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BRIKET LIMBAH JAGUNG SEBAGAI SUMBER ENERGI ALTERNATIF RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI DESA SIMOLAP KECAMATAN TIGABINANGA KABUPATEN TANAH KARO Aziz, Rizal; Suswati, Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 19, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Kecamatan Tigabinanga merupakan sentra tanaman jagung terluas di Kabupaten Tanah Karo, Propinsi Sumatera Utara. Limbah jagung yang dihasilkan sebanyak 8.128.734 ton/tahun. Produksi limbah jagung akan semakin tinggi jumlahnya akibat serangan penyakit hawar daun dan busuk tongkol. Sampai sejauh ini limbah jagung belum dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat setempat sebagai briket, padahal briket limbah jagung dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif bahan bakar ramah lingkungan. Ipteks ini telah diaplikasikan kepada kelompok petani (Rimo kayu dan Paya Kumpal) Desa Simolap, Kecamatan Tiga Binanga. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah: 1. Melatih petani agar dapat menghasilkan briket. 2. Meningkatkan pendapatan petani dari hasil penjualan briket. Metoda yang diaplikasikan berupa penyuluhan, pelatihan maupun transfer tekhnologi pembuatan briket kepada petani jagung kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pembinaan yang dilakukan secara periodik melalui koordinasi dengan ketua kelompok tani jagung. Hasil yang diperoleh berupa briket limbah jagung yang dipasarkan melalui kios wirausaha briket kelompok tani di Desa Simolap.Kata kunci: limbah jagung, tongkol, Tigabinanga, kelompok tani, briket, bahan bakar alternatif
PENAPISAN LIMBAH PERTANIAN (SABUT KELAPA DAN ARANG SEKAM) DALAM PENINGKATAN KETAHANAN BIBIT PISANG BARANGAN BERMIKORIZA TERHADAP BLOOD DISEASE BACTERIUM DAN FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F.SP. CUBENSE ., Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah; Putra, Deddi Prima
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 15, No 1 (2015): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.493 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11581-88

Abstract

Agricultural waste screening (coconut fibre and chaff charcoal) in improving the resistance of Mychorrizae Barangan seedling to Blood diseases bacterium and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. The application of soil and compost are very general in Barangan banana seedling. However, those media always contaminated by BDB and Foc propagul. This research was intended to examine the influence of planting media composition (soil, coconut fibre and chuff charcoal) in improving the resistance of Mychorrizae Barangan banana seedling to blood diseases bacterium dan Fusarium oxysporum f sp.cubense. Some experiments conducted in wirehouse using a randomized complete block design application of two subtracts for soil substitution included to either coconut fibre (A) or chuff charcoal (B) (v:v) completed by 6 treatments of each: A0 = 100% soil media, A1 = 50% soil + 50% chuff charcoal, A2 = 50% soil + 25% chuff charcoal + 25% sand, A3 = 25% soil + 50% chuff charcoal + 25% sand; A4 = 75% chuff charcoal + 25% sand, A5 = 100% chuff charcoal, B0 = 100% soil, B1 = 50% soil + 50 % chuff charcoal; B2 = 50% soil + 25 % coconut fiber + 25% sand, B3 = 25% soil +50% coconut fiber +25% sand; B4 = 75% coconut fiber + 25% sand, B5 = 100% coconut fiber. The soil generated from banana seedling area of Sempakata village that seriously infected BDB and Foc. The observation variables encompassed percentage of disease attack, density of BDB and Foc. population, period of pathogen incubation and measurement of Barangan seed and AMF colonization resistance development. The results indicated the planting of Mychorrizae Barangan banana seeds applied diminishing soil media as much as 25–100% substituted by chuff charcoal or coconut fiber increased the seed resistance of BDB and Foc.
BRIKET LIMBAH JAGUNG SEBAGAI SUMBER ENERGI ALTERNATIF RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI DESA SIMOLAP KECAMATAN TIGABINANGA KABUPATEN TANAH KARO Aziz, Rizal; Suswati, Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 19, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kecamatan Tigabinanga merupakan sentra tanaman jagung terluasdi Kabupaten Tanah Karo, Propinsi Sumatera Utara. Limbah jagung yangdihasilkan sebanyak 8.128.734 ton/tahun. Produksi limbah jagung akan semakin tinggi jumlahnya akibat serangan penyakit hawar daun dan busuk tongkol. Sampai sejauh ini limbah jagung belum dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakatsetempat sebagai briket, padahal briket limbah jagung dapat digunakan sebagaialternatif bahan bakar ramah lingkungan. Ipteks ini telah diaplikasikan kepadakelompok petani (Rimo kayu dan Paya Kumpal) Desa Simolap, Kecamatan TigaBinanga. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah: 1. Melatih petani agar dapat menghasilkanbriket. 2. Meningkatkan pendapatan petani dari hasil penjualan briket. Metodayang diaplikasikan berupa penyuluhan, pelatihan maupun transfer tekhnologipembuatan briket kepada petani jagung kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pembinaanyang dilakukan secara periodik melalui koordinasi dengan ketua kelompok tanijagung. Hasil yang diperoleh berupa briket limbah jagung yang dipasarkanmelalui kios wirausaha briket kelompok tani di Desa Simolap.Kata kunci: limbah jagung, tongkol, Tigabinanga, kelompok tani, briket, bahanbakar alternatif
Respon Pertumbuhan, Produksi Dan Persentase Serangan Penyakit Pada Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium Ascalonicum L.) Yang Di Beri 3 Jenis Kompos Kulit Buah Dan Poc Kubis Fernando, Roy; Indrawati, Asmah; Azwana, Azwana
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

Onion is one of predominant flavor in Indonesia culinary which its quantity should be increased contantly. The aim of research was to invesitigate the respond of onion growth toward the treatment combination between POC cabbage and Tree types of fruit skin. This research was performed in a Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD), which consists of 2 treatment factors, namely: 1) compost 2) liquid organic fertilizer of cabbage waste. The parameters observed in this study were plant height, number of leaves, number of tubers per sample plant, production per sample, production per plot and percentage of plant disease attack. As for the results obtained from this study, namely: 1) Giving various types of fruit skin compost did not significantly affect height, number of leaves, number of tubers, production per sample plant and production per plot of onion plants; 2) liquid organic fertilizer cabbage application has no significant effect on height, number of leaves, number of tubers and production per sample plant, but has a significant effect on production per plot of onion plant; and 3) Combination between the fruits compost and the liquid organic fertilizer that is not real influence on the plant height, the number of leaves, the number of bulbs and production per crop samples, but the effect is very real towards production per plot of the anion plants
Utilization of Liquid Palm Organic Fertilizers and M-Bio Biological Fertilizers Against Growth and Production in Okra Plants (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench) Kurniawan, Heru; Indrawati, Asmah; Gusmeizal, Gusmeizal
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): JIPERTA SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

Okra plant is becoming to be one of favortite vegetable in Indonesia since then the deman of this plant is growing very rapidly. The aim of this research is to Utilize Palm Oil Liquid Organic Fertilizer and M-Bio Biofertilizer Against Growth and Production in Okra Plants (Abelmoschusesculentus  L.  Moench).  This  study  used  a  Randomized  Block  Design (RBD) with 2 replications. Factorial consisting of II treatment factors, Factor I treatment given P0: Without Liquid Palm Oil Organic Fertilizer, P1: Provision of PKS liquid fertilizer and Factor II, treatment of giving M-Bio. Parameters observed in this study were  vegetative dan generative. The results showed that the treatment of oil palm liquid organic fertilizer had no significant effect on vegetative and generative observed parameters. The treatment of M-Bio biofertilizer significantly affected the vegetative and generative observation parameters where the best dose was treatment  6%. The treatment of the combination of liquid organic fertilizer from palm oil waste and M-Bio biological fertilizer has no significant effect on all parameters of vegetative and generative observations.
Respon pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kacang tanah (arachis hypogaea l.) Terhadap pemberian kompos batang jagung dan pupuk organik cair limbah ampas tebu Sianipar, Gepin; Indrawati, Asmah; Rahman, Abdul
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): JIPERTA MARET
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian ( JIPERTA)

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Abstract

Peanutes is one of stupple food in Indonesia leading to significant role in national crop. This research is conducted by group Random Draft (RAK) factorial consisting of 2 treatment factors: factor I: Compost stem of corn consists and factor II: Liquid Organic Fertilizer waste sugar cane. The parameters were both representing physiology and production. The results of this research are as follows: the introduction of compost corn stem is not real against the several physiology parameters. The best treatment is at a dose of 250 ml/L (T1) on the parameters of high crop, number of branches, age of flowering, production weight per sample and the production weight per Plot. The treatment of combination of corn stem compost and Liquid Organic Fertilizer from the affected sugar cane is not real on the parameters of crop height, number of branches, age of flowering, production weight per sample, number of pods per sample, and production weight per plot. The best treatment is the delivery of compost rod corn dose 1.5 kg/Plot and Liquid Organic Fertilizer of AmpasTebu dose 750ml/L.
The Effectiveness of Endomycorrhiza Species on the Growth of Barangan Banana Seedlings Indrawati, Asmah; Suswati, Suswati
Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal Vol 1, No 4 (2019): Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences, October
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birex.v1i4.479

Abstract

Utilization of various species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Barangan banana nurseries has been carried out in a wire house. The aim of the study was to obtain data on the effectiveness of Barangan banana seedling growth after various FMA species were applied. This research was conducted with a Completely Randomized Design with mycorrhizal (A) treatment consisting of 4 levels, namely: A0. Without mycorrhizae, A1. Glomus type 1; A2. Acaulospora type 4 and A3. Glomus fasciculatum (FMA isolate collection of Prof. Dr. Ir. Eti Farda Husin, MS) with 5 replications. A total of 10 g of FMA inoculants were separately put into the acclimatization media of the Barangan plantlet in the form of a sterilized charcoal and sand mixture (2: 1). during acclimatization. The results of this study indicate that seedling growth is better in the treatment of FMA applications than in controls. Acaulospora type-4 FMA isolates; Glomus type-1 and G. fasciculatum can increase the height of Barangan banana seedlings at a rate of: 3.117%; 2,831% and 2,328% while the rate of leaf growth is better in Glomus type-1 applications (1,865%), G. fasciculatum (1,709%) and Acaulospora type 4 (1,412 and control (1,174%).
SOSIALISASI DAN PELATIHAN PEMBUATAN SIRUP MARKISA DAN MASKER LIMBAH BUAH MARKISA PADA KELOMPOK PKK KELURAHAN LAU CIH DAN SIDOMULYO DI KOTA MEDAN Suswati, Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah; Masitoh, Beby
JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 23, No 4 (2017): OKTOBER - DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jpkm.v23i4.8631

Abstract

AbstrakKelurahan Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo merupakan dua kelurahan di Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan yang terbanyak partisipasi rumah tangga dalam usaha pertanian. Sebanyak 20% kelompok wanita berperan di bidang pertanian. Pada kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat sebelumnya, Kelompok PKK Kelurahan Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo telah dilatih untuk melakukan penanaman tanaman markisa dataran rendah dalam rangka pemanfaatan pekarangan. Tanaman markisa tumbuh subur dan menghasilkan buah dalam jumlah besar, tetapi buah markisa yang dipanen hanya dimakan dalam bentuk segar. Kurangnya informasi dan keterampilam kelompok PKK dalam pengolahan buah markisa hingga kini buah markisa masih dijual dalam bentuk segar. Tujuan kegiatan adalah: 1. Sosialisasi pengolahan buah markisa menjadi sirup markisa. 2. Melatih kelompok PKK dalam pengemasan produk sirup markisa.3. Melatih kelompok PKK untuk mampu mengolah limbah buah markisa (kulit buah dan biji markisa) menjadi bedak dingin kulit markisa. Kegiatan IPTEKS ini telah dilaksanakan pada 2 kelompok PKK kelurahan Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo yang masing-masing diikuti 20 orang wanita PKK. Metoda yang digunakan untuk memecahkan masalah diatas adalah dengan memberikan pengetahuan dan pelatihan maupun tekhnologi pengolahan sirup markisa dan limbahnya dilanjutkan dengan pembinaan yang dilakukan secara periodik melalui koordinasi dengan ketua kelompok wanita PKK.Hasil yang diperoleh adalah peningkatan pengetahuan dalam pengolahan sirup markisa, pengemasan produk sirup markisa, pengolahan limbah markisa menjadi bedak dingin kulit markisa dan scrub biji markisa.Kata kunci: Lau Cih, Sidomulyo, kelompok wanita PKK, markisa kuning, sirup markisa, pengemasan, pekaranganAbstractLau Cih and Sidomulyo are the two urban villages in Medan Tuntungan sub-district with the highest share of household participation in agriculture. As many as 20% of women's groups play a role in agriculture. In previous community service activities, the PKK Group of Lau Cih and Sidomulyo Villages have been trained to plant lowland passion fruit plants in order to utilize the yard. Passion plants thrive and produce large amounts of fruit, but harvested passion fruit is eaten only in fresh form. Lack of information and skills of PKK groups in the processing of passion fruit until now passion fruit is still sold in fresh form. The purpose of the activities are: 1. Socialization of passion fruit processing into passion fruit syrup. 2. Training PKK groups in packing of passion fruit syrup.3. Train PKK groups to be able to process passion fruit waste (fruit peel and passionfruit seed) into a cool powder of passion fruit ski. This IPTEKS activity has been carried out in two groups of PKK Lau Cih and Sidomulyo villages, each of which followed by 20 women. The method used to solve the above problem is to provide knowledge and training as well as technology of passionfruit syrup processing and waste followed by coaching conducted periodically through coordination with the leader. The obtained is the increase of knowledge in the processing of passion fruit syrup, packing passion fruit syrup, Passion fruit waste treatment into a cool powder of passion fruit skin.Keywords: Lau Cih, Sidomulyo, PKK women group, yellow passion fruit, passion fruit syrup, packing, yard
Sosialisasi dan Pelatihan Budidaya Tanamanan Markisa Kuning Pemanfaatan Pekarangan di Kota Medan Suswati, Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah; Masitoh, Beby
JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 21, No 82 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jpkm.v21i82.3465

Abstract

Kelurahan Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo merupakan dua kelurahan di Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan yang terbanyak partisipasi rumah tangga dalam usaha pertanian. Pada umumnya kelompok pria yang berkecimpung di bidang pertanian dan hampir 20% kelompok wanita juga berperan di bidang tersebut. Kelompok wanita mengalokasikan waktunya 5-6 jam untuk bekerja di usaha pertanian milik sendiri atau orang lain. Hal tersebut mengakibatkan kurangnya waktu wanita untuk mengurus pekarangan rumahnya,.Padahal lahan di dua kelurahan tersebut merupakan lahan subur. Kurangnya informasi mengenai jenis markisa yang dapat dikembangkan di dataran rendah dan belum dikuasainya teknik budidaya tanaman markisa kuning menjadi alasan belum dikembangkannya markisa dataran rendah..Tujuan kegiatan adalah : 1. Sosialisasi pemanfaatan pekarangan dengan tanaman markisa dataran rendah (markisa kuning). 2.Melatih PKK dalam pembudidayaan tanaman markisa kuning. Kegiatan IPTEKS ini telah dilaksanakan pada 2 kelompok PKK kelurahan Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo yang masing-masing diikuti 20 orang. Metoda yang digunakan untuk memecahkan masalah diatas adalah dengan memberikan pengetahuan dan pelatihan maupun tekhnologi pembudidayaan tanaman markisa kuning dilanjutkan dengan pembinaan yang dilakukan secara periodik melalui koordinasi dengan ketua kelompok PKK.Hasil yang diperoleh adalah peningkatan pengetahuan peserta tentang tanaman markisa, jumlah tanaman markisa yang di tanam di pekarangan anggota PKK Lau Cih dan Sidomulyo.
PERTUMBUHAN MARKISA DATARAN RENDAH ( Passiflora edulis var.flavicarpa) DENGAN APLIKASI Glomus sp dan Acaulospora sp Suswati, Suswati; Indrawati, Asmah
JURNAL BIOSAINS Vol 2, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Biosains
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jbio.v2i3.4956

Abstract

Percobaan ini dilakukan di Tanjungsari dan Laboratorium Agrotehnologi Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Medan Area.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh aplikasi inokulant mikoriza terhadap efektifitas simbiosis tanaman markisa dataran rendah dengan Glomus sp + Acaulospora sp dan pertumbuhan tanaman markisa (perkecambahan, tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, berat basah dan berat kering). Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan faktor perlakuan dosis FMA (A) dengan 4 taraf dan 3 ulangan yaitu :A0 = tanpa inokulasi; A1= 25 g per seed bed ;A2= 50 g per seed bed dan A3=75 g per seed bed. Parameter pengamatan : efektifitas simbiosis, kolonisasi FMA (persentase`dan intensitas kolonisasi), pertumbuhan tanaman (persentase perkecambahan benih, tinggi, jumlah daun, berat basah dan berat kering).Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa tanaman markisa dataran rendah memiliki tingkat ketergantungan yang tinggi terhadap Glomus sp + Acaulospora sp dengan nilai 65.44% - 73.84%. Aplikasi FMA dapat meningkatkan perkecambahan benih di pesemaian dan meningkatkan pertumbuhan bibit markisa.   Kata Kunci: markisa dataran rendah, Glomus sp + Acaulospora sp, efektifitas simbiosis,   kolonisasi mikoriza