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Articles 435 Documents
EFEK PEMBATASAN PAKAN DAN SUMBER SERAT KASAR BERBEDA TERHADAP PERFORMA AYAM PEDAGING Binowo, Seruni; Tulung, Bernat; Londok, Jola J.M.R.; Regar, Mursye N.
ZOOTEC Vol 39, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.39.1.2019.23808

Abstract

EFFECT OF FEED RESTRICTION AND DIFFERENT CRUDE FIBER SOURCES ON THE BORILER PERFORMANCE. The research aim was to determine the performance of Lohman strain broiler were given by food restriction of 20 percent and 10 percent levels of crude fiber from different fiber sources originated from coffee peel, rice bran and coconut pulp. This research was carried out in a poultry house at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, UNSRAT Manado, during 6 weeks using 48 unsex Lohman strain broilers at 21 days old. The research method was using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) based on factorial pattern (2x4). Each treatment combination was repeated 3 times. Factor A was a feed restriction consisting of feed without restriction (A0) and restriction of 20% feed for 8 days (A1). Factor B was a source of fiber consisting of control (B0);coffee peel (B1); rice bran (B2) and coconut pulp (B3). In this study, the were 8 treatment combinations of A0B0, A0B1, A0B2, A0B3, A1B0, A1B1, A1B2 and A1B3. Application of feed restriction and source of fiber  were applied during days of 21th to day of 28th. The birds were fed commercial feed until 42 days of age. The variables measured were feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion. The results showed that the restriction of feed and different fiber sources had a significant effect (P <0.05) on feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion. The results of this study can be concluded that the restriction of feed by 20 percent for 8 days with a source of crude fiber originated from coconut pulp in feed gave the best response compared with crude fiber originated from coffee peel and rice bran on the performance of the Lohman strain of broiler.Keywords: Broiler, feed restriction, crude fiber
KADAR AIR, pH DAN TOTAL MIKROBA DAGING AYAM YANG DITAMBAHKAN KUNYIT PUTIH (Curcuma mangga Val.) Wala, John; Ransaleleh, Tiltje; Wahyuni, Indyah; Rotinsulu, Merri
ZOOTEC Vol 36, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.36.2.2016.12567

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF WHITE TURMERIC (Curcuma mangga Val.) ADDITION ON CHICKEN MEAT AGAINST WATER CONTENT, pH AND MICROORGANISM NUMBERS. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of the addition of white turmeric (Curcuma manggaVal.) on chicken meat at cold storage (4oC). This research used Split Plot Design with 2 treatment factors based on completely randomized design. The Main Plot contains of 4 treatments (A0 = without storage, A1 = 3 days storage, A2 = 6 days storage, A3 = 9 days storage) and the Sub Plot contains of 4 treatments (B0 = without white turmeric, B1 = 4% grating of white turmeric, B2 = 8% grating of white turmeric, B3 = 12% grating of white turmeric). The variable that observed are water content, pH and microorganism number. The result showed that the addition of white turmeric was not significant affected (P > 0.05) against water contentof chicken meat, however it was highly significant affected (P < 0.01) against pH and microorganism numbers of chicken meat. Storage time was highly significant affected (P <0.01) against water content, pH and microorganism numbers of chicken meat. The interaction between both of treatment factors was given highly significant affected (P < 0.01) against water content, pH and microorganism numbers of chicken meat. As a conclusion, the addition of white turmeric on chicken meat was not affected against water content, however it can decrease pH and obstruct microorganism activity. Keywords : chicken meat, white turmeric, pH, water content, microorganism numbers
ANALISIS KEUNTUNGAN PEDAGANG PENGECER DAGING SAPI DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA MANADO Butarbutar, Nicolas; Rorimpandey, B.; Legrans, R. A.J; Lumenta, I. D.R
ZOOTEC Vol 34, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.34.1.2014.3873

Abstract

ABSTRACTBENEFIT ANALYSIS OF RETAIL TRADERS AT BEEF TRADITIONAL MARKET IN MANADO. The experiment was conducted at beef traditional market in Manado, particularly at “Bersehati Jengki market region” and “Pinasungkulan Ranotana market region”. The problem in this study is how much the operating costs retailers spent in beef marketing activity and how much the benefit of beef marketing activity received by retailers when compared with the bank interest rate level. The purpose of the study was to find out the operating cost spent by retailers compared with the benefit in beef marketing activity in Manado traditional markets. Sources of data in this study were found from the primary and secondary data. The samples were taken using purposive sampling method. Data analysis model in this study were conducting by descriptive analysis approach and mathematical analysis aswell as the concept of profitability. The results of the study showed that the average operating costs used by retailers in beef marketing were Rp 60,000,258 per week or Rp 239,990,725 per month. The average amount of the benefits received by retailers in beef marketing were Rp14,822,681 per week or Rp 3,703,093 per month. Enterprises of beef retailers in Manado traditional markets were able to gain the benefit. This business is also able to achieve the better overall profitability value compared with the bank rate prevailing in Indonesia. The average value of profitability of beef retailers was 7.01% per month (84.16% per year) while the bank rate of Indonesia (SBBI) was 7.5%.Keywords: Profit, Retailers, Beef, Traditional Market, Manado
SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK DAGING KELELAWAR DENGAN WAKTU PEMASAKAN YANG BERBEDA Ruba, Elisabeth; Ransaleleh, Tiltje Andretha; Rumondor, Delly B.J.; Palar, Conny K.M.; Rompis, John E.G.
ZOOTEC Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.38.2.2018.19908

Abstract

THE ORGANOLEPTIC PROPERTIES OF BAT MEAT WITH DIFFERENT COOKING TIMES. A study that aims to determine the level of consumer preferences in processed bat meat with different cooking time. This research was conducted from July 27 until August 31, 2017 at Animal Production Technology Laboratory Faculty of Animal Husbandry of Sam Ratulangi University of Manado . This study uses 3000 grams of bat meat. The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design 4 treatments and 30 replications. Treatment arrangement as follows: R1 = 750 grams of bat meat cooked for 15 minutes; R2 = 750 grams of bat meat cooked for 30 minutes; R3 = 750 grams of bat meat cooked for 45 minutes; R4 = 750 grams of bat meat cooked for 60 minutes.The results showed that the level of favorite color, texture, tenderness and taste gives a real effect on the duration of cooking timebat. However, the level of aroma preferences does not affect the cooking time. Based on the research results can be concluded that the cooking time of bats meat for 60 minutes gives the nature of color, texture, aroma, tenderness and taste that can be accepted by consumers. Keywords: Bat meat, organoleptic, cooking time
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN RUMPUT RAJA (Pennisetum purpupoides) DAN TEBON JAGUNG TERHADAP PERFORMANS SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE (PO) BETINA ., Heryanto .; Maaruf, K; Malalantang, S S; Waani, M R
ZOOTEC Vol 36, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.36.1.2016.10435

Abstract

THE EFFECTS OF AFFERING KING GRASS (Pennisetum Purpupoides) AND CORN STOVER ON PERFORMANCE OF ONGOLE CROSSBREED COWS A research evaluating the effects of affering king grass (Pennisetum purpupoides) and corn stover as feed ingredients on performance of ongole crossbreed cows has been conducled. Two years old, of fifteen ongole crossbreed cows with ± 200 kg body weight were used in this experiment. Completely  Randomized Design with 5 treatments and 3 replications was used. The treatments were R1 = 100% king grass, R2 = 75% king grass + 25% corn stover, R3 = 50% king grass + 50% corn stover, R4 = 25% king grass + 75% corn stover and R5 = 100% corn stover. Variables measured were dry matter consumption (DMC), average daily gain (ADG) and feed conversion (FC). The average of DMC, ADG and FC were 4,64-5,97 kg/tail/day, 0,36-0,55 kg/tail/day and 10,89-13,44 respectively.  The results showed that there were significant effects (P<0,05) on DMC and ADG, however, there was no significant effect (P>0,05) on FC. Tukey test showed that DMC of cows fed R1 were significantly (P<0,05) lower compared to R5, however, there was no significant (P>0,05) difference among cows fed R3, R4 and R5. ADG of cows fed R1 was not significantly (P>0,05) different compared to R2, R3 and R4, while, cows fed R1 and R2 were Significantly (P<0,05) lower compared to R5. Based on the results on DMC, ADG and FC it can be concluded that to increase performance of crossbreed cows the portion of king grass can be affered up to 50%, on the other hand corn stover is more than 50% in the ration. Key words :     Kinggrass (Pennisetum purpupoides), corn stover, performance ongole crossbreed cows.
TINGKAT KESUKAN JENIS MAKANAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PERTAMBAHAN BERAT BADAN TIKUS EKOR PUTIH (RATTUS XANTHURUS) DI PENANGKARAN EX-SITU Walukow, Seysi R.F.; Kiroh, H.J.; Wahyuni, I.; Wungow, R.S.H.
ZOOTEC Vol 40, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.40.1.2020.26951

Abstract

THE PREFERENCE OF FOOD TYPE AND THE INFLUENCE ON WEIGHT GAIN OF WHITE TAILED RAT (Rattus xanthurus) IN EX-SITU BREEDING. White tailed rats (Rattus xanthurus) is one of the endemic species of  North Sulawesi that has the status of near threatened. The method used in this study is the method of observation. This research was conducted to provide information about the most preferred type of food and its effect on body weight gain, food consumption and the efficient use of white rat (Rattus xanthurus) so that they can be utilized in animal breeding business.  The results showed that the type of food most preferred by the White Tailed Rat (Rattus xanthurus) female was papaya fruit 55.62 gr / head / day while males preferred the banana 49.28 gr / head / day. Weight gain in males is higher 17.79 g / head / day compared to females 10.09 g / head / day lower with 60 gr / head / day feeding. The highest efficiency of food use is found in males, this condition can be interpreted that the amount of consumption is enough to contribute to the weight gain of white tailed rats (Rattus xanthurus). The results of this study it can be concluded that the white tailed rat (Rattus xanthurus) prefers papaya fruit compared to other fresh foods.Keywords: Preference, Weight gain, White-tailed rat
PENGARUH FERMENTASI ISI RUMEN SAPI DENGAN Trichoderma viride TERHADAP ENERGI METABOLIS PADA AYAM BROILER Rarumangkay, Jeni
ZOOTEC Vol 35, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.35.2.2015.8569

Abstract

  THE EFFECT OF DRIED COW RUMEN FERMENTATION WITH TRICHODERMA VIRIDE ON METABOLIZABLE ENERGY VALUE OF BROILER. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the metabolizable energy of dried cow rumen. The experiment use dried cow rumen and dried cow rumen fermented Trichoderma viride during 9 days with 0,3% inoculum dose. The experiment use 18 six weeks old male broiler metabolizable energy parameter were analyzed with Wilcoxon test. The result of this experiment showed fermentation with Trichoderma viride could increase the metabolizable energy of dried cow rumen.   Key word : Fermentation of dried cow rumen, broiler, metabolizable energy
PENGARUH PENGGANTIAN JAGUNG DENGAN MOLASES TERHADAP PERFORMA TERNAK KELINCI Sengkey, Monica; Tulung, Y.L.R.; Tuturoong, R.; Kowel, Y.H.S.
ZOOTEC Vol 40, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.40.1.2020.27771

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF REPLACEMENT OF CORN IN RATION WITH MOLASSES ON RABBIT PERFORMANCE. This study conducted to determine effect of molasses use replacing corn in ration on the performance of rabbits. The study used 25 weaned rabbits at age of 6 weeks old under individual cages. Each cage unit was occupied by 1 rabbit. The design used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and 5 replications was applied in this study. Rates of giving molasses in feed were as follows: Ration containing corn without molasses (R0), Ration replacing corn of 25% with molasses (R1),  Ration replacing corn of 50% with molasses (R2), Ration replacing corn of 75% with molasses (R3), and Ration replacing corn of 100% with molasses (R4). The measured variables were including feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion and energy consumption. The results showed that the averages of feed consumption were 78.07 to 95.20 g/head/day, weight gain were 9.7 to 12.02 g/head/day, feed conversion were 7.90 to 8.71 g/head/day and energy consumption were 2732.54 to 3076.10 Kcal/Kg. Based on the results analysis, the use of molasses substituting corn had a significantly different effect (P <0.01) on feed consumption, weight gain and energy consumption. Based on this research it can be concluded that molasses can replace corn up to the level of 75% or 35.25% in rabbit animal feed ingredients. Keywords: Molasses, corn, rabbit, feed intake, weight gain
HUBUNGAN BIAYA PRODUKSI DENGAN PENDAPATAN USAHA TERNAK AYAM KAMPUNG (STUDI KASUS DI DESA PUNGKOL KECAMATA TATAPAAN, KABUPATEN MINAHASA SELATAN) Penggu, Panius; Santa, N M; Makalew, A; Waleleng, P O.V
ZOOTEC Vol 34 (2014): Edisi Khusus
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.34.0.2014.4794

Abstract

ABSTRACT RELATIONSHIP OF PRODUCTION COST AND INCOME OF LOCAL LAYING HEN (CASE STUDY AT PUNGKOL VILLAGE, TATAPAAN DISTRICT, SOUTH MINAHAS REGENCY). Pungkol was a village at Tatapaan district, South Minahasa regency. Majority of household society at this village used local laying hen to support their income and to fulfil their meat and egg basic need. The problems were that production cost had not been evaluated in local laying hen maintenance. The objective of this study was to evaluate production cost and income as well as to analyze relationship of production cost and income from local laying hen at Pungkol village. Research was conducted using survey method. Household samples were taken by purposive sampling method using criteria of household farmers having at least ten local laying hens per farmer. Total samples of household farmers in this study were 29 farmers. Results showed that the average production cost were Rp. 2,930,689 per year with average sales of egg and meat of Rp. 3.146.724. These figures of production cost and product sales yield farmer income of Rp. 1,430,241 per year. The analysis of correlation coefficient (r) of production cost and income from local laying hen was 0.73 indicating that the higher the production cost, the higher the income from local laying hen. Key words: Production cost, income, Local laying hen, Pungkol village.
PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG LIMBAH LABU KUNING (Cucurbita moschata) DALAM PAKAN AYAM PETELUR TERHADAP KUALITAS INTERNAL TELUR AYAM RAS Utiah, Devi R; Nangoy, Fredy J; Lambey, Lucia J; Utiah, Wapsiaty
ZOOTEC Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35792/zot.38.2.2018.20481

Abstract

UTILIZATION OF YELLOW PUMPKIN WASTE PRODUCT (Cucurbita moschata) IN RATION OF LAYING HENS ON INTERNAL EGG CHARACTERISTICS. The aim of this research is to know the effect of the use of yellow pumpkin flour/waluh (cucurbita moschata) in laying chicken feed against egg white index, egg yolk index, and yolk color. This study used 100 laying chickens aged 42 weeks. This research was conducted at Animal Product Technology Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry of Sam Ratulangi University. The observed variables consisted of egg white index, yolk index and yolk color. The method used is a complete randomized design consisting of five treatments and 5 replications. The treatment is the replacement of yellow pumpkin flour, with each treatment is R0 = Basic ration without using yellow pumpkin flour, R1 = Ration 98% 2% yellow pumpkin flour, R2 = base ration 96% + 4% yellow pumpkin flour, R3 = base ration 94% + 6% yellow pumpkin flour, R4 = base ration 92% + 8% yellow pumpkin flour. The results showed that the use of yellow pumpkin flour at level 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8% in the ration gave no significant effect (P> 0.05) on egg white index, yolk index, and yolk color. The conclusion is that the use of pumpkin flour waste up to 8% level in laying chicken feed gives the same result to egg white index, yolk index and yolk color.Key words: Pumpkin waste, egg, hen.

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