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INDONESIA
Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Published by STKIP PGRI Bangkalan
ISSN : 23373695     EISSN : 26553368     DOI : https://doi.org/10.31597/jsa
Jurnal Sastra Aksara memuat gagasan tentang bahasa dan ilmu bahasa, sastra dan ilmu sastra, dan pendidikan dan pengajaran bahasa dan sastra. Jurnal ini terbit setahun dua kali pada bulan Mei dan November. Redaksi mengundang ilmuan, dosen, guru, dan mahasiswa untuk menuangkan gagasan teoretis, hasil penelitian, review buku, dan bab buku (book chapter).
Articles 39 Documents
HEGEMONI EKONOMI KELAS BORJUIS DENGAN BURUH DALAM NOVEL GERMINAL KARYA EMILE ZOLA Mariam Ulfa; Sri Sulistiani; Ana Yuliati
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.484

Abstract

This paper discusses the comparison of the bourgeoisie and the working class in terms of social and economic life. Emile Zola's novel Germinal represents the life of the workers and their misery compared to the life of the bourgeoisie. For decades the workers have not been able to improve the standard of living and the economy for decades, while the bourgeoisie has always lived in sufficiency and economic life from generation to generation. The workers who are hegemonized by the bourgeoisie are economically alive in limitations, children who are teenagers who should go to school must accept being laborers because of economic conditions. To create a bourgeoisie because of its wealth does not do manual labor and is able to attend high school. The novel Germinal contains literary works which are able to provide education about economics and implicitly provide a movement towards a better direction to improve the standard of living so that it is not always controlled by the bourgeoisie.
IMPLIKATUR PERCAKAPAN DALAM TUTURAN BERBAHASA INDONESIA PADA ACARA INI TALKSHOW NET TV Bagus Tri Handoko
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.451

Abstract

This study aims to identify the conversational implicature contained in the TV Net Talk Show program. In this study, researchers sought (1) to describe violations of the principle of cooperation that led to the emergence of implicature, (2) to describe the form of acts of implication. The approach used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The data of this research is in the form of the speech of the NET TV Talk Show which aired in the March 2020 airing period. Data collection techniques used were the recording technique and the note-taking technique. The recording technique is done by downloading a video of this program. A NET TV Talk show that aired in March 2020. From the results of the data that has been studied, violations of the principle of cooperation that led to the emergence of conversational implicatures on this program Talkshow is dominated by violations of the maxim of quantity, in terms of speech acts the implications of the Talkshow program are dominated by the use of news sentences.
DIALEKTOLOGI BAHASA MADURA DI DESA TAPAAN DAN DESA TLAGAH KECAMATAN BANYUATES KABUPATEN SAMPANG Fatana Auliyah; Sri Utami; Nuril Huda
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.479

Abstract

Variations in languages found in Tapaan and Tlagah villages, both of theseareas are possible for data collection because these areas include coastal and mountainous areas which make a dialect factor. The formulation of the problem is how is the difference between Maduranese dialect in Tapaan village and Tlagah village in Banyuates subdistrict Sampang district? With the aim analyze the differences between Maduran dialect and Tapaan village, Tlagah village, Banyuates subdistrict, Sampang district. This research is a descriptive qualitative research with the power in the form of utterances or conversation which are then transcribed into written form in the form of words. The data is obtained from the original source of the study area in accordance with the data were researchers who were assisted by voice recording devices in the form of mobile phones. The data collection method in this research is the listening method and subsequent method uses a competent, free record, record method, record method, data transcription method, data transcription method, and translate data method. Next the researcher analyzes data that has been collected with the data element sorting technique, which is the matching method. Researchers also use data validity methods in the form of data validity methods, that is (a) prolong the participation of observations, (b) perseverance of observation, (c) tringualation. The results of this study obtained from research are the most common data in this study, namely the same word, but different in pronunciation, and there are also different words but the meaning is the same.
PERUBAHAN FONEM PADA ANAK USIA 2-4 TAHUN DI PAUD ANNA HUSADA JL. BRANTAS NO. 1A PERUM. CANDRA LAND MLAJAH BANGKALAN (KAJIAN FONOLOGIS) Ria Kristia Fatmasari
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.450

Abstract

This study discusses phoneme changes in children aged 2-4 years at Anna Husada Jl. Brantas No.1A Perum Candra Land Mlajah Bangkalan. The background of the sound of language spoken by the child, namely the child when communicating often changes and obsolescence of phonemes in his speech. Several factors cause phenomenal changes in children's speech, namely lack of mastery of vocabulary, stages of language improvement, second language learning (B2), and parenting patterns. This is what causes phenomenal changes when children dialogue or speak. The method used in the collection of data in the form refer to the method of reading involved in conversational skills, record techniques and note-taking techniques. The data that has been collected is then analyzed using qualitative descriptive methods. The results of the analysis that have been found in that are, children are not always the same in the phoneme changes made, it happens because it adapts to the development, as well as the child's ability to speak. It is very important to use Indonesian properly and correctly when speaking so that children are not accustomed to making changes when speaking and there is no misinterpretation and do not become displaced Indonesian language that is good and correct in speech.
UNSUR KEJENAKAAN DALAM NOVEL TETRALOGI LASKAR PELANGI KARYA ANDREA HIRATA ANALISIS STRUKTURAL ANA MUSTAFIDAH
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.418

Abstract

Jokes in novels give certain appeal to the reader. The jokes in the Laskar Pelangi Tetralogy novel by Andrea Hirata Structural Analysis focuses on the characters and plot in the novel. This novel is analyzed using the structural approach. Through structural analysis, the bond between one element and another can be clearly seen because it can analyze these elements completely and integrated. The purpose of this research is to describe the characters’ jokes and plots in the Laskar Pelangi Tetralogy novel by Andrea Hirata. This research was examined using qualitative research methods. The data collection method was in the form of documentation method. The data collection technique uses the technique of reading, listening, and note-taking. Data analysis method uses descriptive method. The data analysis technique of this study was to analyze the contents of the Laskar Pelangi Tetralogy novel by Andrea Hirata. Referring to the results of this study, there are jokes in the Laskar Pelangi Tetralogy novel by Andrea Hirata, namely a character who has a witty characteristic presented through direct description, character names, actions of characters, and character dialogue. The plot in the novel is presented through the principle of plotting, which is the surprise in the novel. The author presents the plot in this novel gradually to achieve a surprise that really makes the reader get a surprise at the flow part. The jokes in this novel predominantly include parikena jokes, satire, cynicism, play, and salapstick. Keywords: Jokes, plot, structural, character.
PENERAPAN METODE CURAH IDE DAN MEDIA FOTO (CUDENFO) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MENULIS PUISI PADA SISWA X IPS-3 SEMESTER 2 SMA NEGERI 1 KAMAL TAHUN PELAJARAN 2018/2019 Sri Rukiyati Ningsih
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.385

Abstract

This research is a classroom action research, research that tries to apply a method and learning media to improve student learning outcomes. The method and media applied in this study are the method of brainstorming ideas and photo media or abbreviated as Cudenfo. The problems examined in this study are the steps/ways of implementing learning by the Cudenfo method and increasing students' ability to write poetry through the Cudenfo method. In line with the formulation of the research problem, the purpose of this study is to describe the application of the Cudenfo method and media in learning to write poetry and to measure the improvement in learning outcomes of writing poetry in class X IPS-3 students learning to write poetry with the Cudenfo method and media. In the first cycle, teachers still use much of the lecture time because students do not understand well the tasks they have to do. In the first cycle, the teacher uses 40 minutes to explain the steps and give examples of how to do the task. In the first cycle, the average value obtained was 67 with enough predicate. In the second cycle, the dominant activity is student activity. In this second cycle student learning outcomes increase. The achievement of the average value of students in this cycle is 75 with a good predicate. By comparing student learning outcomes in cycles I and II it can be said that the application of the brainstorming method and photo media (cudenfo) can improve student learning outcomes in writing poetry.
PERILAKU SEKS TOKOH STELLA DALAM DIARY PRAMUGARI 2 KARYA AGUNG WEBE: ANALISIS PSIKOLOGI SASTRA FREUDIAN Kurniawan, Eva Dwi
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v8i1.321

Abstract

Karya sastra banyak mengungkapkan kondisi psikologi, baik pada diri pengarang, karya sastra, maupun pembaca. Dalam karya sastra, tokoh-tokoh memiliki kondisi psikologi yang dapat dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori psikologi Freudian. Tokoh Stella dalam Diary Pramugari 2 Karya Agung Webe memiliki perilaku seks yang unik. Analisis ini akan melihat perilaku seks tokoh Stella dengan pendekatan psikologi sastra Freudian. Diketahui bahwa perilaku seks Stella menunjukkan adanya perubahan seks sebagai objek, kepada seks sebagai subjek. Selain itu, Stella juga berkarakter pendendam terhadap laki-laki sebab trauma masa kanak dan rasa iri tak memiliki phalus (kelamin laki-laki). Kemunculan tokoh Stella juga akan diamati fungsinya dalam hubungannya sebagai usur pembangun keseluruhan cerita. Tokoh Stella menjadi unsur tokoh yang menyatukan tema kisah yang terdapat pada unsur ekstrinsik dan unsur intrinsik novel.
PERSPEKTIF GENDER DALAM NOVEL CINTA DI DALAM GELAS KARYA ANDREA HIRATA KAJIAN FEMINISME Munawaroh, Siti
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v7i1.233

Abstract

The problems discussed in this preparation are about gender perspective in the novel Cinta Di Dalam Gelas by Andrea Hirata. While the purpose of this study was to describe a gender perspective in the novel Cinta Di Dalam Gelas by Andrea Hirata. Hirata uses feminism analysis. In describing the image and the constructing role in this novel, reading and note-taking techniques are used. Reading technique is a technique used to obtain data by reading the entire text. Reading techniques are used to read the novel Cinta Di Dalam Gelas by Andrea Hirata. Note technique is used to record things related to the analysis of feminism in the novel Cinta Di Dalam Gelas by Andrea Hirata. Then outlines the existing data so that it becomes a meaningful meaning. The results of this arrangement are to discuss the image of women based on a gender perspective and the role of women based on a gender perspective which is portrayed in the novel with daily character activities as well as social values ​​which are a real reflection of human life. The image and role in this novel take more from the first players like Maryamah from the main character called Enong a woman who can match men. While the images and roles depicted in this novel are flat, all characters have their own image and role. That is about how to behave correctly, to behave properly. Also the wrong behavior and attitude as learning that the behavior is wrong. Mutual respect is expressed intelligently in this novel. The depiction of the image and role in this novel is to make learning for the community and prospective society. and struggling how to fight for equality with men.
KONSEPSI POKOK TOKOH UTAMA DALAM NOVEL BUNDA KISAH CINTA DUA KODI KARYA ASMA NADIA PENDEKATAN PSIKOLOGI CARL ROGERS Fatmawati, Fatmawati
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v7i1.232

Abstract

This study aims to describe (1) Organisms, Main Figures in Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi by Asma Nadia (2) Medan Phenomenal Main Figures in Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi by Asma Nadia and (3) Self Main Figures in the Novel Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi. This research is a qualitative-descriptive study. The subject of this research is the novel Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi by Asma Nadia. This research focuses on issues related to Calr Rogers's psychological approach. Data were analyzed by qualitative description techniques, namely a research procedure with the results of descriptive data presentation in the form of words or sentences in the novel Bunda Cinta Cinta Kodi by Asma Nadia. The method of data collection is done by reading and recording techniques. The results of this study show as the third main form of conception in the novel Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi by Asma Nadia (1) The main character of a child in a child is characterized by his womb father, the goal of realizing his ideals and upholding science and education and wanting to make his mother happy , the hard work in him proved to his father that he could succeed without his help. (2) The Phenomenal Medan main character faced a problem in his efforts about 2 months more hard work and persevered 'Keke Busana' became a large national Muslim fashion. Currently the Keke Busana product has been distributed as a way of life for more than 500 sales agents. (3) self describes an event and conflict that occurs in the main character, experiencing trial after trial as a form of dominant problems found in the novel Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi by Asma Nadia. The conclusion of this study is the experience and struggle in the Bunda Kisah Cinta Dua Kodi to be used as learning that experience and suffering are an achievement of a process carried out by someone with hard work and firm stance and not surrender to fate.
EFEKTIVITAS MEDIA AUDIO VISUAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENGANALISIS UNSUR-UNSUR INTRINSIK DAN EKSTRINSIK DRAMA AYAHKU PULANG DI KELAS VIII SMPN 01 BURNEH Faizol, Ahmad; Sakrim, Sakrim
Jurnal Sastra Aksara Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Sastra Aksara
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia STKIP-PGRI Bangkalan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31597/jsa.v7i1.231

Abstract

This research was motivated by the low of students’ desire to learn. Student learning difficulties due to various problems that cause students to feel bored. The purpose of this research were to describe (1) effectiveness for students, (2) students’ response, (3) students’ learning outcomes before using audio visual media, (4) students’ learning outcomes after using audio visual media. For this reason, the teacher’s task in the learning process is to create more active, productive and effective learning atmosphere. Thus, learning in the classroom is getting easier according to the expected goals. This research used media to improve students’ learning outcomes by using audio visual learning media in drama material. This research approach used descriptive quantitative to analyze the research data. The results of this research, it can be concluded that during the learning process using audio visual learning media, it could be said to be effective because it reached 2 categories: the results of students’ response questionnaires with 79% results in the category of students feel effective. And that answers the response of students 84% ​​results that have been percentage very well, students’ learning outcomes before using audio visual media with an average value of 50, students’ learning outcomes after using audio visual media was very good with an average value of 82. The existence of media in learning could add new knowledge to students so that it increased the interest to create and write intrinsic and extrinsic elements in drama material.

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