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Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia
ISSN : 23560398     EISSN : 25412329     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia merupakan salah satu jurnal yang dikelola oleh Laboratorium Farmakognosi-Fitomikia Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Muslim Indonesia yang terbit pertama kali pada bulan Januari 2014. Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang terbit secara on-line dan cetakan serta menerbitkan artikel atau karya ilmiah hasil penelitian dalam bidang obat bahan alam.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 81 Documents
Isolasi Dan Karakterisasi Senyawa Steroid Dari Ekstrak Biji Mahoni (Swietenia mahagoni Jacq.) Maryam, Fadillah; Subehan, Subehan; Musthainah, Lilis
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i2.647

Abstract

Mahogany seeds (Swietenia mahagoni Jacq.) Have many benefits as drugs such as febrifuge, diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus), high blood pressure, fat decay, colds, colitis, diarrhea, wounds, and ulcers. Swietenia mahagoni Jacq Contain steroid compounds. This study aims to determine the characterization of steroid compounds isolated from mahogany seed extract (Swietenia mahagoni Jacq.). Extracts were obtained from maceration processes using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol 70% solvents with percent of rendament of 6.34%, 7.34%, and 8% respectively. The test results for the chemical content of ethyl acetate extract positively contained steroids. 5 grams of extract was carried out using conventional column chromatography to produce 6 fractions. Fraction 6 were selected and continued with preparative thin layer chromotography and produced 2 isolates. Isolates P2b which showed one tonggal stain on the TLC profile with a value of Rf 0.50 were continued to be analyzed by UV-Vis and FT-IR spectrophotometry.The results of UV-Vis spectrophotometric isolates P2b had maximal absorption at a wavelength of 253.50 nm. FT-IR data shows the presence of functional groups C-H, C-O, C = O, C = C, and O-H whichare thought to be steroid compounds.
EFEK SENYAWA BIOAKTIF KAYU MANIS Cinnamomum burmanii NEES EX.BL.) TERHADAP DIABETES MELITUS: KAJIAN PUSTAKA Emilda, Emilda
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2018): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (938.601 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v5i1.316

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism (glucose) in the body and its prevalence is getting higher. Until 2015, 10 million cases of DM found in Indonesia and allegedly ever increasing. Type II DM is the most common types of DM in the world and its characterized by insulin resistance and β cell damage.  Due to the serious side effects caused when taking chemical antidabetes drugs, herbal medicine searches from natural materials continue to be done. Various spesieces of cinnamon plants have been studied and known to have antidiabetic activity. One of them is Cinnamomum burmanii which is found in Indonesia. Among the spesieces of cinnamon have the same health benefits including antidiabetes, antimicrobial, anti-fungal, antiviral, antioxidant, antitumor etc. Although the antidiabetic mechanism of cinnamon is still debated, it is thought that cinnamon affects several insulin signaling pathways, among others, in insulin receptors, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT 4), glucose transporter-1 (GLUT 1), peroxisome proliferator activator receptor (PPAR), α activity glucosidase etc. This activity is caused of the bioactive compounds it contains. The main compounds that have hypoglycemic activity are Methylhidroxy Calcone Polymer (MHCP), sinamaldehyde, and polymer pro-ayanine type-A polymers or proanthocyanidin.
Optimization Of Microwave-Assisted Extraction Of Flavonoids From Binahong (Anredera cordifolia) Leaves Using Respon Surface Methodology Rusli, Zaldy; Sari, Bina Lohita; Utami, Novi Fajar; Sabila, S
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 3 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA (English Edition)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i3.596

Abstract

Binahong (Anredera scandens (L.) Moq.) leaves are one of the plants that empirically can be used for wound healing and contain flavonoids which have antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Determination of the optimum conditions of the Binahong leaf extraction process needs to be done to ensure the extraction quality of the Binahong leaves associated with the given activity. Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE) is an extraction that utilizes microwave radiation to heat the solvent quickly and efficiently. This study aims to determine the most effective binahong leaf extraction conditions that produce optimal levels of flavonoids and antioxidant activity. The extraction process was carried out using the Microwave assisted extraction (MAE) method. Determination of optimum conditions is done based on Response Surface Method (RSM) with variable ethanol concentration (70%, 80% and 90%), extraction time (4, 12 and 20 minutes) and power (450, 600, and 800 watts) using Box- Behnken Design (BBD) with Design Expert 7.0 software. The extract quality parameters measured were total flavonoid levels and antioxidant activity. The results showed the optimum conditions with the BBD method were obtained at an ethanol concentration of 81.49%, extraction time of 13.84 minutes, and power of 626.19 watts with flavonoid levels of 3.8561% and antioxidant activity (IC50) of 95.51834 ppm with active categories.
Pengembangan Mikrogranul Mukoadhesif Ekstrak Kayu Manis Dengan Kombinasi Polimer Karbopol Dan Gelatin Wardatun, Sri; Rustiani, Erni; Damahyanti, Opi
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.238 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.477

Abstract

Senyawa bahan alam umumnya memiliki kelarutan yang rendah dan absorpsi yang lemah dalam tubuh. Pengembangan formula mikrogranul mukoadhesif dari ekstrak kayu manis dengan polimer karbopol dan gelatin bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kelarutan dan absorpsi ekstrak kayu manis dalam tubuh. Pada penelitian ini, mikrogranul mukoadhesif diformulasikan menggunakan ekstrak kayu manis dengan tiga formulasi yang berbeda yaitu penggunaan karbopol 934 P 5%: gelatin tipe B 4% (F1),  karbopol 934P 5%: gelatin tipe B 5%   (F2) dan karbopol 934 5%:  gelatin tipe B 6% (F3). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi karbopol 934P 5%: gelatin tipe B 5% (F2)merupakan formulasi mikrogranul mukoadhesif yang menghasilkan kadar asam sinamat paling tinggi setelah uji wash off menggunakan jaringan lambung (6,48%) dan usus tikus (55,21%). Hasil evaluasi fisik terhadap mikrogranul meliputi uji sudut diam, kadar air, laju alir granul, uji wash off, morfologi dan ukuran partikel menunjukkan bahwa mikrogranul mukoadhesif dari F2 menghasilkan kualitas granul paling baik. 
Uji Aktivitas Antiplasmodium Dari Isolat Kulit Batang Kayu Tammate (Lannea coromandelica Houtt. Merr.) Secara In-Vitro Tahir, Karlina Amir; Haeria, Haeria; Febriyanti, Alifia Putri; Chadijah, St.; Hamzah, Nursalam
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.203 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.591

Abstract

One of the main causes of death and a major public health problem is malaria. Some drug resistance and the limited number of effective drugs have given the community a sense of worry. This makes the discovery of new antimalarial compounds very necessary. Based on the results of exploration of natural materials, Javanese wood is one of the plants that is efficacious as an antimicrobial and is thought to be efficacious as antiplasmodium. This study was then conducted to find hexan and ethyl acetate isolates from the Java wood fraction (Lannea coromandelica Houtt. Merr.) Which effectively inhibited the development of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. This research is a follow-up study from previous studies in testing the fraction of Javanese bark against antioxidant activity. The procedure starts from hexan and ethyl acetate isolates with five concentrations of 10 (µg / ml), 1 (µg / ml), 0.1 (µg / ml), 0.01 (µg / ml) and 0.001 (µg / ml) 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum was measured based on the average percent resistance. The results of this study indicate that etil asetat isolate have IC50 2,727 µg/ml, its mean moderate activity as antiplasmodium. While hexan isolate have IC50 >10 µg/ml its mean not have or low antiplasmodium activity.
Pengembangan Sediaan Serbuk Antidiabetes dari Kombinasi Ekstrak Kulit Buah Manggis (Garcinia Mangostana L.) dan Ekstrak Daun Salam (Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp.) Yulianti, Rizki; Simanjuntak, Partomuan; Purba, Anny Victor
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.859 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.593

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglicemic. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) and Salam (Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp.) are plants which recognized as blood glucose controller. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of the combination of the two extract in decreasing blood sugar levels of diabetic rats. The rats divided into 6 groups: group I (normal control) without treatment, group II (negative control), group III (positive control), group IV (extract of mangosteen with dose of 400 mg), group V (extract of salam leaf with dose of 400 mg) and group VI (combination of mangosteen 200 mg and salam leaf 200 mg). Data were analyzed by One-Way Anova, followed by PostHoc Bonferroni analysis. Then the combination of the extract was formulated in powder dosage form blended with PVP, Sucralose and Lactose. The evaluation included physical test are organoleptic, water content and flowability time. The results showed that the combination of the extracts of mangosteen and salam leaf comprising half doses of eact extract could lower blood glucose levels significantly (P<0.05) with better efficacy than each single extract and the combination of extracts able to produce powder dosage form with the requirement (organoleptic, water content and flowability time).
Potensi Ekstrak Buah Buni (Antidesma bunius (L) Spreng) Sebagai Inhibitor Enzim α-Glukosidase Hamidu, La; Simanjuntak, Partomuan; Dewi, Rizna Triana
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.969 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.598

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is still a global health problem that continues to increase rapidly and become one of the major metabolic diseases throughout the world. This study aims to determine the potential of Buni fruit as an α-glucosidase inhibitor. α-glucosidase inhibition test is carried out on a blank solution (test solution without sample/standard), acarbose solution as a comparison standard and samples are carried out in accordance with the optimization conditions obtained. The rendemen percent of green and red buni fruit extract yields are 6.35% and 3.09%, respectively. The results of the identification of secondary metabolites using TLC showed that green and red buni fruit extract contains flavonoid, phenolic and alkaloid compounds. The results of the α-glucosidase enzyme inhibition test showed that the red buni fruit extract had the highest activity compared to green buni fruit extract with an IC50 value of 85.27 ppm. 
Pengembangan Ekstrak Etanol Limbah Biji Pepaya (Carica papaya L.) Sebagai Serum Antijerawat Hasrawati, Andi; Hardianti, Hardianti; Qama, Adisti; Wais, Muhammad
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (701.478 KB) | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i1.458

Abstract

Acne or commonly called acne vulgaris merupahkan abnormalities in the skin that almost everyone has experienced it. Acne is a problem of skin, neck, chest, and back that occurs in times of skin-the skin of the skin will be clogged by excessive fat deposits. Propionibacterium acnes is a gram-positive bacteria as part of normal flora and fauna. Papaya seeds are agricultural waste that has antibacterial activity against the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes with a very low cost. One of the proper acts for acne problem is by using serum. Serum has a very fast absorptive effect to penetrate the inner skin without the effects of sticky effects on the skin. By knowing that the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes can cause acne that can attack various circles and know the benefits of papaya seeds that inhibit the growth of acne-causing bacteria, it is necessary to formulate papaya seed estrak as antijerawat, so this process formulates the serum preparation of papaya seed estrak which can as pen prevent the growth of acne-causing bacteria. The research method that will be done is the initial processing of the sample by extraction and then proceed with formulation of the preparation. After that, the evaluation of serum preparation and antibacterial activity test are available on the preparation.
In Vitro Anti-Inflammatory Assay of Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia L.) Ethanol Extract Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Widiastuti, Harti; Sulistya, Eka
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 3 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA (English Edition)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i3.655

Abstract

Bitter melon contains flavonoids that have anti-inflammatory function. Inflammation can be caused by protein denaturation. This research tested the anti-inflammatory potential of ethanol extract of leaves and bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer and protein denaturation inhibition method. There were three experimental groups formed in this research including negative control group, positive control group, and test solutions. Diclofenac sodium was used in the positive control group at concentration series of 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 ppm, obtaining a regression equation Y = 3.546X + 2.163 and r = 0.9990. Whilst, for bitter melon ethanol extract at a series of concentrations of 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 ppm obtained a regression equation Y = 0.243X + 11.74 and r = 0.9995. The potential of diclofenac sodium as an anti-inflammatory agent was shown by IC50 of 13.490 µg / mL, while the ethanol extract of bitter melon fruit has an IC50 of 157.448 µg / mL. This result indicated that bitter melon ethanol extract had the potential as moderate anti-inflammatory agent.
Potency of Cinnamomum burmannii as Antioxidant and α Glucosidase Inhibitor and Their Relation to Trans-Cinamaldehyde and Coumarin Contents Tisnadjaja, Djadjat; Irawan, Herman; Ekawati, Nurlaili; Bustanussalam, Bustanussalam; Simanjuntak, Partomuan
Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia Vol 7, No 3 (2020): JURNAL FITOFARMAKA INDONESIA (English Edition)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/jffi.v7i3.639

Abstract

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum spp) is one of important export commodity for Indonesia. With annual production capacity about 103.594 tons, Indonesia is one of main cinnamon’s exporter especially to United States. Recently the utilization of cinnamon is developed, where not only use as spices but also use in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The development of cinnamon’s use of course might lead to the market growth.. But on the other side arise an issue about coumarin content, where Cinnamomum burmannii issued to have higher content of this hepatotoxic compound than Cinnamomum verum or Cinnamomum zeylanicum. This research result showed that, although coumarin content of Indonesian Cinnamomum burmannii is higher than Cinnamomum zeylanicum but the difference is not too significant. C. burmannii collected from Gunung. Mas, West Java has coumarin content of 0.0030 % which is slightly higher than C. zeylanicum (0.0017 %). This research result also shown that antioxidant activity and α glucosidase inhibition activity is related to polyphenol and flavonoid content.