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Why Do the Students Do Disruptive Behavior in English Classroom? A Case Study On Senior High School Students in One of the Small Town in Indonesia Jati, Anida Fadhilah; Fauziati, Endang; Wijayanto, Agus
International Journal of Language Teaching and Education Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): Volume 3, Nomor 2, Desember 2019
Publisher : Universitas Jambi, Magister Program of English Education Department

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3151.786 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ijolte.v3i2.7701

Abstract

A conducive learning situation is essential in learning English. However, one problem that usually disturbs the learning situation is the appearance of disruptive behavior. Students' disruptive behavior is an inappropriate behavior conducted by students during the learning process which turns the classroom into unconducive. Exactly, there are several factors contribute to the occurrence of disruptive behavior in the English lesson, especially on senior high school students. Thus, the current study was a case study aimed to investigate several causes of students' disruptive behavior in English teaching-learning process in the classroom. The subjects of this study consisted of an English teacher and a class of twelfth-grade students in a small town in Indonesia. The data were collected using observation and interview. The result of this study showed that students' disruptive behavior in the English classroom was caused by internal factor and external factor. Feeling boredom, feeling anxiety, and seeking attention were internal factor that became the occurrence of disruptive behavior. While fatigue was the external factor that causes the emergence of students' disruptive behavior in the English teaching-learning process in the classroom. Keywords Disruptive Behavior, English Classroom, Senior High School Students, Teachers’ Management
REFUSAL STRATEGIES TO INVITATION BY NATIVE AND NON NATIVE Wijayanto, Agus
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 25, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

In Javanese context, refusal tends to threat the feelings and self worth of addressees while in British, refusal is not normally face threatening or at least it is not as face threatening as it is in the Javanese context. This paper compares sequencing of semantic formulae and adjuncts of refusal to invitations phrased by native speakers of British English and Javanese learners of English. The data of refusal are elicited through written discourse completion tasks (DCT) involving nine scenarios. Refusal strategies are classified based on a modified version of refusal taxonomy by Beebe, Takahashi, and Uliss-Weltz (1990). Overall the refusal strategies employed by the two groups are similar. Few differences in sequencing of semantic fomulae and adjuncts of refusal are due to politeness function.
Impoliteness in EFL Complaints: Exploring its Intentions and Motivating Factors Wijayanto, Agus; Hikmat, Mauly Halwat; Prasetyarini, Aryati
Lingua Cultura Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Lingua Cultura Vol. 12 No. 1
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/lc.v12i1.3635

Abstract

The present study investigated intentions and motivating factors of using impoliteness in interlanguage complaints by EFL learners. Empirical data were elicited by means of oral discourse completion tasks and questionnaires from 42 Indonesian learners of English. Post-structured interviews were conducted to obtain the intentions and reasons of deploying impoliteness in the complaints. The results reveal that impoliteness is triggered by three general motivating factors; speaker-related factors, target person-related factors, and contextual factors. A number of intentions of deploying impoliteness are found, and they suggest that impoliteness is a means to an end rather than an end itself.
LANGUAGE CHOICE PERFORMED BY JAVANESE CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS AT KALASAN SUBDISTRICT, YOGYAKARTA INDONESIA Wijayanto, Agus
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 19, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v19i1.4406

Abstract

Javanese language is geographically spoken in wide areas; however, it seemsthat its speakers began to give up using it. This can be seen that the quality of itsusage among the young Javanese is deteriorated. This phenomenon mainly happensin the urban areas where the young Javanese tend to use Indonesian languagerather than Javanese language. They think that Javanese language is complicatedrequiring its speakers some regulations and etiquettes, thus they tend to use Indonesianlanguage that is considered as neutral and easy. If this language attitudeoccurs for a long period of time, the Javanese language will be abandoned by itsspeakers or die. The research sample is taken by restricted random sampling technique.They are 244 children and teenagers (between 5 to15 year old ) living insome housings in Kalasan regency. They are chosen from the genuine Javanesefamily whose parents and grand parents are Javanese in nature. The research datais all information about language choice of Javanese and Indonesian languagedone by the subjects of the study in the domain of their houses, schools, and publicplaces spoken to parents, teachers, schoolmates, friends at home, neighbors, auntsand uncles, guest or visitors, grand-mothers and fathers, and strangers. The datais taken by survey questionnaire. Based on the field data, most of the subjectschoose Indonesian language when they communicate with parents, teachers, schoolmates,friends at home, neighbors, aunts and uncles, guest or visitors, grand-mothersand fathers, and strangers. Most of them speak in Low level Javanese (ngoko) toparents, schoolmates, friends at home, neighbors, aunts and uncles, grand-mothersand fathers. They rarely use Middle level Javanese (madya) and High level Javanese(krama).
REFUSAL STRATEGIES TO INVITATION BY NATIVE AND NON NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH Wijayanto, Agus
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 25, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v25i1.4182

Abstract

ABSTRACTIn Javanese context, refusal tends to threat the feelings and self worth of addresseeswhile in British, refusal is not normally face threatening or at least it is notas face threatening as it is in the Javanese context. This paper compares sequencingof semantic formulae and adjuncts of refusal to invitations phrased by nativespeakers of British English and Javanese learners of English. The data of refusalare elicited through written discourse completion tasks (DCT) involving nine scenarios.Refusal strategies are classified based on a modified version of refusal taxonomyby Beebe, Takahashi, and Uliss-Weltz (1990). Overall the refusal strategiesemployed by the two groups are similar. Few differences in sequencing of semanticfomulae and adjuncts of refusal are due to politeness function.Keywords: refusal, sequential order, semantic formula, adjunct.
ENGLISH VOWELS AND DIPHTHONGS PROBLEMS OF SUNDANESE LEARNERS Setyaningsih, Kuntum Palupi; Wijayanto, Agus; Suparno, Suparno
ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 2, No 4 (2019): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.883 KB) | DOI: 10.34050/els-jish.v2i4.8413

Abstract

EFL Sundanese learners encounter the difficulties in English pronunciation. The learners are often unable to differ between English vowel sounds long [i:] with short [I] like the word cheese they pronounce it as /?Iz/ instead of  /?i?z/, despite they have learned English since elementary school, officially they have learned English for around 5 years. The purpose of this study is to explore the interference of mother tongue in pronunciation field that was made by Sundanese learners dealing with English vowels and diphthongs. The participants were 30 EFL learners with Sundanese background as their mother tongue. The data were collected by recording the students? pronunciation and analysed using contrastive analysis. The results demonstrate that the learners met obstacles in uttering English vowels [i:],[u:],[?], and diphthongs[e?],[??],[æ]. The dominant mispronunciation of the English sounds occurs because of the absence of those English sounds in the learners? mother tongue. This paper offers some recommendations to the teachers to overcome the phenomenon mother tongue interference.
AN ANALYSIS OF POLITENESS STRATEGIES IN INDONESIAN ENGLISH TEXTBOOKS Meiratnasari, Ayu; Wijayanto, Agus; Suparno, Suparno
ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 2, No 4 (2019): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (774.35 KB) | DOI: 10.34050/els-jish.v2i4.8393

Abstract

The research aimed explores politeness approaches in EFL textbooks, especially Indonesian English textbooks. There were two textbooks which analysed as the sample for this study. The textbooks entitled ?Talk Active 1? and ?Talk Active 2: Language and Culture Programme?. The researcher limited the analysis on the dialogs which provided as materials in the textbooks. Brown & Levinson's (1987) politeness strategies were applied to categorize the data. The researcher applied content analysis method proposed by Denscombe, (2010) as the research method. The results of the study revealed bald on-record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off-record were reflected in the Indonesian English textbooks. Both types of bald on-record strategies were found in the Indonesian English textbooks. However, there were only three types of off-records strategies were reflected in the textbooks. The finding revealed 11 types of positive politeness as strategy follows: S1: Notice, attend to hearer; S2: Exaggerate, S3: Intensify interest to hearer; S4: Use in-group identity markers; S6: Avoid disagreement; S7: Presuppose/assert/raise common ground; S8: Joke; S10: Offer, promise; S12: Include both speaker and hearer in the activity; S13: Give (or ask for) reasons; S14: assume or assert reciprocity. The result also presented 8 types of negative politeness as follows: S1: Be conventionally indirect; S2: Question, hedge; S3: Be pessimistic; S4: Minimize the imposition; S5: Give deference; S6: Apologize; S7: Impersonalize speaker and hearer and S10: Go on record as incurring a debt, or as not indebting hearer. The analysis showed positive and negative politeness strategies were central strategies that reflected in the textbooks. It proved that Indonesian English textbooks have pragmatics input for the students. 
PENGARUH KOMPRES HANGAT DENGAN JAHE TERHADAP PENURUNAN SKALA NYERI OSTEOARTHRITIS Wijayanto, Agus; Purwanti, Lina Ema; Isro'in, Laily
Health Sciences Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Oktober
Publisher : Health Sciences Journal

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Abstract

AbstractOsteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease in the joints that involves cartilage, lining the joints, ligaments, and bones causing pain and stiffness in the joints. Pain is one of the complaints experienced by patients with osteoarthritis, the process of pain in the joints can be caused by inflammation, immunologic, noninfectious, bleeding and malignant processes. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of warm compress of grated ginger on the decrease of pain scale in osteoarthritis patient.Design This research is included in Pre-Experimental research type with population of 20 respondents with osteoarthritis, using purposive sampling technique, data collection using observation sheet, data is processed using paired t test with spss. The warm compound technique of grated ginger is said to be effective if the value of p <0.05.The result showed that the average of pain scale before the warm compression of ginger grated was 5.55 (moderate pain), after a warm compression of grated ginger was 2.95 (mild pain). The result of paired t test obtained that the value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05), thus can be stated there is influence of warm compress with ginger to decrease of osteoarthritis pain scale.Conclusion from this study that warm compresses with ginger effect in reducing the scale of osteoarthritis pain, so ginger compress can be an alternative as a non-pharmacological treatment given the inappropriate use of rheumatic drugs can cause side effects of stomach or gastrointestinal damage.Keywords: Compress with Ginger, Pain, OsteoarthritisAbstrakOsteoartritis (OA) merupakan penyakit degenerasi pada sendi yang melibatkan  kartilago, lapisan  sendi, ligamen, dan  tulang  sehingga menyebabkan nyeri dan  kekakuan pada sendi. Nyeri  merupakan  salah  satu  keluhan yang  dialami  oleh  pasien  osteoarthritis, proses  terjadinya  nyeri  pada  persendian bisa disebabkan karena inflamasi, imunologik, non-infeksi, perdarahan dan proses maligna . Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kompres hangat parutan jahe terhadap penurunan skala nyeri pada penderita osteoarthritis.Desain Penelitian ini termasuk dalam jenis penelitian Pre-Experimental dengan jumlah populasi 20 responden penderita osteoarthritis, menggunakan teknik purposive sampling, pengumpulan data menggunakan lembar observasi, data diolah menggunakan Uji paired t test dengan spss.Teknik kompres hangat parutan jahe dikatakan efektif jika nilai  p < 0.05.Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa rata-rata skalanyeri sebelum dilakukan kompres hangat parutan jahe adalah 5,55 (nyeri sedang), setelahdilakukan kompres hangat parutan jahe adalah 2,95 (nyeri ringan). Hasil dari uji paired t test didapat bahwa nilai hasil p = 0.000 (p < 0.05 ), dengan demikian dapat dinyatakan ada pengaruh kompres hangat dengan jahe terhadap penurunan skala nyeri osteoarthritis.Kesimpulkan dari penelitian ini bahwa kompres hangat dengan jahe berpengaruh dalam menurunkan skala nyeri osteoarthritis, sehingga kompres jahe dapat menjadi alternatif sebagai pengobatan non farmakologi mengingat penggunaan obat rematik yang tidak tepat bisa menyebabkan efek samping kerusakan lambung atau saluran cerna.Kata Kunci: Kompres dengan Jahe, Nyeri, Osteoarthritis
TANGGUNG GUGAT BADAN USAHA JALAN TOL TERHADAP KESELAMATAN LALU LINTAS DAN KENYAMANAN PENGGUNA JALAN Ningsih, Dwi Wachidiyah; Wijayanto, Agus
P ISSN 2089-7146
Publisher : Jurnal Pro Hukum : Jurnal Penelitian Bidang Hukum Universitas Gresik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.871 KB)

Abstract

Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 2009 Tentang Lalu Lintas dan Angkutan Jalan untuk mempertahankan kelayakan kondisi jalan dan untuk menekan angka kecelakaan diaturnya tentang dana pemeliharaan jalan. Dana  pemeliharaan Jalan hanya digunakan  khusus untuk kegiatan  pemeliharaan,  rehabilitasi, dan rekonstruksi jalan yang pengelolaannya dilaksanakan  berdasarkan prinsip berkelanjutan, akuntabilitas, transparansi, keseimbangan,  dan kesesuaian. Dalam hal ini jika terjadi pada jalan tol, pemeliharaan adalah tanggung jawab badan usaha jalan tol. Badan usaha yang menyelenggarakan jalan tol berkewajiban untuk memenuhi standar pelayanan minimal sesuai dengan yang diatur dalam Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Nomor 16/PRT/M/2014 Tentang Standar Pelayanan Minimal Jalan Tol untuk melancarkan arus lalu lintas dan berupaya menjamin keselamatan berlalu lintas. pengguna jalan tol memiliki hak-hak yang telah dicantumkan dalam standar pelayanan minimal (SPM) sebagaimana diatur dalam Keputusan Menteri pekerjaan Umum. Apabila tidak tercapai hak-haknya, pengguna jalan tol dapat mengajukan ganti rugi atau penyelesaian perselisihan baik itu ganti rugi secara langsung, melalui jalur litigasi maupun non litigasi kepada badan usaha yang menyelenggarakan usaha jalan tol.Kata Kunci           : Ganti Rugi; Jalan Tol; Tanggung Gugat;ABSTRACT                In Law No. 22 of 2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transportation to maintain the feasibility of road conditions and to reduce the number of accidents, it regulates road maintenance funds. Road maintenance funds are only used specifically for road maintenance, rehabilitation and reconstruction activities whose management is carried out based on the principles of sustainability, accountability, transparency, balance and conformity. In this case if it occurs on a toll road, maintenance is the responsibility of the toll road business entity.Business entities that operate toll roads are obliged to meet minimum service standards in accordance with those stipulated in Minister of Public Works Regulation Number 16 / PRT / M / 2014 concerning the Minimum Service Standards for Toll Roads to facilitate traffic flow and strive to ensure traffic safety. toll road users have rights that have been included in the minimum service standard (SPM) as stipulated in the Decree of the Minister of Public Works. If rights are not achieved, toll road users can file compensation or settle disputes, either directly compensation, through litigation or non-litigation channels to business entities that operate toll road businesses.Keywords              : Toll Road; Liability; CompensationDOI :10.5281/zenodo.3470449
NATIVE ENGLISH TEACHER’S POLITENESS REALIZATIONS IN EFL CLASSROOM INTERACTION Wijayanti, Wisma; Wijayanto, Agus; Marmanto, Sri
ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 3, No 1 (2020): MARCH
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34050/els-jish.v3i1.9524

Abstract

The realizations of politeness need to be implemented in the process of teaching and learning in the class, especially in English language classroom context. Applying appropriate politeness strategy in talking to the students is very important to create effective teaching and learning process. This study examines politeness strategies used by the native English teacher. It aims to identify the use of politeness strategies realized by the native English teacher in classroom interaction. This research was qualitative research method. The participant of the research was one native English teacher who taught EFL students in a university in Indonesia. The data were obtained through the class observation. Those data then were analyzed by using politeness theory proposed by Brown and Levinson (1987). The result revealed that all politeness strategies suggested by Brown and Levinson (1987) were applied by the teacher in delivering his speech to the students, such as bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off record. Negative politeness became the most dominant politeness strategy performed by the native English teacher while the least one was off record. These four strategies were mostly employed by the teacher in order to remind the students, give them commands (task-oriented), praise the students, request the students to do something, make the class more interesting, and motivate the students.