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Riset Arsitektur (RISA)
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Articles 171 Documents
A RANGE OF NEW FUNCTIONAL APPLICATIONS TO THE BUILDING OF HERITAGE BANK INDONESIA Veronika, Yenny Gunawan, Devina
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 1, No 03 (2017): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1225.754 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v1i03.2601.362-379

Abstract

Abstract - The city district known as Senen forms one of the historical parts of Jakarta where there are many buildings to be found in the Dutch East Indies Empire style as architectural relics of the Dutch Colonial Era, and the majority of these buildings are still there, up to the present. Many of these relics of the past have not been properly maintained and have suffered damage. One of these happens to be the Heritage Bank Indonesia building situated at Jalan Prapatan No.42 in Jakarta. After its conservation and re-use, a functional change has taken place that is quite drastic when considered from its establishment until the present. This research study can be categorized as qualitative. The research method consists of the descriptive method along with the analytical and interpretative methods. The data have been analyzed by drawing a comparison between the building in its initial state and its current condition, which was subsequently processed based on the conservation principles issued by the regional authorities called Perda. The data collection technique was employed with the observational method, interviews, taking measurements, and by way of studying the relevant background literature. The conclusion of this research study is that the building of the Heritage Bank Indonesia is nothing but a piece of sculpture after its conservation because it has become isolated or alienated from its surroundings, and as such it is no longer in keeping with its environmental context, which is situated in the Learning center complex of Bank Indonesia. Keywords: variety of new functional applications, Dutch East Indies Empire style of architecture, Heritage Bank Indonesia building
PAUL RUDOLPH’S DESIGN PRINCIPLES ON HIGH-RISE OFFICE BUILDINGS IN INDONESIA CASE STUDY: WISMA DHARMALA SAKTI JAKARTA AND WISMA DHARMALA SAKTI SURABAYA Sukada
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 2, No 04 (2018): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1083.535 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v2i04.3048.376-393

Abstract

Abstract- Many of high-rise office buildings in Indonesia applies efficiency and effectivity of building form, cost, and time for construction as a number one priority. As a result, high-rise office buildings appears with a minimum-articulated form, and show the dominance by using glass materials as a facade. However, there are also high-rise office buildings that have an articulated form and its facades that are not dominated by glass, although they appear in small numbers. Wisma Dharmala Sakti Jakarta and Wisma Dharmala Sakti Surabaya are one of them. Moreover, both buildings were designed by foreign architect, Paul Rudolph. Based on the potentials of both buildings, this research focused on Paul Rudolph’s principles in designing high-rise office buildings in Wisma Dharmala Sakti Jakarta and Wisma Dharmala Sakti SurabayaLooking at the phenomena of high-rise office buildings in Indonesia as described earlier, this small number and the articulated form of high-rise office buildings designed by Paul Rudolph in Indonesia are interesting to be understood even more. The main purpose of this research is to reveal the relationship between Paul Rudolph’s design principles with buildings, which are Wisma Dharmala Sakti Jakarta and Wisma Dharmala Sakti Surabaya. Using an interpretative method in a qualitative research, this research utilized theories that helps understanding of an office building, theories that related to Paul Rudolph’s background and common thought about architecture, and also Paul Rudolph’s theory about determinants of architectural form as a literature study. Building’s Anatomy Theory is used as a surgical tool to disect the study cases, which happens to be Wisma Dharmala Sakti Jakarta and Wisma Dharmala Sakti Surabaya.Result of this research are six points of Paul Rudolph’s principles in designing high-rise office building which are: repetition, space, scale, rotation, light, and context. Implementation of Paul Rudolph’s design principles in both study cases can be seen in the dominance of rotation and repetition of building elements. The application of these two principles can fulfill all the three aspects of Paul Rudolph’s design ideal, which are form, context, and cycle.Benefit of this research is to enrich architectural vocabulary about design principles of a high-rise office buildings in Indonesia for the concerned educational institution, as a consideration and input to architects and the stakeholders to be more sensitive and critical in designing high-rise buildings in Indonesia, as a reference and study case about design principles of a high-rise office buildings for students, academics, architects, and the public with the focus of study concerned, and enrich the knowledge about Paul Rudolph’s design principles especially in designing high-rise office buildings in Indonesia for researcher. Keywords: Paul Rudolph, Design Principles, Office, Wisma Dharmala Sakti Jakarta, Wisma Dharmala Sakti Surabaya.
AN ANALYSIS OF GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS OBSERVED IN BANDUNG’S SALMAN MOSQUE Arlene
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 1, No 04 (2017): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1298.284 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v1i04.2757.486-502

Abstract

Abstract- The Salman Mosque was constructed in the era of modern architecture guided by geometric elements. Geometric elements enable architects to easily design with accurate measurement. These geometric elements were applied to the Salman Mosque by Achmad Noe’man. The applications of these geometric elements were made to the roof, walls and floor of the Salman Mosque building. The purpose of this paper is study the aspects of geometric elements within this research. The other purpose is to study the application of geometric elements to the Salman Mosque in Bandung. The theories behind this research are the ones concerning geometric elements, modern types of architecture, Mosque architecture, structuring principles, and archetypes. The method used to conduct the research is the research object analysis, in this case of theSalman Mosque. This paper discusses the background, formulation of the problem, purpose, utility, method, theoretical study, object data and research object analysis, as well as the ultimate research conclusion and suggestion. The benefits of the research outcome that can be derived from this research study are yielding knowledge concerning the application of geometric elements to a Mosque building in Indonesia as well as producing recommendations for the design of geometric elements in Indonesia. Keywords: geometric elements; roof, wall, and floor; Salman Mosque Bandung
THE MERAH MOSQUE AND THE ASY SYAFI’I MOSQUE CONSIDERED AS LANDMARKS BASED ON THE LOCAL COMMUNITY’S RECOGNITION IN CIREBON’S ARAB PANJUNAN KAMPONG Widyastuti
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 2, No 01 (2018): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2989.923 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v2i01.2930.17-34

Abstract

Abstract - The Arab Panjunan kampong serving as the research object happens to be one of the heritage areas of Cirebon Town. This urban kampong has certain ethnic characteristics typical of Arab quarters that make it unique, thus contributing to the rich cultural history of Cirebon. As a heritage area, it is important for this ethnic Arab neighbourhood of Panjunan to draw up an inventory of the specific architectural elements that are still traceable, such as the urban lay-out and its contents as well as the landmarks of this area observed from a physical-spatial angle. The aim of this research project is to find out about this kampong’s various architectural elements that are recognized as such by the locals. This will be the contributing factor in the process of determining which environmental elements can be classified as typical landmarks. The first step taken in the research conducted is field observation in order to establish the elements that have survived in the kampong, including the architectural, social, and cultural ones. The observation related to architectural elements has been identified in accordance with the theory concerning Elements of Urban Design as proposed by Hamid Shirvani in his book The Urban Design Process. The next step is conducting research using the Cognitive Method as applied to the kampong dwellers in Panjunan by way of sketched maps and guided interviews. The respondents, classified based on ethnic heritage (descent) and gender, were requested to describe the environmental elements in this ethnic Arab kampong as far as they could recognize or identify them. Those who experienced difficulties in describing the sketches were assisted by the researcher based on the stories that had been supplied. Based on the acquired data containing these environmental elements, the aspect of memories contained therein was studied by way of interviews linked to the Continuity Theory by Breakwell. Subsequently, an analysis was made of the basis underlying the recognition of these elements based on the Landmark Theory by Kevin Lynch, and classified based on the criteria drawn up by Eko Budihardjo. Through the analysis, it was discovered that Panjunan’s Merah Mosque and its Asy Syafi’i Mosque indeed qualify as as architectural elements that show continuity of memory, gaining validity as iconic elements or landmarks on the regional scale of Cirebon’s ethnic Arab kampong of Panjunan. Keywords : mosque, landmark, recognition, local community, Arab Panjunan kampong
OPTIMIZATION BUILDING ENCLOSURE REDESIGN TO FULFILL NATURAL LIGHTING INTENSITY STANDARD AND OTTV IN SOUTH QUARTER JAKARTA OFFICE BUILDING BASED ON GREENSHIP CRITERIA Santoso
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 3, No 03 (2019): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (882.153 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v3i03.3335.258-276

Abstract

Abstract- South Quarter is one of the buildings that applies green building principles located in South Jakarta. Based on the Greenship assessment standards, energy saving efforts to decrease OTTV value on some office floors are considered optimal (≤33.25W/m2), but haven’t occupied the natural lighting intensity standard (≤30%). Based on the existing design, there are things which can be optimized such as the color selection of floor, ceiling, and envelope material. The lighting optimization will certainly affect the heat that goes into the building, therefore the effort of optimizing South Quarter office façade design for the fulfillment of natural lighting intensity and OTTV value based on the Greenship criteria is important to do.This research uses descriptive-evaluative research with quantitative-qualitative approach. The evaluative research is done by controlling the building envelope design (simulation method), then observing the effects. These effects are devoted to 2 points, which are natural lighting intensity and OTTV value. The qualitative approach is done by observing the object of study.By replacing glass material, floor material, adding shading elements and light shelf, the optimization of building envelope design has increased the natural lighting intensity by 14.84-30.71% to occupy the Greenship criteria, while maintaining the OTTV standard. Key Words: natural lighting intensity, OTTV value, Greenship, material, shading, light shelf.
THE ARCHITECTURAL TECTONICS OF Y.B. MANGUNWIJAYA’S DESIGN AT THE HOLY VIRGIN MARY’S CAGE COMPLEX IN SENDANGSONO Leevianto, Joshua Dwiky
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 1, No 02 (2017): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1908.85 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v1i02.2393.209-228

Abstract

Abstract - Apart from paying close attention to architecture as a constructional skill connected with material structure and construction, tectonics also covers its expression. One of the architects closely associated with tectonics is Y.B. Mangunwijaya, and in each of his works of architecture the tectonic content is put to the front or highlighted. Referring to Kenneth Frampton’s definition of tectonics as the Art of Joinings, it may be quite interesting to focus on the relationship between the three purposes to be found in a work of architecture, namely spatial distribution, construction, and ornamention.. One of the architectural works designed by Y.B. Mangunwijaya that has given shape to these three objectives is the Gua Maria Complex devoted to Mother Mary in Sendangsono. In Sendangsono there is a main route for pilgrims that is most commonly visited and passed by visitors to this sacred place. The analysis of architectural tectonics in this research study has been limited based on the ordering of the space passed via the main pilgrim route in Sendangsono. The spatial sequence consists of an entry, the Way of the Cross (Via Crucis), a basin for holy water, a yard featuring the Cave of Mother Mary (Gua Maria), and finally the yard across the river. Its scope includes the tectonics of space, structure, and ornamentation. The analysis indicates that the architectural tectonics in this complex has been designed with the concept of oneness and respect for nature in mind, so hat it has become one with the surrounding natural elements. The local materials used are environment-friendly. The next step is to further refine the elements used for this spatial and structural lay-out by way of ornamentation in order to enrich the Christian significance of it all.Keywords: architecture, tectonics, Y.B. Mangunwijaya
THE INFLUENCE OF THE NUMBERS OF RESIDENTS TO THE FUNCTION AND CONVENIENCE OF MOTION ON RUSUNAWA, WEST JATINEGARA, JAKARTA’S RESIDENTIAL UNITS Permatasari
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 2, No 03 (2018): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1931.78 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v2i03.2948.299-316

Abstract

Abstract- The relocation of dwellers who resided in riverbanks to flats has been implemented as part of Ciliwung river normalization project to reduce the occurrence of floods in Jakarta. In 2015, the Local Government of Capital City Jakarta had been relocated residents of Kampung Pulo to Jatinegara Rental Flats. But in fact, there were differences of population number and lifestyles between the occupants during the building design process and the occupants who were actually being relocated so there were discrepancies betwen the two communities’ characteristics. Therefore, the number of occupants living in the residential flat units typically exceeds the ideal capacity that should be accommodated and can influence the function and comfort of motion of flats’ residential units.This study used qualitative descriptive method by mapping and grouping the space functions and placement of furnitures in the flats units, also comparing the placement of furnitures to human anthropometry standards, as well as researching the activities and perceptions of the occupants in the Jatinegara Barat Rental Flats units.The aim of this study was to answer the research questions by analyzing the influence of the number of occupants to the functionality and comfort of motion at Jatinegara Rental Flats’ residential units. This research is conducted hopefully to provide suggestions for improvements of flats design that are intended for dwellers who occupies the river banks area and are being relocated in order to make a better dwelling space in Jakarta to fulfill the functionality and comfort of motion at vertical housings.The functionality and comfort of motion at the West Janitnegara Rental Flats units beside influenced by the number of occupants living in residential units, are also causes by activities of residents who are living in residential units within a certain time unit, the limited area of residential units, the placement and quantity of furnitures owned by the residents, and some restrictions about ownership and management of rental flats units. Key Words: number of occupants, residential function, comfort in motion, West Jatinegara Rental Flats.
AN ARCHITECTURAL ADAPTATION STRATEGY FOR THE DYNAMICS OF THE KAHAYAN RIVER’S WATER LEVEL AT KAMPUNG PAHANDUT, PALANGKA RAYA CITY Nidikara
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 1, No 04 (2017): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1258.023 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v1i04.2751.379-398

Abstract

Abstract- Kalimantan (Borneo) is famous as the island of a Pulau Seribu due to the large number of rivers that run across its cities. One of the longest is the Kahayan river that flows through the city of Palangka Raya. The river as an important aspect in Kalimantan people’s life has made it the starting point for the embryo of a city in the form of river side dwellings that keeps on developing amidst the dynamics of the Kahayan river that undergoes a high degree of change in terms of water level during the dry and rainy seasons. The issue that arises is the addition and loss of space due to the changes of the river water level. The purpose of this research is to describe the adaptation strategies used by the writer in Kampung Pahandut that is unique when compared other kampongs (villages) due to its condition of having dry and flooded streets in the dwelling area. This research is qualitative in nature, employing the narrative descriptive method. The data collection technique uses purposive sampling to collect the physical and activity data. The physical and activity data were gained through a survey of the research object as well as picture taking, field observation, as well as the medium ofinterviews conducted with the Kampung Pahandut villagers. The data was then processed by classifying the numerous changes that had happened in both physical and activity-related terms as well as analyzing and concluding the adaptation strategies. It was found that in Kampung Pahandut there were both physical and activity-related changes as efforts to accommodate its people to enable them to survive the dry and flooding condition due to the changes of the river water level. Within these efforts there was also architectural adaptation based on the study consisting of three adaptation strategies, namely: being adjustable, refittable, and movable. Keywords: architectural adaptation, changes in water level, Kahayan River, Kampung Pahandut
EFFECT OF SCALE, PROPORTION, AND WALKABILITY TO VISUAL TROTOAR QUALITY UNDER THE TERAS CIHAMPELAS Tekadtuera
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 2, No 02 (2018): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v2i02.2924.182-195

Abstract

Abstract- The introduction the new infrastructures in the city of Bandung is being executed in order to tackle various urban problems, such as the lack of pedestrian-friendly spacse and the lack of public spaces throughout the city. In 2017, the Local Government of Bandung opened Teras Cihampelas, which is a skywalk-type of infrastructure that was built above Cihampelas Street in order to relocate the street vendors that had been occupying the pedestrianway in Jalan Cihampelas and to become a new public space. The new structure, in fact, affects the scale and proportion of the spaces between buildings along the road and reconfigurated the visual qualities of the existing street. Therefore, the visual experiences in the pedestrianway throughout Cihampelas Street had also affected by the changes of those factors.The method used in this research is a qualitative triangulation method which can be done by mapping the typology of the space between buildings based on the existing buildings’ intensity for further analysis which consist of scale and proportion analysis, and walkability analysis that was based on visual evaluation. The analysis of each typology will then be mapped and merged in each pedestrianways to provide the visual experiences of the pedestrian in Cihampelas Street.The visual quality in Cihampelas Street appears to slightly exceed the minimum comfortability standard but still far from the maximum comfort for a pedestrianway. This problem appears because there are lacks of legibility and imageability that the pedestrian can grasp in most parts of the pedestrianway. But aside from those factors, other factors like transparency, complexity, and coherence in Cihampelas Street are highly achieved so that the pedestrianway can still be comfortably walkable by the pedestrians Key Words: scale, proportion, visual quality, walkabillity, visual experience, pedestrian, qualitative triangulation method, Cihampelas Street
THE TRANSFORMATION IN THE LAY-OUT OF BUILDING AND SPATIAL MASS IN THE BLOCKS AND CORRIDORS IN THE CITY CENTER AREA CASE STUDY: PASAR BARU IN BANDUNG Trisia, Agnes
Riset Arsitektur (RISA) Vol 1, No 02 (2017): RISET ARSITEKTUR "RISA"
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Parahyangan Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (929.906 KB) | DOI: 10.26593/risa.v1i02.2388.114-130

Abstract

Abstract - The overly rapid development of commercial functions has changed the lay-out (massing) of Pasar Baru and its environs, along with the horizontal and vertical expansion of buildings, causing a typo-morphological transformation, leading to problems with the lay-out in terms of scale, façade, orientation, and building height. This research study is followed by a description of this lay-out and its impact on the blocks and corridors of Jalan Otto Iskandar Dinata (Otista) by way of the qualitative-descriptive survey method, complemented by study of the relevant background literature, and a discussion of the typo-morphological transformation of Jalan Otista. The changes have impacted the blocks and corridors. The former came in the shape of the residential pockets being wedged together, a change of circulation in these pockets, disorientation of the block mass, and asymmetry or discrepancy observed in the building scale. The latter took the shape of changes in the building façades that tend to be heterogeneous, assymetry or discrepancy in the building scale, the interrupted arcade and non-defined entrance doors to alleys.The conclusion shows that this area displays a typo-morphology of building façades that is relatively heterogeneous. This area will experience vertical building with a larger building mass of blocks that is relatively larger in volume. In turn, this will cause the residential pockets within the blocks to disappear although some of these are bound to survive. This study may provide useful input for the municipal government in anticipating and overcoming the problems surrounding the spatial lay-out and urban planning of a developing city.Keywords: transformation, mass lay-out, block, corridor

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