their teachers in the Middle East. For this reason, this paper focuses on how the writing context and the intelectual discourse are contained in the text. The two books of Arba’in hadith were written in order to counter wahabism that at that time attacked the religious thoughts and practices of the archipelago Muslims with the accusations of takfirism. The morality in these books is more directed to moderate the attitudes towards anyone, even against the enemy. As like Ritchey, yellow book or turats is an effective medium for moderating religious attitudes in Islam