Arif Akhyat, Arif
Jurusan Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

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DUALISME EKONOMI PADA KREDIT RAKYAT DI YOGYAKARTA PADA TAHUN 1912-1990 Akhyat, Arif
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 27, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2407.169 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.8716

Abstract

The development of capitalism idea during the colonial prior to the New Order periods need a broader understanding of an historical analysis of popular credit case in Yogyakarta 1912-1990. The establishment of bank in Yogyakarta was already accomplished in the sense that it was owned and managed by state and it sell a large proportion of credit products on the open of financial system in villages. Using the historical critical method, this research seems to be the most appropriate for obtaining meaningful information on descriptions, dynamics, changes and tendencies of the  functional relationship between credit systems, state authority and the process of economic transformation in the region of Yogyakarta. Designing with the capitalism system, government credit system was not able to increase a village economy position in Yogyakarta. Popular Credit in the years of 1912-1990 as this research mentioned, is far from what villagers need. Banking system, in practices, was designed to create and produce a subsisten economy. The dual economy experiences of popular credit in Yogyakarta historically had given the state to be the hegemony holder. Popular credit is no more or less as the construct of economic boundaries under the concept of colonialism
The End of Peasantry: Peasants and Cities in Colonial Java in The Early Twentieth Century Akhyat, Arif
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 32, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.818 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.53383

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the decline of the peasant community in Semarang City, Central Java, by exploring the historical shifts in the city's spatial structures and livelihoods. Spatial changes and the issue of subsistence ethics simultaneously will be used to explain the peasant community’s exclusion in the city. In the early of modernization Semarang, peasant economy collapsed by deagrarianization process and  creating patterns of domestication, adaptation, and marginalization. This adaptation was necessary to reaffirm longstanding communal bonds that had contributed significantly to the city's historical growth. At the same time, however, the urban peasant community was excluded, as agrarian subsistence ethics required it to remain subordinate, while the city's new economic system limited or failed their social mobility. As a result, the peasant community was increasingly left behind by the city's social transformation. Discussing the end of the peasantry during decolonialization process is as a way to find out the consolidation ability of the peasant community during a depeasantization process.  This paper will answer the question how socio-economic modifications were made by peasant to navigate with gigantic changes in the city during decolonialization Semarang? Using the historical method, an analysis of a peasant community seems to be more appropriate for obtaining the process of ending of the peasantry and it took into account for both the continuity and the discontinuity process. This paper is expected to provide new facts that have implications for the writing of the Javanese urban historiography which has never been present in Indonesian historiography. 
Explaining A Narrative in The Critical Philosophy of History Akhyat, Arif
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 29, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.627 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.48937

Abstract

This paper explains the narrative in the study of history which has only been understood as a way of telling what should have happened, not what really happened. Narrative as a philosophical thought will be able to reveal not only the factual side but also the actual side. As a philosophical thought, the narrative should be able to provide a new understanding that narration is not just telling (history as a story), but also how can narration be used to explain the historical actuality? Through a new understanding of narrative, history actually as science becomes parallel to other sciences as philosophy. Historical narratives then present "stories" to "facts explained". Thus, history is present and humane because it is always actual. History as a narrative, thus not only makes history a discourse with a dissertation of evidence but also history as a way of abstracting objects in factual thinking. 
Explaining A Narrative in The Critical Philosophy of History Akhyat, Arif
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 29, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.627 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.48937

Abstract

This paper explains the narrative in the study of history which has only been understood as a way of telling what should have happened, not what really happened. Narrative as a philosophical thought will be able to reveal not only the factual side but also the actual side. As a philosophical thought, the narrative should be able to provide a new understanding that narration is not just telling (history as a story), but also how can narration be used to explain the historical actuality? Through a new understanding of narrative, history actually as science becomes parallel to other sciences as philosophy. Historical narratives then present "stories" to "facts explained". Thus, history is present and humane because it is always actual. History as a narrative, thus not only makes history a discourse with a dissertation of evidence but also history as a way of abstracting objects in factual thinking. 
PENDAMPINGAN PENDOKUMENTASIAN DAN PENULISAN SEJARAH KELUARGA DI DESA BEJI, NGAWEN, GUNUNG KIDUL Amini, Mutiah; Winardi, Uji Nugroho; Utama, Wildan Sena; Purwanto, Bambang; Wahid, Abdul; Akhyat, Arif; Fakih, Farabi
Bakti Budaya Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (680.449 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/bb.55500

Abstract

AbstractThe Department of History conducted a community service (PkM) on the topic of documenting and writing family history in Beji Village, Ngawen, Gunung Kidul. The PkM activities are conducted by lecturers and students of History in six months in 2019. Writing and documenting family history is carried out in a participatory method by a coloboration with village residents. The PkM activities were carried out in three stages. First, on May 4, 2019 a dialogue was held between the PkM team and the village stakeholders regarding the plan to write and document the family history of Beji Village. Secondly, on July 15, 2019 the PkM team observed the Nyadran process held by the Beji Village community. Third, the PkM team provides assistance in writing family history and documenting important figures who intersect with culture and art, cultural traditions, and multicultural identities in Beji Village. At the end of this PkM activity, a family history of the village leader has produced, namely the family history of Mbah Yatmo, a prayer reader at the Sadranan ceremony in Beji Village.----------AbstrakDepartemen Sejarah melakukan pengabdian kepada masyarakat (PkM) dengan topik pendokumentasian dan penulisan sejarah keluarga di Desa Beji, Ngawen, Gunung Kidul. Seluruh kegiatan PkM dilakukan oleh dosen dan mahasiswa Ilmu Sejarah dalam waktu enam bulan pada tahun 2019. Penulisan serta pendokumentasian sejarah keluarga yang dilakukan secara partisipatif bersama warga. Kegiatan PkM tersebut dilaksanakan dalam tiga tahapan kegiatan. Pertama, pada 4 Mei 2019 diadakan dialog antara tim PkM dan pemangku desa mengenai rencana penulisan dan pendokumentasian sejarah keluarga Desa Beji. Kedua, pada 15 Juli 2019 tim PkM melakukan observasi proses Nyadran yang diselenggarakan oleh masyarakat Desa Beji. Ketiga, tim PkM melaksanakan pendampingan penulisan sejarah keluarga dan pendokumentasian tokoh penting yang bersinggungan dengan kebudayaan dan kesenian, tradisi kultural, dan identitas multikultural di Desa Beji. Pada akhir kegiatan PkM ini dihasilkan contoh penulisan sejarah keluarga tokoh desa, yaitu sejarah keluarga Mbah Yatmo, seorang pembaca doa dalam upacara Sadranan di Desa Beji.