Pradhani, Sartika Intaning
Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

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MANIFESTASI NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 21 TAHUN 2001 TENTANG OTONOMI KHUSUS BAGI PROVINSI PAPUA Pradhani, Sartika Intaning; S, Sukiratnasari
Jurnal Penelitian Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

AbstractAfter the amendment of the 1945 Constitution, a phenomenon of distinct and special autonomy surfaced,  based on Article 18B the 1945 Constitution. This study will determine how the values of Pancasila are manifested to the norm of law that regulates special autonomy, such as Law Number 21 of 2001 regarding Special Autonomy for Papua Province. From this research, it is concluded that values of Pancasila has not be manifested perfectly in Law Number 21 of 2001 because the political situation in the formulation of this law was pragmatic, where the understanding of special autonomy was not based on deliberation among options of values in line with the nation’s ideology, but it was only a tool to solve immediate state problem. However, Law Number 21 of 2001 regarding Special Autonomy for Papua Province has reflected nationalism principle, a principle to maintain Unitary State Republic of Indonesia. IntisariPasca amandemen UUD 1945, muncul fenomena otonomi khusus yang didasarkan pada Pasal 18B UUD  1945. Penelitian ini membahas bagaimana nilai-nilai Pancasila dimanifestasikan dalam undang-undang yang mengatur tentang otonomi khusus, yaitu UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2001 tentang Otonomi Khusus Bagi Provinsi Papua. Dari penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa nilai-Nilai Pancasila belum termanifestasikan secara sempurna ke dalam dalam UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2001 karena undang-undang tersebut disusun dalam suasana politik hukum yang pragmatis, sehingga pemaknaan otonomi khusus bukan didasarkanpada musyawarah yang melibatkan pilihan-pilihan nilai yang selaras dengan ideologi bangsa, namun hanya merupakan suatu tambal sulam untuk menyelesaikan masalah kenegaraan yang mendesak. Namun bagaimanapun, UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2001 tentang Otonomi Khusus Bagi Provinsi Papua bagaimanapun telah mencerminkan asas kebangsaan, yaitu asas yang tetap menjaga prinsip NKRI.
KEDUDUKAN LAKI­ LAKI DALAM BUDAYA HUKUM KASULTANAN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA (STUDI KASUS PENGISIAN JABATAN GUBERNUR DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA) Pradhani, Sartika Intaning; Surya Anggara, Alam
Jurnal Penelitian Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

AbstractThis research discusses on men’s position in the law culture of DIY sultanate. The questions posed are (1)  How is the value system in DIY sultanate as a source of Paugeran determination? (2) How is the position of men in the DIY sultanate law culture? (3) How does the Paugeran respond to current development? The research shows that (1) the value system is heavily influenced by Islamic law, thus making a king caliph for the people; (2) Men’s position in said sultanate is depicted through Law number 13 of 2012, in which a Sultan is deemed to be both the leader of region and head of province, and traditionally Sultans are men; (3) Paugeran’s response to current development is an effort to rationalize sultanate traditions to be in line with modern values.IntisariPenelitian ini membahas tentang kedudukan laki-laki dalam budaya hukum kesultanan DIY. Rumusan  masalah yang dikemukakan adalah (1) Bagaimana sistem nilai dalam Kasultanan DIY sebagai sumber penyusunan Paugeran? (2) Bagaimana kedudukan laki-laki dalam budaya hukum Kasultanan DIY? (3) Bagaimana Paugeran merespon perkembangan zaman? Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah (1) sistem nilai dalam Kasultanan DIY sangat erat kaitannya dengan Islam di konsep kekuasaan, kedudukan dan fungsi raja dalam perspektif ajaran Islam, yaitu sebagai khalifah; (2) Kedudukan laki-laki dalam budaya hukum dilihat dari Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2012 tentang Keistimewaan DIY dan sejarah kepemimpinan Kasultanan DIY, yang telah mengakomodasi dwifungsi Sultan sebagai kepala daerah di tingkat provinsi, pemegang kekuasaan tertinggi di kerajaan yang bertugas untuk memelihara dan melestarikan tradisi. Berdasarkan sejarah kepemimpinan Kasultanan DIY, secara turun-termurun Sultan adalah laki-laki; (3) Respon Paugeran terhadap perkembangan zaman merupakan upaya untuk merasionalisasi nilai-nilai luhur budaya Kasultanan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sesuai dengan nilai-nilai modernitas.
DYNAMICS OF ADAT LAW COMMUNITY RECOGNITION: STRUGGLE TO STRENGTHEN LEGAL CAPACITY Pradhani, Sartika Intaning
Mimbar Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 31, No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.189 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jmh.34032

Abstract

AbstractThe existence of adat law community has been recognized since Dutch Colonial Era until today. State recognitions towards adat law community are dynamics. This paper is written based on legal normative research to describe dynamics of adat law community recognition. In the early of Indonesia independent, adat law community was considered as foundation of Indonesia nation state establishment. Since 1957 and during New Order era, there was systematic effort to abolish adat law communities because adat law was perceived as symbol of backwardness. After the amendment of the Constitution, adat law community and their traditional rights are recognized by law and enforced through court decision. Adat law community can determine their type of recognition to strengthen their legal capacity to manage Adat Forest; to organize Adat Village; or to hold communal land rights.  IntisariEksistensi masyarakat hukum adat telah diakui sejak zaman Pemerintahan Kolonial Belanda hingga hari ini. Pengakuan negara terhadap masyarakat hukum adat bersifat dinamis. Tulisan ini ditulis berdasarkan penelitian hukum normatif untuk mendeskripsikan dinamika pengakuan masyarakat hukum adat. Pada awal kemerdekaan Indonesia, masyarakat hukum adat merupakan dasar terbentuknya negara bangsa Indonesia. Sejak tahun 1957 dan selama periode Order Baru, ada upaya sistematis untuk menghapuskan masyarakat hukum adat karena hukum adat dianggap sebagai simbol keterbelakangan. Pasca amandemen konstitusi, masyarakat hukum adat dan hak tradisionalnya diakui melalui hukum dan ditegakkan oleh pengadilan. Masyarakat hukum adat dapat menentukan jenis pengakuan yang dapat menguatkan kapasitas hukum mereka dalam mengelola hutan adat; mengorganisasi Desa Adat; atau dalam menyandang hak komunal atas tanah.  AbstractAbstractThe existence of adat law community has been recognized since Dutch Colonial Era until today. State recognitions towards adat law community are dynamics. This paper is written based on legal normative research to describe dynamics of adat law community recognition. In the early of Indonesia independent, adat law community was considered as foundation of Indonesia nation state establishment. Since 1957 and during New Order era, there was systematic effort to abolish adat lawcommunities because adat law was perceived as symbol of backwardness. After the amendment of the Constitution, adat law community and their traditional rights are recognized by law and enforced through court decision. Adat law community can determine their type of recognition to strengthen their legal capacity to manage Adat Forest; to organize Adat Village; or to hold communal land rights.  
Right of Indigenous People’s towards Land and Territory Pradhani, Sartika Intaning
Jambe Law Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Jambi University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.432 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jlj.1.2.177-205

Abstract

Indigenous peoples are victims of agrarian conflict, but their existence are not recognized by Indonesia. Indonesia recognizes Adat Law Community, distinct community living in Indonesia according to their Adat Law, and their traditional right. This paper is written based on legal normative research to analyze right of Adat Law Community towards their land and territory; and rule of the court regarding right of Adat Law Community. Adat Law Community has strong relation with their land and territory, namely Ulayat Right which guaranteed in Constitution and regulated in various law and regulation, especially regarding natural resources. Recognition towards Ulayat Right held by Adat Law Community through regional law product is declaratory because it only confirms the exiting right. Court has prominent role to enforce right of Adat Law Community. Constitutional Court has revoked several provisions in law which neglect Ulayat Right of Adat Law Community, such as Adat Forest which defined as state forest located in Adat Law Community’s territory; and Right of Coastal Water which limits Ulayat Right of Adat Law Community to access natural resources in coastal area and small islands. Though Constitutional Court has strengthen right of Adat Law Community, this community still face difficulties to claim their right towards land and territory against government and investor before District Court, High Court, and Supreme Court because those Court more focus on formal legal certainty of Adat Law Community’s authorization towards their land and territory than factual authorization as narrated by the community.