This study aims to describe characterization of pre-Indonesian characters and therelationship between characterization patterns and the process of the appearance of pre-Indonesian identities in pre-Indonesian stories. The data sources were stories entitled: (1)â€œBusonoâ€ by Raden Mas Tirto Adhi Soerjo, (2) â€œTjerita Si Tjonatâ€ by F.D.J. Pangemanan,(3) â€œTjerita Njai Dasimaâ€ by G. Francis, (4) â€œTjerita Njonja Kong Hong Nioâ€ and (5)â€œTjerita Nji Painaâ€ by H. Kommer. Several concepts to answer the problems were pre-Indonesian identities, characterization, and focalization. The findings are as follows. First,characters in pre-Indonesian stories and the relationship with pre-Indonesian identitiesshow that some are self-aware and some are not. Second, the existence of characters inpre-Indonesian stories with characterization shows that pre-Indonesian identities havea relationship with the authorsâ€™ focalization.
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