Muh Nurkoyim Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
Staf Pengajar Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember

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PENGARUH PEMASANGAN SIRIP PENGARAH PADA BUFFER TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA MOTOR BENSIN Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
ROTOR Vol 4, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : ROTOR

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Abstract

Perfect combustion can improve engine performance and save fuel consumption. One of the requirements perfect combustion is a homogeneous mixture of fuel and air when entering the combustion chamber. Air and fuel mixture to become homogeneous in case of turbulence in the mixing. Buffer with director fin is used to provide additional mixing time between air and fuel at the same time create a turbulent flow before entering the combustion chamber. In this study the buffer fitted with director fins with different variations. The number of fins variation used in this study are 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 with a variation of the angle are 45o and 60o. The analysis was conducted on the effective power and torque output and the FC (Fuel Consumption) needed from each variation condition buffer. From the results of testing on the condition of the buffer with 3 fins angled 60o obtain the highest effective power increase 5.92% and increase in the highest torque 2.66% when compared with the buffer without fins. The lowest FC (Fuel Consumption) in the buffer with 3 fin angle 60 ° when compared with the buffer without any fins at 4000 rpm with a 11.15% difference. Keywords: homogeneous, turbulent, buffer and fin
KARAKTERISTIK KECEPATAN NYALA DAN KONSENTRASI ION PADA PEMBAKARAN PREMIXED BUTANA Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
ROTOR 2017: ROTOR Special Edition
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/rotor.v0i0.7696

Abstract

Research on premixed butane combustion has been carried out, to determine the characteristics of flame velocity and ion concentration. The research was carried out by combining premixed butane mixture in a cylindrical combustion chamber measuring 108 mm in diameter and 170 mm in length. The premixed butane air mixture is set at the equivalent composition ratio  = 0.8; 0.9; 1.0; 1.1; 1,2. The results showed that the highest flame speed was equivalent to a ratio of 1.1, which was 198 cm / s whereas the highest radical concentration indicated by the voltage on the ion sensor system is equivalent to a ratio of 1.1, which is 5.5 volts. Keywords: butane, flame velocity, radical concentration, premixed combustion
CHARACTERISTIC ANALYSIS OF HORIZONTAL AXIS WIND TURBINE USING AIRFOIL NACA 4712 Susilo, Bili Darnanto; Jatisukamto, Gaguk; Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6018.754 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um016v3i22019p096

Abstract

Wind energy has been developed and used as a source of electrical energy by converting wind energy into electrical energy using a generator. There are some wind turbine parameters that important for wind turbines design and model, includes the size of the rotor radius, airfoil selection, chord length, and pitch angle. The study aims to characterize the performance of a horizontal axis wind turbine using computational methods. The methods used a design and simulation of NACA 4412 and NACA 4712 airfoil using QBlade software using wind conditions in the region of Pancer, Jember.  Results show that the maximum Cl value of NACA 4712 is higher than in NACA 4412. NACA 4712 has a maximum Cl value = 1.696 at ? = 14o while NACA 4412 airfoil has a maximum value of Cl = 1.628 at ? = 15o. NACA 4712 has the maximum value of Cl/Cd = 153 at ? = 2o , while the NACA 4412 has a maximum value of Cl/Cd = 133.5 at ? = 5.5o. The maximum value of Cl/Cd 4712 is higher than the NACA 4412. At 7.66 m/s of wind speed with 10% turbulence conditions, wind turbines with NACA 4712 airfoil have Cp turbine performance parameters of 0.49929 and obtain a power of 1.15 kW, while wind turbines with NACA 4412 have Cp turbine performance parameters of 0.395365 and obtained power of 0.889 kW at the same wind speed.
PENGARUH PEMASANGAN SIRIP PENGARAH PADA BUFFER TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA MOTOR BENSIN Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
ROTOR Vol 4 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Perfect combustion can improve engine performance and save fuel consumption. One of the requirements perfect combustion is a homogeneous mixture of fuel and air when entering the combustion chamber. Air and fuel mixture to become homogeneous in case of turbulence in the mixing. Buffer with director fin is used to provide additional mixing time between air and fuel at the same time create a turbulent flow before entering the combustion chamber. In this study the buffer fitted with director fins with different variations. The number of fins variation used in this study are 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 with a variation of the angle are 45o and 60o. The analysis was conducted on the effective power and torque output and the FC (Fuel Consumption) needed from each variation condition buffer. From the results of testing on the condition of the buffer with 3 fins angled 60o obtain the highest effective power increase 5.92% and increase in the highest torque 2.66% when compared with the buffer without fins. The lowest FC (Fuel Consumption) in the buffer with 3 fin angle 60 ° when compared with the buffer without any fins at 4000 rpm with a 11.15% difference. Keywords: homogeneous, turbulent, buffer and fin
Experimental Study on the Effect of Nano Additives γAl2O3 and Equivalence Ratio to Bunsen Flame Characteristic of Biodiesel from Nyamplung (Calophyllum Inophyllum) Pambudi, Setyo; Ilminnafik, Nasrul; Junus, Salahuddin; Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
Automotive Experiences Vol 4 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Automotive Laboratory of Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang in collaboration with Association of Indonesian Vocational Educators (AIVE)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/ae.4569

Abstract

Nano γAl2O3 has been one of the nanometal oxides that has improved the characteristics of biodiesel. The effect of γAl2O3 nanoparticles addition on premixed flame combustion is investigated with an experiment on the laminar flame speed of Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester 30% and 70% petrodiesel mixtures, at atmospheric pressure and preheated temperature T = 473K. The γAl2O3 nanoparticles added to CIME30 biodiesel were 0ppm, 100ppm, 200ppm, and 300ppm. Experiments were carried out on a bunsen burner. The equivalent ratio of the mixture between ϕ = 0.67 to 1.17. Experiments revealed that the addition of nanoparticles to CIME30 biodiesel expands the flammability limit and increases the laminar flame speed. CIME30 without nanoparticles, flame stable between ϕ = 0,76 -1,17. CIME30 with nanoparticles, flame stable between ϕ = 0,67 -1,17. Combustion of CIME30 required a lot of air. The highest laminar flame speed occurred at the equivalent ratio ϕ = 0.83. The highest laminar flame speed of CIME30 0, 100, 200, and 300 ppm were 30.77, 34.50, 35.90, 38.45 cm/s respectively. The higher the nano γAl2O3 concentration the higher the laminar flame speed. This occurs due to the catalytic effect of γAl2O3 on biodiesel and its mixtures.
Effect of Biodiesel B100 and Ethanol Blends on the Performance of Small Diesel Engine Firdiansyah, Alfian; Ilminnafik, Nasrul; Triono, Agus; Kustanto, Muh Nurkoyim
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Technologies and Applications Vol 2, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/MECHTA.2021.002.02.3

Abstract

A small diesel engine is a machine that has high efficiency but causes a high level of pollution. The most widely used fuel so far is fossil energy which is unrenewable energy. The fruit of the Calophyllum inophyllum plant has great potential to be developed as alternative energy for small diesel engines. In this study, the test fuel used was D100, B100, E5, E10, and E15. The small engine diesel used TG-R180 Diesel with a compression ratio of 20:1 at engine turns 1500, 1800, 2100, and 2400 rpm, and the braking load at a constant prony disc brake is 1,5 kg/cm2. The result of the study using E10 fuel can improve engine performance and can reduce the opacity of the exhaust gas. The highest power in the D100 fuel at 2100 rpm is 8,06 PS. The highest thermal efficiency of E10 fuel is 50,29%. The use of Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel (B100) can reduce exhaust gas opacity in small diesel engines when compared to the use of D100. E10 fuel has the lowest exhaust gas opacity rate of 4,1%.