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Autonomy in Aceh-Indonesia, from Armed Conflict to Regulation Conflict Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 7 (2017): 7th AIC in conjuction ICMR 2017 Universitas Syiah Kuala October 2017
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.475 KB)

Abstract

The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in Helsinki in 2005, the Government of Aceh agrees to unconditionally accept the Act of Government of Aceh, delivering the principles of special autonomy and ending the 30-years conflict. The Act orders explicitly and implicitly to legislate some bylaws for implementing the norms of autonomy. Despite passing bylaws, both Government of Aceh and Central Government have involved in endless regulation conflict, including land and flag bylaw. This article uses black-letter law approach as research method, focusing on several government official texts, and case law happening during this conflict.
Implementing Islamic Constitutionalism: How Islamic Is Indonesia Constitution? Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
al-'adalah Vol 15, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adalah
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.045 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/adalah.v15i2.3389

Abstract

Religious constitutionalism has recently become a global discussion. Such a trend arises as a result of several countries that have a majority of religious adherents declare their constitution based on certain religions. Thailand, for example, provides special norms about Buddhism (Buddhist constitutionalism), the Vatican has special norms about Catholicism (Catholic constitutionalism), India has special norms about Hinduism (Hindu constitutionalism), Saudi Arabia has norms specifically about Islam (Islamic constitutionalism), and so on. This article analyzes whether or not the Islamic principles have been adopted in the Indonesian Constitution. These principles consist of protecting religion, soul, mind, offsprings, and property. The author uses the five principles as a standard in measuring the entire Indonesian Constitution which constitutes to the teachings of Islam (Islamic constitutionalism). The implementation of Islamic constitutionalism can be identified through articles in the constitution. This study concluded that, in general, the Indonesian constitution could be considered to have agreed to Islamic constitutionalism, although in some cases it still needs to be actualized more.
Democracy through Election Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights Vol 2 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jember University Press Online Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jseahr.v2i1.5333

Abstract

After amendment the 1945 Constitution, Indonesia has adopted election mechanism to implement a value of democracy. Unfortunately, the regulations as a main tool have not completely covered all of election issues. It follows that the election legal systems have only been prepared for the post-election dispute instead of the pre-election dispute. This case happened in the province of Aceh. On one hand Aceh has its own law regarding the autonomy province, on the other hands, Aceh must coexist the national law as well. However, both Aceh’s law and national’s law does not clearly provide the mechanism of handling the pre-election dispute among the regulations. This implies that the provincial election cannot be implemented as long as does not have legal certainty. In the provincial level have suggested making a new bylaw focusing on the local election only, nevertheless, central government have strongly rejected this idea.
Public Caning: Should it Be Maintained or Eliminated? (A Reflection of Implementation Sharia Law in Indonesia) Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
QIJIS Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/qijis.v7i2.4974

Abstract

This article investigated the corporal punishment through judicial caning in Aceh, Indonesia. The judicial caning is conducted publicly and easily watched by the crowd, including children. This article aimed to search the facts that occurred during the implementation of judicial canning in Aceh. This study employed a qualitative method, with the interview as the main instrument and also used the black-letter law as a supporting approach. The research finding showed that public caning does not guarantee a deterrent effect on the defendants. In some cases, such as gambling and drinking, some of them will potentially repeat the same cases the following years, because the law concerning gambling and drinking does not accommodate rehabilitation mechanism. Furthermore, children attending the canning process will likely imitate the process in their future life. This research has a clear novelty as publication related to judicial caning is still limited in research and articles regarding the Indonesian legal system.
SERPIHAN PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM DALAM MAZHAB SYIAH Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Dusturiyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/dusturiah.v7i2.3262

Abstract

In the begining, Sect of Shiah was born from political background, then became part of Islamic Jurisprudence. The sect of Shiah has emerged from the differen perspective of seeing Chalif of Ali Bin Abi Thalib. From the extrem perspective of Shia, they claim that Jibril as the angel revealition has made a serious mistake, because of delivering revealition to Muhammad instead of Chaliph Ali bin Abi Thalib. Thus, not all of Sect of Shiahsâ?? are misleading, some of them still have a right path. This article will explore the Islamic legal thought in the perpective of Shia sects, to get a clear point of view on them and to prevent misunderstanding of Shia sects in the Islamic society. Keywords: Sects, Shia, Misleading Thought
PENGHAPUSAN PRESIDENTIAL THRESHOLD SEBAGAI UPAYA PEMULIHAN HAK-HAK KONSTITUTIONAL Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Petita : Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Hukum dan Syariah Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.29 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/petita.v1i2.1303

Abstract

The removal of the presidential threshold system, on the one hand, has made a positive impact on the development of democracy in Indonesia. It can restore the basic rights of the citizens in the constitution (remedy of constitutional rights) that had been hurt by the threshold. The advantages include the minor parties’ opportunity to propose their respective presidential candidates and also the prospect of having more diversed presidential candidates. The new system will allow the president to be at ease in carrying out the governmental duties due to the absence of the dominant parties’ intervention in the parliament. However, the weaknesses of the abolition of the presidential threshold should also be of concern because of the vulnerability of individual interests that may be obtained through the presidential nomination. In terms of the national security, there will be an expansion of conflict and criminal acts escalation attributed to the candidates' election. Further, for the efficiency itself, the electoral budget allocation will greatly increase (high cost election). This will nevertheless an issue because such excessive budget allocation may be better supplied to areas that can increase the people’s welfare. Therefore, this assumption needs to be investigated further with in-depth research on the efficiency of campaign funds.
SUMBANGSIH KERAJAAN MUSLIM INDONESIA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN PERADILAN ISLAM: ANALISIS HISTORICAL LEGAL APPROACH Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Jurnal Justisia : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Islamic kingdom in Indonesia made significant role in spreading and enforcing Islamic law. Islamic kingdom not only as a kingdom but also plays their significant role in Islamic tribunal process. Each kingdom has their own judge who came from Islamic scholar school. If they have many difficulties in solving problem they will invite other Islamic scholar from other kingdom to give their opinion. The Islamic scholar has habitual in writing books which is used for further Islamic scholar. Shiratul Mustaqim (Pathway), which was written by Nuruddin Arraniry, was one of famous book among Islamic scholar at that time. Kata Kunci: Sejarah Hukum, Kerajaan Muslim Indonesia, Peradilan Islam
Hubungan Ideal antara Partai Politik Nasional dengan Partai Politik Lokal dalam Pengisian Jabatan Publik ARMIA, MUHAMMAD SIDDIQ
JURNAL REVIEW POLITIK Vol 7 No 1 (2017): Juni
Publisher : Program Studi Politik Islam Fakultas Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

There are questions regarding the mechanism of fulfilling public position in democratic countries. The main question is how local party and national party can deal with prominent position, is it pointed or elected by party mechanism? This article will explore this main problem, including to fulfil public positions. To answer those questions, writer uses comparative political approach, using Germany as comparative country. In Indonesian, not all public positions regulated by regulations, chiefly in provincials’ level.
The Role of Indonesian Constitutional Court In Protecting Energy Security Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.789 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk1321

Abstract

After more a decade, Indonesian Constitutional Court (ICC) has importantly played a significant role in the law reform, such  as  protecting  energy  security  through  their judgements. ICC comes out of the box, creating unpredictable judgements, and ensuring the justice values. In protecting energy security ICC makes important breakthrough with reviewing Act Number 22 of 2001 on the Oil and Earth Gas, Act Number 4 of 2009     on the Mineral Mining and Coal, and invaliding Act Number 20 of 2002 on the Electrical Power. Those acts contradict the basic norm in the 1945 Constitution. Although creating public debate, ICC judgment should be   appreciated.
CONSTITUTIONAL COURTS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW: LESSON LEARNED FOR INDONESIA (MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DAN PENGUJIAN UNDANG-UNDANG: PEMBELAJARAN BAGI INDONESIA) Armia, Muhammad Siddiq
Jurnal Negara Hukum: Membangun Hukum Untuk Keadilan Vol 8, No 1 (2017): JNH VOL 8 NO. 1 Tahun 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22212/jnh.v8i1.940

Abstract

In the context of reviewing law through judiciary organ, the court plays significant role to review several regulation. This article specifically will discuss regarding the role of court on judicial review. This idea spreads out worldwide including in Indonesia. The Constitutional court and judicial review are two words which having inextricably meaning that attached to each other. On worldwide, the system of reviewing law by involving judges commonly has been practiced by several countries. There are two most significant state organs that plays role in the system, they are constitutional court and supreme court. Most countries do not have constitutional court and will deliver the authority of judicial review through supreme court. It has added more tasks, not only to adjudicate the common case, but also regarding constitutionality matter of an act against constitution. This model is commonly known as a centralized model, as practiced in the United State of America. In the Countries that owned a constitutional court, will certainly deliver the authority of judicial review through constitutional court. 108 NEGARA HUKUM: Vol. 8, No. 1, Juni 2017 This model is commonly known as Kelsenian’s model. In this model, the constitutional court will merely focus on the constitutionality of regulations, and ensuring those regulations not in contradicting with the constitution. The Supreme Court in this model merely focus on handling common cases instead of regulations. Those two model of judicial review (through the constitutional court and the supreme court) has widely been implemented in the world legal systems, including in Indonesia. In the authoritarian regime, Indonesia implemented the centralized model, which positioned the Supreme Court as the single state organ to handle the common case and also judicial review. Having difficulties with the centralized model, after the constitution amendment in 2003, Indonesia has officially formed the constitutional court as the guardian of constitution. However, the Indonesian Constitutional Court (ICC) merely examine and/or review the statute that against the Indonesian’s Constitution year 1945, and related to the legislations products lower than the statute will remains the portion of the Supreme Court jurisdiction. Such modification is vulnerable resulting a judgement conflict between the ICC and the Supreme Court.ABSTRAKPosisi peradilan memainkan peranan penting dalam proses uji materi undang-undang. Mahkamah konstitusi dan pengujian undang-undang merupakan dua kata yang saling berkaitan memiliki keterikatan. Ide dasar pengujian peraturan perundang-undangan melalui lembaga peradilan berkembang luas di dunia hingga sampai ke Indonesia. Sistem pengujian undang-undang dengan melibatkan hakim sudah sering digunakan dan dipraktekkan di berbagai negara. Terdapat dua organ kenegaraan yang mempunyai peran vital dalam memaikan peran ini yaitu mahkamah konstitusi dan mahkamah agung. Model seperti ini lebih dikenal dengan model terpusat di suatu lembaga negara sebagaimana yang di Amerika Serikat. Sedangkan negara yang mempunyai mahkamah konstitusi akan melimpahkan kewenangan pengujian undang-undang kepada mahkamah konstitusi, model ini dikenal dengan model Kelsen. Pada model ini mahkamah konstitusi hanya berfokus pada konstitutionalitas peraturan peraturan perundang-undangan serta memastikannya agar tidak bertentangan dengan norma dalam konstitusi. Mahkamah agung pada model ini hanya berfokus untuk menangani kasus sehari-hari saja, bukan untuk menguji peraturan perundang-undangan. Dua model ini pengujian undang-undang ini (melalui mahkamah konstitusi dan mahkamah agung) sering diterapkan dalam sistem ketatanegaraan dunia, termasuk juga di Indonesia. Pada zaman rezim otoriter, Indonesia menerapkan sistem pengujian undang-undang terpusat, dengan memposisikan Mahkamah Agung sebagai organ tunggal negara yang menangani perkara sehari-hari dan pengujian undang-undang. Menemukan hambatan dengan model terpusat ini, akhirnya Indonesia membentuk Mahkamah Konstitusi. Mahkamah Konstitusi Indonesia hanya menguji undang-undang terhadap Undang-Undang Dasar 1945. Sedangkan peraturan perundangundangan di bawah undang-undang tetap menjadi kewenangan Mahkamah Agung. Modifikasi seperti ini berakibat rentannya terjadi pertentangan putusan antara Mahkamah Konstitusi dan Mahkamah Agung.