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Jurnal Konstitusi
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Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Konstitusi merupakan media triwulanan guna penyebarluasan (diseminasi) hasil penelitian atau kajian konseptual tentang konstitusi dan putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi. Jurnal Konstitusi terbit empat nomor dalam setahun (Maret, Juni, September, dan Desember). Jurnal Konstitusi memuat hasil penelitian atau kajian konseptual (hasil pemikiran) tentang konstitusi, putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi serta isu-isu hukum konstitusi dan ketatanegaraan yang belum pernah dipublikasikan di media lain. Jurnal Konstitusi ditujukan untuk kalangan pakar, akademisi, praktisi, penyelenggara negara, LSM, serta pemerhati hukum konstitusi dan ketatanegaraan.
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Articles 796 Documents
Purifikasi Anggota Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No. 30/PUU-XVI/2018 Arif, M. Yasin Al; Muhammad, Hasanuddin
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 17, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/jk1721

Abstract

Di dalam sistem perwakilan, DPD memiliki peran penting untuk mengartikulasikan kepentingan daerah dalam praktik negara dan pemerintahan, oleh karena itu DPD memiliki kedudukan yang sejajar dengan DPR. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui implikasi putusan MK No. 30/PUU-XVI/2018 terhadap perkembangan kepemiluan di Indonesia khususnya pemilihan umum anggota DPD yang dibatasi pada dua pokok permasalahan. Pertama, apa implikasi hukum putusan MK No. 30/PUU- XVI/2018 terhadap pencalonan DPD dan Apa urgensi Penegasan Anggota DPD RI Bebas dari Anggota Partai Politik. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa implikasi hukum yang ditimbulkan pasca dikeluarkannya putusan MK No. 30/PUU- XVI/2018  terjadi terhadap perubahan mekanisme pendaftaran calon peserta pemilu anggota DPD dan urgensi penegasan anggota DPD bebas dari partai politik adalah agar terhindar dari Double Representation serta untuk memperkuat prinsip check and balances antara DPD dan DPR.
Justifikasi Hak Politik Mantan Narapidana: Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia dan Perundang-Undangan Aryani, Nyoman Mas; Hermanto, Bagus
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 17, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/jk1729

Abstract

Putusan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 46 P/HUM/2018 terkait pengujian yudisial yang membatalkan ketentuan Pasal 4 ayat (3) Peraturan Komisi Pemilihan Umum Nomor 20 Tahun 2018 yang menyatakan larangan menyertakan bakal calon yang merupakan mantan terpidana bandar narkoba, kejahatan seksual terhadap anak dan korupsi. Namun, keluarnya Peraturan Komisi Pemilihan Umum tersebut memicu pro dan kontra. Di satu sisi, substansi peraturan yang mengatur pelarangan tersebut dianggap sebagai pencabutan hak politik warga negara bila dilihat dari perspektif hak asasi manusia dan akan bertentangan dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang lebih tinggi, karena mengatur hal yang sebaliknya. Namun di sisi lain, ini merupakan langkah progresif yang menjadi harapan banyak pihak bahwa lembaga legislatif menunjukkan citra yang baik dan bebas dari korupsi. Tulisan ini mengangkat 2 (dua) rumusan masalah yakni: (1) bagaimanakah pengaturan melalui Peraturan Komisi Pemilihan Umum terkait hak politik terpidana kasus korupsi dan (2) bagaimanakah justifikasi dimensi Hak Asasi Manusia terkait hak politik mantan terpidana kasus korupsi. Tulisan ini secara khusus menggunakan metode penulisan yuridis normatif melalui library research yang dianalisis dengan sistematisasi menjadi suatu tulisan ilmiah deskriptif analitis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberlakuan Peraturan Komisi Pemilihan Umum yang menormakan larangan hak politik pasif bagi mantan terpidana mengandung sejumlah kelemahan dan pada akhirnya dianulir oleh Putusan Mahkamah Agung. Ditinjau dari perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia terkait hak politik, dalam penerapannya harus ada limitasi waktu pencabutan hak.
Relevansi Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 22/PUU-XV/2017 dalam Upaya Mencegah Perkawinan Usia Anak Ilhami, Haniah
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 17, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/jk1723

Abstract

This research concludes that the Constitutional Court Decision Number 22 / PUU-XV / 2017 which mandates the legislators to revise the age-limit of marriage, is irrelevant in preventing child-age marriages. Indonesian marriage legal system continues to open up opportunities for deviations of the principle of age-limit of marriage  through Dispensation of Marriage. This research finds the juridical development on Dispensation of Marriage on the type of marriage requiring Dispensation of Marriage, the applicant of Dispensation of Marriage, the authority to provide Dispensation of Marriage, and the administrative requirements to submit the Dispensation. Based on these developments, several factors that cause irrelevancy of the Constitutional Court Decision Number 22 / PUU-XV / 2017 in preventing child-age marriages are the absence of specific requirements in the application of Dispensation of Marriage to the court, the existence of the Principle of Freedom in procedural law, the voluntary nature attached in the request for Dispensation of Marriage, as well as the extension of provisions of applicants who can submit an application to the court.
Kedudukan Fraksi di Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia Pasca Reformasi Mubiina, Fathan Ali
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 17, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/jk17210

Abstract

Peran Fraksi di DPR RI ialah sebagai wadah yang strategis dalam sistem politik di Indonesia guna penghubung antara proses pembentukan kebijakan pemerintah baik di eksekutif maupun di legislatif dengan warga negaranya sebagai bentuk penyalur aspirasi yang terstruktur. Sebab dalam partai politik terdapat bentuk pelembagaan wujud ekspresi ide-ide, pikiran-pikiran, pandangan, dan keyakinan bebas dalam masyarakat yang demokratis. Kemudian partai politik juga menurut peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku dalam sejarah perkembangan partai politik pasca reformasi ialah berfungsi sebagai pendidikan politik, menyerap, menyalurkan dan memperjuangkan kepentingan masyarakat, serta mempersiapkan anggota masyarakat untuk mengisi jabatan-jabatan politik sesuai dengan mekanisme demokrasi yang ada di Indonesia melalu demokrasi perwakilan. Pada pola hubungan antara partai politik dengan DPR RI cukup sederhana, yaitu partai politik memiliki hak untuk ikut serta dalam proses pemilihan umum anggota legislatif di DPR RI. Penelitian hukum ini bersifat preskriptif, yang dilakukan untuk memecahkan isu hukum yang dihadapi. The Faction of Political Party in the Indonesian House of Representatives or Parliament is as a strategic forum in the political system in Indonesia in order to connect between the process of forming government policy both in the executive and legislative branches with its citizens as a form of structured channeling of aspirations. Because in political parties there is a form of institutionalization of the expression of ideas, thoughts, views, and free beliefs in a democratic society. Then the political parties also according to the laws and regulations in force in the history of the development of political parties after the reform is to function as political education, absorb, channel and fight for the interests of the community, and prepare community members to fill political positions in accordance with the existing democratic mechanism in Indonesia through representative democracy. The pattern of relations between political parties and the DPR RI is quite simple, namely political parties have the right to participate in the election process for legislative members in the DPR RI. This legal research is prescriptive in nature, which is carried out to solve the legal issues at hand.   
MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DAN KONTRAK OUTSOURCING Sumadi, Ahmad Fadlil
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.894 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The Amendment of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia has made the sovereignty still retained by the people, no more represented and fully held by the People’s Consultative Assembly like when the constitutional system of Indonesia was still embracing supremacy of parliament. In the constitutional perspective, the standing and relation between the state and people is becoming more obvious. Hence, in the case that constitutional  dispute happened, there should have been an adjudication forum for solving the  dispute.  Therefore,  Contitutional  Court  Of  the  Republic  of  Indonesia  is established and designed constitutionally to solve  the  constitutional  dispute through The  Amendment of  the  1945  Constitution of  the  Republic of Indonesia. Settlement of constitutional dispute through the review of constitutionality of norms in the regulation of outsourcing contract in The Labour Law at Contitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia, with specific issue “the Contract of Employment for a specified time” that is regulated in Article 65 paragraph (7) and Article 66 paragraph (2) b of Labour Law is  declaredconditionally  unconstitutional.
Konstruksi Pertentangan Norma Hukum dalam Skema Pengujian Undang-Undang Lailam, Tanto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (986.866 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The study elaborated on the construction of “conflict of legal norms” in constitutional review scheme. There are eleven problems as result of this study, which include: The ideology of the state “Pancasila” as a standard review of “conflict of legal norms” act against 1945 constitution; Constitutional court has a review of act passed before and after 1945 Constitution amendment with standard of 1945 constitution; 1945 constitution is “the living constitution” for the enforcing of law and justice; Constitutional court has authority to review of act against 1945 constitution by vertical and horizontal perspective; enforceability aspect of constitutional review is a part of material review, not formal review; the meaning of “conflict of legal norms” must be comprehend elaborated in the decisions to enforcing of law and justice; Constitutional Court does not used priority of the original intent interpretation and remained unfulfilled of other model interpretation if original intent interpretation caused ineffectiveness of constitution; non constitution be permitted for the formal review, but in material review is not implement; “nemo judex idoneus in propria causa” of procedural law principle can remained unfulfilled by “ius curia novit” principle to promote of the 1945 constitution; the formal review of “conflict of legal norms” can remained unfulfilled by utility principle to priority of legal substance; the retroactive decision caused legal  uncertainly.
Pengakuan Hak Konstitusional Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Industri Ekstraktif dalam Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Rakyat Husna TR, Cut Asmaul
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1051.485 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Resource management, extractive industries have a significant role to state revenues. Extractive industries sector in Indonesia is a very closed industry sectors primarily on revenues derived from state income Cooperation Contract (KKS). Resource management paradigm for the extractive industries exploited only to pursue exchange of reliance State Budget (Budget) by denying the maximum prosperity for  the people. Globalization can not be avoided has affected the existence of Law No. 22 of 2001 on Oil and Gas value-laden liberal-capitalistic. Consequently, there has been a paradigm shift in both the PSC and the people of the country to the tyranny of capital resulted in the country and people can not renegotiate the contract. Therefore, reform of the legal arrangements in the extractive industries absolutely must be done in order to realize the people’s welfare. Urgency juridical formation of the Draft Law on Amendments of Law No. 22 of 2001, based on the decision of the Constitutional Court Case No. 002/PUU-I/2003 and Decision No. 36/PUU-X/2012. Just and prosperous society, as a goal, requires the struggle to create the basics, which is referred  to as the national interests of the Indonesian people. All efforts and actions to ensure the implementation of state remains fixed on the terminus ad quem, just and prosperous  society.
Putusan Ultra Petita Mahkamah Konstitusi Rubaie, Ach.; Nurjaya, Nyoman; Ridwan, Moh.; Istislam, Istislam
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1009.019 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Basic considerations of the Constitutional Court made ultra petita verdict  was:(a)  philosophical reasons in order to enforce substantive justice and constitutional justice as embodied in the Constitution NRI 1945, (b) theoretical grounds related to the authority of the judge to explore, discover and follow the legal values that live  in the community, if the law does not exist or insufficient legal anymore (outdated), and (c) juridical reasons relating to the provision of Article 24 paragraph (1) NRI 1945 Constitution and Article 45 paragraph (1) of Law no. 24 year 2003 on the Constitutional Court, that Court as organizers aim to enforce the judicial justice according to law and the evidence and the judge's conviction. The verdict the Constitutional Court which is ultra petita  basically acceptable, all associated  to  the subject of the request and based on considerations which can be accounted for philosophical (ie, contains the values of justice, morality, ethics, religion, principle, doctrine). The authority to make ultra petita verdict for the Constitutional Court can only be given if there is vagueness of legal norms (vague normen) through the method of interpretation of the law, or if a legal vacuum (rechts-vacuum) through the creation of legal methods (rechtschepping). But considering the legal interpretation and legal formation are highly subjective, hence in order to prevent abuse of power, the Constitutional Court issued a verdict ultra petita, should be limited by the principles of a democratic state of law,  the principles of fair trial and impartial, and general principles of good governance.
Corporate Social Responsibility: A Constitutional Perspective Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (935.17 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Originally, the concept of CSR was come from business ethic values that impose corporation’s ethical responsibly to their social and natural environment. That development of ethical business was part of social consciousness on the degradation of environment as impact of corporation activities. This reality also raised the deep environmental ethic or deep ecology which challenge anthropocentrism economical development and urged ecocentrism development. In Indonesia, this phenomenon was marked by the enactment of Act 4/1982 on Environmental Management.The constitutional debate on CSR just began when the Indonesian Constitutional Court heard and decided the judicial review case of Act 40/2007 on Limited Liability Company which stipulate CSR mandatory law for corporation that have activity in natural resources areas. In its decision, Constitutional Court refused the petition. This means that the court affirmed that CSR mandatory law is not contrary to the Constitution. However, the legal argumentation of the court was not shifted from economical and environmental perspectives. The constitutional basis of the decision is Article 33 (4) concerning national economic principles and Article 33 (3) concerning state power on land, water, and natural resources. The Constitutional Court did not use the human rights concept as the source of CSR mandatory law.In constitutional law perspective, we can justify the CSR mandatory law from human rights guarantee on the constitution. CSR is one of the obligations to respect, to protect, to fulfill, and to promote human rights. Those obligations are not only bind over the government, but also corporation and all citizens. In that perspective, CSR should be mandatory law not only for the corporation which manage or correlate with natural resource, but for all corporations that operate in the middle of the society.
Hak Menguasai Negara Atas Mineral dan Batubara Pasca Berlakunya Undang-Undang Minerba Nalle, Victor Imanuel Williamson
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 9, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.453 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Mineral and coal is one of Indonesia’s natural resource potential. Natural resources can bring prosperity for the people of Indonesia. Therefore we need a pro-mining policies of national economic interests. The experience of Indonesia during the New Order show the mining policy in favor of the interests of foreign capital through the mechanism of the work contract that puts the state as the inferior party. State’s right to control the mineral and coal mining policy does not appear in the New Order. Since the enactment of Law Number 4 of 2009, it seemed right to control the state through the licensing system. Besides the role of national capital in the mining sector also raised through divestment mechanism.

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