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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
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Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat adalah jurnal mengenai kesehatan masyarakat yang diterbitkan oleh prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat STIKES Wira Husada Yogyakarta. Jurnal terbit dua kali dalam satu tahun untuk volume yang sama. Jurnal ini diterbitkan sebagai wahana komunikasi ilmiah antar akademisi, peneliti, pakar dan pemerhati untuk pengembangan IPTEK dalam bidang kesehatan masyarakat.
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KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH DALAM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DOMESTIK DI KABUPATEN BANTUL PROPINSI D.I. YOGYAKARTA Fangga, Fangga; Mulasari, Surahma Asti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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ABSTRACT Background: Garbage is a result of human activity are discarded because it was not useful, so that not all solid objects that are not used and disposed of so- called junk. Waste Management had only understood by the public sector. Waste disposed by people considered to just be the governments job alone to handle. So that the waste problem has always been a difficult problem to overcome, if it is not the role of an active community and awareness of the community it self. It is known from the data monthly report garbage in the Department of the Environment and from interviews the researchers did in June 2012 at the Department of Public Works Bantul. Number of people who throw their garbage into the existing illegal TPSS Bantul cause existing waste management can not be performed optimally and more difficult to overcome the existing problems of garbage. Based on the background above, the researcher is interested in studying "Government Policy in the Domestic Waste Management In Bantul. Methods: The study was descriptive qualitative. Data obtained on the terms of the interview of Kapala UPT KP3 from DPU and Sub Sector and Sub-Sector Document LH Institutional Capacity of the Environment Agency. Instrument or tool used in this study is an interview guide. Descriptive data were analyzed qualitatively by telling the phenomena that occur and analyzed based on the data obtained from the field. Acquisition of legality or validity of the study the researchers did obtained by triangulation of data. Results: The regulation is used in the management of domestic waste in Bantul is RI Law No.18 of 2008, No.33 of 2010 Permendagri and Regional Regulation No. Bantul. 15 in 2011. Domestic waste management services in Bantul conducted by the Department of Public Works and BLH. Waste management program in Bantul conducted by two institutions: the BLH and Public Works Department. BLH tasked with the establishment of an independent institutional waste management, while DPU shall carry out the regional administration in the field of public works. Allocation of funds used in the management of domestic waste from DAK and budget. Incentives have been given oelh Bantul government to community groups play an active role in the management of domestic waste. Conclusion: Regulation is used in the management of domestic waste in Bantul is RI Law No.18 of 2008, No.33 Permendagri in 2010, and the Regional Regulation No. Bantul. 15 in 2011. The services provided by the government to the community in the management of domestic waste in Bantul going well. Program activities by the government in the management of domestic waste in Bantul going well. Allocation of funds used in the management of domestic waste in Bantul Rp. 541 969 150, -. Fund issued BLH of the total budget in 2012 amounted to Rp. 1924580640, -. Incentives are issued in domestic waste management in Bantul include: garbage bins, composter, sewing machine, wheelie bins, organic waste thrasher, thrasher plastic waste, and incorporating the parties / institutions that excel in waste management at the national level competition.
PENGARUH MULTIPLE MICRONUTRIENT POWDER TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN ANAK DENGAN ANEMIA USIA 6-59 BULAN Basuki, Prastiwi Putri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI) EKSKLUSIF DENGAN STATUS GIZI PADA BALITA DI POSYANDU MELATI 2 DUSUN TAMBAKAN Febriani, Heni; Chasanah, Siti Uswatun
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: . Di Indonesia prevalensi pemberian asi masih rendah, hal ini terlihat pada data SDKI pada tahun 2007 menyebutkan bahwa hanya 32,3% ibu yang memberikan ASI pada anaknya. Data dari Riskesdas pada tahun 2010 juga menyebutkan bahwa di Indonesia pemberian ASI baru mencapai 13,30% dan pemberian susu formula meningkat tiga kali lipat dari 10,30% menjadi 32,50%. Pemberian ASI sangat penting bagi bayi, karena ASI mengandung banyak nutrisi yang diperlukan oleh tubuh si bayi. Tujuan: untuk melihat hubungan antara pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan status gizi pada balita. Metode: penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional dengan populasi seluruh anak yang berusia 0-5 Tahun yang dating kePosyandu Melati 2 Dusun Tambakan. Pengambilan sampel menggunakn teknik total sampling. Analisis data menggunakanan analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat menggunakan rank spearman. Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan status gizi anak balita di Posyandu melati 2, Dusun Tambakan, Sindumartani, Sleman. dengan nilai signifikansi 0,028 (p
GAMBARAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN MASYARAAT TERHADAP PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIK DI DESA GRUMBUL GEDE SELOMARTANI KALASAN Syarifah, Nur Yeti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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Background: Antibiotics is a very well known drug and widely used by thecommunitiy, that can occure antibiotics abuse in society. The relatively increasinguse of antibiotics has appeared to raise a variety of problems and be a generalhealth threats particulery in terms of antibiotics resistance. The most action ofantibiotics abuse in society consist of student self-treatment without doctorprescription. One of the important things that affect a persons actions andbehavior is knowledgeObjective: This aim of study was to investigate the relationship between thelevels of knowledge about antibiotics with antibiotics use behavior in the grumbulgede village, Selomartani, Kalasan Sleman Methods: This research was carried out by using descriptive analytic methodsquantitative with cross sectional approach. The sampling technique used clusterrandom sampling with 46 respondents. The research instrument usedquestionnaires as well as data analysis and correlation Chi-Square. Results The result of Chi-Square test showed a significant correlation betweenthe level of knowledge about antibiotics and antibiotics usage without Theanalysis with gain value (p) 0002. because the value of (p)
ANALISIS BREEDING PLACE Aedes Sp DI KELURAHAN SOROSUTAN, KECAMATAN UMBULHARJO, KOTA YOGYAKARTA Damayanti, Susi; Satoto, Tri Baskoro
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) disebabkan oleh gigitan nyamuk yang dapat menyebabkan kesakitan yang luar biasa pada manusia. Transmisi DBD terjadi di sekitar 100 negara di Asia-Pasifik, Amerika, dan Afrika. Hampir 2,5 milyar orang atau 40 % dari populasi penduduk di dunia diperkirakan tinggal di daerah dimana berisiko terjadi transmisi DBD. Berdasarkan data dari Dinas Kesehatan Kota Yogyakarta, jumlah penderita DBD di Kota Yogyakarta pada tahun 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 dan 2011 berturut-turut adalah 767, 768 , 688, 1.517 dan 460 orang. Tahun 2012 Kelurahan Sorosutan merupakan wilayah di Kecamatan Umbulharjo dengan penderita DBD terbanyak. Kelurahan Sorosutan merupakan salah satu daerah endemis DBD. Sampai saat ini vaksin atau obat yang tepat untuk DBD belum ada sehingga dalam upaya pengendalian dan pencegahan DBD perlu diketahui tempat potensial yang menjadi tempat perkembangan nyamuk Aedes Sp. Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kepadatan vektor DBD (HI, BI, CI, dan PI). Metode : Termasuk penelitian observasional deskriptif dengan menggunakan rancangan studi cross sectional. Hasil: Hasil dari 268 rumah yang diperiksa terdapat 148(56,18%) rumah yang positif ditemukan jentik atau pupa Aedes sp dan dari 1.118 Tempat Penampungan Air (TPA) yang diperiksa, 242 (24,02%) TPA positif jentik atau pupa. 13 RW yang diperiksa, nilai HI yang paling tinggi yaitu 87,5%, CI (43,3%), BI (181,3%), dan PI (445). Kesimpulan : Berdasarkan kepadatan vektor ke-13 RW di Kelurahan Sorosutan memiliki HI, BI,CI, dan PI di atas batas normal dan memiliki risiko terhadap penularan virus dengue. Kata Kunci : Demam Berdarah Dengue, Aedes aegypti, Kepadatan vektor.
ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR SUMUR TANAH DI SEKITAR TPST PIYUNGAN DENGAN PARAMETER FISIKA, KIMIA DAN BAKTERIOLOGI Febriani, Heni; Sukoso, Sukoso; Sartini, Sartini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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INTISARI Latar Belakang: Adanya TPST Piyungan beberapa sumber air disekitar TPST Piyungan menjadi tercemar karena beberapa parameter melebihi baku mutu. Sumur merupakan sumber air yang digunakan oleh warga dusun Ngablak dengan jumlah 122 sumur. Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas air sumur tanah disekitar TPST Piyungan dengan parameter fisik, kimia, bakteriologi. Metode: Metode yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan uji laboratorium. Populasi pada penelitian ini yaitu sumur berjarak sampai 1km. Sampel pada penelitian ini berjumlah empat sampel yaitu pertama sumur yang digunakan RT 3 dan RT 4 berjarak 792 m, kedua sumur pantau II TPST Piyungan berjarak 69 m, ketiga sumur yang digunakan RT 5 berjarak 623 m, keempat sumur pantau I TPST Piyungan berjarak 72 m. Hasil:Hasil pengukuran pada parameter fisik, kimia, bakteriologi pada sumur disekitar TPST Piyungan ada beberapa parameter yang melebihi baku mutu yaitu pada suhu sumur I,II,III,IV, nitrat pada sumur II dan IV dan Total Coliformsumur I,II,III,I. Kesimpulan:Pada parameter fisikyaitu suhu, parameter kimia yaitu nitrat, pada parameter bakteriologi Total Coliform.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN CUCI TANGAN TERHADAP PERILAKU CUCI TANGAN DI TK AISYIYAH BUSTANUL ATHFAL BALONGUMBULHARJO CANGKRINGAN SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Widuri, Widuri; Darmawan, Tomi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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Background: Improving the quality of life of children one of which is determined by plantingearly child health behavior. Behavior of school children are very varied. If not recognized early, these health problems will affect the learning achievements and future children. Health behavior is a persons response to stimuli or objects associated with illness and disease, health care systems, food, drinks and the environment. Many children do not wash their hands before eating, so it can result in bacteria that is in the hand will be brought in with the food through the mouth and throat to the digestive tract so that the occurrence of gastrointestinal disease. Objective: Knowing the effect of health education hand washing behavior of hand washing in TK Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal Balong umbulharjo Cangkringan Sleman Yogyakarta. Research methods: This type of research is one group pretest posttest. Research has been conducted kindergarten Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal Balong Umbulharjo Cangkringan Sleman Yogyakarta for 2 days commencing on 26 April to 28 April 2014. Results: The results of paired samples correlation calculations indicate that there is significant influence effect of health education hand washing behavior of hand washing with sig. (Tailed) .000 Conclusion: A significant difference between the effect of health education hand washingbehavior of hand washing in TK Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal Balong Umbulharjo Cangkringan Sleman Yogyakarta. Keywords: Hand washing education, behavior
PERAN SERTA SISWA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN USAHA KESEHATAN SEKOLAH (UKS) DI SDN NGRINGIN DEPOK SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Asda, Patria
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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ABSTRACT Every school has an important role to create and improve the health of students through Student Health Units can make an effort to create an environment "Healthy Schools" (Health Promoting School/ HPS). Efforts to develop a healthy school needs to be socialized and well done through the ministry of health (health services) that are stable and adequately supported by other related sectors, such as the participation of communities, businesses, and mass media. The study was descriptif analitics. The samples in this study were students of class V and VI SDN Ngringin by 74 respondents. Research tool used was a questionnaire, and analysed using descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed the level student participation is 97,3%. The result of analisis of the questionarre found the students activities about students participation in development of Student Health Units in SDN Ngringin Keywords: participation, Student Health Units
PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DENGAN PENGGUNAAN MINYAK JELANTAH PADA PENJUAL GORENGAN DI KECAMATAN NGEMPLAK KABUPATEN SLEMAN Sumekar, Ariana; Chasanah, Siti Uswatun; Puspita Dewi, Citra Levitania
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Minyak jelantah adalah minyak goreng yang digunakan secara berulang kali (>2 kali). Minyak jelantah akan mengalami oksidasi. Hal ini bisa menyebabkan iritasi saluran pencernaan, diare dan kanker. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan dan sikap dengan penggunaan minyak jelantah pada penjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman. Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah survei analitik dengan desain cross sectional study. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah penjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman. Sampelsebesar 35 responden. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan memberikan kuesioner kepada responden penelitian. Pengolahan data menggunakan uji Chi Squaredengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% dan ? = 0,05. Hasil: Berdasarkan analisis bivariat, tidak ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan penggunaan minyak jelantah pada penjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman yaitu nilai (p = 0,577) dan tidak ada hubungan antara sikap dengan penggunaan minyak jelantah padapenjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman yaitu nilai (p = 0,439). Kesimpulan: Tidak ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan penggunaan minyak jelantah pada penjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman.Tidak ada hubungan antara sikap dengan penggunaan minyak jelantah pada penjual gorengan di Kecamatan Ngemplak Kabupaten Sleman. Kata kunci: Minyak Jelantah, Penjual Gorengan, Pengetahuan, Sikap, Penggunaan
RELATIONSHIPS LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS OF COMPLIANCE PATIENT DIABETES MELLITUS IN CONTROLLING BLOOD SUGAR IN HEALTH CENTERS DEPOK 3, SLEMAN, YOGYAKARTA Chasanah, Siti Uswatun; Anida, Anida; Susana, Desi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
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Background: Mellitus Diabetes is a chronic degenerative disease of increasing prevalence. Diabetes Mellitus has characteristics such as hyperglycemia that occurs due to abnormal insulin sekreksi. Insulin or both that cause a variety of chronic complications in the eyes of the kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. Objective: to determine the relationship of the level of knowledge about the blood sugar levels in Diabetes Mellitus patient compliance to blood sugar control in the health center in Depok 3, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Method: Kind of research is observasional analytic with cross sectional approach. The study population was all patients with Diabetes Mellitus in the health center in Depok 3, Sleman, Yogyakarta, totaling 95 people. A sample size 48 people. Data collection was done bygiving kueaioner to all the respondents of the study. Processing data using Chi Square test with a standard error of 5% and ? = 0,05. Result: Based onbiavariate analiysis there is no relationship between the level of knowledge about the blood sugar levels in Diabetes Mellitus patient compliance to blood sugar control in primary Depok 3, Sleman, Yogyakarta is (p = 0,119). Conclusion: There is no relationship between the level of knowledge about the blood sugar levels in Diabetes Mellitus patient compliance to blood sugar control in health center in Depok 3, Sleman. Yogyakarta. Keyword: diabetes mellitus, blood sugar levels, knowledge, obedience.

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