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INDONESIA
Jurnal Penelitian Politik
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 253 Documents
Transformasi Ruang dan Partisipasi Stakeholders: Memahami Keterlibatan Masyarakat Sipil dan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah Indonesia dalam Proses Regionalisme ASEAN Pasca-2003 M. Umar, Ahmad Rizky
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2545.137 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v13i1.225

Abstract

AbstrakArtikel ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan keterlibatan stakeholders tersebut dalam dua sektor regionalisasi ASEAN: Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) dan Usaha Kecil & Menengah (UKM). Sejak bertransformasi menjadi bentuk ‘Masyarakat ASEAN’ pada tahun 2003, mulai muncul interaksi yang lebih kompleks antara ‘negara’ dan aktor-aktor ‘non-negara’. Sebelum 2003, ASEAN hanya diposisikan sebagai ‘organisasi internasional’ yang berpusat pada negara anggota sebagai satu-satunya aktor di kawasan. Menyusul diberlakukannya Masyarakat ASEAN pada tahun 2003, artikel ini berargumen bahwa Masyarakat ASEAN telah membuka ruang yang lebih besar bagi kontestasi antara  negara dan ‘pemangku kepentingan’/stakeholders yang ada di dalamnya, terutama kelompok bisnis (konglomerat dan UKM) serta organisasi masyarakat sipoil.  Dengan menggunakan perspektif kritis, artikel ini mencoba untuk menunjukkan bahwa sebetulnya pola interaksi yang terbangun antara aktor-aktor ‘non-negara’ dan ‘negara’ dalam spektrum Masyarakat ASEAN dimungkinkan oleh interaksi yang kian besar antara aktor-aktor yang ada di dalamnya, sehingga membuka kontestasi antar-stakeholders dalam organisasi regional yang telah bertransformasi. Hal ini kemudian memberikan pemahaman yang lebih kompleks tentang regionalisme di Asia Tenggara. Argumen tersebut akan dijelaskan melalui dua studi kasus, yaitu aktivitas Organisasi Masyarakat Sipil HAM dan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah di Indonesia.  Kata Kunci: Regionalisme, Partisipasi, Pemangku Kepentinganj, Masyarakat ASEAN, Asia Tenggara, Organisasi Masyarakat Sipil, Usaha Kecil & Menengah
Peran Kerja Sama IMT-GT Dalam Pembangunan Konektivitas ASEAN Raharjo, Sandy Nur Ikfal; Irewati, Awani; Rahman, Agus R; Pudjiastuti, Tri Nuke; Luhulima, CPF; Nufus, Hayati
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Transformasi Identitas Keindonesiaan
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2614.214 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v14i1.695

Abstract

AbstrakIndonesia-Malaysia—Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) merupakan salah satu kerja sama ekonomi subregional yang diakui oleh ASEAN berperan penting dalam membangun konekivitas ASEAN. Namun demikian, perbedaan karakter geografis dan perbedaan kepentingan antartiga negara anggotanya berpeluang menghambat implementasi IMT-GT dalam membangun konektivitas tersebut. Studi ini difokuskan pada tiga hal, yaitu arti penting IMT-GT bagi masing-masing negara anggotanya, implementasi program-program IMT-GT tahun 2012-2016, dan peran IMT-GT dalam membangun konektivitas ASEAN, khususnya di sektor maritim. Melalui metode kualitatif  bersifat deskriptif korelatif, studi ini menemukan bahwa IMT-GT berkontribusi hampir 50% bagi perekonomian Malaysia, mendukung visi Poros Maritim Dunia bagi Indonesia, serta mendorong kemajuan wilayah Thailand Selatan yang relatif tertinggal. Temuan lainnya, capaian program IMT-GT 2012-2016 masih rendah, terutama di sisi Indonesia akibat terlalu banyaknya program yang dicanangkan. Terakhir, IMT-GT berperan dalam membangun konektivitas ASEAN melalui pengembangan lima koridor ekonomi, walaupun masih lebih dominan pada dimensi darat dibanding dimensi maritim. Kata Kunci: ASEAN, IMT-GT, konektivitas, dan maritim
MYANMAR DAN MATINYA PENEGAKAN DEMOKRASI Irewati, Awani
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1211.194 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v4i1.430

Abstract

Abstract Democratization in Myanmar is the most prevalent issue for international society The world takes the issue because the country has beenfor decades under authoritarian regime since militaryjunta takeover the government via coup d etat Since 1990 general election which had been won by National League for Democracy NLD the Military Junta Tatmadaw still ruled the country as a sole authoritarian regime Transition to democracy which been pledged by thejunta has not shown any positive outcome The paper is sought to answer two questions base on the actualpolitical circumstance in Myanmar how is theprogress ofdemocratic and human rights enforcement that has been pushed by pro democratic people in Myanmar The second question will bring our attention to the power ofthe prolonged militaryjunta in Myanmar Even though Myanmar has been under economic sanction and isolatedfrom international society there is no evidence that the military junta will come to an end Based on literature study as the main source ofdata collecting approach this paper bringsforward two conclusions Those two conclusions emerge from the existing internal and external political condition ofMyanmar Internal political condition shown that ethnical diversity in Myanmar is main obstaclefor establishing oppositional coalition against the military junta Ethnic in Myanmar is separated in fictionalized movement against the ruling authoritarian regime since colonial era It is still complicated until recent time to build a coalition from pro democratic movement in Myanmar The second conclusion is coming from the international society in putting more pressure towards the ruling regime It is goodfor the UN and the international society notjust isolating and sanctioning Myanmar but also approaching Myanmar using the influence ofthe third country China is good to become a promoter political reformation in Myanmar since China is the only country that still maintains a close relation with Myanmar This approach is to give more emphasis for Myanmar government to comply with its own pledge toward democratic transition in its own country.
Indonesia dan Dinamika Politik Timur Tengah Sihbudi, Riza
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Membaca Arah Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1125.609 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v8i2.463

Abstract

The current political tension in Arab states have intensified especially after similar crises that ousted BinAli in Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt There are also differences in how nations have responded to each political crisis The Arab regimes are facing strong resistance from the majority of their own people with Libyafalling into civil war Many Libyan people arefed up and disgusted with the leadership of Colonel Qadhafi whohas ruled the countryfor 40 years with desert style authoritarianism People in Libya demanded a succession andpolitical reforms that wouldpave the wayforfreedom ofspeech and association which have eluded the nationforfour decades Then why did the West take a differentpolitical attitude towards thepro democracy movements in theArab countries In the case ofLibya both mass media andpolitical elites drew a line in supporting the resistance movement The Westernforces under NATO even launched military strikes against Libya to support the oppositioncamp as soon as they managed to convince the United Nations to enforce a nofly zone in Libyan airspace Theopportunistic attitude of the West in the case ofLibya is closely related to economic factors which is Libyan oilreserves After successfully controlling Iraq Libya now seems to be the next easyprey especially by hawkish groupsand neo conservative that generally control US oil companies In the case of the NATO s political attitudes towardthe Libyan crisis economic considerations oil are more advanced than political reality Politically Qadhafi is now clearly different from what he was Before 2003 Qadhafi was known as an anti Westfigure The US and itsallies seem reluctant to learnfrom history Theirfailures in Iraq and Afghanistan are not enoughfor them to learnThat s the uglyfact of Western hypocrisy
HUBUNGAN NEGARA-WARGA DAN DEMOKRASI LOKAL: STUDI KONFLIK TAMBANG DI BIMA Satriani, Septi
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Politik dan Kebijakan Publik: Perspektif Teori dan Praktis
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (554.536 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v12i2.540

Abstract

This paper examines the state-citizens relation in a democratic context based on Charles Tillys approach. Charles Tilly argues that the degree of democratic regime can be seen based on the states capacity to accommodate public engagement. Following Charles Tillys argument, a democratic regime provides equal political relation. On the contrary, state-citizen relation in an undemocratic regime is unequal. Based on Charles Thillys perspective on state-citizen relations, Lambus mining conflict, at district of Bima, West Nusa Tenggara Province is in the intersection category between low capacity democracy and low capacity undemocracy.Keywords: State, Citizen, Relation, Local Democracy.
Pemilu Legislatif 2004 di Aceh: Antara Intimidasi, Partisipasi dan Mobilisasi Politik Nurhasim, Moch
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (647.241 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v1i1.376

Abstract

The 2004 legislative election in Aceh descrihing a very fundamental change of political constellation. The powetful o fth e Islamic basis party is an astonished phenomenon in the political constellation of Aceh based on the 2004 legislative election results. However, the victory of Golkar party which is in balanced with PPP (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan) must be underlined that this New Order party in Aceh is also powetful. Eventhough there are fundamental political changes, we stillfind an intimidation, terror, and political mobilisation in the 2004 legislative election. It happened because of this election was carried out in military emergency situation.
PENCAPAIAN REFORMASI INSTRUMENTAL POLRI 1999-2011 Siregar, Sarah Nuraini
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Presiden yang Presidensiil
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.757 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v10i2.439

Abstract

Sejak pemisahan Kepolisian Republik Indonesia (Polri) dari ABRI pada tahun 1999, Polri memiliki banyakinstrumen (kebijakan) yang menjadi dasar bagi Polri untuk melakukan fungsi dan kewenangannya. Namun,instrumen ini belum sepenuhnya diatur dengan kewenangan yang jelas kepada Polri, terutama dalam hal koordinasi,hubungannya dengan TNI pada saat melakukan pengelolaan keamanan di daerah konflik, mekanisme pengawasan,dan akuntabilitas dalam hal kinerja, fungsi, dan kewenangan Polri. Oleh karena itu, upaya Reformasi InstrumentalPolri yang masih memiliki kendala perlu dievaluasi kembali. Kehadiran UU No. 2 Tahun 2002 dan juga perangkatperaturan lainnya masih menimbulkan masalah baru, seperti pengawasan, mekanisme kontrol, hubungan denganaktor-aktor keamanan lainnya, terutama pada saat menjalankan pengelolaan keamanan, dan sebagainya.Kata kunci: Reformasi, Instrumental, Instrumen, Keamanan, Polisi, Peraturan.
KOALISI DALAM SISTEM DEMOKRASI PRESIDENSIAL INDONESIA : Faktor faktor Kerapuhan Koalisi Era Presiden Yudhoyono Haris, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Menggugat Politik Parlemen
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1077.349 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v8i1.473

Abstract

Although the concept ofcoalition is only prevalent in parliamentary democratic system but multiparty presidential system scheme which is applied in Indonesia necessitates the existence ofcoalition among its party Thepresence of Coalition is necessary to minimize the risk ofpolitical deadlock in relations between President andParliament on the one hand and due to built effectiveness in the government as the outcome ofgeneral electionBut in fact political coalition do not guarantee effectiveness in government administration even on the contraryit has become a prison for president because opposition comes from inside of The Parliament which also partof the coalition member in government In the era ofPresident Yudhoyono there are three importantfactors thatlead to fragility of the coalition the coalition design factor personalityfactor of the President and character ofthe party in theparliament In order to Built effectiveness in government which requires restructuring the coalitionform especially related to coalition base political nature of the agreement and contract among the members ofcoalition scope ofmaterial agreement and internal mechanism in the coalition in thefuture the effectiveness isalso going to be base on restructuring general election format to become national general election to elect President and Vice President and members ofparliament and local elections to choose head oflocal governmentprovince and district and members of local house of representatives)
GOOD GOVERNANCE DAN REFORMASI BIROKRASI DI INDONESIA Zuhro, R Siti
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Good Governance dan Korupsi
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1615.91 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v7i1.507

Abstract

With the downfall ofSoeharto s New Order regime the authoritarian nature of the bureaucratic system wasexposed The implementation ofnew political laws since 1999 gave rise to an invigorated roleforpoliticalpartiesand the implementation ofa government regulationfor a neutral bureaucracy resulted in its declining involvementin politics A strongparliament and the increasingpolitical awareness ofbureaucrats have become a reality todayThese changes have put paid to questions about the involvement ofpolitical parties and the influence of societalforces in theformation ofpolicy The bureaucracy can no longer exist as it was in the New Order and infact hasresponded to societal needs by adjusting to the new political climate Indonesian politics under the transition eratakes on a wider significancefor one ofthe main results has been the emergence ofbureaucraticpluralism a morepluralistic political system that is more open to the influence ofthese societalforces Improvement in governancebecame possible however with the rise of the reformation since 1998 At this time the debate on governance inIndonesia began with a consideration of good governance The post Soeharto era was seen by reformists as along awaited opportunity to improve government policy so that people would not only follow the government sdecisions but would also contribute to the decision making process Indonesian demanded more democraticgovernance that is more regular interaction between government and civil society andfreerparticipation by thelatter in government institutionsKeywords Governance policy democratization reformation good governance
POLITIK LUAR NEGERI INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI ISU TERORISME INTERNASIONAL Wuryandari, Ganewati
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Tantangan Politik Lokal Pasca SBY
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.04 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v11i2.202

Abstract

Terorisme bukan isu baru namun menjadi salah satu isu yang semakin penting dalam kebijakan luar negeriIndonesia. Perang global melawan terorisme memperoleh legitimasi dan dukungan yang semakin meluas darimasyarakat internasional terutama setelah terjadi tragedi 11 September 2001 di New York. Keterlibatan Indonesia dalam perang melawan terorisme ini tidak hanya untuk memenuhi kewajibannya sebagai bagian masyarakatinternasional untuk secara bersama-sama memerangi terorisme, melainkan juga demi memenuhi kepentingannasionalnya. Kebijakan luar negeri Indonesia dalam penanganan isu ini sangat mengedepankan kerja sama dengannegara-negara lain baik bilateral, regional dan multilateral. Namun demikian, kerja sama internasional yang terkaitdengan penanganan isu terorisme internasional harus dicermati karena sangat diwarnai oleh perspektif pihak-pihakyang berkepentingan. Tulisan ini menganalisis kebijakan luar negeri Indonesia dalam forum bilateral, regional danmultilateral mengenai isu terorisme internasional.Kata Kunci: kebijakan luar negeri, terorisme internasional, kerja sama internasional.

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