Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Aspek radiografis dan biologis tulang dalam penilaian kualitas tulang pada osteoporosis Lita, Yurika Ambar; Azhari, Azhari; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Epsilawati, Lusi; Pramanik, Farina
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v3i2.490

Abstract

Objectives: This scientific paper discusses aspects of biological bone and radiograph examination in helping diagnose systemic diseases with a decrease in bone quality more accurately. Literature Review: Osteoporosis often occurs in postmenopausal women because of reduced estrogen. Sign analysis is related to four important factors to assess bone quality, namely bone density, bone turnover, bone size and bone architecture. Mineral Bone Examination Density is a gold standard examination by the World Health Organization for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and bone biomarkers can provide an overview of the renovation process being carried out. Conclusion: Panoramic radiographs are expected to be a potential checkpoint for early detection of systemic diseases that manifest in the maxillofacial region with bone conversations characterized by bone enlargement, changes in bone microstructure and trabeculae that indicate changes in bone quality.
Nilai ketebalan kortikal mandibula pada anak dan remaja terinfeksi HIV Rahman, Fadhlil Ulum Abdul; Ramadhan, Alongsyah Zulkarnaen; Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 3 No 3 (2019): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v3i3.437

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to obtain the value of mandibular cortical thickness in HIV-infected children and adolescents based on panoramic radiographs. Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on 43 panoramic radiographs of HIV-infected children and adolescents. The value of mandibular cortical thickness were measured by three indices regarded as mental index (MI), gonial index (GI), and antegonial index (AGI) using a digital calipers directly on the panoramic radiographs which had been taken previously. Results: Among 43 panoramic radiographs, 18 (41,86%) were boys and 25 (58,14%) were girls. Based on age range, there are 30 samples (69,77%) were categorized as children with age range 5-11 years and 13 samples (30,23%) were categorized as adolescents with age range 12-16 years. The lower value of mandibular cortical thickness based on MI, AGI, and AGI was seen in girls compared to boys. The adolescents have a higher value of mandibular cortical thickness compared with the children. Conclusion: There are different values of mandibular cortical thickness in HIV-infected children and adolescents based on sex and age.
Gambaran border dan periosteal reaction lesi rahang pada radiograf Nurrachman, Aga Satria; Pramanik, Farina; Azhari, Azhari; Epsilawati, Lusi
Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI) Vol 4 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI)
Publisher : Ikatan Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32793/jrdi.v4i1.477

Abstract

Objectives: Understanding the differences of general signs and typical characteristics of a lesion in radiograph is constantly important for dentists to determine the nature of a lesion. Some signs that can be observed more specifically were the presence of periosteal reaction and the border of existing lesions. These differences may be taken into consideration to define the diagnosis and type of the lesion. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the radiographic features of periosteal reaction and border in jaw lesions. Literature Review: This article is a literature review which discussed several articles relating to the radiographic features of border and periosteal reaction in various jaw lesions. Based on this review, there were different features of border, where each lesion had its own borderline that differs between cystic, benign and malignant properties. While the picture of periosteal reaction indicates the extent to which the lesion involves cortical tissue in the bone. Conclusion: The conclusion is that the border image and periosteal reaction can be one of the typical markers in determining jaw lesions.
Proporsi gambaran radiografis lesi periapikal gigi nekrosis pada radiograf periapikalRadiographic image proportion of necrotic teeth periapical lesions on periapical radiographs Utami, Istri Dwi; Pramanik, Farina; Epsilawati, Lusi
Padjadjaran Journal of Dental Researchers and Students Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Februari 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/pjdrs.v3i1.22306

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Karies merupakan penyakit yang paling banyak terjadi. Pada tahun 2013 kerusakan gigi masyarakat Indonesia adalah 460 buah gigi per 100 orang. Jika dibiarkan tidak dirawat akan berkembang mengarah pada kematian pulpa dan akan menyebar menyebabkan infeksi periapikal. Tahun 2010 penyakit pulpa dan periapikal menempati posisi ke 7 dari 10 penyakit terbanyak pada pasien rawat jalan di rumah sakit di Indonesia. Teknik radiograf yang dapat digunakan untuk diagnosis penyakit pulpa dan periapikal adalah teknik radiografi periapikal. Tujuan penelitian adalah mendapatkan informasi mengenai proporsi gambaran radiografis lesi periapikal gigi nekrosis di RSGM Unpad. Metode: Jenis penelitian deskriptif. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh radiograf periapiakal gigi nekrosis dengan lesi periapikal pada bulan November 2018 – Januari 2019 di Instalasi Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi RSGM Unpad. Sampel penelitian ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 54 radiograf periapikal. Hasil: Proporsi gambaran radiografis lesi periapikal yaitu abses periapikal sebanyak 42 kasus (77,78%), granuloma periapikal 8 kasus (14,81%) dan kista periapikal 4 kasus (7,40 %). Simpulan: Proporsi gambaran radiografis lesi periapikal gigi nekrosis di RSGM Unpad didapatkan proporsi tertinggi adalah abses periapikal diikuti granuloma periapikal dan yang terakhir adalah kista periapikal.Kata Kunci: Gigi nekrosis, lesi periapikal, radiograf periapikal ABSTRACTIntroduction: Caries is the most common disease. In 2013, tooth decay of Indonesian people was 460 teeth per 100 people. If left untreated, it will develop, leading to pulp death and will spread, causing periapical infection. In 2010, pulp and periapical diseases were ranked 7th out of the ten most diseases in outpatients of the hospitals in Indonesia. A radiographic technique that can be used for the diagnosis of pulp and periapical disease is a periapical radiographic technique. This study was aimed to obtain information about the radiographic image proportion of necrotic teeth periapical lesions at Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital. Methods: This study was descriptive, with study population was all radiographs of the necrotic teeth periapical lesions in November 2018 - January 2019 at Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Installation of Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital. The research sample was determined by purposive sampling method. The number of samples was 54 periapical radiographs. Results: The radiographic image proportion of necrotic teeth periapical lesions, namely periapical abscesses in 42 cases (77.78%), periapical granuloma in 8 cases (14.81%) and periapical cysts in 4 cases (7.40%). Conclusion: The radiographic image proportion of necrotic teeth periapical lesions at Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital mostly are periapical abscesses, followed by periapical granuloma, and the least is periapical cysts.Keywords: Necrotic teeth, periapical lesions, periapical radiographs
Differences of temporomandibular joint condyle morphology with and without clicking using digital panoramic radiograph Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Sam, Belly
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 3 (2016): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.904 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no3.13672

Abstract

Introduction: Clicking is the most common clinical symptom in patients with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Lacking attention by either the patient or dentist, many patients were found to have suffered from morphologic alteration of the condyles seen in the panoramic radiograph inadvertently. The purpose of the study was to determine the differences of condyle morphology of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) with and without the existence of clicking by means of digital panoramic radiographs. Methods: This study was based on an analytic descriptive research, whereas subjects are digital panoramic radiographs taken from clicking and non-clicking patients at the Radiology Installation of Dental Hospital Universitas Padjadjaran. 16 samples of each group were chosen in a non-random purposive sampling manner. Results: The research showed the mean of condyle morphology, HOC height  on clicking (6.31 mm) was shorter than the non clicking (7.63 mm), the width of HOC on clicking (10.38 mm) was higher than the non clicking (10.22 mm) and height of the processus condylaris on clicking (19.70 mm) was shorter than non clicking (20.04 mm). Ratio of the high of HOC, width of HOC and high of processus condylaris were 12.13 (clicking), and 12.63 (non-clicking). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the morphology of the TMJ condyle between clicking and not clicking group, except on high of HOC.
Normal, inflammation and necrosis pulp radiograph image using 3D cone beam computed tomography Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria Noerianingsih; Oscandar, Fahmi; Epsilawati, Lusi
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 2 (2016): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.253 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no2.13720

Abstract

Introduction: Abnormalities of the dental pulp can have several different diagnoses. Therefore, the dental pulp characteristics must be known in more detail and clear so that diagnosis be established more precisely and accurately.  One characteristic of the pulp can be seen from the density value through the 3D Cone Beam Computed Tomography (3D CBCT). Methods: The study  was  conducted  with  a  simple  descriptive  method.  The population is all the data 3D CBCT of patients who visited the Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital (RSGM Unpad) in 2012. Samples of the research were 75 pulps  with normal, inflammation, and necrosis conditions and calculate the average density value. Results: Density values for dental pulps in the normal teeth between 465 - 775 HU, the inflammation teeth between 243.5 - 396 HU, and necrosis teeth between - 461.5 - -170 HU. Conclusion: There are differences in dental pulp density between the normal pulp, inflammation and necrosis through 3D CBCT.
Analysis digital panoramic radiograph about positions root of maxillary posterior teeth with maxillary sinus floor Pertiwi, Aprilia Dian; Noerianingsih Firman, Ria; Pramanik, Farina
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 3 (2016): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (602.44 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no3.13669

Abstract

Introduction: Maxillary sinus floor is a part of the alveolar bone adjacent to the apex of the posterior maxillary teeth that often causes complications in dentistry. Anatomical relationship between the maxillary posterior tooth root and the maxillary sinus floor can be obtained by panoramic radiograph.  The purpose of this study is to analysis digital panoramic radiograph about positions root of maxillary posterior teeth’s with  maxillary sinus floor by age and gender using. Methods: Research method is descriptive with purposive sampling technique. Study population was taken from archives of patient’s digital panoramic radiograph in Radiography Installation from January to March 2016. 88 samples were obtained from 207 digital panoramic radiographs archives. Results: The result showed that type 3 was dominated by P1 (86.8% right, 88.2% left), type 2 is dominated by P2 (24.7% right, 21% left), type 1 is dominated by M2 in the right (31.2%) and M1 in the left (38.1%). Conclusion: This study concludes that overall, the most commonly found was type 3. Based on the age, type 1 majority occurs in age group of above 49 years old; type 2 in age group of 40-49 years old; and type 3 in age group 30-39 years old, 40-49 years old, and above 49 years old. By gender, type 1 and type 2 are more common in males, while type 3 is more common in female.
Interpretasi cone beam computed tomography 3-dimension dalam pemasangan implan dental di RumahSakit Gigi MulutFakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjajaran (Interpretation of cone beam computed tomography 3-dimension in inserting dental implant at Dental Hospital of Faculty of Dentistry Padjajaran University) Pramanik, Farina; Firman, Ria N.
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Formerly Jurnal Dentofasial ISSN 1412-8926
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v14i1.426

Abstract

Radiographic examination is one of the examinations required in determining the treatment plan and evaluating thesuccess of dental implant placement. Cone beamcomputed tomography3D(CBCT 3D)is a tool that produce radiographicimaging in three dimensions that can meet the information needed by dentists/specialists in dental implant placement.This report discusses the role of interpretating the CBCT 3D bone area, indication of dental implant with give a sight3D, measure the distance and position of the implant and to assess the quality of the bone at dental implant placement.Interpretation of CBCT 3D case is the size of the dental implant alveolar bone morphometric teeth region 46 and 37qualified radiographically for dental implants. The conclusion of this paper is a CBCT 3D can be a determinant of thesuccess of dental implant placement as capable of being able to analyze a complete, clear and more accurate measurementthrough a 3D picture, the analysis of the size/3D morphometric, density analysis, and histogram/ trabecular analysis.
A descriptive study of bone density based on angle’s malocclusion classification on female patients aged 13–30 years old on panoramic radiograph Ling, Pei C.; Firman, Ria N.; Pramanik, Farina
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 2, No 2 (2017): (Available online: 1 August 2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v2i2.523

Abstract

Objective: This study was performed to determine the bone density based on angle’s malocclusion classification on female patients aged 13–30 years old using panoramic radiograph.Material and Methods: Ninety digital panoramic radiographs of female patients aged 13–30 years old and with 30 radiographs representing each of the angle’s malocclusion classes (class I, class II, class III) were used. The bone density was measured by using ImageJ software with 20 x 20 pixels intensity by using a method based on the mental index (MI).Results: The mean bone density of female patients aged 13–30 years old with angle’s malocclusion of class I was 18.726% of cortical and 81.274% of marrow, class II was 16.804% of cortical and 83.196% of marrow, and class III was 15.911% of cortical and 84.089% of marrow.Conclusion: The bone density of female patients aged 13–30 years old with angle’s class I malocclusion was higher than class II and class II malocclusion had higher bone density than class III on panoramic radiograph.
The aplication of teleradiology in dentomaxillofacial radiology Oscandar, Fahmi; Lita, Yurika A.; Pramanik, Farina
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 1, No 1 (2016): (Available online: 1 April 2016)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v1i1.30

Abstract

Radiograph interpretation which is conducted by dentomaxillofacial radiologist has a problem with distance, time and limited number of dental radiologist in Indonesia that it becomes an obstacles to provided expansive and be spread evently radiograph interpretation services. The objective of this review to provide information to general dentist and other dental specialist about teleradiology advantage in dentomaxillofacial radiology as comunication media between dental radiologist and other dental specialist using teleradiology system. Radiographs imaging can be easily sent from dental radiologist to other dental spesialist not only in the sections of the hospital but also other locations throughout the world. The teleradiology system need adequate internet capacity, internet speed and bandwith. Benefits of using teleradiology is able to achieve efectivity dentomaxillofacial radiology services. As conclusion, teleradiology can be used as communication media between dentomaxillofacial radiologist with other dental specialists, especially in providing services radiograph interpretation thus can provide patient services effectively and efficiently, without problem of human resources, time, distance and location.