Popular culture by definition includes customs, beliefs and practices, which is massed produced and shared by a society. It can include a best selling magazine, film, food or drink products. It is widely enjoyed by the society because of its cheap price and meets the consumer's needs. Comic strips, is one of those products. Reading comic strips is fun and enjoyable because it does not need full concentration or extra money as a way of passing time. It is massed produced cheaply in popular magazines, newspapers and films. Although it is a way of passing time, it is also a way of learning about the American history, politics, economy, society and spirit of honesty, freedom and the hope of a better future. The comic strip, to say briefly, is a reflection of the American spirit
The 18'" century period is often considered as a period where women had to live ill men's world. There were norms, values, and rules, which binded, tied and controlled women's movements in every part of life. Women 'were forced' to be only as men 's servants and slaves who were obliged to be submissive and servile. Through his novel, Pamela, Samuel Richardson introduces his main character. Pamela. as a controversially different character. She changes the meaning of servitude, in which women do not have to be men's properties for being servile. Unlike most women ill her century. she introduces herself as a being who ;s able to use her intelligence in defending her rights in front of men ill a patriarchal society while at the same time she still gives her respect to them. This article, which uses traditionally, sociological. moral, and feminism approaches. is intended to analyze the new portrayal of the 18'" century female character by focusing on Samuel Richardson's Pamela, as she showed new meanings of being a woman, a wife. and a mother to her husband, friends and society.
In a world of patriarchy, the head of a family is usua/~v the male. However, under certain circumstances, such as the depression era of the 1930s that the Black American family had to face, the mother is forced to become the head of the family. Through a brief look at history, actual~v the function of Black American woman as the key person of upholding the family ties and sustaining thefamity 's livelihood has been carried out ever since the Blacks arrived in America as slaves. 7'hrough one kind of cultural studies approach, i. e. an American studies approach, the article discusses this event through a close analysis of the female characters described in the novel 'Sula '.
Korean Wave is one of the popular cultures that has developed in Indonesia. It comes with some special products that attract Indonesian youth. Doing a research on this, it is found that Korean music or K-Pop has noticeable popularity among 96.87% of selected peranakan Chinese undergraduate students in Soegijapranata Catholic University. This article to discusses and analyzes the phenomenon and the development of K-Pop of the factors of why the peranakan Chinese undergraduate students in Soegijapranata Catholic University are found of the Korean Wave product.
A questionnaire and interview recently given to 5-8 year old children and their parents show that consumption of vegetables is low. One of the factors for the low consumption is due to the lack of creativity in making various menu and creative media to obtain children?s interest in wanting to consume vegetables. In Indonesia, if young children can be taught to actively use the English language, it will be a great advantage for their future?s education. Based on these backgrounds, through the various media available in today?s popular culture, picturebooks that can increase children?s ability to read English language texts in addition to consume vegetables is created. A picturebook project is regarded highly relevant for teachers who specialize in English language, visual communicative design and food technology. This article shares how with a bilingual picturebook, a reader will know how to pronounce the English language well because there is a phonetic transcription guide provided at the back of the book. Also at the back of the book is a menu for the vegetable that becomes the main character of the book. With this strategy, the book is projected to be popular to readers who want to also create attractive vegetable menus for children. The picturebook that is packed with simple yet interesting visual language is also a way to show how creative one can be in designing lovable vegetable characters. This article discusses the reasonings of creating the picture book.
The world of literature can be a medium of expressing the writer's expressions and ideas. Universal topics such as, love, death, and war often become subject mailers in the world of literature. In the novel, of The Color Purple. Alice Walker describes the oppression experienced by Afro American women in the female characters of Celie, Nellie, Shug Avery, Sofia, and Mary Agnes who faced sexual discrimina!ions in a patriarchal society. Womanhood, education, and lesbianism are factors that help the Afro American women to free themselves from traditional values. The Color Purple puts into words the process of its main character, Celie, who tries to reject and escape from the male domination of her world. The other Afro American women characters that help Celie to find her selfidentity represent the manifestation of the rejection of the traditional values. This article. which uses the socio-historical alld feminism approach. is intended to analyse the Afro-American women's rejection of traditional values by focusing on the major character of' Walker's The Color Purple. Celie. as she develops from being a victim of traditional values to the rejoiceful discovery of her selfidentity.
This research aims to find the words and phrases in a famous poem of Edgar Allan Poe, Lenore that can portray both the characteristics of Romanticism period and the characteristics of dark romanticism. There are five characteristics of Romanticism period. They are: 1) imagination, 2) nature, 3) symbolism and myth, 4) intuition and subjectivity, and 5) individualism. All of those Romanticism era?s characteristics in The Raven and Lenore can portray dark, creepy, gloomy, and dreary tone that become the characteristics of dark romanticism. Through a biography and sociological approach, this research finds 4 words and 4 phrases in Lenore that fulfills the dark romanticism characteristics. The Romanticism era?s words and phrases give the feeling of uneasiness to each of Poe?s dark Romanticism poems. As an additional finding, the words and phrases such as ?Lenore?, ?golden bowl?, ?Stygian river?, and ?death?, have displayed the life of Edgar Allan Poe and his environment in 1800s.
Products of popular culture are many. One of those is educative language game software. Not only is a game useful in combating boredom, but a game can increase someone’s education capability. The PC (personal computer) a TOEFL-like game software created by the researchers applies the American TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) as a basis of the game. It has transnational qualities because it integrates some local Indonesian culture into an American based English competence test. Being a transnational product, the game induces creativity for a number of Indonesian-English students to have a global imagination. The popular culture product named Tommy & Pokina language game software is an educative game produced for 8th grade students studying at Junior High School. In designing the game, the method of symbolic analogy with the use of simple objects becomes the main characteristics of the game. In its visualization, the design process makes use of not only particular graphics, visualization effects, typography and interface; but also a number of other aspects. The aspects include the object’s illustrations, viewpoint, composition, and layout in developing the game’s visualization. These aspects are found to be valuable in designing the game.
Historically, quilt making has been recorded in the United States (U.S.) since the 18th century. Not only is it popular for its function but also for the social expression of its people to their environment. In designing quilts, creators make use of different colors and symbols to express a certain phenomenon. By use of library research and semiotics for an analytical-descriptive discussion, the socio-cultural and historical perspectives of U.S. quilts are found to explain how designs have evolved from the 18th to the 21st century of the U.S. The semiotics method has also shown how through an American Studies transnational process of cross bordering countries, the U.S. quilt has influenced its neighboring countries, like Indonesia. This article shares how a number of U.S. quilt patterns, colors and cultural values are found in Indonesian quilt. Among the cultural values found are the maintenance of loyalty and obedience. Interestingly, while the U.S. cultural value of individualism is respected, the Indonesian collectivism is preferred more in quilt making.