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INDONESIA
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics
ISSN : 25490850     EISSN : 25483544     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
al-Uqûd : Journal of Islamic Economics published by the Islamic Economic Studies Department of Economics Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Surabaya in cooperation with the Forum of Economic and Business Lecturer Islam (FORDEBI). al-Uqûd published twice a year, in January and July. The journal will focus on providing quality research in the areas of Islamic economics, banking and finance. The goal of the journal is to cover topics that are paramount in modern Islamic economics and finance. The language used in the form of Indonesian and English. Editors invite research lecturers, the reviewer, practitioners, industry, and observers to contribute to this journal.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 55 Documents
Capital Structure Determinants of Shari’ah-Compliant Firms: Evidence from the MENA Region Raghibi, Abdessamad; Oubdi, Lahsen
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 5, No 1 (2021): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v5n1.p16-28

Abstract

Capital structure choice is vital in corporate financial management due to its effect on both investors' risk and return. Despite the various research that has investigated factors affecting the capital structure of companies, only a few studies have started to examine the capital structure of Shari'ah-compliant companies, especially in the MENA region. Indeed, the screening requirements for which shari'ah-compliant must adhere can affect their capital structure determinants. Hence, under those conditions, this study aims to determine the factors influencing the capital structure of a shari'ah-compliant listed firm in five MENA region countries. The importance of investigating shari’ah-complaint companies’ capital structure emanates from the financial constraints on their debt capital structure. Accordingly, this study utilizes static panel data techniques on a sample consisting of Shari'ah-compliant firms over the period 2010–2018. The findings of this study were consistent with several previous studies as well as the theoretical background of capital structure determinants mainly, the trade-off and the pecking order theory. Our results give insight to managers on what determines their capital structure under shari'ah screening methodologies. However, more insight can be drought from the capital structure of shari'ah-compliant firms by extending the research into industry specifics.
Survival of Traditional Retailers: An Islamic Business Perspective Rahmawati, Lilik; Faidah, Mutimmatul
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 4, No 1 (2020): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v4n1.p18-31

Abstract

This study aimed to explain the reality of survival mechanisms and adaptive strategies by traditional retailers in Surabaya in facing the existence of massive modern retail stores. This study used qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The data collection method used observation and interview techniques. Data analyzed with Clark and Scott's survival mechanism theory and the adaptive strategy by Miles and Snow. The result of this research was in the aspect of defender strategy, traditional retailers did various strategies when prices went up, and instead of increased the prices they choosed to reduce the profits. The stores equipped with people daily needs to retain customers. Even though the stock was small, the items sold were complete. It was important to promote family relations with buyers. A striking aspect is the close family relation that was so different from modern retail stores. In the aspect of reactor strategy, the owners responded to the situation without having a long-term strategy design. Their store’s responses were reactive and short-term oriented in the form of selling goods by following the tastes of buyers and current trends. Meanwhile, in carrying out business performance in connection with the survival mechanism, Surabaya traditional retailers met the business assessment of the Islamic perspective namely on the aspects of material, mental, spiritual, and fraternal.
DETERMINANTS OF PROFITABILITY OF SHARIA REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS IN INDONESIA 2014-2017 Farikhah, Kuni; Rani, Lina Nugraha
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 3, No 1 (2019): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v3n1.p1-17

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of Third Party Funds, Financing to Deposit Ratio (FDR), Profit Sharing and Non-Performing Financing (NPF) on the profitability of Sharia BPDs in Indonesia in 2014-2017. Measurement of profitability uses the Return on Asset (ROA) ratio . The data used is obtained through the financial statements of the Regional Development Bank (BPD) Sharia known as the Islamic Development Bank. This research method uses a quantitative approach using panel data regression analysis techniques using EViews 10.0 software. The results of statistical tests show that the variables of Third Party Funds and Non Performing Financing (NPF) have a negative and significant effect on the profitability of the Syariah BPD. While the Financing to Deposit Ratio (FDR) and Profit Sharing Financing variables have no significant effect on the profitability of the Sharia BPD.   
Halal Tourism Based on Value Creation Ratnasari, Ririn Tri
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 4, No 2 (2020): July
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v4n2.p268-284

Abstract

Nowadays, halal tourism product is not only focused on Muslim tourists, but also non-Muslim one. The halal tourism industry needs to develop the people understanding of halal values in order to bring benefits to consumers through recognition of the tourism management potency as well as the need of value identification. This research aimed to develop value-based tourism, identify the value types, as well as create value as the basis for managing lawful tourism, which needs a model to facilitate recognizion of the tourism product excellence. This research used qualitative case study approach, with the head of tourism in the region where has potency to implement Islamic Marketing Concept as the key informants. The result showed that halal marketing included not only about product but also about pricing, promotion, and place. Muslim consumers were keen on tourism services that implement lawful approach. Furthermore, there were ten values of tourism in Indonesia e.g. Religious Tourism, Geo Tourism, Natural Tourism, Fashion Tourism, Culinary Tourism, Medical Tourism, Historical Tourism, Sport Tourism, Culture Tourism, and Hospitality Tourism.
PENGARUH PEMBIAYAAN USAHA MIKRO, KECIL, MENENGAH (UMKM), DAN KECUKUPAN MODAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENDAPATKAN LABA DARI ASET PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA Afkar, Taudlikhul
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 1, No 2 (2017): July
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v1n2.p183-201

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the influence of sharia financing by the real sector through micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and the influence of capital adequacy of Islamic Banking in Indonesia in order to earn profit by using managed assets. This study uses a quantitative approach that analyzes secondary data from financial statements Islamic Banking in Indonesia period 2012-2015. Sampling technique using purposive sampling with the ratio of each variable as a unit of analysis. The analysis used multiple linear regression with t test partially. The results showed that the influence of Islamic financing of micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) on the ability to get a very significant profit partially by 0.708 or 70.8%, while the influence of capital adequacy as measured by Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) -0.519 or -51.9%. The Effect of micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) financing and Capital Adequacy of Islamic Banking in obtaining profit amounts to 55.7%. This research shows that the financing of UMKM given by Islamic Banking gives an important role for entrepreneurs to develop his business with sharia scheme. 
Source of Funds and Islamic Insurance Growth: Investment Returns as a Mediation Rahmanto, Dhidhin Noer Ady; Fasa, Muhammad Iqbal; Rijal, Khoirul
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 4, No 1 (2020): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v4n1.p104-114

Abstract

Sustainable growth must be maintained by maintaining an increase in investment returns, with the source of funds as a stimulant. The population of this study was all Islamic life insurance companies in Indonesia. The study used path analysis mediation with regression or two layers OLS (Ordinary Least Squares) and followed by Sobel test. The result showed that investment returns can mediate participant funds in influencing the growth of Islamic life insurance companies. Meanwhile, investment returns did not mediate the influence of company funds in influencing the growth of Islamic life insurance companies.
The Role of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure in Improving Financial Performance (Case study in Indonesian Islamic Bank) Mukhibad, Hasan; Muthmainah, Muthmainah; Andraeny, Dita
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 4, No 2 (2020): July
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v4n2.p162-173

Abstract

The influence of social care by business entities to their financial performance has been continuously debated in previous management reseearch. Nevertheless, studies about the influence of CSR on Islamic banks financial performance were rarely done. Therefore, this studyaims to examine the influence of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure (CSRD) on profitability as measured by Return On Assets (ROA), Return On Equity (ROE), Net Profit Margin (NPM) and Investment Account Holders (IAH) by debt and financing ratio. Data was obtained from Islamic banks in Indonesia through observation from 2012 to 2018 that analyzed by panel data regression and Fixed Effect Model (FEM). The results showed that the CSRD did not have a positive influence on ROA, ROE, NPM, IAH, Debt, and Financing Ratio. Therefore, the legitimacy theory was not proven in this study.
KEPEMIMPINAN ISLAMI, KEPUASAN KERJA, KOMITMEN KERJA, DAN LOYALITAS KERJA KARYAWAN BANK SYARIAH MANDIRI DI SIDOARJO Adiba, Elfira Maya
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 2, No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v2n1.p60-80

Abstract

Human resources is the main asset in the company, so the company should pay more attention to this aspect. Islamic leadership is not just a relationship between leaders and subordinates, but more than that, the leader must also be able to give a direct, protect, and treat their employees fairly. It is better known as servant leadership which is a leadership with moral approach based on ethics, morality, and spirituality. This study aims to determine the influence of Islamic leadership, job satisfaction, and job commitment to the job loyalty of the employee of Bank Syariah Mandiri in Sidoarjo. This research used multiple regression. The results of this study are Islamic leadership, job satisfaction, and job commitment simultaneously have a positive and significant impact on job loyalty of employee of Bank Syariah Mandiri in Sidoarjo
THE EFFECT OF BALANCED SCORECARD IMPLEMENTATION ON MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE PT BANK SYARIAH MANDIRI Fikriani, Alifia
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 3, No 1 (2019): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v3n1.p18-33

Abstract

This study is the application of balanced scorecard on performance management of the Bank Syariah Mandiri Branch Bogor. Utilized a quantitative approach,the statistical method used is multiple linear regression. The sampling method was convenience sampling, which were 38 employees of Bank Syariah Mandiri Bogor. The quality test data used in this study using a test of validity, reliability testing, and distribution frequency questionnaire statement. As for testing the test, the test, t-test, and test the coefficient of determination. The results of the SPSS Version 23.0 for the adjusted R Square result were obtained from the SPSS were 89.4% while the remaining 10.6% were influenced by other variables that are not known. The results show that customer perspective, learning and growth perspective variables are positive and significant effect on management performance. While the financial perspective and internal business process have a positive and not significant perspective on management performance in Bank Syariah Mandiri Branch of Bogor.
EVALUASI LEVEL PENGUNGKAPAN ISLAMIC SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA Thahirah, Khadijah Ath; Rahmaita, Rahmaita
al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics Vol 2, No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/al-uqud.v2n1.p38-59

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate and analyze the Islamic Social Responsibility Disclosure’s level of Islamic Bank in Indonesia using a disclosure index approach that was developed by Maali et al (2003).The analyzing was developed from 32 disclosure items that must Islamic Bank disclose in their annual report for every year. The level of Islamic social responsibility disclosure varies significantly across the sample. The checklist item result suggest that level of Islamic Social Responsibility Disclosure of Islamic Banking in Indonesia need more attention from the expert of Islamic Accounting, The Standar Accounting Board and Islamic Bank