cover
Contact Name
Truly Almendo Pasaribu
Contact Email
trulyalmendo@usd.ac.id
Phone
+6281903751177
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
Jl. Moses Gathotkaca, Catur Tunggal, Depok, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman
Location
Kab. sleman,
Daerah istimewa yogyakarta
INDONESIA
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)
ISSN : 2597470X     EISSN : 25974718     DOI : -
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS), a double blind peer-reviewed journal, publishes scientific full papers written in English. IJHS is a biannual, published twice a year, namely in September and March.
Articles 81 Documents
POSTCOLONIAL ECOCRITICISM IN HUNGER BY ELISE BLACKWELL Manggong, Lestari
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.608 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2184

Abstract

Hunger, a novella by a contemporary American novelist, Elise Blackwell, centres in the story of a Russian botanist, Nikolai Vavilov, during the Leningrad siege in 1941. Vavilov protects his collection of seeds at the Research Institute of Plant Industry in Leningrad against all odds, to be preserved for research for future use. In the recounting moments during the siege, the narrative provides parallelism between Leningrad and the ancient city of Babylon. In postcolonial writing, this can be perceived as a form of nostalgic projection of the past (Walder, 2011). Such a parallelism triggers a postcolonial narrative analysis on the pairing of the two as affinity, focusing on the significance of the comparison between the two cities (between the apocalyptic present and the glorious past). The contribution of this parallelism will be discussed to understand the novella as a narrative mode of ecocriticism, with regards to the idea of prioritizing seeds over human lives, which also acts as the steering issue stirring the plot. By mainly referring to Garrard (2004) and Huggan and Tiffin (2010) on ecocriticism and postcolonial ecocriticism, this essay in general aims to investigate how the novella contributes new perspectives on the intertwining between postcolonial studies and ecocriticism.
ROALD DAHL'S INGENIOUS LANGUAGE PLAY IN THE USE OF FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Tanto, Trisnowati
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (23.04 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2156

Abstract

Roald Dahl is widely known for being one of the most creative writers, both in the ideas of the stories and the language use. His use of language is exceptional and tends to show some playfulness which makes the writing even more attractive. This play on language is in fact considered his writing style. What is worth noticing further is that playfulness can also be seen in the use of figurative language. This paper specifically focuses on the figurative language such as similes, metaphors, and personification in Dahl’s novels for children: The BFG, Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator, and The Witches.  Since this paper reveals Dahl’s use of language play as his writing style, it belongs to Stylistics, the study of style. The paper uses a descriptive qualitative method. The data of similes and personification are collected and then analysed in terms of how they show the ingenious side of the writer in using language. The findings show that the figurative language used in the novels indeed makes optimal use of sound play and wordplay. Besides, the figurative language is also closely associated with the fact that the novels are intended for children.
TETUN LANGUAGE MAINTENANCE IN EAST TIMOR FORMER REFUGEE COMMUNITY Rafael, Agnes Maria Diana
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (13.876 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2206

Abstract

This study was conducted with the aims of: (1) describing the use of Tetun Language in East Timor  former refugees community Manusak village and (2) describing the factors of Tetun Language’s maintenance in Manuasak village. This research uses the sociolinguistic approach, the method used is descriptive qualitative method. The results of the study show that: (1) Tetun is still survives so far as it has migrated for 20 years from its native land. Of the 132 informants interviewed, 86.36% of informants used Tetun Language  as a lingua franca with different age categories. For partner selection, 71.21% of informants use Tetun Language  when communicating with family members and neighbors. Then 58% of informants use Tetun Language when communicating with family members, neighbors, and coworkers, while 21.21% of informants use the language when communicatin with family members, closest neighbors and game friends. The topics chosen were: (1) 59.09% of informants chose topic about daily life activities, 9.1% chose topics about daily life and some topics that are related to work, 14.4% of informants chose topics about daily life, economic topics, political topics, religious topics, and work topics, 6.81% of informants chose topics about daily life, topics about education, economic topics, political topics, topics about religion, and topics about work, and 10 , 60% of informants chose topics about daily life, topics about education, religious topics and work topics. For the domains of using Tetun Language, then Tetun Language is used in the family domain, neighborhood and at the workplace. Next are the factors caused the maintenance of Tetun Language: loyalty to mother tongue, pride in using Tetun Language , family supporting environment and regional conservation.
ARBOREAL POETICS IN HOWARD NEMEROV’S “THE THOUGHT OF TREES” AND LUIS H. FRANCIA’S “LESSONS OF A TREE” Yulianto, Henrikus Joko
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (13.299 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2221

Abstract

This paper discusses arboreal poetics in two contemporary poems “The Thought of Trees” by Howard Nemerov, an American poet and “Lessons of a Tree” by Luis H. Francia, a Filipino one. The objectives of this research are first to identify how Nemerov and Francia’s vegetal poetics conveys ecological views; second, how their vegetal poetics evokes one’s ecological awareness to conserve biodiversity and to consume material goods sufficiently. These behaviors help to reduce the exacerbation of climate change phenomenon. This research used qualitative methods, in which the data were words and taken from the two poems and from several sources on trees, climate change, ecopoetry as a kind of criticism belonging to environmental humanities. The result shows that both poems anthropomorphize trees as indispensably interconnected and coexistent with any life forms and the physical environment. This further impacts on human’s growing ecological conscience not to objectify but to conserve vegetation in particular and other natural resources in general through his sufficient consumption of the material goods for one’s living necessities.
APOCALYPTIC NARRATIVE SCHEMAS IN DYSTOPIAN FILMS Muwaffaq, Thafhan; Komar, Nurul; Armandaru, Rio
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.247 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2168

Abstract

This research investigates the way dystopia as film genre is attributed with catastrophe or, what will be regarded here as apocalyptic events. We question the way in which the genre represents state of affairs of humanity in the face of catastrophe, in catastrophe, and after catastrophe. We conducted a narrative analysis under the account of semiotic cognitive approach, by identifying narrated events, and actions of the protagonist as constituting parts of event. We argue that narrative in dystopian films represent three types of apocalyptic schema (i.e. pre-apocalyptic, apocalyptic, and post-apocalyptic). Each schema seems to have distinct model of storyline, regardless of the predefined genre of the film (e.g. adventure, sci-fi, fantasy, etc.). Despite the distinct schemas, the analyzed films illustrate typical tone of hopefulness wherein humanity prevails over catastrophe and dystopian state of affairs. Another typical representation in dystopian films analyzed here is portrayal of collective fear among the protagonist. Our study leads to a point that humanity is portrayed adaptive to catastrophic situations, therefore it is able somehow to survive. Here we offer narrative standard in dystopia genre with the light of cognitive semiotics perspective, which differs to a great degree with theories offered by classical literary studies.
DOMINATED INDIVIDUALS’ TACTICS TO DISRUPT BEING OTHERED IN NEO-COLONIAL NOVELS OF BAUTISTA AND WA THIONG’O Pableo, Marvin
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (642.754 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2456

Abstract

Dominated subjects or those Othered in many societies are among the most misrepresented class of people. Such misrepresentation has popularised their being imagined in literature and other fields of study as almost always despondent and meek individuals. In this context, this paper interrogates Western archetypal images on Others as passive recipients of domination. Applying De Certeau’s concept of “tactics”, this paper investigated how tactics of dominated subjects become immediate yet temporary solution among Others to disturb the everyday practices of Othering. Lualhati Bautista’s Gapo and Ngugi Wa Thiong’o’s Matigari were scrutinised through discourse analysis and both revealed that “everyday” tactics are used by Othered characters to grapple with, respond to and, later on, overcome society’s exclusionary practices. Set in the after colonial environs, the novels portray Othered characters as capable of resistance and agency despite their political, economic and/or cultural marginalisation. Such use of tactics as means of resistance are however temporary and, ultimately, cannot solve their being dominated. Nonetheless, the counter-discourse this frame of thought offers as well as how tactics provides space and how space simultaneously allows the production of tactics can provide us a more nuanced understanding of resistance and the lived experiences of Others.
MIGRATION AND THE MAGGARAIANS’ CULTURAL IDENTITY AS REPRESENTED IN MAGGARAIAN RAP SONGS Yuliantari, Ans Prawati
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (18.904 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2195

Abstract

One significant factor that has brought the Manggaraians into contact with many people from various cultures outside their place of origin is migration. Their awareness of the importance of preserving and retaining their cultural identity is growing once they experience intercultural interactions. Rap songs have become one of the means by which they observe migration and cultural identity closer as important phenomena in their life.            The present article studies these phenomena in Manggaraian rap songs. For this purpose, the concept of “rural idyll” suggested by Marc Mormont is used to understand the Manggaraians’ perspective on their home region, and the concept of identity as defined by Stuart Hall is used to examine the way the Manggaraians construe their cultural identity. This study is focused on 30 Manggaraian rap song that feature migration and Manggaraian cultural identity as the themes of the lyrics.            The study has led to the insight that the main reasons that motivate the Manggaraians to migrate are their desires to continue their education, find better livelihood, gain new experiences in foreign regions and look for better accesses and facilities that are unavailable in their home region to achieve their goals. The experience of living among people from many different cultures in foreign regions confront them with the need to maintain their cultural identity and contact with their home region. To fulfill this need they make attempts of revitalizing Manggaraian traditional values that they are familiar with throughout their growing-up years in Manggarai.
TRANSLATION TECHNIQUES AND QUALITY OF THE TRANSLATION OF LEGAL TEXT ON IMMIGRATION LAW Ginting, Della Fransiska; Lubis, Syahron; Mono, Umar
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.034 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2171

Abstract

This research aims to (1) analyze translation techniques by using Molina’s & Albir’s theory (2002) in the text of the Immigration Law in English,  (2) analyze the quality of the translation in terms of accuracy, acceptability and readability by using Nababan's theory (2012) in translating legal of the Immigration Law into English; and (3) analyze the impact of translation techniques on the quality of the translation in the text of the Immigration Law in English. This research is qualitative research with a descriptive approach.  The source of data is the Immigration Law written in two languages, namely Indonesian as the source text (TS) and English as the target language  (TL). Based on the analysis, it is found that: (1) In the translation of the Immigration Law, there are 12 translation techniques used, namely 64 (39%) literal, 36 (22%) calque, 24 (14%) established equivalent, 10 (6.2%) generalization, 9 (5.5%) borrowing, 4 (2,4%) linguistic amplification, 2 (1.2%) particularization, 5 (3.1%) transposition, 1 (0.6%) compensation, 3 (1.8%) modulation, 2 (1.2%) reduction and 1 (0.6%) adaptation. (2) The total score for the translation quality is 2,77% which is the quality of translation almost perfect. (3) The most dominant translation technique used in translating this legal text is literal technique (39%) which is the dominant technique that gives impact to translation quality.
GOFFMAN’ DRAMATURGY OF MOVEMENT CONCEPT IN SETAN JAWA FILM BY GARIN NUGROHO Dewi, Agustina Kusuma; Piliang, Yasraf Amir; Irfansyah, Irfansyah; Saidi, Acep Iwan
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (16.384 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2339

Abstract

Dramaturgy Goffmann closely related to the model of the interaction between the persona by assuming that a mode of social relations as a stage show. There are self-raised, there are purposely hidden for management to create a certain impression. Setan Jawa Film by Garin Nugroho, as an art film, the issue of movement as the media said the film that marks the cultural code of Java to interact. This study aims to identify the perception of motion applicable to the 'movement' in Setan Jawa Film using test questionnaire responses on the perception of respondents from diverse ethnic, which was later confirmed by the method of Focused Group Discussion with Goffmann’ Dramaturgy analysis as the basis of interpretation.
TWO ADJACENT VOWELS IN PAGU AND THEIR ALTERNATING WORD STRESS PLACEMENT Perangin Angin, Dalan Mehuli
International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (17.493 KB) | DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.v3i2.2402

Abstract

Some diphthongs in Pagu, rather than being pronounced as a single syllable in a normal/rapid speed of speech, can alternate to appear in two different adjacent syllables when pronounced in a slow speech. In Pagu, the speed of speech affects the words syllable number and word stress placement. The previous study suggests that word stress in Pagu is placed on the penultimate syllable. This paper will discuss word stress placement in Pagu in two different speed of speech (normal and slow) as well as two adjacent vowels as affected by the speed and their position in the word. This sheds a light on the behaviors of two adjacent vowels in the stress placement area i.e. whether they are different vowels they can alternate between a diphthong or two separate vowels in two different syllables and when they are identical they cannot be separated into two different syllables when occur in the final position.