cover
Contact Name
Riyanto Haribowo
Contact Email
riyanto_haribowo@ub.ac.id
Phone
+62341-587710
Journal Mail Official
civense@ub.ac.id
Editorial Address
Badan Penerbitan Jurnal Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya Jln. MT. Haryono No.167, Malang, Jawa Timur – Indonesia, 65145 Telpon. (0341) 587710 / Fax. (0341) 551430
Location
Kota malang,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Civil and Environmental Science Journal
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26206218     DOI : https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.civense
Core Subject : Social, Engineering,
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) is an international journal, peer-reviewed research publication covering new concepts, theories, methods, and techniques related to science and engineering. The journal will cover, but is not limited to, the following topics: 1. Structural engineering 2. Construction management 3. Environmental engineering 4. Water resources and hydrologic engineering 5. Geotechnical engineering 6. Information technology 7. Coastal and harbor engineering 8. Surveying and geo-spatial engineering 9. Transportation engineering 10. Tunnel engineering 11. Construction materials
Articles 36 Documents
Potential use of aquatic plants in constructed wetlands for simultaneous removal of Phosphate and COD from laundry wastewater A Tefa, Marcorio; Harisuseno, Donny; Haribowo, Riyanto
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2018.00102.4

Abstract

One component of household wastewater that has a bad impact on the environment is waste that comes from washing which uses detergent, due to a fairly high phosphate and chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of using aquatic plants to reduce phosphate and COD levels from laundry waste. This research was carried out using constructed wetlands model of laboratory scale using the combination of flow types of subsurface flow systems (SFS) and the type of vertical flow system (VFS) with a waste residence time of 5 days and 10 days. Based on the results, for model I, the average percentage of COD levels reduction is 67.62% and phosphate is 13.89%, while in model II, the average percentage of COD reduction is 59.93% and phosphate is 14.36%, after 10 days of waste residence time. Aquatic plants used in the modeling of constructed wetland can grow and reproduce well, this can be indicated by the growth of newshoots and flowers of these plants.
El-nino effect on reservoir volumetric (A case study of the Batujai Dam on the island of Lombok) Yasa, I Wayan; Bisri, M.; Sholichin, M.; Andawayanti, Ussy
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2019.00202.1

Abstract

El-Nino has been occurred from 1952 to 2016 with the types of weak, medium, strong and very strong. The event of El-Nino has significant impact on all aspects of economy, social, industry and agriculture. There is a decrease in the quantity of water resources such as in the reservoir where the reservoir inflow becomes very small and the water outflow becomes high. At the event of very strong El-Nino is occurred some of the reservoirs will dry. The aim of the research is to investigate the deficit capacity of the reservoir in the event of El-Nino. The data analyzed in this article were the volume of the half-month reservoir, especially in the event of El-Nino events. The analysis of frequency deficit probability was using Weibull probability and Log Pearson Type III distribution. The results show significant decrease in reservoir water volume over a very long-time period. The reservoir volume never reached maximum water level and persists for almost one year. The deficit of reservoir volumes reached was 16,01x106 m3, 18.64x106 m3, and 21,07x103 m3 for weak, moderate, and very strong El-Nino, respectively.
Cultivation of Chlorella Sp. and Algae Mix for NH3-N and PO4-P Domestic Wastewater Removal Suryawan, I Wayan Koko; Sofiyah, Evi Siti
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2020.00301.4

Abstract

Domestic wastewater provides the largest contribution to pollution both in terms of quantity and quality. Therefore, before being discharged into the environment, wastewater needs to be managed first. This study used the cultivation of microalgae Chlorella Sp. and Algae Mix to manage domestic wastewater. The reactor used in the study was a 3L volume of water. The cultivation process was assisted by UV-A and UV-B with the air flow rate as much as 1.2L/min. Pollutant parameters being focused on were NH3-N and PO4-P nutrient parameters. Allowance for NH3-N by Chlorella sp. and algae mix are 54.9% and 49%, respectively. Allowance for PO4-P Chlorella sp. and algae mix is 70.2% and 57.1% while biomass increase of Chlorella Sp. and Algae Mix is 85.5% and 98.9%. Specific growth rate of Chlorella sp. and algae mix is 0.025 h-1 and 0.027 h-1. As a control on biomass growth, turbidity value in the study also increased.
Data Generation In Order To Replace Lost Flow Data Using Bootstrap Method And Regression Analysis Susilo, Gatot Eko
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2018.00101.4

Abstract

This paper aims to find method to generate data in order to replace lost flow data in the series of discharge data in Sungai Seputih River, Lampung Province. Bootstrap simulation is used to estimate the discharge data and complete the existing discharge data. Regression analysis is also used to find the pattern of data distribution. Results of the research show that both methods are able to generate new series of flow data that the distribution is similar to available field data. Results also show that the use of statistical methods is one way to tackle the problem of data limitations due to missing or unrecorded data. The weakness of data generation using a combination of Bootstrap methods and regression analysis is the disappearance of extreme values in the data series. Existing extreme values have been modified to ideal values that satisfy certain distributions. However, careful analysis is required in using statistical method, so that the results of analysis do not deviate from the field conditions.
The investigation of avalanche patterns on railroad tracks with steep slopes Afriani, Lusmeilia; Iswan, Iswan
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 3, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2020.00302.7

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the pattern of landslides on the cliffs forming the railway with steep slopes. This research was conducted at Rejosari Natar Station, South Lampung Regency, Lampung Province. The point of observation is at STA 30 + 250. The data in this study were divided into primary and secondary data. Primary data is the data that is directly obtained in the field by taking soil samples which are then processed in the laboratory. The secondary data is the soil characteristics data of the railroad structure starting from the rail load, rail bearings, ballast layers, sub-ballast layers, and sub-grade. These will be used as input in conducting railroad analysis using Plaxis modelling. Plaxis modeling requires these variables and parameters to be analyzed based on the amount of vertical settlement, total stress, and safety factor values that occur due to rail loads. Reserach found that the value of the soil safety factor was <1.25. This means that the soil condition is in a critical condition for collapse and the ground will experience landslides which can endanger the safety of the passing trains. For this reason, improvements are needed in the soil that will experience landslides
Analysis of Runoff Coefficient Value on Retention Ponds in Flores Island Krisnayanti, Denik Sri; Bunganaen, Wilhelmus; E. Hangge, Elsy; Munaisyah, Farah; A. Nursyam, Nurul; Khaerudin, Dian Noorvy
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2019.00102

Abstract

Flores Island is one of four big islands in NTT province with an area ±13,540 km divided into 8 districts. The area is included in areas with unequal distribution of rainfall. Therefore, the amount of water availability during the dry season is relatively low then require to attempts of rainwater harvesting. One of the alternatives is by building a retention pond. The important parameter in the calculation of water availability is the value of runoff coefficient. The purpose of this research is to invent the runoff coefficient value of 30 retention ponds in 8 districts of Flores Island. In this study use rainfall data, climatology and technical of retention basin for the analysis of run off coefficient. The analysis method uses the Penman modification for evapotranspiration calculation and method F.J. Mock for discharge calculation. The result in graphical model uses monthly rainfall data and land slope data. Based on the analytical calculation method, the value of run off coefficient for each district in Flores was ranging 0.00 - 0.72. The minimum value of runoff coefficient happened in November was ranging from 0.00 - 0.39, and the maximum value of runoff coefficient happened in January was ranging from 0.48 - 0.72.
Calibration of surface runoff parameters with the hydrologic tank model using recursive digital filter and master recession curve Suryoputro, Nugroho; Suhardjono, Suhardjono; Soetopo, Widandi; Suhartanto, Ery
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2019.00202.6

Abstract

There are two basic methods to calibrate the hydrological model: (1) the trial and error procedure; (2) the automatic calibration. The problem in the calibration method is the determination of the initial value of the parameters. This poses a problem for beginner model users. This paper presents the calibration results of surface runoff parameters in the hydrological tank model using recursive digital filter method and the master recession curve. The results indicate that the Recursive Digital Filter as a surface runoff separation method can be used for the initial approach to calibrate the tank model parameters
Drainage management study of the city of Merauke towards inundation by rainfall Kusumabrata, Luffi; Andawayanti, Ussy; Suhartanto, Ery
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 3, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2020.00302.2

Abstract

One problem that is often faced by the City of Merauke as an urban area is inundation, which disrupts socio-economic activities and damages infrastructure in areas affected by inundation. The aim of this case study is to find ways to deal with inundation that occurs due to rainfall with return periods of 2 years, 5 years, 10 years, and 25 years. The inundation volume for the 2-year return period is zero, for the 5-year return period is 12.58 m3/sec with a height of 23.35 cm, for the 10-year return period is 18.57 m3/sec with a height of 25.63 cm, and for the 25-year return period is 20.22 m3/sec with a height of 27.75 cm. With the Microsoft Excel application, hydrological analysis was performed; spatial analysis using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) resulted in a map of the characteristics of the case study area, and with the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM), hydraulics analysis was performed on existing drainage channels along with simulated management.
Rainwater Harvesting as Alternative Source for Wudlu Water in Indonesia Susilo, Gatot Eko
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2018.00102.3

Abstract

Indonesia is the country with the largest Muslim population in the world. And as a country with Muslim big population clean water for wudlu or purification must be available. Rainwater holds potential as an alternative source of wudlu water. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) for religious water supply is still very rare studied. Based on this, the research in this paper aims to calculate the potential supporting capacity of rainwater as an alternative sourceof wudlu water. Supporting capacity of rainwater harvesting (SCRWH) in this study was calculated by simulating inflow and outflow behavior at a rainwater harvesting facility in a mosque. Case study takes place at Nurul Iman Mosque in Southern Lampung. The mosque has an area of 168 m and able to accommodate 300 worshipers. Research show that the most effective reservoir size in the RWH facility in the observed mosque is between 15 to 30 m2 with SCRWH for wet years between 65% and 70% and for dry years between 44% and 53%, respectively. The availability of wudlu water in a mosque basically cannot be expected 100% comes from rain water only. In the application of RWH in a mosque the maintenance of theRWH facility must be undertaken well.
The analysis of rainwater harvesting carrying capacity on water domestic supply for dwelling areas in Indonesia Susilo, Gatot Eko; Jafri, Muhammad
Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense) Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik UB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.civense.2019.00106

Abstract

This research aims to promote the method to design rainwater harvesting facilities in Indonesian dwelling areas. The estimation of rainwater harvesting (RWH) carrying capacity is undertaken using a simulation involving rainfall, inflow, and outflow data. The research was undertaken in Natar sub-district, Southern Lampung, Indonesia. Daily rainfall data from Branti Airport from 2013 to 2017 are used for the simulation. Research shows that houses in the study area can supply approximately 35% of their domestic water needs by applying RWH. This means that the support capacity of rainwater harvesting in the study area revolves around that value. The research also shows intensity of rainfall will greatly affect the carrying capacity of RWH. In addition to rainfall, the economic ability of a family plays an important role in planning the dimensions of a RWH facility in a house. Finally, maintenance of RWH facilities on a regular basis is important to ensure the operational effectiveness of RWH.

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