Faaza Fakhrunnas, Faaza
Departement of Economics Faculty of Economics Islamic University of Indonesia

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Islamic Bank peformance based on Maqasid Based Performance Evaluation Model (MPEM) Mifrahi, Mustika Noor; Fakhrunnas, Faaza
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Volume 4 No. 2, Juli 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/jeki.vol4.iss2.art6


This study aims to measure the performance of Sharia banking under Maqashid Shariah’s point of view. Maqashid-sharia-based Performance Evaluation Model (MPEM) approach does not only shows the overall banking performance as usual, but also in the aspect of its Sharia compliance. The samples used in this study are 11 Islamic banks which is retrived from Central Bank of Indonesia that consist of Islamic Bank’s annual report from 2011 to 2017. To measure the Islamic banks, this research adopts maqashid sharia measurement that consist of 5 (five) elements formulated in MPEM. According to the finding, Bank Muammalat Indonesia (BMI) outperforms in all aspects with an average value of 177,93. However, in detail each Islamic banks has its strength in different criteria. Eventhough in certain period Islamic banks suffered loss, this condition did not lead the bank to perform non sharia activity.
Macroeconomic effect and risk-taking behavior in a dual banking system Fakhrunnas, Faaza; Dari, Wulan; Mifrahi, Mustika Noor
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets Volume 10 Issue 2, 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol10.iss2.art5


This study aims to analyze the relationship between macroeconomic factors and risk-taking behavior in a dual banking system. Adopting a panel cointegration approach, this research posits macroeconomic factors as exogenous variables and risk-taking behavior as endogenous variables. With having 468 quarterly-observations consisting of 18 banks in Indonesia during 2010-Q4 to 2017-Q1, it finds that the risk-taking behavior of the banks has a long-term relationship with macroeconomic factors. Moreover, conventional bank has long-term relationship to macroeconomic nonetheless it results inversely to Islamic bank. In terms of bank-specified characteristics, bank size and equity to asset ratio are substantial factors for the banks’ risk mitigation.
Effects of Macroeconomics Factors toward Efficiency in Banking Fakhrunnas, Faaza; Nahar, Faiza Husnayeni; Albana, Hilman Fikri
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 11, No 2 (2018): September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v11i2.16059


The main objective of this study is to analyze the effect of macroeconomic factors toward efficiency in Islamic and Conventional Banking. Banking as one of components in financial system that highly contributes to the growth and development of the economy in a country, especially after establishment of the first Islamic bank in Indonesia at the year of 1992. Afterwards, Islamic banking began to develop and start to compete with conventional banking. Hence, in order to survive and do fair competitiveness, Islamic and Conventional banking have to maintain its efficiency. This study uses the methodology of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). This study also analyze the macroeconomics factors namely inflation, interest rate of Bank indonesia and the growth of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which affects the bank efficiency. Our data is obtained from annual financial statement published by each islamic and conventional bank and Bank Indonesia starting from 2007 to 2016. This study shows that conventional banks have higher efficiency than Islamic banks, while crisis in 2008 had no significant effect on the efficiency of Islamic and conventional banking. However, a decrease in the level of efficiency that occurs in conventional banking indicates that conventional banking is more sensitive to the crisis.
Efisiensi perbankan Islam di Asia Tenggara Fakhrunnas, Faaza
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Volume 3 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/jeki.vol3.iss1.art4


The development of Islamic banks in Southeast Asia increases quickly. To measure the Islamic banking performance, Islamic banking efficiency can be adopted as a benchmark. This study aims to measure the efficiency of Islamic banks in Southeast Asia. By applying Stochastic Frontier Analysis, this study utilizes input variable comprising total deposit and operating cost, then output variable consisting to total financing and earning asset whereas all variables mentioned-above are put as independent variable. Moreover, total cost is posited as dependent variable. By observing 28 Islamic banks in Southeast Asia during 2009-2012, this research finds that the level of efficiency Islamic Bank in Malaysia is 94,04%, Brunei Darussalam is 88,59%, and Indonesia is 88,35%. By performing independent t-test, it shows that there has different efficiency between Islamic Bank in Indonesia and Malaysia, and also between Indonesia and Southeast Asia.
The performance of Islamic mutual funds, why is it not better than conventional? Fakhrunnas, Faaza
Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics CIMAE Volume 1, 2018
Publisher : Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics

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The Islamic mutual funds objective tries to safeguard the moslem community from usury, masyir, and gharar. However, that product still has a problem which relates to the performance. Based on the literature review, Islamic mutual funds can not outperform the market benchmark and the conventional mutual funds. It happens because of some factors in the Islamic mutual funds product. Unskilled manager is the inside factor causing the lack of Islamic mutual funds performance. It is because the manager does not have many choices in making portfolio aligned with shariah. Then, the outside factor is about the regulation itself relating to the goverment policy. In this paper, the writer tries to offer the solutions. Firstly, Islamic mutual funds has to be bravely different to give clear identity as fully shariah compliance in purpose to attract moslem communities to invest. Secondly, the goverment has to promote Islamic funds market to make it more developed.
Implikasi Faktor Makroekonomi Terhadap Kinerja Sistem Perbankan Ganda Di Indonesia Musta?in, Jannatul Liutammima; Fakhrunnas, Faaza
BALANCE: Economic, Business, Management and Accounting Journal Vol 15, No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/blc.v15i01.1286


ABSTRACT  Since the implementation of Banking Regulation Number 10 year 1998, Indonesia has two banking systems that must be maintained and controlled, is conventional banking and Islamic banking. Indonesia as a developing country is very vulnerable to economic turmoil related to macroeconomic factors. The problematic crisis experienced by Indonesia in 1998 has been a proof of the weakness of the resilience of the banking system in Indonesia, especially in conventional banking. The condition of syariah banking in Indonesia which majority originated from the Islamic bank window has the potential to have a high degree of vulnerability during a crisis. Let's say in the management of liquidity management is still dependent on the parent company, namely conventional banking. If conventional banking is experiencing financial difficulties due to unfavorable macroeconomic conditions, then the management of subsidiaries' liquidity also has the possibility to be disturbed. Based on the results of data analysis that has been described previously shows that macroeconomic factors such as the interest rate of Bank Indonesia, inflation rate and GDP growth have a significant influence on the performance of banks both measured by the level of profit and risk. This shows that the banking industry in Indonesia should pay great attention to the dynamics of macroeconomic factors that are happening. This should be done by the bank to be able to respond appropriately to the macroeconomic conditions that are and will happen to the fore.Keywords                   : Macroeconomics, Dual Banking System, Panel Data EstimationCorrespondence to      : jannatul.mustain@ep.uad.ac.id, fakhrunnasfaaza@gmail.com ABSTRAK  Sejak diterapkannya Undang-Undang No.10 Tahun 1998, Indonesia memiliki dua sistem perbankan yang harus dijaga dan dikendalikan yakni perbankan konvensional serta perbankan syariah. Indonesia sebagai negara berkembang sangat rentan terhadap gejolak ekonomi terkait faktor makroekonomi. Problematika krisis yang dialami oleh Indonesia ditahun 1998 menjadi bukti terkait lemahnya daya tahan sistem perbankan di Indonesia, terutama pada perbankan konvensional. Kondisi perbankan syariah di Indonesia yang mayoritas berawal dari islamic bank window berpotensi untuk memiliki tingkat kerentanan yang tinggi ketika terjadi krisis. Misalkan saja dalam pengelolaan manajemen likuiditas yang masih bergantung kepada perusahan induk, yakni perbankan konvensional. Jika perbankan konvensional sedang mengalami kesulitan keuangan karena kondisi makro ekonomi yang kurang baik, maka manajemen likuditas anak perusahaan pun memiliki kemungkinan untuk terganggu. Berdasarkan hasil analisa data yang telah dijelaskan sebelumnya menunjukan bahwa faktor makro ekonomi seperti tingkat suku bunga Bank Indonesia, tingkat inflasi dan pertumbuhan GDP memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kinerja perbankan baik diukur dengan tingkat keuntungan maupun resiko. Hal ini menunjukan bahwa industri perbankan di Indonesia harus memberikan perhatian yang besar terhadap dinamika faktor makro ekonomi yang sedang terjadi. Hal tersebut harus dilakukan oleh bank untuk dapat memberikan respon secara tepat terhadap kondisi ekonomi makro yang sedang dan akan terjadi kedepan.Kata Kunci                 : Makro Ekonomi, Sistem Perbankan Ganda, Estimasi Data PanelKorespondensi             : jannatul.mustain@ep.uad.ac.id, fakhrunnasfaaza@gmail.com
Assessing Financial Risk and Regional Macroeconomic Influence to Islamic Rural Bank Performance Fakhrunnas, Faaza; Imron, Mochamad Ali
Global Review of Islamic Economics and Business Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.762 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/grieb.2019.071-05


Islamic Rural Bank must deal with internal and external risks which will affect to the performance of the bank. This paper aims to assess the internal and external risks that influence to the bank performance. By adopting panel data analysis, the paper analyzes 21 biggest Islamic rural bank which as a representative of 21 provinces around Indonesia during 2013-2017 which result 420 observation period. Furthermore, Return on Asset (ROA) are utilized as dependent variable which represents Islamic rural bank?s performance. As independent variables, Non-Performing Financing (NPF) and Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) are applied as internal risk in Islamic rural bank. To analyze external risk, regional macroeconomic factors, Regional Economic Growth (REG) and Regional Inflation (RInf) are employed then Total Asset of Islamic rural bank  (Size) is also used as complementary variable.  Based on the analysis, this study finds that SRB has robust risk management through internal and external risk. However, REG has significant ROA that explains the performance of Islamic rural bank will depend on regional economic growth in each province.
The Effect of Macroeconomic and Bank-Specific Variables to Risk-Taking of Islamic Bank in Indonesia Fakhrunnas, Faaza
International Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance (IJIEF) Vol 1, No 2 (2019): IJIEF Vol 1 (2), January 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/ijief.129


This study aims to delineate the relationship between macroeconomic factors and bank-specific variables to risk-taking of Islamic bank. Adopting panel co-integration approach, this study posits macroeconomic and bank-specific factors as exogenous variables consisting to interest rate, exchange rate, inflation, bank size and equity to asset ratio. Risk-taking as endogenous variable has proxies non-performing loan or financing and bankruptcy risk. By using quarterly data from 2010-Q4 to 2017-Q4, this study finds the risk-taking behavior of all banks has long-term relationship with macroeconomic factors. In terms of bank specified characteristic, bank size becomes substantial factor for the bank’s risk mitigation. When the samples are grouped based on Islamic bank’s size, the big size of Islamic bank has no long-term co-integration to macroeconomic variables. As opposed to that, the middle and small size of Islamic bank have long-term relationship to macroeconomics factors and all macroeconomic variables affect the risk-taking of Islamic bank. It concludes that the medium and small size of Islamic banks are more vulnerable from external shock.
Macroprudential Policy and Credit Risk in Dual Banking System Musta'in, Jannatul Liutammima; Fakhrunnas, Faaza
Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 10 No 2 (2021): Economics Development Analysis Journal
Publisher : Economics Development Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/edaj.v10i2.43092


Issues related to financial stability are a very complex problem, especially the global crisis impact in 2008. Based on these conditions, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision introduced a macroprudential policy to mitigate financial system risk systemically. The study aims to analyze the impact of macroprudential policy on the banks’ risk exposure by adopting credit risk as a risk proxy. By adopting a panel dynamic approach, credit risk is used to be a dependent variable while independent variables consist of the reserve requirement, capital buffer, and a net open position in either conventional and Islamic banks. The observation period starts from 2014 to 2019 with quarterly data, and it involves 22 banks in Indonesia. The study found that macroprudential policy has a long-run relationship to Islamic banks' credit risk but not to conventional banks. The result from Variance Decompositions (VDs) and Impulse Response Factors (IRFs) also showed that each independent variables have an impact to credit risk value in many different directions. According to that, this study suggests that Indonesian financial authority has to pay attention to the different effectiveness and impact of its macroprudential policy, which has to consider the specific characteristics of either conventional or Islamic banks..
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 10, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/share.v10i1.9302


Islamic social fund is proliferating in this most populous Muslim country, particularly in the time of this pandemic. During early 2020, there was a substantial growth of the collection of Islamic social funds for nearly 70% compared to the last year's figure, which is mainly driven by the digitalization of social fund payment. This paper aims to elaborate on the determinants of Islamic social funds to support Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) program by looking at the intention of the society to donate through the e-payment platform. This study involves 212 users of digital social payments by distributing an online questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using a Structural Equation Model technique in AMOS. This study reveals that religiosity, trust, and perceived behavioral control have a positive and significant effect on the intention to donate through online platforms. Furthermore, when it comes to a specific categorized SDG program, the people sector is the highest priority, followed by Prosperity and Peace sectors.========================================================================================================ABSTRAK – Bagaimana Dana Sosial Islam mendukung Sustainable Development Goals dalam Masa Covid-19? Analisis Peran Religiositas, Kepercayaan, dan Persepsi Kontrol Perilaku. Dana sosial Islam berkembang pesat di negara berpenduduk Muslim terbesar ini terutama di saat pandemi. Selama awal tahun 2020, terjadi pertumbuhan tajam atas dana sosial Islam yang berhasil dikumpulkan yaitu sebanyak 70% dibandingkan dengan tahun lalu. Hal ini utamanya didorong oleh digitalisasi pembayaran dana sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengelaborasi determinan pembayaran dana sosial Islam dalam mendukung program SDGs dengan melihat niat masyarakat untuk berdonasi melalui platform pembayaran elektronik. Penelitian ini melibatkan 212 pengguna pembayaran sosial digital dengan menyebarkan kuesioner online. Analisis data dilakukan dengan teknik Structural Equation Model (SEM) di AMOS. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa religiusitas, kepercayaan, dan persepsi tentang control perilaku berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap niat berdonasi melalui platform online. Terlebih, jika kita teliti terkait program SDG, sektor yang erat berkaitan langsung dengan ‘People’ menempati posisi teratas, diikuti oleh sektor ‘Prosperity’ dan ‘Peace’.