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Dosis Rata-Rata Harian dan Efektif Tahunan Radon Airtanah pada Daerah Gunung Masigit, Kecamatan Cipatat, Kabupaten Bandung Barat, Indonesia Azhari, Azhari; Susilo, Ivhatry Rizky Octavia Putri; Bintarsih, Bintarsih; Lubis, Rachmat Fajar; Sitam, Suhardjo
JURNAL RISET GEOLOGI DAN PERTAMBANGAN Vol 29, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/risetgeotam2019.v29.1020

Abstract

Konsentrasi radon dapat mempengaruhi kondisi air yang biasa dikonsumsi masyarakat untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari. Hal ini berpotensi terhadap resiko kesehatan termasuk resiko kanker. Pada penelitian ini sampel didapatkan dari sumber air di berbagai kampung di daerah Gunung Masigit, Cipatat, yang biasa digunakan oleh masyarakat sekitar untuk keperluan sehari-hari. Sampel di tes menggunakan RAD 7 Electronic Radon detector. Konsentrasi radon pada sampel bervariasi di setiap sumber air. Konsentrasi radon terukur yaitu  2030± 509 Bq/m3, yang berasal dari sumber mata air kampung Cisalada dan 1140±393 Bq/m3 yang berasal dari air sumur Kampung Giri Mulya dan 705±393 Bq/m3 pada mata air daerah Kampung Pamucatan. Konsentrasi ini digunakan untuk menghitung konsentrasi rerata harian pada penduduk sekitar yang terpapar radon. Dosis rerata harian individu yang terpapar akibat konsumsi air mengandung radon  adalah 5,0 × 10-3 kg/ug/hari dan dosis efektif tahunan lebih rendah dari 0,1 mSv/tahun. Penelitian ini direkomendasikan sebagai acuan komprehensif yang dapat ditarik untuk kajian radiobiologi kesehatan dan toksisitas yang berhubungan dengan penyakit dan kualitas hidup masyarakat.Radon concentration affects the water condition, which is consumed daily. Radon is potentially have an effect on health, including cancer risk. In this research, samples were obtained from variou water sources in villages in Gunung Masigit, Cipatat. The samples were tested using RAD 7 Electronic Radon detector. We found that radon concentrations in water vary in each water source. Radon concentration from spring in Cisalada is 2030±509 Bq/m3, from water wells in Giri Mulya is 1140±393 Bq/m3 and from spring in pamucatan is 705±393 Bq/m3. The radon concentrations are used to calculate the daily average dose in the population. The daily average dose of individuals exposed for consuming water containing radon is 5.0 × 10-3 kg/ug/day, and the annually effective dose is lower than 0.1 mSv/year. This research is recommended as a comprehensive reference for radiobiology studies of health and disease-related toxicity and the quality of life of communities.
Knowledge level of the elementary school of Arjasari students after education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care A, Azhari; Sitam, Suhardjo; Susilawati, Sri; Satifyl, Irmaleny; Octavia, Ivhatry Rizky; Damayanti, Merry Annisa
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.83 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol29no3.14304

Abstract

Introduction: Environment and behaviour are the main factors affecting the health status of a human being. People living in high natural radiation exposure area (radon zone), which is as much as 85% of the air content, characterized by many presents of granite rocks. The village of Arjasari is an area with many granite rocks presence. The objective of this study was to determined the knowledge level of the elementary school students after education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. Methods: The research was a descriptive survey research, with data sampling taken by using questionnaires towards as much as 150 elementary students. Previously, respondents were given first education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. Instruments in this study using questionnaires that was tested for validation and reliabilities. Data analysis used was a descriptive survey technique processed by using computer program. Data was percentages of three rating categories, which were high, medium and low. Results: The results showed that the knowledge level of student regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. was as much as 14% in the high category; as much as 45% in the moderate category; and as much as 41% in the low category. Conclusion: Knowledge level of student after education about natural radiation and the effect of oral health was in the moderate category level.
Analisis gambaran histogramdan densitas kamar pulpa pada gigi suspek pulpitis reversibel dan ireversibel dengan menggunakan radiografi cone beam computed tomography (Histogram and density analysis of irreversible and reversible pulpitissuspected tooth using cone beam computed tomography radiography) Epsilawati, Lusi; Sitam, Suhardjo; Belly, Sam; Oscandar, Fahmi
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 13, No 2 (2014): Formerly Jurnal Dentofasial ISSN 1412-8926
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v13i2.401

Abstract

Inflammation of the pulp is most common and difficult to diagnose. For it radiographs is necessary. One attempt to do is to assess its histogram and density. Radiography equipment that has the ability to analyze is cone beam computedtomography (CBCT). The purpose of this study is to analyze radiograph of the pulp chamber histogram: peak value,grayscale and trends, as well as the density on the condition reversible and irreversible pulpitis condition. The populationof this descriptive study is secondary data of CBCT-3D radiographs during 2012-2013. Selected sample of 75 data isreversible pulpitis, irreversible pulpitis 80 data, as well as 20 normal condition data as control. Data were analyzed byone way ANOVAand are presented in tables and graphs. The results showed that the value of the histogram under normalconditions showeda different significance for both the peak value of the reversible or irreversible pulpitis (p= 0.01). It isdifferent with a grayscale value, showed no significant different between normal with reversible pulpitis (p =0.997) and significantly different between normal and pulpitis reversible against pulpitis irrebversible (p= 0.03-0.01). There is a growing trend change is on the right direction of reversible and irreversible pulpitis. It was concluded that the irreversiblepulpitis, density and histogram shows the direction of more luscent compared with normal and reversible pulpitisconditions.
Analisis gambaran complex odontoma pada radiografi panoramikPanoramic radiograph analysis of complex odontoma Nasution, Fitri Angraini; SItam, Suhardjo
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 30, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.447 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v30i3.18525

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Odontoma merupakan tumor odontogenik yang memiliki sifat klinis jinak. Odontoma terdiri dari dua jenis yaitu compound dan complex odontoma. Perbedaan diantara keduanya adalah compound odontoma berbentuk seperti struktur gigi, sedangkan complex odontoma tersusun atas massa enamel dan dentin yang tidak teratur dan tidak memiliki kemiripan anatomi. Tujuan laporan kasus untuk menganalisis gambaran radiograf panoramik pada kasus complex odontoma. Laporan kasus: Pasien perempuan berusia 24 tahun datang ke klinik Bedah Mulut RSUD Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru dengan keluhan pembengkakan pada rahang bawah bagian kiri. Pembengkakan tidak disertai rasa sakit. Hasil pemeriksaan radiograf panoramik menunjukkan lesi radioopak homogen, well-defined yang dikelilingi halo radiolucent. Suspek radiodiagnosis adalah complex odontoma yang berhubungan dengan impaksi gigi permanen molar. Radiograf panoramik dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis gambaran complex odontoma. Simpulan: Gambaran radiografi complex odontoma umumnya radioopak homogen yang dikelilingi halo radiolucent dengan batas jelas (well-defined, soft tissue capsule border).Kata kunci: Complex odontoma, impaksi molar, tumor odontogenik. ABSTRACTIntroduction: Odontomas are odontogenic tumour with benign clinical properties. Odontoma consists of two types, namely compound and complex odontoma. The difference between them is that the compound odontoma is shaped like a tooth structure, whereas complex odontoma is composed of an irregular mass of enamel and dentine with no anatomical resemblance. The purpose of this case report was to analyse the panoramic radiograph of complex odontoma cases. Case report: A 24-years-old female patient came to the Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru Oral Surgery Clinic with a complaint of swelling in the left mandibular. The swelling was not accompanied by pain. The panoramic radiograph result showed a homogeneous, well-defined radioopaque lesions surrounded by a halo radiolucent halo. Radiodiagnosis suspect was a complex odontoma associated with impaction of permanent molar teeth. Conclusion: Panoramic radiograph can be used to analyse complex odontoma images. Radiographic features of homogeneous complex odontoma are homogeneous radiopaque surrounded by halo radiolucent with a well-defined, soft tissue capsule border.Keywords: Complex odontoma, molar impaction, odontogenic tumour.
The development of osteoporosis detective analysis method in trabecular condylus of menopause women using panoramic radiograph Azhari, Azhari; Sitam, Suhardjo; Hidajat, Nuki N.; Arifin, Agus Z.; Suprijanto, Suprijanto
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol 1, No 2 (2016): (Available online: 1 August 2016)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v1i2.2

Abstract

Osteoporosis incidence in Indonesia increase each year, 1 of 3 menopause women suspected have osteoporosis, then earlier detection is needed. Factors that influence the successful analysis is the choice of region of interset (ROI) and extract feature method. The purpose of this research is to determine the best method to define the bone quality based on trabecular of condylus analysis. Data were obtained from Dentistry Hospital, Padjadjaran University Bandung. Research were conducted cross-section to 79 samples which measured in dual energy X-ray absorbsimetry (DEXA) as a base standard then taken its panoramic radiograph. Trabecular analysis was conducted in ROI of condylus using panoramic radiograph then cursor was clicked in cortical endorsal following the condylus head shape. To reduce the noise, we conducted pre-processing by compensational method, it is a finding of the lowest means of variant number around condylus as a reduce factor then affect the radiograph of condylus become darker. Background sets in zero (0) meanwhile trabecular stay at gray scale. Feature extraction applied 3 analytical methods, they are: gray level co accurance matrix (GLCM), histogram and fraction. Statistical analysis shows T-score DEXA correlation with 3 methods, proofed that fraction method performed the best correlation which r value is 0.377and GLCM (contrast r=0.233, correlation =0.342, energy -0.147, homogenity= r =-0.107), meanwhile histogram (max histogram r=0.253, range histogram r=0.06). As a conclusion, fraction method with ROI of condylus head shape is the best method to determine osteoporosis in post menopause women.
Analisis gambaran radiograf panoramik pada complex odontoma: Laporan kasusPanoramic radiograph analysis of complex odontoma: A case report Nasution, Fitri Angraini; SItam, Suhardjo
Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Vol 30, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.447 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v30i3.18525

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Odontoma merupakan tumor odontogenik yang memiliki sifat klinis jinak. Odontoma terdiri dari dua jenis yaitu compound dan complex odontoma. Perbedaan diantara keduanya adalah compound odontoma berbentuk seperti struktur gigi, sedangkan complex odontoma tersusun atas massa enamel dan dentin yang tidak teratur dan tidak memiliki kemiripan anatomi. Tujuan laporan kasus untuk menganalisis gambaran radiograf panoramik pada kasus complex odontoma. Laporan kasus: Pasien perempuan berusia 24 tahun datang ke klinik Bedah Mulut RSUD Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru dengan keluhan pembengkakan pada rahang bawah bagian kiri. Pembengkakan tidak disertai rasa sakit. Hasil pemeriksaan radiograf panoramik menunjukkan lesi radioopak homogen, well-defined yang dikelilingi halo radiolucent. Suspek radiodiagnosis adalah complex odontoma yang berhubungan dengan impaksi gigi permanen molar. Simpulan: Radiograf panoramik dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis gambaran complex odontoma. Gambaran radiografi kompleks odontoma umumnya radioopak homogen yang dikelilingi halo radiolucent dengan batas jelas (well-defined, soft tissue capsule border). ABSTRACTIntroduction: Odontomas are odontogenic tumours that have benign clinical properties. Odontoma consists of two types, namely compound and complex odontoma. The difference between them is that the compound odontoma which is shaped like a tooth structure, whereas complex odontoma is composed of an irregular mass of enamel and dentine and has no anatomical resemblance. The purpose of this case report was to analyse the panoramic radiographs in complex odontoma cases. Case report: A 24-years-old female patient came to the Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru Oral Surgery Clinic with a complaint of swelling in the left mandibular. The swelling was not accompanied by pain. The results of panoramic radiographs showed homogeneous, well-defined radioopaque lesions surrounded by a radiolucent halo. Suspect radiodiagnosis was a complex odontoma associated with impaction of permanent molar teeth. Conclusion: Panoramic radiographs can be used to analyse complex odontoma images. Radiographic features of homogeneous complex odontoma are homogeneous radiopaque surrounded by halo radiolucent with a well-defined, soft tissue capsule border.Keywords: Complex odontoma, molar impaction, odontogenic tumour.
Exploring Oral Health Behavior In Residential Gunung Masigit Village with Radon Level 2030±509 Bq/m3 and 1140+ 393 Bq/m3 azhari, Azhari; Susilo, Ivhatry Rizky Octavia Putri; SItam, Suhardjo; Annisa, Merry
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 4, No 3 (2018): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (619.293 KB)

Abstract

Konsep sehat pada ronga mulut adalah ilmu baru dalam revolusi sosial industrialisasi untuk mencerminkan aktualisasi diri yang berkembang dan menjadi konsep dalah penialian kesehatan secara umumnya.Faktor lingkungan salah satunya radiasi pengion radon dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan rongga mulut. Penelitian ini diperlukan untuk menilai perilaku masyarakat terhadap kesehatan rongga mulut yang tinggal di sumber mata air yang terpapar radon dengan berkonsentrasi terhadap penilaian individu tentang kondisi gigi dan mulutnya, perilaku pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut, dan perilaku pencarian pengobatan dalam kuesioner WHO 2013.
Knowledge level of the elementary school of Arjasari students after education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care A, Azhari; Sitam, Suhardjo; Susilawati, Sri; Satifyl, Irmaleny; Octavia, Ivhatry Rizky; Damayanti, Merry Annisa
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.83 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol29no3.14304

Abstract

Introduction: Environment and behaviour are the main factors affecting the health status of a human being. People living in high natural radiation exposure area (radon zone), which is as much as 85% of the air content, characterized by many presents of granite rocks. The village of Arjasari is an area with many granite rocks presence. The objective of this study was to determined the knowledge level of the elementary school students after education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. Methods: The research was a descriptive survey research, with data sampling taken by using questionnaires towards as much as 150 elementary students. Previously, respondents were given first education regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. Instruments in this study using questionnaires that was tested for validation and reliabilities. Data analysis used was a descriptive survey technique processed by using computer program. Data was percentages of three rating categories, which were high, medium and low. Results: The results showed that the knowledge level of student regarding natural background radiation and oral health care. was as much as 14% in the high category; as much as 45% in the moderate category; and as much as 41% in the low category. Conclusion: Knowledge level of student after education about natural radiation and the effect of oral health was in the moderate category level.
Pengetahuan Orang Tua Terhadap Antioksidan dan Radiasi Pengion Alam (Radon) pada SDN Desa Arjasari Kecamatan Arjasari Kabupaten Bandung Azhari, A.; Susilo, Ivhatry Rizky octavia putri; Sitam, Suhardjo
Gaster : Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): AGUSTUS
Publisher : P3M STIKES Aisyiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2098.345 KB) | DOI: 10.30787/gaster.v17i2.405

Abstract

Kesadaran dan persepsi radon telah menjadi masalah kesehatan publik dan lingkungan selama setidaknya dua dekade ini tentang bahaya dan manfaatnya. Pemanfaatan bahan pangan dapat digunakan sebagai penangkal radikal bebas akibat radiasi pengion alami (radon).  Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menggambarkan tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat  akan pentingnya penangkal terhadap radiasi pengion alami (radon) yang telah diberi penyuluhan. Penelitian ini dilakukan  pada orang tua siswa di SDN Arjasari dengan total sampel 106 subjek. Metode  yang digunakan deskriptif cross sectional dengan menggunakan kuesioner setelah penyuluhan. Hasil yang didapat  tingkat pengetahuan subjek mengenai bahan pangan dan kandungannya sebagai sumber antioksidan dan persepsi mengenai keadaan radiasi pengion alam (radon) menunjukkan baik sebesar 75,4%, pengetahuan sedang sebesar 24,6% dan tidak ada yang memiliki pengetahuan buruk. Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil bahwa adanya peningkatan pengetahuan  orang tua siswa SDN Arjassari terhadap radiasi pengion alami (radon) dan bahan pangan sebagai antioksidan.
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NAVY TNI VICTIM IDENTIFICATION POLICY IN LADOKGI R.E. MARTADINATA Winarno, Sugeng; Sitam, Suhardjo; Hidayat, Dr Ir Bambang; Subiyakto Apt. MSi, Kolonel Kes Drs Yuli
Journal of Indonesian Health Policy and Administration Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/ihpa.v5i1.3450

Abstract

AbstractSoldier is a death-risk profession; thus, identification to have their exact identity is a fundamental right. The Presidential Regulation Number 107 of 2013 mandates  Ladokgi RE. Martadinata as the investigator of victim identification activities for TNI Navy Soldiers. This study analyzes the implementation of the policy with a qualitative descriptive approach using the Edward III model analysis. Retrieval of primary informant data through in-depth interviews and secondary data, including observation and review of the literature, documents, and related laws and regulations. Data validation is done by triangulating data sources, theories, and methodologies. The results of the study indicate that there are several supporting factors. First, the Ladokgi bureaucratic structure factor has a Military Dentistry Department in charge of managing dental antemortem data and had gathered 9000 soldiers data by 2019. The second is the resource factor. Ladokgi has regular budget sources from the state budget, personnel, health materials, and routine training programs. Third, the Ladokgi leadership's disposition factor has made the Navy Forensic Odontology into a functional organization under the control of the Ladokgi Chief. The fourth is communication factors, the existence of a tiered reporting system to the top command.However, there are several inhibiting factors. From the bureaucratic structure and resource factor is the absence of a root organization with various supporting professions for the identification. There is still the absence of standard information flow procedures in the reconciliation phase in the communication factor. In the disposition factor, the micro policy is absent in the form of guidelines for identifying victims in the Indonesian Navy. Conclusion. The implementation of the policy of identifying TNI AL casualties in Ladokgi RE. Martadinata has been implemented but is still partial, such as dental-based antemortem data management. We recommend that the commitment from the leader is needed in this case the Head of the Navy's Health Service regarding the involvement of required cross-professional personnel in the organization of victim identification, through the revision of Presidential Regulation 107 of 2013 and the preparation of several technical policies needed in victim identification activities within the Navy.AbstrakTugas prajurit memiliki resiko tinggi termasuk kematian sehingga perlu dilakukan identifikasi untuk menetapkan identitasnya sebagai hak dasar. Kebijakan Peraturan Presiden Nomor 107 tahun 2013 mengamanatkan bahwa penyelenggara kegiatan identifikasi korban bagi Prajurit TNI Angkatan Laut adalah Ladokgi RE. Martadinata. Penelitian ini menganalisis implementasi kebijakan tersebut dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif menggunakan analisis model Edward III. Pengambilan data primer informan melalui wawancara mendalam dan data sekunder meliputi telaah pustaka, dokumen, observasi  dan peraturan perundangan terkait.Validasi data dilakukan dengan triangulasi terhadap sumber data, teori dan metodologi. Hasil studi menunjukkan adanya faktor pendukung keberhasilan yaitu; pertama,  faktor struktur birokrasi Ladokgi memiliki Departemen Kedokteran Gigi Militer yang bertugas dalam pengelolaan data antemortem gigi, dan tahun 2019 sudah terkumpul 9000 prajurit. Kedua, faktor sumber daya, ladokgi memiliki sumber anggaran rutin dari APBN, personel, material kesehatan dan program latihan rutin. Ketiga, faktor disposisi Pimpinan Ladokgi telah mengupayakan terbentuknya Odontologi Forensik TNI AL menjadi organisasi fungsional di bawah kendali Kepala Ladokgi. Keempat, faktor  komunikasi, adanya sistem pelaporan secara berjenjang ke komando atas. Faktor penghambat dari struktur birokrasi dan sumber daya adalah belum adanya induk organisasi dengan berbagai profesi pendukung identifikasi. Faktor  komunikasi, belum adanya standar prosedur alur informasi pada fase rekonsiliasi, serta faktor disposisi belum adanya kebijakan mikro berupa pedoman identifikasi korban di TNI AL. Kesimpulan, implementasi kebijakan identifikasi korban prajurit TNI AL di Ladokgi RE. Martadinata sudah terlaksana namun bersifat parsial, yaitu pengelolaan data antemortem berbasis gigi. Direkomendasikan perlunya dukungan Komitmen dari Pimpinan dalam hal ini Kepala Dinas Kesehatan Angkatan Laut terkait pelibatan personel lintas profesi yang diperlukan dalam penyelenggaraan identifikasi korban, melalui upaya revisi Perpres 107 tahun 2013 serta penyusunan beberapa kebijakan teknis yang dibutuhkan dalam kegiatan identifikasi korban di lingkungan TNI AL.